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Unit 4. The Universe



41.jpgThe Universe

SPEAKING WARM-UP
flag.jpgLook at the picture of the solar system and discuss these questions as a class.
Key.1    nine (the Sun and the Moon are not planets)
2    the Earth
3    the Sun


1    How many planets are there in the solar system?
2    Which planet do we live on?
3    Which thing in the picture is a star?

WORDPERFECT
flag.jpgUse the clues and the anagrams to find the words.
Key.1. UFO
2. light year
3. billion
4. cosmonaut
5. satellite
6. asteroid
7. meteor
1.  an alien spaceship FОU _____________
2.  the distance light can travel in a year HTLIG/REYA _____________
3.  a thousand million NОLIВIL _____________
4.  someone who travels into space UNOCSMAOT _____________
5.  an object that goes round a planet LASTLEIET _____________
6.  a piece of rock flying through space TASDERIО _____________
7.  what the answer to number 6 becomes when it enters the Earth's atmosphere ROTEEM _____________

DEVELOP YOUR SPEAKING SKILLS
Speaking know-how SPECULATING
В английском языке модальные глаголы используются для выражения вероятности, желательности, необходимости, предположительности и т. д. выполнения действия, выраженного знаменательным глаголом. Не забывайте, что после модальных глаголов употребляется инфинитив без часгицы 'to'.
х   The Sun must is very hot
√  The Sun must be very hot!
 
flag.jpgLook at the photo. What do you think it is?
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flag.jpgListen to ten people talking about the photo. For each person, decide whether they are expressing certainty about their opinion (C), or suggesting a possibility about the picture (P).
Key.1С    2P   3P   4P   5P   6C   7P   8P   9P   10C
1 C/P    3 C/P    5 C/P    7 C/P    9   C/P
2 C/P    4 C/P    6 C/P    8 C/P    10 C/P

Tapescript 

1    Oh, it must be a star.
2    Well, it's difficult to tell what it is, to be honest. Perhaps it's the Moon.
3    It could be a plane or a helicopter.
4    Maybe it's a satellite!
5    I'm not really sure what it is. I suppose it could be a UFO.
6    It's definitely not the Moon.
7    Erm, it might be a planet, I suppose.
8    It may be a comet or a meteor.
9    It's probably something natural, like a star or planet.
10  Well, it can't be a UFO. UFO's don't exist!
flag.jpgListen again. Circle the word each speaker uses.
Key.1 must   2 tell   3 could  
4 maybe   5 sure    6 definitely 
7 might 8 may  9 probably 
10 can't
 
1    must / might
2    say / tell
J    can / could
4    maybe / may
5    sure / certain
6    absolutely / definitely
7    might / must
8    may / maybe
9    probably / probable
10  can / can't
Complete the phrases we can use to express certainty, uncertainty and possibility. Some words can be used more than once.
Key.Expressing certainty  must, can't, definitely, sure
Expressing uncertainty and possibility tell, sure, may, might, could, probably, perhaps, maybe

probably    
tell
maybe
must
could
can't      
might
sure
definitely   
may
perhaps
 
     
Expressing certainty     
  
It ______________ be...       
It ______________ be...   
It's ______________...
I'm ______________...

Expressing uncertainty and possibility

It's difficult to ______________...        It ______________ be...
I'm not really ______________...         It's ______________...
It ______________ be...                     ______________ it's...
It ______________ be...                     ______________ it's... 
pair.jpgIn pairs, talk about the photo in Exercise A. Use the phrases in Exercise D to express certainty, uncertainty and possibility.




PRACTISE YOUR SPEAKING SKILLS


Look at the pictures. As a class, discuss what you think life is like for astronauts and cosmonauts on (a) a space station, and (b) the Moon. Use the phrases we use to express certainty, uncertainty and possibility, and the words in the box.
exciting   
boring 
cold 
difficult 
different
dangerous   
fun   
strange 
interesting    
unpleasant 
lonely
challenging
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