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Unit 10. The Natural World



LISTENING WARM-UP
Look at the pictures and discuss these questions.
•    Have you ever been to any places like these?
•    Can you think of any other kinds of natural environment?
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DEVELOP YOUR LISTENING SKILLS
Listening know-how IDENTIFYING LOCATION
Слушая текст, постарайтесь найти в нем подсказку, которая поможет нам определить, где в момент разговора находятся собеседники. Если вы правильно определите место, где происходит диалог, вы сможете заранее догадаться о содержании отдельных высказываний и диалога в целом.
 
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In pairs, find three or four key words or phrases to complete each box.
Key.ocean/sea: shark, whale, dolphin, waves, seabed, ship desert: dune, oasis, hot, sandstorm, camel countryside: forest, lane, trees, gate, animals, valley, hedge, fields, grass, plant life farmland: farm, animals, cows, sheep, pigs, tractor, hedge, fence, fruit, vegetables coast: rocks, swimming, waves, boat, cave, rock pools, crabs, fish jungle rainforest, wild animals, insects, plants, trees

ocean /sea
desert
countryside
farmland
coast
jungle
fish             
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sand           
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hill             
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field            
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beach         
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wild animal  
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flag.jpgListen to some words and phrases. For each one, decide which box or boxes in Exercise A it fits in and add it to the box if it is not there already. Note down the words here first.
Key.dolphin: ocean/sea river: countryside sheep: countryside, farmland wild horses: countryside mud: countryside, farmland sand dunes: desert, coast waves: ocean/sea, coast waterfall: countryside, jungle rainforest: jungle seabed: ocean/sea, coast barn: countryside, farmland bushes: countryside, jungle lake: countryside 
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Tapescript
Voice: 
    dolphin, river, sheep, wild horses, mud, sand dunes, waves waterfall, rainforest, seabed, barn, bushes, lake



PRACTISE YOUR
LISTENING SKILLS


flag.jpgListen to six extracts of people talking about different environments. For each person, write the name of the environment they are describing.
Key.Speaker 1: countryside
Speaker 2: coast
Speaker 3: desert
Speaker 4: ocean/sea
Speaker 5: jungle
Speaker 6: farmland
 
Speaker 1: ________________    Speaker 4: ________________   
Speaker 2: ________________    Speaker 5: ________________   
Speaker 3: ________________    Speaker 6: ________________ 

Tapescript

Speaker 1


They're planning to cut down Wetherington Forest, build a tunnel through Pollack Hill for the huge new road they'll need and flood the Chesham valley so all the new residents can have drinking water.

Speaker 2


Mum and Dad stay on the beach most of the day, and I go exploring! There are some great rock pools with crabs and other little fish in, and I've found a cave that you can go in!

Speaker 3


I mean, during the day the sun was baking, like you'd expect - it was so hot, you couldn't walk on the sand barefoot at all. We were riding camels, though, so that wasn't a big problem.

Speaker 4


There were the most incredible fish, you know, that only live thousands of metres down, and of course whales and sharks and dolphins.

Speaker 5


I mean, obviously it's awful that they're cutting down so many trees there, because it's home to so many insects and wild animals and plants, and if they lose their natural habitat they'll become extinct. And apparently lots of medicinal plants can only be found there.

Speaker 6


My dad did so much, worked so hard he did: built all the hedges and fences, built the big barn near the house, brought in all the pigs and cows - when we got the place they just grew fruit and vegetables, you know ...

flag.jpgListen to the extracts again. For each extract, circle the words you wrote down in Exercises A and В which appear in the extract, and add any other key words and phrases you hear to the correct box.

Tapescript

Speaker 1


They're planning to cut down Wetherington Forest, build a tunnel through Pollack Hill for the huge new road they'll need and flood the Chesham valley so all the new residents can have drinking water.

Speaker 2


Mum and Dad stay on the beach most of the day, and I go exploring! There are some great rock pools with crabs and other little fish in, and I've found a cave that you can go in!

Speaker 3


I mean, during the day the sun was baking, like you'd expect - it was so hot, you couldn't walk on the sand barefoot at all. We were riding camels, though, so that wasn't a big problem.

Speaker 4


There were the most incredible fish, you know, that only live thousands of metres down, and of course whales and sharks and dolphins.

Speaker 5


I mean, obviously it's awful that they're cutting down so many trees there, because it's home to so many insects and wild animals and plants, and if they lose their natural habitat they'll become extinct. And apparently lots of medicinal plants can only be found there.

Speaker 6


My dad did so much, worked so hard he did: built all the hedges and fences, built the big barn near the house, brought in all the pigs and cows - when we got the place they just grew fruit and vegetables, you know ...

flag.jpgListen to longer extracts of the six people talking. Match each speaker with a statement. Be careful! The extracts are in a different order this time.
Key.Speaker 1: с  
Speaker 2: a  
Speaker 3: e
Speaker 4: f 
Speaker 5: b  
Speaker 6: d

Speaker 1: ________________    a    I learnt how to do something here.
Speaker 2: ________________    Ь    I want to return to this place.
Speaker 3: ________________    с    I was surprised by the change in temperature.
Speaker 4: ________________    d    I watched a TV programme about this.
Speaker 5: ________________    e    I am fighting to prevent changes to this environment.
Speaker 6: ________________    f     I have been studying this area.

Tapescript

Speaker 1


I had no idea it got so cold at night! I really wasn't prepared for it at all. I mean, during the day the sun was baking, like you'd expect - it was so hot, you couldn't walk on the sand barefoot at all. We were riding camels, though, so that wasn't a big problem. But at night, it was freezing! We spent two nights in tents, and it was awful! And the second night, there was a huge sandstorm and it was really scary! The best moment was arriving at the oasis - which was in the middle of nowhere - and having some fresh water to drink. Fantastic! That whole holiday was the most incredible experience I've ever had!

Speaker 2


My dad bought the place about thirty years ago it was, and we've run it ever since. I remember when we moved here, there was basically nothing. My dad did so much, worked so hard he did: built all the hedges and fences, built the big barn near the house, brought in all the pigs and cows - when we got the place they just grew fruit and vegetables, you know - and, this was the most fun for me as I was growing up - he got a tractor. I'll never forget him teaching me to drive it! I was useless at first and he got so angry, but it didn't take me long to get the hang of it, I can tell you!

Speaker 3


Yes, we're trying to stop the government and local council from building round here. They want to build a new town! I mean, can you believe it? They're planning to cut down Wetherington Forest, build a tunnel through Pollack Hill for the huge new road they'll need and flood the Chesham valley so all the new residents can have drinking water. I mean, are these people mad? Don't they understand how many fields and pretty country lanes will be destroyed and how much plant life will disappear? Well, I for one am going to do everything in my power to stop them!

Speaker 4


Take the Amazonian rainforest. I mean, obviously it's awful that they're cutting down so many trees there, because it's home to so many insects and wild animals and plants, and if they lose their natural habitat they'll become extinct. And apparently lots of medicinal plants can only be found there. We've been doing a project on it at school, but I still don't really understand why they're destroying such an important part of our environment. If anyone could explain that to me, the whole thing would make a lot more sense!

Speaker 5


Yeah, it's my favourite place in the world. We go there every summer for a couple of weeks. Mum and Dad stay on the beach most of the day, and I go exploring! There are some great rock pools with crabs and other little fish in, and I've found a cave that you can go in! Next year I'm going to take my torch and see how far I can go! You just have to climb over some rocks and there it is. I don't think anyone goes there, though.

Speaker 6


Did you see that documentary last night? Oh, it was incredible. On the Seabed, it was called. I don't know how they filmed it! There were the most incredible fish, you know, that only live thousands of metres down, and of course whales and sharks and dolphins. It's like another world down there. And this documentary was saying we know so little about it. Doesn't stop us polluting it, though, does it?

As a class, discuss these statements. Give reasons for your opinions.
There's not much to do in the countryside.
I'd like to live in a different environment for a while to see what it's like.
I do a lot to help protect the environment.


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