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Unit 11. Communication



LISTENING WARM-UP
How much do you know about the telephone? Do the mini-quiz.
Key.(answers to these questions are in the listenings that follow) in 1876 (ex E), the USA (ex D), about a billion (ex D)
When was the telephone invented? ___________________________
Which country has the most telephone lines? ___________________________
How many telephone lines are there in the world today? ___________________________

DEVELOP YOUR LISTENING SKILLS
Listening know-how LISTENING FOR SPECIFIC INFORMATION
Выполняя задания на выбор ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов (А. В, или C), помните, что неправильные варианты часто даются для того, чтобы ввести вас в заблуждение. Не выбирайте вариант ответа только потому, что вы услышали слова, содержащиеся в нем. в тексте. Подумайте о содержании высказывания в целом!
 

flag.jpgListen to this extract from a quiz show and circle the person who gets each question right. If neither Mary nor John gets the question right, circle 'Neither'.
Key.1 John   2 John   3 Mary  4 Neither  5 Neither  6 Mary 
Question 1: Mary / John / Neither
Question 2: Mary / John / Neither
Question 3: Mary / John / Neither
Question 4: Mary / John / Neither
Question 5: Mary / John / Neither
Question 6: Mary / John / Neither

Tapescript
Presenter Thirty seconds to go and the category is 'communication'. Next question. Who invented the telephone? Mary.
Mary Was it Thomas Edison?
Presenter No, it wasn't. John.
John Alexander Graham Bell.
Presenter Correct. In Morse code, which letter is dot-dot-dot?
John S
Presenter Correct, John. What is braille? Mary.
Mary A kind of writing.
Presenter Well...
Mary Writing for the blind.
Presenter Yes, I'll give it to you. What word do the Americans use for a mobile phone? What word do the Americans ... Yes, John.
John I'm not sure. Carphone?
Presenter No, it's not carphone. Mary? Any ideas?
Mary Erm ... cardphone?
Presenter No, it's 'cellphone'. Never mind. What number do you dial in the UK to get the emergency services? Mary.
Mary 911 ... no, that's America. I mean 119.
Presenter I'm sorry. I have to take your first answer, Mary. The correct answer was actually 999. What was first used to send a letter in ... John.
John A horse?
Presenter No, not a horse. Mary, you can have the whole question. What was first used to send a letter in Britain in 1840?
Mary Erm ...
Presenter I'll have to hurry you, Mary.
Mary A stamp?
Presenter A stamp is correct. And there's the signal which means that we're out of time and, looking at the scores, we can see that John's got 17 but our winner tonight, with 22 points, is Mary.
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Look at the questions. Can you remember the answers to any of them? Make a guess if you are not sure.

1    Who does Mary say invented the telephone?
      _______________________________________________________
2    What letter does John give as the answer to the second question?
      _______________________________________________________
3    What is braille?
      _______________________________________________________
4    What word do Americans use for 'mobile phone'?
      _______________________________________________________
5    What number do you dial in the UK for the emergency services?
      _______________________________________________________
6    What was first used to send a letter in Britain in 1840?
      _______________________________________________________

flag.jpgListen again and check your answers.
Key.1 Thomas Edison  
2 S  
3 a kind of writing for the blind
4 cellphone   
5 999  
6 a stamp


Tapescript
Presenter Thirty seconds to go and the category is 'communication'. Next question. Who invented the telephone? Mary.
Mary Was it Thomas Edison?
Presenter No, it wasn't. John.
John Alexander Graham Bell.
Presenter Correct. In Morse code, which letter is dot-dot-dot?
John S
Presenter Correct, John. What is braille? Mary.
Mary A kind of writing.
Presenter Well...
Mary Writing for the blind.
Presenter Yes, I'll give it to you. What word do the Americans use for a mobile phone? What word do the Americans ... Yes, John.
John I'm not sure. Carphone?
Presenter No, it's not carphone. Mary? Any ideas?
Mary Erm ... cardphone?
Presenter No, it's 'cellphone'. Never mind. What number do you dial in the UK to get the emergency services? Mary.
Mary 911 ... no, that's America. I mean 119.
Presenter I'm sorry. I have to take your first answer, Mary. The correct answer was actually 999. What was first used to send a letter in ... John.
John A horse?
Presenter No, not a horse. Mary, you can have the whole question. What was first used to send a letter in Britain in 1840?
Mary Erm ...
Presenter I'll have to hurry you, Mary.
Mary A stamp?
Presenter A stamp is correct. And there's the signal which means that we're out of time and, looking at the scores, we can see that John's got 17 but our winner tonight, with 22 points, is Mary.



PRACTISE YOUR
LISTENING SKILLS


flag.jpgListen to the first part of a radio programme and write a word or short phrase to complete the notes.
Key.1 Time Travellers   
2 Jenny Turner  
3 Napoleon
4 a billion / 1,000,000,000
5 the USA
6 36 milllion / 36,000,000
Name of programme: 1 _________________________
Name of presenter: 2 _________________________
People on future programmes: Socrates, 3 _________________________, Queen Elizabeth I
Number of phone lines in the world: 4 _________________________
Country with most phone lines: 5 _________________________
Number of phone lines in the UK: 6 _________________________

Tapescript
Presenter

Hello, and welcome to Time Travellers, the programme where we go back in time to talk to great people from the past and learn all about their lives and the reasons why they've become well-known. Of course, we can't really speak to those people, but our actors bring them to life for us. I'm Jenny Turner, and for the next five weeks we'll be talking to famous people from history about their work and themselves. In the weeks ahead, I'll be talking to Socrates, Napoleon and Queen Elizabeth I, but this week, we're talking about telephones. Did you know that there are about a billion phone lines in the world? That's right. The USA is the country with the most phone lines, about 200 million, but Greece with around 6 million and the UK with around 36 million still have more than one phone line for every two people. Of course, there are still some countries in the world where a phone is an expensive luxury, but for most of us in Europe the phone has become part of our everyday world. And it all started with the work of one man. I'd like to welcome Alexander Graham Bell to the show.

flag.jpgListen to the rest of the radio programme and choose the correct answer.
Key.1B    2A    ЗА    4C    5B    6B
1.  Alexander Graham Bell was born in ...
     A   the USA.
     B   Scotland.
     С   Canada.
2. Which of Bell's relatives were deaf?

     A   his mother and his wife
     B   his father and his mother
     С   his grandmother and his mother
3. What was the problem with the telegraph?

     A   It was too slow.
     B   It sometimes lost the message.
     С   The messages got confused.
4. The first phone call was made on ...

     A   March 17th 1867.
     B    March 9th 1906.
     С   March 10th 1876.
5. Bell's assistant was called ...

     A   Wilson.
     B   Watson.
     С   Winston.
6. How did Bell feel about his invention?

     A   amazed
     B   pleased
     C   nervous

Tapescript
Presenter 
Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, welcome to the show.
AGB It's a pleasure to be here, Jenny.
Presenter  I'd like to start by asking you about yourself. When were you born?
AGB I was born in 1847, and although we moved around quite a bit as I grew up and I spent a lot of time in the USA and in Canada, I always loved my home town of Edinburgh, in Scotland.
Presenter Were any members of your family inventors?
AGB No, not really. My father was an actor, and he was interested in helping people who had problems with speaking, although he never invented anything. His wife, my mother, was deaf and I was always interested in helping her so I eventually became a teacher of the deaf.
Presenter Really?
AGB  Yes, that's how I met my wife. She was one of the deaf students I taught to speak. I became very interested in problems of communication.
Presenter Such as?
AGB Well, at that time, in the middle of the nineteenth century, the only way you could communicate over long distances was by telegraph. That had been invented in 1843. The problem was that one wire could only carry one message. I wanted to find a way for it to carry many messages so that people could communicate much faster.
Presenter  I see. And were you successful?
AGB  No, but it was while I was working on that that I realized it was possible to send the human voice over a wire.
Presenter  When was that?
AGB The first phone call was made from my laboratory to the next room on March 10th 1876.
Presenter And what were the first words ever spoken by telephone?
AGB  My assistant Mr Watson, was in the next room and I said: Watson, come here. I want to see you.' The next thing I knew, he came running into the room with a look of amazement on his face. It really was very funny!
Presenter And how did you feel at that moment?
AGB I was happy and proud, because I knew that it was an invention that would change the world in many ways. I showed my invention to other scientists and I became very famous and very rich very quickly.
Presenter  Well, the telephone certainly has changed the world. Alexander Graham Bell, thanks for joining us.
AGB Thank you.
Presenter  That's all from Time Traveller this week. Next week, we'll be asking Socrates about life in ancient Athens. Goodbye.
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As a class, discuss these questions. Give reasons for your opinions.
If you could interview someone from the past, who would you choose? Why?
What questions would you ask him/her?


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