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Unit 14. Success



LISTENING WARM-UP
What do you think the people in the photos are trying to do? How would you feel in each of these situations?
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DEVELOP YOUR LISTENING SKILLS
Listening know-how UNDERSTANDING ATTITUDE AND PURPOSE
Прежде всего, постарайтесь понять, какова цель высказывания. Например, говорящий пытается убедить кого-то в чем-либо, договориться о чем-то или объяснить, как нужно что-то сделать. Если вы правильно определите коммуникативное намерение говорящего, вам будет легче понять детали.
 
pair.jpg
In pairs, imagine you are trying to do these things. What will you need to think and talk about to do them successfully? Make notes.
Key.Suggested answers:
a who to invite, music, where to hold it
b find out when people are free, consider how long it will last
с price, what the person likes, where to buy it
d when to start cooking, recipe, buy/prepare ingredients, who does each task
e discuss possibilities, work out what is fair/more fun
f theme, style, rhyming scheme, lyrics, music


a    organize a party    time of party, what to buy                  
      _____________________________________________________
b   decide on the time of a meeting                                   
      _____________________________________________________
с    choose a present                                                        
      _____________________________________________________
d   prepare a meal                                                           
      _____________________________________________________
e   agree on the rules of a game                                        
      _____________________________________________________
f    write a song                                                                
      _____________________________________________________


flag.jpgListen to six dialogues. Match each dialogue with what the people are trying to do in Exercise A.
Key.1d    2c    3a   4b    5f   6e 
1   _________________________________________
2   _________________________________________
3   _________________________________________
4   _________________________________________
5   _________________________________________
6   _________________________________________

Tapescript

   1  


Man   Okay, I've done that. What next?
Woman  Okay. Right. Ummm ... Can you chop the mushrooms and the carrots, and turn the cooker down a bit? And when you've done that, do a bit of washing-up and get the plates out?
Man    Is that all?
Woman    Yes, for now. Oh - look at the time. They'll be here soon. We'll never be ready in time. Oh, dear. Um, can you also stir the soup then while I quickly go and change?

   2  


Boy    I don't know. I don't know what he likes.
Woman    Well, he is your dad. What does he like doing in his spare time?
Boy    Nothing much. He just watches TV usually.
Woman    Maybe he'd like a subscription to a TV magazine then, or what about a nice pair of slippers to wear while he's watching TV?
Boy    No, I don't think so. Well, maybe. I don't know. I think he's got some slippers. Oh, actually I'm not sure. Let's keep on looking for a bit.

   3  


Girl 1    So, what are we going to need?
Girl 2    Well, balloons, of course. Lots of balloons! Some soft drinks like lemonade and stuff. What else?
Girl 1    We can use your stereo, can't we? I think between us we've got enough music, haven't we?
Girl 2    Oh, I think so. Now, what about food. Shall we cook or...
Girl 1    It'd be easier just to order pizza, wouldn't it? And everyone likes pizza.
Girl 2    Yeah, I think that's better, isn't it? Oh, it's going to be great, isn't it?
Girl 1    Of course it is, and I think it's going to be easier to organize than we thought.
Girl 2    Yeah, we'll be finished in no time!

   4  


Man 1     Hello?
Man 2     Er ... hello, Mr Carter. It's, er... Sam Delaney here.
Man 1     Hello, Sam. What can I do for you?
Man 2     Well, er, I'm afraid I'm not able to, er, come in on Tuesday as we'd arranged, so, er, I was, er, wondering, er, whether we could rearrange ...
Man 1     Right, let me just look at my schedule. How does Thursday at five o'clock suit you?
Man 2     Er, well, actually ...
Man 1     Oh, I see. Well, how about Friday at eleven?

   5  


Boy     So, we've got 'I love you in the summer, I love you all the time, we'll always stay together, you will always be mine.' That sounds quite good, doesn't it?
Girl      Yeah, that's not bad at all. But what comes next?
Boy     What about: 'I know that you will love me when we are old and grey, I know that I will love you until my dying day' We can work out the tune later.
Girl      Oh, we've done it wrong, haven't we? We should have worked out the tune first. How stupid of us. I think we should start again.
Boy     I don't think we have to ...
Girl      Of course we do! I know much more about this than you do, you know.

   6  


Girl      So, just remind me. What happens if I land here?
Boy     Well, it depends. If you've got a 'Get out of jail' card, you just use your card and carry on when it's your turn again. If you haven't, you can either pay some money or try to throw a double.
Girl      I'm sure that's not how we played it last time.
Boy     Yes, it is. Don't you remember? You have to put the money in the middle of the board and someone takes it if they land on 'Free parking'.
Girl      Are you sure about that?
Boy     I'm positive! We always play like that. Honestly!

flag.jpg
Look at these statements. Can you remember how the people felt? Circle the word you think is correct. Make a guess if you are not sure.

Dialogue 1: The woman becomes worried / angry.    
Dialogue 2: The boy is confused / surprised.   
Dialogue 3: The girls are scared / pleased.   
Dialogue 4: Sam Delaney is annoyed / nervous.
Dialogue 5: The girl becomes bored / annoyed.
Dialogue 6: The boy is certain / upset.

flag.jpgListen to the dialogues again and check your answers to Exercise С
Key.1 worried    2 confused   
3 pleased    4 nervous
5 annoyed   6 certain
 

Tapescript

   1  


Man   Okay, I've done that. What next?
Woman  Okay. Right. Ummm ... Can you chop the mushrooms and the carrots, and turn the cooker down a bit? And when you've done that, do a bit of washing-up and get the plates out?
Man    Is that all?
Woman    Yes, for now. Oh - look at the time. They'll be here soon. We'll never be ready in time. Oh, dear. Um, can you also stir the soup then while I quickly go and change?

   2  


Boy    I don't know. I don't know what he likes.
Woman    Well, he is your dad. What does he like doing in his spare time?
Boy    Nothing much. He just watches TV usually.
Woman    Maybe he'd like a subscription to a TV magazine then, or what about a nice pair of slippers to wear while he's watching TV?
Boy    No, I don't think so. Well, maybe. I don't know. I think he's got some slippers. Oh, actually I'm not sure. Let's keep on looking for a bit.

   3  


Girl 1    So, what are we going to need?
Girl 2    Well, balloons, of course. Lots of balloons! Some soft drinks like lemonade and stuff. What else?
Girl 1    We can use your stereo, can't we? I think between us we've got enough music, haven't we?
Girl 2    Oh, I think so. Now, what about food. Shall we cook or...
Girl 1    It'd be easier just to order pizza, wouldn't it? And everyone likes pizza.
Girl 2    Yeah, I think that's better, isn't it? Oh, it's going to be great, isn't it?
Girl 1    Of course it is, and I think it's going to be easier to organize than we thought.
Girl 2    Yeah, we'll be finished in no time!

   4  


Man 1     Hello?
Man 2     Er ... hello, Mr Carter. It's, er... Sam Delaney here.
Man 1     Hello, Sam. What can I do for you?
Man 2     Well, er, I'm afraid I'm not able to, er, come in on Tuesday as we'd arranged, so, er, I was, er, wondering, er, whether we could rearrange ...
Man 1     Right, let me just look at my schedule. How does Thursday at five o'clock suit you?
Man 2     Er, well, actually ...
Man 1     Oh, I see. Well, how about Friday at eleven?

   5  


Boy     So, we've got 'I love you in the summer, I love you all the time, we'll always stay together, you will always be mine.' That sounds quite good, doesn't it?
Girl      Yeah, that's not bad at all. But what comes next?
Boy     What about: 'I know that you will love me when we are old and grey, I know that I will love you until my dying day' We can work out the tune later.
Girl      Oh, we've done it wrong, haven't we? We should have worked out the tune first. How stupid of us. I think we should start again.
Boy     I don't think we have to ...
Girl      Of course we do! I know much more about this than you do, you know.

   6  


Girl      So, just remind me. What happens if I land here?
Boy     Well, it depends. If you've got a 'Get out of jail' card, you just use your card and carry on when it's your turn again. If you haven't, you can either pay some money or try to throw a double.
Girl      I'm sure that's not how we played it last time.
Boy     Yes, it is. Don't you remember? You have to put the money in the middle of the board and someone takes it if they land on 'Free parking'.
Girl      Are you sure about that?
Boy     I'm positive! We always play like that. Honestly!





PRACTISE YOUR
LISTENING SKILLS


flag.jpgListen to the same people continuing their conversations and choose the correct answer for each question. You will hear each dialogue twice.
Key.1B   2A   3B   4A   5C   6A 
1 The man says that he is ...
   A   annoyed.
   В   worried.
   С   confused.
2 The boy is...
   A   enthusiastic.
   В   shocked.
   С   scared.
3 The girls...
   A   are not sure what to do.
   B   agree about what to do.
   С   disagree about what to do.
4 Mr Carter is...
   A   annoyed.
   В   worried.
   С   confused.
5 The girl... what the boy is trying to do.
   A   agrees with
   B   is nervous about
   С   doesn't understand
6. The girl is...
   A   disappointed.
   B   surprised.
   С   pleased.

Tapescript

   1  


Man    Hold on, I can't do all that on my own. I've got to get ready too, you know!
Woman    I'll be really quick, I promise. Look, forget the
washing-up and just concentrate on the cooking, okay? I'll do the washing-up later.
Man    Okay, but please hurry. You know I don't feel very
confident in the kitchen on my own. I don't want to ruin everything.
Woman    You won't! You'll be fine. Just cut up the carrots and mushrooms, turn the oven down and I'll be back before you know it! [repeated]

   2  


Woman    What do you think about these slippers? Do you think he'll like them?
Boy    Oh, yeah! They're great! I can definitely see him wearing them.
Woman    Do you know what size he takes? You don't want to get ones that are too big.
Boy    No, I don't. But these look about right, don't they? I think I'll get them. I'm sure he'll like them! [repeated]

   3  


Girl 1     Do you know what we've forgotten?
Girl 2     What?
Girl 1     The invitations! You've got to have invitations. What are we going to do?
Girl 2     Well, we can make some, can't we? It shouldn't take long.
Girl 1     Okay, but let's work out first who we're planning to invite, so we know how many invitations to make. Okay?
Girl 2     Right. So, there's Barry, Jen and Sylvie. Dave and Alex. Angela and Debbie. Who else?
Girl 1     Your brother Adam and his friend Pip.
Girl 2     I think we should be writing these down, shouldn't we? [repeated]

   4  


Man 1    So, that's Friday at eleven then, Sam.
Man 2    Yes, er ...  there is, er, just one other thing, Mr Carter.
Man 1    Yes, what's that?
Man 2    Well, er, I'm afraid our company has had to increase its prices a little, er, so, the prices I sent you last week, are, er, not the right prices and, er...
Man 1    Well, that's changed everything, to be honest. I wish you'd told me that before. I think you'd better fax me the new prices immediately, and I'll call you if I think we should still meet up. As far as I'm concerned, I may well have to go elsewhere. [repeated]

   5  


Girl      Wait a minute. You can't rhyme 'kiss' with 'leap'. Firstly they're completely different sounds and secondly they just sound stupid together.
Boy     I'm not rhyming them with each other. 'Kiss' rhymes with 'miss' and 'leap' rhymes with 'deep'.
Girl      Well, it still sounds stupid to me.
Boy     It doesn't. I think it sounds very good!
Girl      Well, what do you know about writing songs? [repeated]

   6  


Girl      Oh, no!
Boy     What?
Girl      Well, if I get a three or a seven I'm going to land on your property, and you've got hotels on them and the rent's enormous. Oh - anything but a three or a seven.
Boy     Three! Yes!
Girl      I knew it! Typical! Oh, go on, then, how much do I owe you? [repeated]

flag.jpg
As a class, discuss these statements. Give reasons for your opinions.

Choosing a video or DVD is easier on your own than with other people.
Writing a song or роеm can only be done on your own.
Cooking a meal is easier with two or three people working in the kitchen.


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