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Unit 20. Technology



LISTENING WARM-UP
pair.jpgLook at the pictures. In pairs, discuss the following questions:
•    Do you own any of the things in the photos?
•    Approximately how much do they usually cost?
•    What functions do these things usually have?
•    Which ones would you like to have? Why?
251.jpg

DEVELOP YOUR LISTENING SKILLS
 

flag.jpgYou are going to listen to five teenagers. They are each taking part in a local radio show called 'Buy and Sell.' In the show, people phone up and leave a message describing something that they want to buy second-hand or something that they want to sell. First, listen to their names, ages and phone numbers and write the information on the lines provided.
Key.1    Chris Turner, 141/2 , 0423817364
2    Helen Foot, 13, 078322331
3    Karen Singleton, 14, 6723909099
4    Nicholas Dart, 17, 54721047835
5    Jennifer Helen Page, 16,1324659780
 
   Name      
Age 
Phone number 

1 _________________________________
2 _________________________________
3 _________________________________
4 _________________________________
5 _________________________________

_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________

Tapescript

   1  

Hi, my name's Chris Turner and I'm fourteen and a half years old. Make a note of my phone number! It's 0423817364. That's 0423817364.

   2  

Umm ... Hello ... My name's Helen, umm, Helen Foot, I'm thirteen, and my number's 078322331. 078322331.

   3  

Hi everyone! Karen Singleton, fifteen next April, 6723909099 that's ... urn ... 6732 ... no, sorry, 6723 ... 909099.

   4  

My name's Nicholas Dart and I'm seventeen years old. You can reach me on my mobile all day on 54721047835. Let me just say that again. That's 54721047835.

   5  

Hello! My name's Jennifer Helen Page and I was sixteen yesterday. If you want to buy what I'm selling, call me before 12 on 1324659780. That's 1324659780.


flag.jpgNow listen to what they say next. Do they want to buy or sell something? Tick the correct column.
Key.1 sell   2 buy   3 buy  4 sell   5 sell  
   Buy   
Sell 
1 ____________________
2 ____________________
3 ____________________
4 ____________________
5 ____________________
____________________ 
____________________
____________________
____________________
____________________
Tapescript

   1  

Well, if you're looking for a really good cheap camera, then I've got just the thing for you.

   2  

I... err... and I'm looking for a ... second-hand CD player.

   3  

And if you've got an old video camera, I really don't care how old it is, as long as it works, then give me a ring now.

   4  

I've got a mountain bike I've grown out of. It's ideal for someone around fifteen years old.

   5  

It's an electronic organiser. It's still in its box - brand-new, in fact.


flag.jpgNow listen to their complete messages. Circle the correct words or phrases to complete the notepad.
Key.1    X3-400, black, included, £25
2    CD, carry, earphones, £15
3    camera, must, £40
4    mountain, very, Taylor's, 18, £65
5    electronic, Handmate, £80
 
253.jpg
Tapescript

   1  

Hi, my name's Chris Turner and I'm fourteen and a half years old. Make a note of my phone number! It's 0423817364. That's 0423817364. Well, if you're looking for a really good cheap camera, then I've got just the thing for you. It's a Ticon X3-400, it's black, it's got a carry-case and it's in fairly good condition. Takes excellent pics. I'm asking ?25 for it, but if you make me an offer I'll think about it. It's a good camera. Call me on 0423817364.

   2  

Umm ... Hello ... My name's Helen, umm, Helen Foot, I'm thirteen, and my number's 078322331. 078322331. I... err... and I'm looking for a ... second-hand CD player. It's got to be one of these portable ones, you know, that have earphones and stuff. I can afford up to ... umm... ?15, so if anyone's got one, please give me a call. Please. My number's 078322331.

   3  

Hi everyone! Karen Singleton, fifteen next April, 6723909099 that's ... urn ... 6732 ...no, sorry, 6723 ... 909099. And if you've got an old video camera, I really don't care how old it is, as long as it works, then give me a ring now. Oh yeah, one thing, my dad said that it's not worth it if it doesn't come with rechargeable batteries, so ... it's got to have them, really, or I don't want it. Anything up to ... about forty quid. Okay? Thanks. Call Karen Singleton - that's me! - on 6723909099. Call me now!

   4  

My name's Nicholas Dart and I'm seventeen years old. You can reach me on my mobile all day on 54721047835. Let me just say that again. That's 54721047835. I've got a mountain bike I've grown out of. It's ideal for someone around fifteen years old. It's in perfect condition, it's made by Taylor's, got 18 gears, only two and a half years old, and if you live nearby I'll even deliver it to you free of charge. That's it, I think. Oh no, wait! The price. Sixty-five pounds, if that's okay, but we can talk about it on the phone. Call me, Nicholas Dart, on 54721047835.

   5  

Hello! My name's Jennifer Helen Page and I was sixteen yesterday. If you want to buy what I'm selling, call me before 12 on 1324659780. That's 1324659780. It's an electronic organiser. It's still in its box - brand new in fact. It's a Handmate Vdx, does loads of cool things, the reason I'm selling it is cause I got two exactly the same as birthday presents! They're a hundred and twenty pounds in the shops, but you can have it for eighty. Can't say fairer than that, can you? You'll love it! So call me now: 1324659780. Bye!



flag.jpgListen one more time. For each question, write a word or short phrase on the line provided.
Key.message 1: excellent, yes
message 2: she can't afford it
message 3: how old it is, her dad
message 4: mobile, he's grown out of it, two and a half years old, whether he will deliver it for free
message 5: yesterday, on her birthday, £40
 
Message 1
What kind of photographs does he say the camera takes? ____________________  
Will he consider lowering the price? ____________________  
Message 2
Why won't she consider paying more? ____________________  
Message 3
What does she not mind about? ____________________  
Who advised her to get one with rechargeable batteries? ____________________  
Message 4
What kind of phone does he have? ____________________  
What reason does he give for selling his bike? ____________________  
How old is the bike? ____________________  
What depends on distance? ____________________  
Message 5
When was her birthday? ____________________  
When did she get the organiser? ____________________  
How much will someone save by buying this organiser? ____________________  

Tapescript

   1  

Hi, my name's Chris Turner and I'm fourteen and a half years old. Make a note of my phone number! It's 0423817364. That's 0423817364. Well, if you're looking for a really good cheap camera, then I've got just the thing for you. It's a Ticon X3-400, it's black, it's got a carry-case and it's in fairly good condition. Takes excellent pics. I'm asking ?25 for it, but if you make me an offer I'll think about it. It's a good camera. Call me on 0423817364.

   2  

Umm ... Hello ... My name's Helen, umm, Helen Foot, I'm thirteen, and my number's 078322331. 078322331. I... err... and I'm looking for a ... second-hand CD player. It's got to be one of these portable ones, you know, that have earphones and stuff. I can afford up to ... umm... ?15, so if anyone's got one, please give me a call. Please. My number's 078322331.

   3  

Hi everyone! Karen Singleton, fifteen next April, 6723909099 that's ... urn ... 6732 ...no, sorry, 6723 ... 909099. And if you've got an old video camera, I really don't care how old it is, as long as it works, then give me a ring now. Oh yeah, one thing, my dad said that it's not worth it if it doesn't come with rechargeable batteries, so ... it's got to have them, really, or I don't want it. Anything up to ... about forty quid. Okay? Thanks. Call Karen Singleton - that's me! - on 6723909099. Call me now!

   4  

My name's Nicholas Dart and I'm seventeen years old. You can reach me on my mobile all day on 54721047835. Let me just say that again. That's 54721047835. I've got a mountain bike I've grown out of. It's ideal for someone around fifteen years old. It's in perfect condition, it's made by Taylor's, got 18 gears, only two and a half years old, and if you live nearby I'll even deliver it to you free of charge. That's it, I think. Oh no, wait! The price. Sixty-five pounds, if that's okay, but we can talk about it on the phone. Call me, Nicholas Dart, on 54721047835.

   5  

Hello! My name's Jennifer Helen Page and I was sixteen yesterday. If you want to buy what I'm selling, call me before 12 on 1324659780. That's 1324659780. It's an electronic organiser. It's still in its box - brand new in fact. It's a Handmate Vdx, does loads of cool things, the reason I'm selling it is cause I got two exactly the same as birthday presents! They're a hundred and twenty pounds in the shops, but you can have it for eighty. Can't say fairer than that, can you? You'll love it! So call me now: 1324659780. Bye!


flag.jpg
Imagine you want to buy or sell something on 'Buy and Sell'. First fill in this information card. Don't show anyone else your information.
Name: _____________________________________________
Age: _____________________________________________
Phone number: _____________________________________________
Buy or sell? _____________________________________________
Item: _____________________________________________
Make / model number: _____________________________________________
Age of product: _____________________________________________
Condition: _____________________________________________
Description: _____________________________________________
Any other information: _____________________________________________
flag.jpg
As a class, take turns to say your messages. Imagine you are leaving the message on an answerphone so it can be played on the radio. When someone else is saying their message, note down their information on one of the cards below.    
Name: _____________________________________________
Age: _____________________________________________
Phone number: _____________________________________________
Buy or sell? _____________________________________________
Item: _____________________________________________
Make / model number: _____________________________________________
Age of product: _____________________________________________
Condition: _____________________________________________
Description: _____________________________________________
Any other information: _____________________________________________

Name: _____________________________________________
Age: _____________________________________________
Phone number: _____________________________________________
Buy or sell? _____________________________________________
Item: _____________________________________________
Make / model number: _____________________________________________
Age of product: _____________________________________________
Condition: _____________________________________________
Description: _____________________________________________
Any other information: _____________________________________________



WORDPERFECT
Read these sentences and then use the words in bold to complete the sentences below.
Key.1 text message  
2 compatible  
3 receiver
4 e-mail / email  
5 rechargeable battery
6 drugs  
7 lab(oratory)  
8 Surfing the (Inter)net
9 wide-screen TV  
10 teletext

•    I love surfing the (Inter)net. There are so many interesting webiites these days.
•    I used to find it hard to keep in touch with old friends but with e-mail / email, it's so easy.
•    We spent the whole Physics lesson doing experiments in the science lab(oratory) at school. It was great fun.
•    The word 'drugs' can be used to refer to both narcotics and pharmaceuticals.
•    I can't open that file you sent me by e-mail. Our word processors are just not compatible.
•    Robbie quickly picked up the telephone receiver and said, 'Hello?'
•    I'll send you a text message to let you know I arrived. You'll have your mobile on, won't you?
•    I'm thinking of getting a wide-screen TV. I hear they're much better for watching films on.
•    I use teletext all the time. It's very useful for finding out travel and weather information. You just turn on the TV!
•    Most laptop computers and mobile phones have got a rechargeable battery inside.
   
1    I got a _______________ from Emma which said: how r u? wanna meet @ 8pm tonite & с a film?:-)
2    British plugs are not _______________ with European sockets, so you need an adaptor if you take electrical equipment abroad.
3    My new phone's got a speakerphone, so you don't need to hold the _______________.  
4    I never write letters, but I must write to about ten people a day by _______________.
5    I must get a new _______________ for my video camera. It runs down so quickly these days.
6    Did you know that caffeine, alcohol and aspirin are all _______________?
7    Please be careful in the _______________. There are a lot of dangerous chemicals in there.
8    _______________ is very addictive. It's easy to spend hours in front of your computer.
9    In a few years' time, you'll have to have a _______________. You won't be able to watch any programmes on the one you've got now.
10  Not all TVs can receive _______________. You have to get one with a special button on the remote control.

PRACTISE YOUR LISTENING SKILLS
Listening know-how
• Выполняя задание по аудированию, не сосредоточивайте внимание на незнакомых словах. Вы всегда сможете понять основное содержание текста, даже если не знаете значение каждого слова в отдельности.
• Выполняя задание H, если вы не уверены, что выбранный вами ответ правильный, отбросьте те варианты, которые с вашей точки зрения являются неверными. Если у вас остается выбор из двух вариантов, и вы до конца не уверены, какой из них является правильным ответом, положитесь на интуицию.


flag.jpgYou will hear five people talking about different technological items. For questions 1-5, choose from the list of items A-F what each speaker is describing. Use the letters only once. There is one extra letter you do not need to use.
Key.Speaker 1: E
Speaker 2: A
Speaker 3: F
Speaker 4: В
Speaker 5: D
 
A a digital camera
В a video camera
С a video recorder
D a mobile phone
E a remote control
F an electronic organiser    
Speaker 1 _________
Speaker 2 _________
Speaker 3 _________
Speaker 4 _________
Speaker 5 _________

Tapescript

  Speaker 1 


Well, you wouldn't believe it, would you, that this kind of thing could make such a difference to someone's life, but it really has! I mean, it used to take me hours to set the thing, and I'd always do it wrong and end up taping the wrong programme. And I do video rather a lot, I have to admit. With this thing, I just press a couple of buttons and it's all programmed in. Don't even have to go near the machine. And look, I press this and a list comes up on the screen telling me what's on tonight. All the channels. Click this button here, and it tells you what the programme's about. Marvellous! [repeated]

  Speaker 2 


Well, I was a bit sceptical at first, I have to admit. Couldn't really see the need. But then my neighbour Carl got one, and he'd come over for a barbecue or something, snapping away all afternoon, and then he'd pull out a little screen and we could see what he'd taken. It was great. We'd choose the ones we'd like, he'd pop home, put them on his computer and print them out-just like that. Good quality, too. Course, if you want professional quality, you still have to take them to the chemist or whatever to get them processed onto proper paper. [repeated]

  Speaker 3 


Once you've got one - and I'm not exaggerating - you really wonder how you ever managed without one. It's got all my phone numbers in it, a calculator, loads of things, and this one here, well, I just press this button and it sends all the information to my laptop. I can even write e-mails on it, you know, to transfer to my PC later on. And really, it's smaller and lighter than a diary, so you can just slip it in your jacket pocket. Really handy! [repeated]

  Speaker 4 


Oh, I don't know. I ought to use it more, really. Thought I would, but, you know, if something exciting's happening, like a party or something, you want to be part of it, don't you? Don't want to be stuck just filming the whole thing. And, let's be honest, who wants to sit though a three hour video of people chatting. Not very interesting, is it, really? I guess it would be great if you wanted to make a little movie, though, or something like that. [repeated]

  Speaker 5 


D'you know, what I like most about it are the little extra things you get with it. You know, there's an alarm clock and a calculator. It's even got a couple of games on it. I really only actually use it to make calls if it's an emergency. You know, if the car breaks down or something and you're miles from anywhere. I've never actually sent a text message, but my husband sometimes sends me one asking me to record a programme or something if he's going to be late home from the office. I'm not very good at setting the video, though, so I usually pretend I didn't get it! [repeated]


flag.jpgYou will hear a radio interview about a popular website. For questions 6-12, decide which of the choices, А, В or C, is the correct answer.
Key.6B   7C   8B   9B   10B   11В   12C 
6    When did the website yo online?
      A two and a half years ago
      В a year and a half ago
      С exactly a year ago
7    How many people have visited the website so far?
      A approximately 250,000
      В almost a million
      С more than 8,000,000
8    The website's popularity is due partly to the fact that
      A people have very close friends these days.
      В it's not easy to stay in contact with people from your past.
      С more and more people want to organise reunions.
9    Marjorie believes that we want to know
      A if the people we knew are more successful than us.
      В what the people we knew are doing in their lives.
      С if the people we knew remember us.
10  Where was the story about the couple publicised?
      A on the website
      В in the newspapers
      С in a department store
11  What does Marjorie say about their plans for the future?
      A They want to spend even more time running the website.
      В They want to take a short holiday in the near future.
      С They want to spend some of the money they've earned.
12  Steve says that they are planning to
      A start another website similar to the one they now run.
      В  need to have more people working on their next website.
      С continue to create original websites in the future.

Tapescript
Presenter   
    I'm very pleased to be joined in the studio by Marjorie and Steve Renwick, the founders of the hugely successful website Friends Back Together. Marjorie, can I start by asking you, how did the idea for the website come about?
Marjorie    Well, it was about two and a half years ago, and I was trying to organise a school reunion. It was so difficult, you know, everyone had moved to different parts of the country, some people had moved abroad, lots of the girls I'd been to school with were married, and so of course had changed their surnames and I was, well, I was basically tearing my hair out and Steve just turned to me and said, 'This calls for the Internet.' And the idea was born.
Presenter       So, that was, what, two and a half years ago?
Steve    Yes, but it took a while to set up, of course. We didn't actually open for business, as it were, for about a year after that -
Marjorie    March the sixth last year, in fact -
Steve    That's right, and it proved to be the most successful website of the year.
Presenter       How many people have visited your site?
Marjorie    It's actually incredible, when you think about it. We're now getting about a hundred and fifty thousand visitors a week. That's almost a million each -
Steve    D'you know, since we started, there must have been well over eight million visitors. And over three quarters of them have entered their information.
Presenter       Why do you think it's so popular?
Steve    I think it fills a need. You know, you make such good friends during your schooldays, and then, inevitably, you drift apart and, in the past, it was just too difficult to get back in touch with them. As we found out ourselves when Marjorie was trying to get her reunion together.
Marjorie    I think it's also, you know, we're all naturally inquisitive. We're always thinking, 7 wonder what they're up to now?' and things like that. With Friends Back Together, you can find out how people you used to know are getting on. And hopefully meet up with some of them.
Presenter       You've had some great successes in that department, I believe.
Steve    Some lovely stories, yes. There was a couple - you probably read about them in the press - both in their eighties, hadn't seen each other for over fifty years, met through Friends Back Together and got married last month. It really does make it all worthwhile.
Presenter       Wonderful. So, where do you go from here?
Marjorie    Well, we're actually extremely busy running the site at the moment. It's quite time-consuming - much more than you'd think, to be honest - but we're planning to take a break early next year and then -
Steve    Well, let's just say we've got a couple of major projects in the pipeline.
Presenter       On the Internet? Can you give us any clues?
Steve    Let's just say that they will be on the Internet, they will be designed to bring people together, they will be unique, but they won't be like Friends Back Together at all. I can't say anymore!
Presenter       Well, the very best of luck with whatever you go on to do. Thank you so much for being here today, and thank you also for Friends Back Together. You've brought some sunshine into a lot of people's lives.
Marjorie and Steve   Thank you /Thank you for having us.[repeated]


GRAMMAR FOCUS
Tapescript1    Shall I, er... send it to you or e-mail it?
2    Don't forget to water the plants every day, will you?
3    Just pick up the receiver and phone her, will you?
4    Look at this watch!
5    Well, I can't say it was a great read, but it was very informative.
6    They can't drug the horse to make it lose before the race. It's illegal.

Key.1 verb   2 verb   3 verb 
4 noun   5 noun   6 verb
 
Look at these three words:  can    go     make   
At first sight, they look like verbs, but they    can also be used as nouns:   
I bought a can of lemonade.                   
It's my go!                   
What make of car does your father drive?                   
Listen to these sentences. Decide whether the word is being used as a verb or a noun.

1   e-mail    
2   water
3   phone
verb / noun
verb / noun
verb / noun            
4    watch    
5    read
6    drug
verb /  noun
verb /  noun
verb /  noun

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