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Unit 21. Transport



LISTENING WARM-UP
pair.jpgLook at the pictures. In pairs, answer the following questions:
•    How dangerous are the roads where you live?
•    How could they be made safer?
•    How can children learn about road safety?
271.jpg

DEVELOP YOUR LISTENING SKILLS
 

flag.jpgListen to these extracts from comments on road safety by four people. Each speaker is concerned about a problem. Circle the problem they are probably talking about.
Key.Speaker 1: с
Speaker 2: а
Speaker 3: а
Speaker 4: а
Speaker 1 is concerned about...
  a the cost of insurance.
  b the speed of traffic.
  с the condition of the road.
Speaker 2 is concerned about...

  a the amount of traffic.
  b the lack of parking.
  с the cost of petrol. 
Speaker 3 is concerned about...

  a children's safety.
  b traffic lights.
  с roadworks.
Speaker 4 is concerned about...

  a drivers' skills.
  b children's awareness.
  с cars' facilities.

Tapescript

  Speaker 1 


It gets worse every time it rains and it's starting to get really dangerous.

  Speaker 2 


They come down here because they can get into the centre of town more quickly.

  Speaker 3 


It's just so dangerous for them in the streets, where they can get knocked down.

  Speaker 4 


It seems to me that they don't have all the training they need to move around town safely.

flag.jpgNow listen to the complete comments. Each speaker implies that somebody is to blame for the situation. Match the speakers to the people they blame. There is one extra letter you do not need to use.
Key.1С   2A   3E  4D 
Speaker 1: ________        A    police
Speaker 2: ________        В    car designers
Speaker 3: ________        С    local council
Speaker 4: ________        D    national government
                                       E    parents
Tapescript    

  Speaker 1 


It gets worse every time it rains and it's starting to get really dangerous. The road surface needs completely replacing. There are holes everywhere and I'm worried that a car is going to come round this bend and the driver's going to lose control. I must have called a dozen times and they still haven't sent anyone round to have a look. They say there are other, more important problems. I know they have to repair all the roads around here, but it's been like this for over two years now.

  Speaker 2 


They come through here because they can get into the centre of town more quickly. This road wasn't built for that amount of traffic, though. It's only narrow. This is a residential area and there are children playing in the street. One of these days there'll be a serious accident, but there are things that could be done to prevent it. I've called them to come and stop drivers who are speeding, but they say they're too busy catching the real criminals. They just don't want to know. They'll be sorry one day

  Speaker 3 


It's just so dangerous for them in the streets, where they can get knocked down. I see them from my window. They play games in the road and cars come racing around that corner without slowing down. One girl was hit last month. Luckily, it wasn't serious, but they might not be so fortunate next time. They shouldn't be allowed to play there, really. I make sure my daughter is where I can keep my eye on her.

  Speaker 4 


It seems to me that they don't have all the training they need to move around town safely. All the driving instructors do is help them get through the test, and who can blame them? Well, I've taken the test, and I know that it's very easy. You can't expect people to be safe drivers when all they have to do to pass is go round a couple of corners. They should introduce new laws over the whole country to make the test harder. That way, we might have people who are better drivers.


flag.jpgListen to the complete comments again. Decide whether the following statements are true or false.
Circle T for True or F for False.
Key.1T   2F   3F  4F  
5T   6F   7F  8F
 
1    Speaker 1 thinks the problem could cause an accident.    T / F
2    Speaker 1 thinks the problem could take two years to fix.    T / F
3    Speaker 2 thinks the children should play somewhere else.    T / F
4    Speaker 2 accepted an apology from someone.    T / F
5    Speaker 3 thinks that the girl was fortunate.    T / F
6    Speaker 3's daughter is not allowed to play in the street.    T / F
7    Speaker 4 thinks that driving instructors don't drive safely.    T / F
8    Speaker 4 thinks the drivers should go a different way.    T / F

Tapescript  
  

  Speaker 1 


It gets worse every time it rains and it's starting to get really dangerous. The road surface needs completely replacing. There are holes everywhere and I'm worried that a car is going to come round this bend and the driver's going to lose control. I must have called a dozen times and they still haven't sent anyone round to have a look. They say there are other, more important problems. I know they have to repair all the roads around here, but it's been like this for over two years now.

  Speaker 2 


They come through here because they can get into the centre of town more quickly. This road wasn't built for that amount of traffic, though. It's only narrow. This is a residential area and there are children playing in the street. One of these days there'll be a serious accident, but there are things that could be done to prevent it. I've called them to come and stop drivers who are speeding, but they say they're too busy catching the real criminals. They just don't want to know. They'll be sorry one day.

  Speaker 3 


It's just so dangerous for them in the streets, where they can get knocked down. I see them from my window. They play games in the road and cars come racing around that corner without slowing down. One girl was hit last month. Luckily, it wasn't serious, but they might not be so fortunate next time. They shouldn't be allowed to play there, really. I make sure my daughter is where I can keep my eye on her.

  Speaker 4 


It seems to me that they don't have all the training they need to move around town safely. All the driving instructors do is help them get through the test, and who can blame them? Well, I've taken the test, and I know that it's very easy. You can't expect people to be safe drivers when all they have to do to pass is go round a couple of corners. They should introduce new laws over the whole country to make the test harder. That way, we might have people who are better drivers.

pair.jpg
In pairs, check whether you agree on the answers to В and С. Discuss why you chose those answers. If necessary, listen again.


flag.jpgListen to these statements taken from an advertisement for a new form of transport, the Solomobile. For each statement, choose the sentence below which best expresses what we can deduce about the Solomobile.
Key.1a   2a   3b 
272.jpg
Statement 1
  a The Solomobile uses another form of energy.
  b The Solomobile uses less petrol than a car.
Statement 2
  a The Solomobile doesn't run on wheels.
  b The Solomobile doesn't need any brakes.
Statement 3
  a The Solomobile is designed for this country.
  b The Solomobile is new in this country.

Tapescript

Statement 1 Soon, you'll be able to completely forget about the cost of petrol.
Statement 2 There's no need for ugly roads any more with the Solomobile.
Statement 3 The Solomobile is taking off around the world, and you could be the first in your street to own one!

flag.jpgNow listen to the whole advertisement and check your answers to E.
Tapescript    
Soon, traffic jams will be a thing of the past. The Solomobile lets you go right over them! Soon, you'll be able to completely forget about the cost of petrol. The Solomobile simply uses electricity from your home to recharge its batteries. Soon, you'll be free to go where you want to, when you want to. It's coming, and it's going to be big. It's the most fun you can have around town! There's no need for ugly roads any more with the Solomobile. Simply step onto your Solomobile and you'll be lifted six inches into the air! The Solomobile floats above the ground, giving you a smoother, more comfortable ride. With speeds of up to fifteen kilometres per hour, you'll be there in no time! The Solomobile is taking off around the world, and you could be the first in your street to own one! Now in this country for the first time, the Solomobile will make you the envy of your friends. Whether you need to get to school before the first bell, or you need to be at your desk before your boss gets in, the Solomobile will keep you one step ahead of the rest. Call 07325-SOLOMOBILE now for more details on how you can take part in the transport revolution.

flag.jpgListen again and decide what the advertisement implies about the following statements. Circle T for True and F for False.
Key.1F   2T   3T   4F   5T
1    Traffic jams are caused by people going too slowly.    T / F
2    You'll have to pay for the energy the Solomobile uses.    T / F
3    At the moment, we don't have complete freedom to travel.    T / F
4    The Solomobile is designed for long journeys.    T / F
5    People of different ages will find the Solomobile useful.    T / F

Tapescript    

Soon, traffic jams will be a thing of the past. The Solomobile lets you go right over them! Soon, you'll be able to completely forget about the cost of petrol. The Solomobile simply uses electricity from your home to recharge its batteries. Soon, you'll be free to go where you want to, when you want to. It's coming, and it's going to be big. It's the most fun you can have around town! There's no need for ugly roads any more with the Solomobile. Simply step onto your Solomobile and you'll be lifted six inches into the air! The Solomobile floats above the ground, giving you a smoother, more comfortable ride. With speeds of up to fifteen kilometres per hour, you'll be there in no time! The Solomobile is taking off around the world, and you could be the first in your street to own one! Now in this country for the first time, the Solomobile will make you the envy of your friends. Whether you need to get to school before the first bell, or you need to be at your desk before your boss gets in, the Solomobile will keep you one step ahead of the rest. Call 07325-SOLOMOBILE now for more details on how you can take part in the transport revolution.
pair.jpg
In pairs, discuss your answers to G. Did you agree about what was being implied? Explain why you chose your answers. What do you think of the idea of the Solomobile?


flag.jpgListen to the advertisement again. As you listen, decide whether you agree or disagree with the following statements. When you have listened, discuss your opinions. Give reasons.
1    We will have electric vehicles in the near future.    Agree / Disagree
2    We will have vehicles that fly in the near future.    Agree / Disagree
3    The Solomobile would be fun.     Agree / Disagree
4    The Solomobile would replace cars.      Agree / Disagree
5    Cars are the biggest threat to the environment.    Agree / Disagree

Tapescript    

Soon, traffic jams will be a thing of the past. The Solomobile lets you go right over them! Soon, you'll be able to completely forget about the cost of petrol. The Solomobile simply uses electricity from your home to recharge its batteries. Soon, you'll be free to go where you want to, when you want to. It's coming, and it's going to be big. It's the most fun you can have around town! There's no need for ugly roads any more with the Solomobile. Simply step onto your Solomobile and you'll be lifted six inches into the air! The Solomobile floats above the ground, giving you a smoother, more comfortable ride. With speeds of up to fifteen kilometres per hour, you'll be there in no time! The Solomobile is taking off around the world, and you could be the first in your street to own one! Now in this country for the first time, the Solomobile will make you the envy of your friends. Whether you need to get to school before the first bell, or you need to be at your desk before your boss gets in, the Solomobile will keep you one step ahead of the rest. Call 07325-SOLOMOBILE now for more details on how you can take part in the transport revolution.



WORDPERFECT
Read these sentences and then use the words in bold to complete the sentences below.
Key.1    coach
2    hydrofoil
3    toll
4    motorway
5    break down
6    roadworks
7    diversion
8    ferry
9    drink-driving
10  council
Note:     You may wish to point out to students that 'My car broke down yesterday' and 'I broke down yesterday' mean the same thing.

•    The council is the local government, usually responsible for roads, schools and local services.
•    They're mending the road into town, so we'll have to go another way to avoid the roadworks.
•    I hope the car doesn't break down on the way to work like it did yesterday.
•    We should take the motorway if we're going to drive so far.
•    The government have started a major advertising campaign to deal with the problem of drink-driving.
•    A coach is a large bus that usually runs between towns and cities.
•    You have to stop and pay a toll on some major roads as a kind of tax.
•    A hydrofoil is a passenger boat that goes quite fast and is lifted up by a kind of underwater wing.
•    Let's take the ferry to the next island and spend a few days there.
•    There's been an accident so the police have created a diversion onto another road and we have to turn left.

1    The train only runs twice a day, so I suggest we take the _______________ and then get a taxi.
2    It might be more expensive than the ferry, but the _______________ is much quicker.
3    Could you look in my bag to see if there's any money? We'll have to pay a _______________ soon if we stay on this road.
4    Two people were injured earlier today in an accident on the _______________ just outside Manchester.
5    If I _______________ one more time, I'm selling this car and getting a new one.
6    There'll be delays on the M5 for the whole of next week due to _______________.
7    We'll have to go the long way to Grandma's house as there's a _______________ on the main road because of an accident.
8    The _______________ might be slower than the hydrofoil, but it's certainly cheaper,
9    Did you hear about Darren's dad? He was arrested for _______________ and might go to prison.
10   I think the local _______________ is responsible for making sure the roads are in good condition.

PRACTISE YOUR LISTENING SKILLS
Listening know-how
• Выполняя задание J, помните, что неправильные варианты ответов часто даются для того, чтобы внести вас в заблуждение. Не выбирайте вариант ответа только потому, что в нем встретились слова, которые вы слышали в тексте.
• Выполняя задание K, прочитайте предложение целиком после заполнения пропуска. Ваш ответ должен логически и грамматически встраиваться в контекст.


flag.jpgYou will hear people talking in eight different situations. For questions 1-8, choose the best answer, А, В or C.
Key.1С   2B   3B   4C   5B   6A   7B   8A 
1    You hear a young woman talking to her friend about a journey. What is her opinion of the driver?
      A He wasn't really prepared for the journey.
      В He didn't cccm to care about the passengers.
      С He blamed somebody else for the problem.
2    You hear a man talking about his job. Where does he work?
      A on a ferry
      В at a port
      С in a travel agent's
3    You hear part of a radio programme on the subject of transport. What is the problem being discussed?
      A the pollution caused by cars
      В the lack of places lo park
      С the danger of speeding motorists
4    Listen to this couple talking about a museum they are planning to visit. What do they disagree on?
      A how interesting it would be
      В how much time they will have there
      С how long it will take to get there
5    You overhear a woman talking to an air hostess. What does the woman want her to do?
      A speak to another passenger
      В help her with a piece of equipment
      С give something to her
6    Listen to this woman talking about a documentary she has just seen. What does she think about the programme?
      A It ignored the main problem.
      В It blamed the wrong people.
      С It used the wrong figures.
7    You overhear this man on his phone on the train. Where is the person he is speaking to?
      A in a car
      В at home
      С on a train
8    You hear part of a radio play. Why is the woman annoyed with the man?
      A He won't drive her somewhere.
      В He can't remember something.
      С He doesn't know how to do something.

Tapescript    

   1   

It was the oldest coach you've ever seen. I couldn't believe it when the driver turned up. He was very apologetic, but it was the only one available, apparently. Something to do with his manager making a double booking. At least, that's what he said. We set off and there was no air conditioning, and this was in the middle of summer. He opened the windows, but it didn't help. It was a long way, as well. I thought we were going to get lost at one point, but it was some kind of short cut that the driver had found on the map. In the end, we were half an hour early. [repeated]

   2   

In this line of work, you see, you have to be very careful because you're dealing with people's lives every day. The public expect to be able to turn up, get on the hydrofoil, or ferry, or whatever and set off. It's a lot more complicated than just buying a ticket and getting on, though. There are safety checks and all kinds of paperwork to be done before we can give the okay for a captain to leave. It's our responsibility, after all, to ensure that the people who come through here get the standard of service they want at an acceptable level of risk. [repeated]

   3   

... and it is the policies of this current government which are to blame. As with the attempt to lower the speed limit on motorways, the Prime Minister has shown again that he just doesn't have the power to get things done. Unless he can deal effectively with this relatively simple matter of providing enough spaces, he has no hope of tackling the wider problems of motoring, like pollution. Construction has to start immediately across the country and we have to start approving schemes for building areas underneath city centres or we'll very quickly find ourselves ... [repeated]

   4   

Woman     Oh, it sounds lovely! Listen: 'Let our displays of the history of the railways take you back in time to the days of luxury trains.'
Man    I've always wanted to know more about that era. When are we supposed to be visiting your mother?
Woman     Er... Friday. What's today? Tuesday. We could drive up on Thursday morning, visit the museum in the afternoon and stay overnight in a hotel. Then we could go on to Mother's on Friday morning.
Man Mmm. Would that give us enough time?
Woman     Well, if we set off early enough, we'd have a few hours to look round the museum.
Man    It's not that. I can't leave until ten on Thursday. It's five hours to get there, don't forget.
Woman     The way you drive it is. Four with me behind the wheel. Don't worry. It'll be fine, [repeated]

   5   

Sorry, but it's just that... well, I've been trying for ten minutes and I can't seem to, you know... the man in front is snoring rather loudly and it makes it very difficult for me to ... if I could just turn it up then ...I don't mean you should disturb him, or anything, but ... how he sleeps through it himself I have no idea because if it was me ... it's this part here that doesn't seem to ... maybe it'd be better if... no, that can't be how... is it? [repeated]

   6   

Scandal on Rails it was called. All about the privatization of the rail industry and what a disaster it's been. There was a lot of accusations and finger pointing. Most of them seemed to deserve it from what I know about the situation. Some incredible statistics, most of them coming from the government itself. Didn't mention the recent accidents around London, though. That would have been my first question. What are they going to do about that? Still, I bet it made a few powerful people feel a bit uncomfortable, [repeated]

   7   

John, it's Roger... What noise? ... Oh, I'm on the train, yes, that's right. Don't be surprised if I disappear into a tunnel. Where are you? ... Well, at least you won't be disappearing, then. Listen, have you got the takeover figures with you? ... In the car? Okay, listen. Go and get them and call me back in ten minutes. We really need to go through them before I meet the managers ... About another hour, I suppose ... Okay. I'll speak to you later. Bye. [repeated]

   8   

Woman     Well, really!
Man    Sorry. I know it's inconvenient, but Rita just asked me and it's in the opposite direction ...
Woman     I see. So that's how highly you value our friendship, is it?
Man    Look. Maybe I can get Joel to give you a lift. I can't remember if he came in his car or not.
Woman     That is by the by. If you knew how to treat a lady, you'd make sure I got home safely.
Man    It's just impossible, and I do wish you wouldn't rely on ...
Woman     Never mind. I shall make alternative arrangements. [repeated]


flag.jpgYou will hear a man being interviewed for an opinion survey about public transport. For questions 9-18, fill in the questionnaire.
Key.9 teacher 
10 5/five times a/per week 
11 dirty buses
12 (the) cost
13 buses (are) on time
14 (monthly) bus pass 
15 lots of tourists
16 long way from (the) centre  
17 more jobs (locally)
18 environmental damage
Note:     11 & 12 and 13 & 14 may be in either order
 
Public Transport Opinion Survey
Occupation? ______________________9
How often uses public transport? ______________________10
Any complaints? ______________________11 and ______________________12
Any positive aspects of service? ______________________13 and ______________________14
New Park and Ride Scheme
North car park advantage: ______________________15
                     disadvantage: ______________________16
South car park advantage: ______________________17
                     disadvantage: ______________________18

Tapescript
Interviewer    Excuse me, Sir, do you have a moment?
Man     Well, yes, I suppose so. How long is it going to take?
Interviewer    Just a couple of minutes. It's about transport facilities in the local area. Could I ask what occupation you're in?
Man     Well, I was a computer programmer for nearly fifteen years, but I left a couple of years ago and retrained as a teacher, so you'd better put that.
Interviewer    Do you use public transport, at all?
Man     Yes, as a matter of fact I do.
Interviewer    Would that be every day, less than three times a week, or not even that often?
Man     Well, I don't have a car, so I do rely on buses quite a bit. There's the library in the town centre and there's going shopping. I'd say it's probably something like five times a week.
Interviewer    Would you say there were any problems with the routes you take?
Man     Now you mention it, there are one or two things that
could be better. Nobody wants to travel on dirty buses, and sometimes they look like they haven't been cleaned for months. And then there's the cost. It seems like the fare goes up every couple of months, for no good reason.
Interviewer    Are there any aspects of the service which you believe work well?
Man     You don't want to be waiting for too long when you
have to get to work. The buses are on time, which is a big improvement. I remember when you couldn't be sure whether the 501 would turn up or not. The monthly bus pass is another good thing. I don't have to worry about change now because I can just buy my pass once a month and keep it in my wallet.
Interviewer    Now, I don't know if you've heard of the new park and ride scheme we're thinking of setting up. The idea is that visitors stop at large car parks on the edge of the town and a special bus service takes them into the town centre.
Man     Sounds like a good idea.
Interviewer    Two locations are being considered for the car park. The first is in the north and the second in the south. Which of those would you prefer?
Man     Well, when you say the north, I suppose you mean in
the area around Upton. That's logical from one point of view because there are lots of tourists coming that way. There might be a problem, though, with it being a long way from the centre. I can't see people wanting to spend half an hour on a bus to do a bit of shopping.
Interviewer    And the site in the south? That would be in the Riverside area.
Man     You can see how it would help local development. The people in that area have needed something for a long time. One positive point is that it would probably create more jobs locally. The downside is that the building work would probably cause a lot of environmental damage. Riverside is a beautiful area and you're talking about building a great big car park, not to mention bus shelters and things like that.
Interviewer    Thank you for your time.
Man     Not at all.



GRAMMAR FOCUS
TapescriptStatement 1 I was standing in a queue at the train station when I heard this man tell the funniest joke I've heard for a while.
Statement 2 I saw Philippa arguing with Ben at the airport, so I suppose they're having problems again.
Statement 3 I saw the suspect give the man the fake passport before he drove away.
Statement 4 I heard you telling Emma about the flight. Did you mention me?
Statement 5 I was phoning to find out the train times when suddenly I heard a couple of people talking on another line.

Key.first 2 sentences: part
second 2 sentences: all

rule:
the -ing form; the bare infinitive

Statement 1: a  
Statement 2: b  
Statement 3:
a
Statement 4:
b  
Statement 5:
b

Read these sentences and circle the correct words.
'As I drove past, I saw Frances crossing the road, and then lost sight of her.'
'I heard two women talking about an accident on the bus, but I had to get off at the next stop.'
These people saw or heard all / part of the action they are talking about.

'I'm sure Mary was on the ferry because I saw her get on'.
'I heard John play an Oasis song on his guitar and it was wonderful.'
These people saw or heard all / part of the action they are talking about.
Complete the rule:

When see or hear are followed by ________________, it usually means that the speaker only saw or heard part of an action.
When they are followed by ________________, it usually means that the speaker say or heard all of the action.
Listen to these statements. For each one, decide whether the speaker saw or heard part or all of the action by circling the correct option.
Statement 1   
a   all
b   part
Statement 1   
a   all
b   part 
Statement 1   
a   all
b   part  
Statement 1   
a   all
b   part  
Statement 1   
a   all
b   part  

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