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Unit 1. Films



WARM-UP
pair.jpgLook at the pictures. In pairs, ask and answer the following questions:
• What kinds of film do you like or dislike?
• Would you like to be an actor? Why / Why not?
• Do you prefer to watch videos or go to the cinema?
• Do you ever read film reviews?
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DEVELOP YOUR READING SKILLS
 
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What kind of film?
Quickly read these four reviews of different films. Choose from the box the kind of film being reviewed. There is one extra kind of film you do not need to use.
Key.1 comedy
2 horror film
3 thriller
4 romance

• horror film • action film • comedy • romance • thriller
  1. Once again, Tom Granger shows in his latest film why audiences find him so amusing. Playing his usual character, the loveable loser Benny, Granger makes fun of  doctors   and  hospitals   in a hilarious film. Crazy situations and funny dialogues keep you grinning, and the car crash at the end had me crying for all the right reasons. A real hit!

    Kind of film: __________________________
  2. This film proves that you can't make a great film just by giving a director a lot of money. The special effects and costumes are wonderful, but the story is about as frightening as a rabbit. Ghosts and graveyards may scare small children, but most of us will yawn through this one. I, for one, was glad when the monster finally did get the girl. At least it saved us from her terrible acting.
    Kind of film: __________________________
  3. Director Sarah Howard, best known for her  exciting  chases  and explosions, tries a new style in this complicated story of two people in New York whose lives are changed when they are both  arrested. The film is full of suspense as they are passed from the police to the FBI and the CIA. Set in a world of spies and secrets, this film will leave you looking over your shoulder to see   who's following you.
    Kind of film: __________________________
  4. You'd better bring your tissues if you're going to see the latest from Sam Goldberg. From the very beginning he plays with your emotions. Based on a true story, the film follows the heroine, Nadine, through her struggle with cancer and her developing relationship with the young doctor trying to save her. Goldberg lets us into their hearts as if we had known them all our lives.
    Kind of film: __________________________
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Underline two words or phrases in each review in A which helped you make your decision.

Key

1 amusing / makes fun of / hilarious / crazy situations / funny dialogue / grinning / crying for all the right reasons
2 frightening / ghosts / graveyards / scare / monster
3 complicated story / full of suspense / a world of spies and secrets / leave you looking over your shoulder...
4 bring your tissues / plays with your emotions / her developing relationship / lets us into their hearts
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Which of these titles might be best for each of the films in A? There is one extra title you do not need to use.
Key.1B     2D     ЗЕ      4A
Review 1 ____________________      
Review 2 ____________________        
Review 3 ____________________       
Review 4 ____________________   
A Last Days of Innocence
B Where Does It Hurt?
С Starbase Seven Alpha
D They Walk at Midnight
E Caught in the Net
What kind of film might have the title you haven't used?    ____________________
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In pairs, discuss your answers. Did you choose the same titles? Why / Why not? What do you think the other film might be about?

Key.
1 The comedy might be called 'Where Does It Hurt?' because that's the kind of question that doctors ask patients and the film is about doctors and hospitals.
2 The horror film might be called 'They Walk at Midnight' because it sounds like it's about frightening things, like ghosts, in the middle of the night.
3 The thriller might be called 'Caught in the Net' because it's about people being followed and caught by the FBI and CIA.
4 The romance might be called 'Last Days of Innocence' because it's about a woman suffering from cancer who falls in love with her doctor.

Read this review and circle the best heading for each paragraph.
Key.1 A disappointing result
2 An old-fashioned story
3 Poor leadership

12.jpgThe wrong title / A disappointing result / A good past record
The Good Guys Always Win is a missed opportunity. Starring John Devon and written by Carol West, all the ingredients were there for a great movie, but, alas, this one proves that the good guys sometimes lose. With their work together in the past, I was looking forward to seeing what they had been working on. The answer is a film that lets them down.
An old-fashioned story / A fight for love / A new acting style

The story is the same old plot of boy meets girl, boy loses girl, boy gets girl back. We've seen it a thousand times before. With women playing strong characters on our screens these days, we've had enough of the gentle heroine who just waits for the boy to fall in love with her. Patty LeBelle, who plays Wendy, cries and sighs but does little else, and those who saw her in Climbers will wonder what's happened to her.
A terrible script / Poor leadership / Future possibilities

The dialogue is slow and too much of the film is people pausing and looking at each other. Donna Short, the director, must take most of the blame since it's her job to guide the actors. It's difficult to see exactly why she was given this film when her last two efforts, Catch Me, I'm Falling and The Man Next Door, were so unexciting. Let's hope that John Devon's career can recover.
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Read these quotes from film trailers and choose a title for each film.
Key.1a  2a  3c

1    'Watch out! Bill Fredericks is back, and this time he's better than ever! When Bill decides to take his family on holiday, you just know it won't be long before he causes trouble! Even before they get to the airport, Bill finds some way of messing things up! You'll laugh till you cry in this family fun-packed film.'
      a Airport Terror 2
      b Don't Forget Your Passport!
      с The Holiday from Hell


2    'It was a time of innocence. A time of love. A time that Mary Jones would never forget. When the stranger rode into town on his black horse, nobody in Watersville knew how it would change all their lives, forever. A tale of passion. A story of two people fighting for what they believe in, even if that means losing each other.'
      a Difficult Choices
      b I Was Frankenstein's Bride
      с Those Crazy Cowboys!


3    'Based on a true story, this award-winning film takes you to the heart of tragedy. A mother's search for a cure for her son takes her far from home. They said he would never walk again, and she is determined to prove them wrong. There are times when she must fight, and times when she wants to give in. The human spirit finally triumphs, but not before she has paid the ultimate price.'
      a Where Have You Left the Patient?
      b Fight for Glory III
      с Love Will Find a Way

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In pairs, discuss your answers. Did you choose the same titles for the films? What kinds of film might have the other titles.



WORDPERFECT
Read these sentences and then use the words in bold to complete the sentences below.

Key.1 big screen
2 based on
3 cast
4 on
5 special effects
6 trailer
7 review
8 row
9 director
10 acting

• The special effects were amazing! The spaceships all seemed real!
• I haven't seen the film, but I've seen the trailer and it looks really exciting.
• The director shouted 'Action!' and the actor started running.
• The film is based on a book by Stephen King.
• All the members of the cast had to wear strange costumes in one scene.
• I thought the acting was quite good, but the story was boring.
• If you sit in the front row at the cinema, it can be difficult to see.
• I've seen Star Wars on TV, but I haven't seen it on the big screen.
• I read a review of that film and it sounds really interesting.
• We could call the cinema to see what's on tonight.

1    Action films are much better when you see them on the ___________________.
2    As far as I know, this film is ___________________ a true story.
3    The ___________________ were very talented and did a great job.
4    Not Rambo again! That film was ___________________ last week.
5    They use computers to create all the ___________________ these days.
6    After watching the ___________________, I decided not to go and see the film.
7    The film got a really bad  ___________________ in the newspaper.
8    This ___________________ is empty. Why don't we sit here?
9    When they had finished the scene, the ___________________ shouted 'Cut!'.
10  Even though the film starred a lot of children, the ___________________ was very good.

EXAM PRACTICE - READING Part 1
Exam know-how
When you do Reading Part 1:                     
• Match the headings and paragraphs you are sure of first and then come back to any you want to think about more. It'll be easier if you have fewer choices.
• When you have to choose headings, check that the heading yоu have chosen is the MAIN point of the paragraph, not a secondary point. Something might be mentioned, but it might not be the most important point.                                 

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You are going to read a magazine article about films. Choose the most suitable heading from the list A-I for each part (1-7) of the article. There is one extra heading which you do not need to use. There is an example at the beginning (0).
Key.1B 2F 3E 4A 5D 6G 7C
A Planning the filming
B Selling it to the right person
С Breaking down the budget
D Not as glamorous as you think      
E Give people what they expect
F The right leader with business sense
G Putting the pieces together
H Hard work, but worth it
I It all has to work

Lights, Camera, Action
              I                  
Making a film is such a complicated process that it's a wonder any of them ever get made. When you go to your local cinema to see what's on, do you ever think of all the separate steps that have to come together to end up with what you see on the big screen? Where does it start?

1 ________________________
Most films start as an idea. It might be in a director's mind, or in a writer's mind, but wherever it comes from, it's the producer who needs convincing. The producer is the businessman who finds the money to make the film. If you've got an idea for the next blockbuster, you need to find somebody who is willing to make your film. The producer will then organize the budget and decide how much it is worth spending on the film.

2 ________________________
The producer will decide who is going to be responsible for making the film: the director. This is an important decision since the director is the person who will be in charge of the whole cast and crew. The producer will either find somebody who has made similar films in the past or he or she might take a chance on a new director. Most importantly, the producer wants someone he or she can trust to do a good job and to stay under budget.

3 ______________________
The producer and director will then choose the other people to work on the film and will decide on the members of the cast. People feel very strongly about actors and a film has to have the right ones if it is to draw people into cinemas. Actors usually become associated with a particular kind of film in the mind of the public and it can be a risk to cast an actor in a different kind of role. Auditions and screen tests might be held to make final decisions and rehearsals will begin.

4 ______________________
While the actors are developing their characters, the director will be making other key decisions concerning things such as location. Where the film is shot is very important and the locations for filming will be chosen carefully. The film will also be storyboarded, with pictures of all the key moments. Special effects will be planned and costumes will be designed. This pre-production phase can take a long time because there may not be a chance to change things later.

5 ______________________   
The actual shooting can take anywhere from a few weeks to a year, or possibly even more. The actors spend a lot of time waiting for everything to be right - the set, the lighting, the cameras — and boredom can be a real problem. Life at the Oscars might seem wonderful, but life on a film set can be stressful and tedious.

6 ______________________
Once filming is over, post-production begins. This is the stage where all the elements of the film are brought together.The film is edited so that it tells л clear story and any special effects are perfected. Music is added to emphasise the excitement or the emotion of certain moments in the film. Often, the film is previewed to small audiences and changes are made, depending on their reactions. Finally, the film makes its way into the cinemas.

7 ______________________   
Once the process is over, what the backers will want to know is where the money has gone. We hear a lot these days about the huge fees commanded by stars but the cast will typically cost around 10% of the total budget. Pre- and post-production costs will account for 50%, while the director and crew will take another 10%. This leaves around 30% of the total cost of the film to be spent on actual filming.
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In pairs, discuss the answers you have chosen. Have you chosen the same answers for the same reasons?


GRAMMAR FOCUS
Key.We might use the passive voice ...
when we don't know who did something. Yes
when who did something is not important. Yes
to confuse others. No
for emphasis. Yes
to produce a more formal style. Yes
1a    2a    3a    4b    5a

The film is edited to make the story clear.
The special effects are perfected.
Auditions and screen tests might be held.
The film is previewed to small audiences.

Remind yourself why we use the passive voice. Circle Yes or No.
We might use the passive voice ...

when we don't know who did something.
when who did something is not important.
to confuse others.
for emphasis.
to produce a more formal style. 
Yes / No
Yes / No
Yes / No
Yes / No
Yes / No

Decide why these sentences have been written in the passive by circling a or b.

1    A storyboard is produced with pictures of the action.
      a The process is more important than the people who do it.
      b The writer wants to emphasise how difficult it is.
2    The most famous actors are paid more.
      a We are not interested in who pays the money.
      b The writer wants to emphasise that the actors are famous.
3    Computers are used in the editing process.
      a The writer wants to emphasise the computers rather than the people.
      b We don't know the name of the editor on this film.
4    Mistakes are sometimes made during the filming of a scene.
      a The writer doesn't want to blame an innocent person.
      b There are many different people who might make mistakes.
5    When a film is released, cinemas decide whether to show it.
      a  It is not important who releases the film.
      b The writer wants to be more exact.

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