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ГДЗ Голицынский Ю. Б. 4-е издание "Грамматика. Сборник упражнений"

ГолицынскийНазвание: 5-9 класс: Грамматика: сборник упражнений Ю.Б. Голицынский
Автор: Голицынский
Описание: Предназначена книга для учащихся с 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 классов, но вполне подойдет для всех желающих вспомнить и усовершенствовать язык. Построена она следующим образом: краткое напоминание о каком-либо правиле английской грамматики, а после него – большое количество упражнений, закрепляющих это правило.
Для тех, кто начинает учить английский язык Голицынский не подойдет, так как правила в нем даются очень коротко, можно даже сказать, схематично. Кроме того, автор охватил далеко не все правила грамматики. Идеальный вариант использования книги – в качестве практикума в дополнение к школьному учебнику.
Этот сборник упражнений будет весьма полезен для учащихся пятых классов общеобразовательной школы, множество заданий в нем перекликается со школьной программой.

11. … is a book. … my book. 2. … your pencil? … my pencil … , my sister'spencil. 3. … have a sister. My sister is an engineer. My sister's husband is a doctor. 4. … have no handbag. 5 … got a headache. 6 ... got acar.Their car … . 7. …got a calculator 8. …this a watch? ...isn't a watch,it's apen. 9. This pen…, …that pen … . 10. …see a pencil on your table,…nopaper. 11. …me a chair… . 12. …have a dog and two cats. 13. …have aspoon in my plate, …have no soup. 14. My friend … be a millionaire oneday. 15. … like an orange. 16. … is an artist, … is a poetess.   21. …got a car. … got a computer. The computer… 2. My friends …got a cat and a dog. The dog … bites the cat. 3. …is a tree. The tree…4. …three boys. The boys … 5. …have a bicycle. The bicycle… Myfriend … no bicycle. 6. Our room … 7. … wrote a dictation… . The dictation … 8. … two daughters and one son. Her son is a pupil. 9. … mymother a bracelet for her birthday. … liked the bracelet. 10. My brother'sfriend has no dog. 11. This pencil… that pencil … 12. … has a ball. Theball is big. 13. … got a letter … my friend … The letter … 14. … stayedat a hotel … at the hotel … in a restaurant.   31. … is a pen. The pen … 2. The pencils ... . 3. … is soup. The soup… 4. … eat a sandwich … drink tea. 5. … me coffee and a cake. Thecoffee … The cake … 6. … like ice-cream? 7. … see a book in yourhand … the book … 8. … need a camera? 9. … eats meat, … eats vegetables, cereals, seeds, fruit, and nuts. … is a vegetarian. 10. … is a pineapple. The pineapple … 11. … apples … 12. My cousin ... got a sorethroat. 13. … is cottage cheese. The cottage cheese ... 14. … boughtmeat, butter and potatoes … bought a cake. The cake … very tasty … atethe cake with tea. 15. … my table. On the table … have a book, two pencils, a pen and paper. 16. … is a bag. The bag … my sister's bag … mybag … is yellow.   41. … two sisters. My sisters are students. 2. … at home. 3. Mybrother … at home … at school. 4. My mother is at work. … is a doctor.5. … not a doctor. 6. … no sister. 7. … not a pilot. 8. … thirty-twoteeth.9. … has a child. 10. … two children. … at school. 11. … at home? … atwork. 12. … your brother? … at home.   51. … have a large family. 2. … tells us long interesting stories. 3. Myfather is an engineer. … works at a factory. The factory … 4. My motheris a doctor. … works at a large hospital. … at work … 5. My aunt is ateacher. … at school. The school … My aunt is not at school … at home.… is drinking tea and eating jam. The jam … at home … drinking teaand eating a sandwich. The sandwich… 6. … at school. … is a pupil.7. … has a big black cat. … cousin's cat has two kittens. The cat likesmilk. The kittens like milk… 8. … am an engineer. 9. My son is a pupil.10. … is a good pupil. 11. … is a house. 12. … my pencil. 13. … somepencils … no pencil. … me a pencil… .   61. What's the weather … The weather… 2. The sun … 3. The sky …4. The Earth is a planet. 5. … had an English lesson … The teacher …many questions. The questions … 6. … your brother? … at home. … inhis room. … sitting at the table. … his homework. The homework …7. Our cat … on the sofa. 8. … in the room. Turn on the light… 9. …into the bathroom, turned on the water … his hands.  71. … is a good book. Take the book from the table. … this book intothe bookcase. 2. The weather … The sky … The sun … in the blue sky.3. … is a boy. The boy is at school. … is a pupil. This boy is mybrother's friend. … has a cat, … no dog. … his cat. … gives the cat milk… . 4. … received a letter from my friend. The letter … 5. … in a bighouse. … like the house … 6. … you a worker? … I am a student. 7. …your beautiful flower. … me the flower … 8. My mother is at home. …is reading an interesting book. 9. My father is not at home. … is at work.… is a doctor. … is a good doctor. … works at hospital. The hospital … .  81. … is a big tree in the garden. 2. … is a bank … is the bank? 3. … anew supermarket in the centre of our town. 4. … is a hotel … The hotel … 5. … is the cat? The cat is on the sofa. 6. … is the book? Thebookis on the shelf. 7. … are the flowers? The flowers are in a beautifulvase.8. … is the vase? The vase is on a little table near the window. 9. Openthe window… The weather… see the sun in the sky. … see a nice … The bird… in a big tree. The tree… 10. … is a little … in the sky. 11. …have a large room. … is a big sofa in the room and a little lamp on thewall over the sofa. … sit on the sofa and read a good book.  91. … is a wonderful small … in front of the books … 2. … is thesoup? The soup is in a big saucepan on the gas cooker. 3. … are the cutlets? The cutlets are in the refrigerator on a little plate (Вариант: "Thecutlets are on a little plate in the refrigerator" лучше). 4. … is no breadon the table. … is the bread? 5. … is a little … in our room in front of thesofa. 6. … is the table in your room? 7. … is a thick … on the floor …mother's room. 8. … at home? … at work. … at a big factory. … an engineer. 9. … many books. The books are in a big … 10. The weather …the yard. … many children in the yard. … with a ball.  101. … see a bottle of pineapple juice on the kitchen … . 2. Her sonhas a great sense of humor. … was a discotheque at the club … . 4. Isthere a bus stop near the building? 5. … have a big dog. The dog …6. … has a very … 7. This boy … is a student. 8. … is a very … in thehall. 9. … is a tree … not a tree. It's a bush. 10. … am a boy. … am apupil. … at school. 11. … at work. … is a secretary. … at a large office. 12. … is a very … know the answer … 13. … see a little … with abig … her hands? … is a pupil of our school. 14. … was a beautiful …this vase … is the flower … 15. … is an exciting … but a very expensive place …  111. … is a jar of orange marmalade in the middle of the shelf. 2. … is abig box of cereal to the right of you. 3. … is a bunch of bananas on thetable. … in the refrigerator. 4. … is a loaf of white bread on the uppershelf of the refrigerator. … your bread … in the refrigerator. 5. … there abag of flour in the cupboard? 6. … was a bottle of lemonade in the cornerof the kitchen. 7. … is a thick red carpet in my room. The carpet is on thefloor in front of the sofa. 8. … is the table … brother's room? — His table is near the window. 9. … see a fine vase on the shelf. … your vase?10. … no piano in our living room. 11. My uncle is married. … has abeautiful wife. … have a son … no daughter. 12. … see a nice coffee table in the middle of the room to the right of the door. It is black andred. … like the coffee table. 13. Our TV set is on a little table in the corner of the room. 14. … is a beautiful … my father's study. The picture ison the wall to the left of the window.  12… in a new house. … is a living room, a bedroom, a study, a bathroom and a kitchen in the flat. The bedroom is a large room with twowindows. The room … as the windows … are white curtains on the windows. … are two beds with large pillows on them. … are small tablesnear the beds. … are lamps on them. To the left of the door there is adressing table with a mirror … is a low chair at the dressing table. … areseveral pictures on the pale …. is a thick carpet on the floor. The carpet.... The room …  131. … is a park behind the hospital. … are (some) beautiful trees in thepark. 2. … is a good film … this evening. 3. … is a library between theschool and the bank. … are (some) English and German … this library.4. … is a sofa in the corner of the room. 5. … are (some) … cushions onthe sofa. 6. … are (some) books on the shelf. … me a book... . 7. … intothe refrigerator. … on the shelves? — … is (some) butter in a butter dish.… is (some) sausage, … is no cheese. … are (some) eggs and (some) apples. … is an orange, a lemon, and (some) jam in a little vase. 8. … is(some) juice in this cup. … drink the juice? 9. … are (some) girls in theyard … see no boys. … are the boys? — all the boys … at the stadium.10. … is a peculiar charm in her voice.  141. … is the bus station? — The bus … is next to the gas station. 2. …are two pets in the house: a cat and a dog. 3. … is a TV antenna on theroof. 4. … is a mailbox between the building and the bus stop. 5. … is abig dog in front of the fireplace. 6. … at work or at school? 7. … had abad day today. 8. … have a colour TV set. The TV set is on a little tablein the corner of the room. 9. … is a book, a pen, and (some) … paper onmy writing desk. 10. My brother is a teacher. … works at school. He hasvery good ... . His books are in a big bookcase. 11. … is (some) tea in myglass. … is no tea in my friend's glass. His ... . 12. … is the coffee tablein your room? — The coffee table is in front of the sofa. … is a cup onthe coffee table and (some) newspapers. … is (some) coffee in the cup.13. … are (some) photographs on the sofa. 14. … is a guitar on the chairnear the piano.  151. … my brother … to school. I like school. It's fun. My brotherloves football. He hates homework. … to go to school. … go to work inthe future? 2. My friend … in the morning … goes to school. … goes tobed … in the evening. 3. The weather … in the morning ... . Thesky … in the middle of the day the weather ... . The rain stopped andthe sun … behind the clouds. In the afternoon … to stay at home …into the yard. … were boys and girls in the yard. … in the yard … inthe evening. … came home, I drank tea, ate a sandwich and went tobed … at night.  161. …brother is a pupil… goes to school…goes to school in the morning… six lessons. In the afternoon he goes home. At home… his homework. In the evening… reads books…goes to bed at half past ten. Atnight... . 2. … goes to work in the morning and comes home in the evening. 3. … at half past seven in the morning … go to bed at a quarter …in the evening. 4. … mother leave home for work? — … leaves home forwork at a quarter … . 5. … leave home for school? — I leave home forschool at half past eight. 6. … come home from school? — I do myhomework, … my friends on the phone and go for walks. …listen to music. I like jazz …  171. … go to the Russian Museum on Sunday. 2. On Saturday … goesto the Philharmonic. 3. In August … his birthday. … to have a nice partywith his friends. 4. …and a kitchen ... 5. … of silk. 6. … something onthe blackboard, … have a piece of chalk. 7. … in the classroom? 8. ...have a new … book. The book ... . 9. There is a garden in front ... .The garden … . 10. May is the fifth month ... . 11. Saturday is the sixthday ... . 12. Sunday is a day off. 13. Today is the ninth of May. … goingto a public phone to make a phone call to his grandfather. 14. This is anice place. In June … for a holiday.  181. … in a small town. It is a new town. The streets in the town ... .There are beautiful buildings... . The town … so the air ... . There are(some) beautiful parks … in the town. People like … after work. In theevening … hear the sounds of music from the parks. There are (some)schools, libraries, a hospital, a theatre, (some) cinemas, clinics and kindergartens in the town. 2. This is a classroom. The classroom ... .3. There is a picture on the wall. 4. … is the date …? It is the seventh ofDecember. 5. The third lesson … is a lesson ... . 6. …to the blackboard.7. … go home. 8. … from work … or at half past eight. … on Friday hecomes home … or at a quarter to five. On Saturday and on Sunday … goto work.  19…go to school in the morning… at a quarter past …. go to the bathroom, turn on the water …. early in the morning. … works at an office.... is a typist. …is a doctor. …works at a polyclinic (такого понятия ванглийском языке не существует. Clinic – возможный вариант замены). …have breakfast in the kitchen. … eat porridge and eggs. … drinktea. … leave home for work at half past ... goes to the polyclinic(clinic), … goes to the office. … leave home …: the school ... . I leavehome for school at a quarter to nine. … stays at home and cooks dinner. Ihave lunch at school after the third lesson. … have lunch at work. …come home, we have dinner.  201. … goes to work, … goes to school … go to the institute. 2. Thereis a new school at the corner ... . 3. … came home from school on Monday … "… be a parents' meeting on the tenth … in the evening." 4. Theteacher … a very interesting story at the lesson. 5. When the bell rang,the pupils went into the classroom. 6. … at school … in the morning …in the afternoon. 7. … go to school on Sunday.  211. … after breakfast? — After breakfast I go to school. 2. … to read abook after lunch. 3. … people … have breakfast in the morning. … havedinner in the afternoon. In the evening people have supper. 4. …"Afterdinner …, after supper walk a mile." 5. Who cooks dinner…? 6. … avery interesting story at breakfast. 7. … for lunch at school on Wednesday? — We had (a) salad and tea. 8. … has supper with the family … inthe evening. 9. … in the morning: before breakfast or after breakfast?  221. For breakfast I have coffee with milk and sugar. I have jam... .There are different things … the dinner table. … is (some) bread, (some)butter … (some) ham. … are (some) cups and (some) glasses …. … is ajug on the table. The milk in the jug …. is a teapot on the table. …. is(some) tea in the teapot. The tea … are (some) plates, forks and kniveson the table. 2. The lamp is on the table. 3. … is a lamp on the table.4. … a lamp on the table? 5. Is the lamp on the table? 6. … a clock on thewall? 7. … two shelves on the wall. 8. … are the shelves? — The shelvesare on the wall. 9. … have a large flat. … are four rooms in the flat.10. Is the newspaper on the table? 11. … there a newspaper on the table?12. … (some) butter on the plate. 13. … is the butter? — The butter is ona little plate. 14. … is (some) white and brown bread on the table.  231. … has a small family. … has a father and a mother. … no brother,… has a sister. … is a pupil. …is a good girl. … has many … books, …has no … books. 2. … is a writing desk in the room. The writing desk …is a lamp on the writing desk. 3. … has a large family. … in the family.4. … is an engineer. … at a big factory. 5. … have a good library. … in abig bookcase. 6. … sister married? 7. … after breakfast? — …go toschool. 8. … come home? — … come home at half past two. 9. … towatch TV in the evening? 10. He watches television … watch TV …spend the evening in front of the box, … is a very interesting film…  241. My aunt … my uncle are doctors. … work at a hospital. … in themorning. … go to bed ..2…. in the morning and in the afternoon. …work in the evening. …at night. 3. … leave home for school? — I leavehome at a quarter past eight in the morning. 4. …do after breakfast? -…goes to work. 5. … there a sofa in your living room? — … is a cosy littlesofa in the living room. — …is the sofa? — … in the corner of the roomto the left of the door. … on this sofa in front of the TV set in the evening. 6. … is a nice coffee table near the window. … are (some) newspapers on the coffee table. 7. … is (some) tea in the glass. 8. … watch TV?— I watch TV in the evening. … have a large … our room. … is a beautiful vase on the TV set. … are flowers in the vase. 9. …have a largewriting desk in the study. … is (some) paper on the writing desk. Mybooks and exercise … on the writing desk… .  25… friend's flat …. … are three rooms in the flat: a living room, astudy and a bedroom. The living room... . The walls in the living room .... There are (some) pictures on the walls. There is a table in the middle ofthe room... . To the left of the door … is a sofa. Near the sofa … are twolarge … is a piano... . The piano is to the right of the door. The bedroomand the study… The furniture in the flat ... .  261. What colour … new hat? — It's red. 2. … there a refrigerator inyour kitchen? 3. … is the refrigerator in your kitchen? — … in thecornerof the kitchen. 4. … are (some) flowers in our living room. The flowers…in a beautiful vase. 5. I have (some) tea in my cup. 6. … no coffee inhis cup. 7. What book … from the library on Tuesday? 8. I have (some)books, exercise-books and pens in my bag. 9. …am an engineer. …workat an office. …go to the office in the morning. As the office … from thehouse … take a bus... . 10. What bus … to get to work? 11. Whose pen… 12. What colour is your new T-shirt? — It's white. 13. … to a musicshop to buy a cassette. What cassette…  27… is a large window. Through the window … see a room. Oppositethe window … is a door. On the door … is a curtain. In the corner of theroom … is a round table. On it … see (some) books and a telephone. …is a bookshelf over the table. On the bookshelf … see (some) newspapersand a book by Jack London. … are two pictures in the room. One picture … the other picture…are two bookcases in the room. The bookcases… of books. … is a large sofa in the room. On the sofa … see a bag.Whose bag … no bed in the room. On a small table near the windowthere are (some) flowers and a glass of water. In front of the window …see an armchair.  281. English is a world ... . 2. I study English. I attend English … in theevening. On the days …have no classes… at home … work about thehouse. I have dinner with my family. After dinner … talk to the membersof my family, watch TV and read books, newspapers and magazines….go to bed late at night. 3. Give me (some) water... 4. … is a book on thetable. Give me the book... . 5. …listening to music … like the music …on his guitar. 6. …for lunch? -… had a tuna sandwich. 7. …is a wonderful teacher. He teaches history.  291…. was a young man… studied physics. 2. …speak Spanish? 3…. isa great specialist in biology. 4. Japanese … than French. 5…. listened toa very interesting lecture on English literature … . 6. … at the lesson ofgeography the teacher told us (some) very interesting things about famous travellers. 7. … speaks English and French… speak German.8. …had a lesson of mathematics … wrote a paper in mathematics. Theteacher… correct the papers in the evening. … know the results.  301. My name … from a pretty big family. … two brothers and a sister.I am the oldest …my sister is the youngest; … plays the violin … to be aprofessional musician. … has other hobbies… her friends if the weather... 2. … play the piano? 3. … is a big black piano… at the wall to theleftof the door opposite the sideboard. …to play the piano… plays the pianoin the evening. 4. Boys …play football. 5. … in the evening? — … playchess … . 6. … are the children? — … out of doors. The weather… playing badminton in the yard. 7. What games — …to play tennis. 8. … toplay the guitar? 9. What colour …?  31It was a hot day. The sun … in the blue sky. A wolf … a lamb … at astream. The water in the stream ... The wolf … that the lamb … . You,fool, …making the water … The lamb … …at the wolf … in a thinvoice…But, Mr. Wolf, … make the water … from the place … becausethe stream … shouted the wolf in an angry voice… wrong, Mr. Wolf..cried the lamb … only four months… said the wolf … these words …seized the poor lamb … into the wood.  321. ... was a very rich man. … was the richest man in the village.2. Pete is the tallest boy… … is the shortest boy … is very strong. … isstronger … are taller…… is the strongest boy in the class. 3. … tells uslong stories. … was still longer ... was the longest story. … after dinner… before supper. But the story … was the most interesting … . 4. … wasthe most difficult exercise in the paper? 5. … is the best season of theyear? 6. … is the shortest month …7. … know the longest river… 8. InMay the days are longer than in April.  331. Moscow … on the Moscow River. The Moscow … is a canalcalled the Moscow-Volga Canal … joins the Moscow to the Volga. TheVolga … into the Caspian Sea. 2. … into the sea at New York. The mostimportant is the Hudson River … into the Atlantic Ocean. … the Hudsonthere are two other rivers: the East River and the Harlem River. 3. In Siberia … the Ob, the Irtysh, the Yenissei, the Lena and the Amur. 4. TheAltai Mountains are higher than the Urals. 5. … is a splendid view ofLake Geneva … . 6. My friends … This year … to fly to the Canary Islands. 7. … through London? — The Thames. 8. … is Washington thecapital? — The United States. 9. The United Kingdom … 10. … on LakeMichigan.  341. Russia occupies the eastern half of Europe and the northern third ofAsia. 2. The climate of the northern part of Russia… 3. ... is a trueRussian… with hard frosts. 4. … in the Crimea and the Caucasus. 5. Washington is the capital of the United States of America. 6. … go to NewYork … . 7. The best way …understand people of other countries… 8. IsAustralia an island or a continent? 9. The Red Sea is between Africa andAsia. 10. … in the world. 11. France is to the north of Italy.  351. The Neva … into the Gulf of Finland. 2. The Pacific Ocean …3. The Urals … . 4. Kazbek is the highest peak of the Caucasus. 5. TheAlps … with snow. 6. The Shetland Islands … to the north of Great Britain. 7. The USA is the largest country in America. 8. The Crimea … bythe Black Sea. 9. Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. 10. Paris isthe capital of France. 11. … in a small village on the shore of the WhiteSea. 12. … in the Ukraine … 13. The Caucasus separates the Black Seafrom the Caspian Sea. 14. Europe and America … by the Atlantic Ocean.15. The Baltic Sea … 16. … in the Pacific Ocean. 17. The North Seaseparates the British Isles from Europe. 18. The Balkans … . 19. TheNile … the northeastern part of Africa to the Mediterranean Sea. 20. …are the highest mountains in Russia?  361. The Thames is a short river. 2. Russia … by the Arctic Ocean inthe north. 3. Kiev is to the south of Moscow. 4. Europe is a continent.5. Moscow is the capital of Russia. 6. Is Asia an island or a continent?7. The Black Sea is in the south of our country. 8. The White Sea is inthe north …9. … is a map of the world. … see on the map? What colourare the valleys on the map? 10. … is an architect. .. is an experienced architect. … in the Far East. … has a wife. … is a typist. … have a son anda daughter. 11. The Philippines … to the southeast of Asia.  371. This is a pen. It is a good pen. The pen… on the table. 2. … got adog. The dog's name … is a big grey dog. The dog … . 3. … has a sister.The girl is a pupil. 4. … have a picture in the living room. The picture …on the wall. 5. The Irish Sea is between Great Britain and Ireland. 6. … isa map on the wall of the classroom. … is a map of the world. … on themap. This is the Mediterranean Sea … is the Red Sea. … are the Himalayas. … are the highest mountains in the world. 7… in St. Petersburg.St. Petersburg is a very large city. … one of the largest cities in Russia.8. … is a doctor. … in the centre of the city. …in a new house. … arethree rooms in the flat. The living room is the largest … is a nice lightroom. … are pictures on the walls. … is a round table in the middle ofthe room. … is a sofa at the wall with a large thick carpet in front of it.The study and the bedroom ... .   381. … have a good time — The weather … out of doors from morningtill night. … played football, volleyball and other games. … came homelate at night and went to bed ... 2. … at the clock. … is a quarter past ten.Go to bed … . 3. The sun … in the east … in the west. 4. … in theUkraine, in a little village on the bank of a big river with … water. …was a wood on the other side of the river. … to the wood … gathered alot of mushrooms. 5. … to play chess. …to play chess all day long. … isthe best chess player…  391. … from a very old country on the Nile … called Ethiopia. Ethiopiais a beautiful … country. … is a young man. …to become an engineer.… to be a student of St. Petersburg University. … spends a lot of time atthe library … in the evening … walk about the city … 2. … in theUkraine. … in a small village near Odessa. … is a librarian. … has a lotof work: … takes newspapers and magazines to the people … to enterMoscow University … preparing for the entrance examinations. 3. … inAmerica. … is a student. He studies history at Harvard University.  40… write a letter, … take a piece of paper and a pen. … write our address and the date in the right-hand corner. … on the left-hand side …write a greeting. … on the next line … begin the real letter. …to leave amargin on the left-hand side of the page. At the end of the letter… … putthe letter into an envelope … close the envelope. On the envelope …write the name and address of the person… . We stick a stamp in the topright-hand corner, … post the letter.  41… lived a man… fond of gold. … am the happiest man in theworld… saved money. … in a desert of North Africa. … no food or water. … dying of hunger. The heat … only stones and sand …saw a bag …on the sand. … find (some) food …and (some) water… … up to thebag… that the bag …full of gold. … is the use of gold to a hungry manin a desert? … left the bag on the hot sand… am the most unhappy manin the world.  421. … go to the shop. … buy (some) bread and milk. 2. …at the cinema… — What film… — … saw a … good film. … is the best film ofthe year. 3. … go to the theatre? — … go to the theatre … from morningtill night. … no time to play the piano. 4. ... has a lot of interestingbooksat home. 5. A lot of tourists from different countries come to St.Petersburg. … one of the most beautiful cities in the world. 6. … am a studentof the first course. 7. … went to the cinema in the evening. 8. What foreign languages… — … speaks English. He studied English at school.9. … in history. 10. … played tennis at the physical training lesson of...had a good time. 11. … for a walk… — The weather … went to the cinema. 12… playing the piano… are playing chess.  43…came to New York for a holiday. … to a very large hotel …took aroom … on the forty-fifth floor. In the evening the friends went to thetheatre … to the hotel … said the clerk of the hotel… the lifts … makebeds … in the hall… one of the friends … sleep in the hall. … up to theforty-fifth floor… . On the way to the room …to the thirty-sixthfloor…have a rest. After all jokes…to hear a sad story. Tell us a long andinteresting story with a sad end. The story…left the key to our room inthe hall.  44… a famous English writer…on horseback… The weather was bad…the roads were muddy. In the evening… to an inn. …going to bed… theservant … . In the morning…asked the servant …cleaned the boots.…the use cleaning the boots… said the servant. The roads… the boots …said the writer … continue the journey … had breakfast … said the displeased servant. … the use giving you breakfast…  45In a small town in the East … once a man who had a parrot. The parrot … to say the words … all day long … asked a question, it gave thesame answer … . One day the man decided to sell the bird … put the carrot into the cage and went to the market … for a very clever parrot … Aman … turned to the parrot. … answered the parrot. "What a clever parrot!" said the man and bought the bird. … took the parrot … to look atthe clever bird. The friends … at the parrot… …that the man … In fact,… short of money. So a week … in an armchair … looking at the parrot…"What a fool … such a lot of money!"… cried the parrot. … thebird was right.  46A train .. at a little station. A passenger …the window of a train carriage and saw a woman selling cakes. The man … had breakfast in themorning. … to buy a cake. The woman … from the carriage. The man …buy a cake … to miss the train. … saw a boy … along the platform nearthe carriage. … called the boy… does a cake cost… answered the boy.The man … me a cake… the other threepence buy a cake … The boytook the money … to the woman. … later the boy returned. … eating acake. … gave the man threepence …The woman …  47A crow …It's high time … to look for food … out of the nest … themto the field. But … the crow's children … like the idea … back to the nest… bring food to us! … out of the nest … to take care of myself. But people … said the young crows. "No fear of that". "Before people shoot,they take aim, … takes time. … see a man raising a gun …" "That's asimple thing …" said the children, "but supposing a man or a boy …throw a stone … such a case … take aim. " … pick up a stone," said thecrow. "… carries a stone " … said the mother… to take care of yourselves… leaving the young crows in the field.  48Russia … a large country … part of the country… part of the country…it is the beginning of May …spring in St. Petersburg. The weather...… cool at night, … warm in the afternoon. … but the rain … The ground… with soft … grass… the trees … with green leaves. … winter in thenorth … at the beginning of May. … the rivers and seas … with ice. Theice … The ground … with deep snow. In the south … the weather... inthe Caucasus and in the Crimea. The sky ... People wear summer clothes.  491. … this an interesting book? … this a … interesting book? … this thevery … book … such an interesting book. … it the same book 2. … is ateacher. …is a good teacher… is a teacher … is a teacher of English. ...isthe teacher… about the question… 3. … is a word in the text … is a verydifficult word… is the word … in the dictionary. … is an adverb. 4. Thefirst men ... 5. … in Russia in the 19th century. 6. … discovered America,was a native of Genoa. 7. Rome is an ancient town. 8. Ireland, Scotlandand Wales are parts of the United Kingdom. 9. … is the name of the oceanbetween America and Asia? — The Pacific. 10. … visited Switzerland andGermany. 11. Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands.  50… lived a king. … had a little daughter. … lived in a beautiful palacewith a wonderful garden … the king … fond of gold. … loved gold … in theworld. … when the king … a young man … are a very rich man…said the young man. … said the king… to have a golden touch. … intogold. The young man was a magician … gave the king the golden touch… . The king … touched a table… and the table… into the garden…were beautiful roses in the garden. … touched the roses... The king'sdaughter… loved roses …cry, … dear daughter… said the king … . Thenext moment the girl … into a beautiful gold statue.  51A group of farmers … in a village house… among otherthings …about echoes. One of the farmers … was a wonderful echo inthe field … was a large group of trees. All the other farmers … to hearthe echo… the farmer … to come the next afternoon. But the fact … thefarmer … have the echo …told the other farmers … came home… sentfor the (a) son of a cook … go to the field… among the trees… . Thenext day the other farmers … the farmer took … to the field to listen tothe wonderful echo. … in the field, … at the top of his voice…  52… was a nice … day. The weather … the sun … in the blue sky, theair … with the smell of grass and flowers. A dog … about the streets of alittle town saw a butcher's stall with a lot of meat. The dog … approached the stall… when the butcher… to talk to a woman… seized abig piece of meat … . On the way home the dog …to cross a stream by anarrow bridge. … into the stream … in the water. … it was another dogwith another piece of meat. … snapped at the reflection … piece ofmeat. … how the dog was punished for greediness.  53On Sunday … to the country. … at sunrise … had breakfast. Afterbreakfast we left home. … is a little village … from St. Petersburg …have friends. … by train. … had a very good time in the country. Theweather … the sky … the sun … stayed out of doors all day long. …played volleyball and tennis. … returned to town … in the evening. …came home… had supper … went to bed … .  541. … at the sky. … with dark clouds. … hurry home. 2. … to live inthe country in summer. The weather … is a fine season. 3. … lovely thenight … no clouds in the sky and the air is … 4. …the sun shines… thesnow … the days … longer. 5. Winter is a good time … . 6. On Sunday … go to the country. … play snowballs … have a very good time. 7. The fog … . 8. … friend is a very … player. 9. In summer… lived inthe country … up to town by train. 10. … is Sunday. … hot in town… goto the country… on Monday …11. Autumn is the most beautiful seasonof the year.  55… Tuesday evening… the whole family was at home, a burglar …into the house … discovered the theft… called the police. … hisshoes …, the detective … his footprints. … what the burglar did. … inthe front door. … broke the lock. … reading a newspaper in the studynear the front door. … facing a big window… see the man… listening toloud music… there was thunder… was a lot of noise ... . The burglarcrossed the hall to the kitchen. … making a pot of tea, … into thekitchen. The man …across the hall … into the dining room. … all thedrawers… out of the dining room … his homework in his bedroom … tohis walkman. The burglar … past Tom's room. … taking a shower … atthe top … into the TV room. … left the TV room, …back down the stairsand into the kitchen. … in the living room ... . The burglar … in an oldteapot on the top shelf of the left … cupboard. Then the man …through aFrench window in the dining room. The police … heard the burglar!  561. … read to me an extract from the book … the day ... . The maincharacter of the book is a young doctor … to a distant village in Siberia. 2. The weather … in October. 3. …into the room… saw a man …on the sofa. … was the man … at the theatre the night … 4. …saw thefilm … 5…. took a taxi and gave the address to the driver. 6…. is thefirst bridge over the Thames … from the sea. … is a suspension bridge.The central portion …to admit ships to the docks … of the river. Whena ship … the traffic … the great bridge … in the centre… into the airand the ship ...  57… a Frenchman … in Sweden. … at a hotel in a little … town. It wasevening, the man …went to bed ... . In the morning … had breakfast inthe hotel restaurant. After breakfast … went for a walk. … along thestreets of the town, visited a museum and (some) shops. …dropped into acafe for lunch. …sat down at the table, called a waiter … ordered mushrooms. But the Frenchman … know Swedish … the waiter … knowFrench. … in the cafe … speak French. … the Frenchman took a piece ofpaper … a pencil … the picture of a mushroom. The waiter … at the picture … left the room …with an umbrella.   58A guide … showing a group of rich American tourists the places ofinterest in a little town in the south of Italy. He took the tourists fromplace to place… as the town was small, after a while the guide … mightbe of interest to the Americans. … about the weather or the climate …said an American lady to the guide. … thought the guide. … had an idea.… from the west. … said the lady in a surprised tone: "What an interesting thing!" … another tourist …The wind … from the east … At the firstmoment the guide … was a clever man …found a way out. … must bethe west wind …  59The English king … was a tall… man. … to show people … ridingon horseback in the countryside… horse lost a shoe. … from a village …found a blacksmith. "Give me a good horseshoe,"… to the man. Theblacksmith gave the king a horseshoe…. "give me a better one". Theblacksmith … say a word. He gave the king another horseshoe… orderedthe blacksmith … When the work … offered the man a coin. The blacksmith took the coin ... . He took a larger coin …to the blacksmith. Theman broke it… give me a better one". …gave the man a gold coin.  60In the fifteenth century people knew : Europe, Asia … Africa. …such a big continent as America. The man … discovered America ... inItaly. … became a sailor at an early age. … that the Earth … to reach India … to the west. … to arrange an expedition… have money… the kingof Spain gave him money for the expedition. He set sail …The voyage ...On the 12th of October … reached land. … saw strange trees and flowers. Men and women with olive-coloured skins … around the sailors …with great surprise. … discovered a new way to India. …later anothersailor reached America. The name of the sailor … it was a new continent.  611. …for a plain shirt, but all the shirts … 2. ... for a pair of blackpants. 3. … for a blouse. Polka-dot blouses … this summer. 4. I bought anew hat ... . The shop assistant … was the latest style. 5. … to the shop.…buy a dress. 6. … at a big store… on Tuesday. 7. … bought a blue haton Wednesday. The colour suits …got blue eyes. 8. … buy a pair of newgloves. 9…. is the shoe department? — … on the third floor. 10. I thinkthe coat …. 11. … to a big store …. have a suit made to order. 12. … likethe hat … . The colour … . 13. Here is the department of …can buy anice pair of trousers ... . 14. … to give him a tie as a birthday present.  62… was a teacher of physics at school. … method in physics … cameto school on a new bicycle. The bicycle had a pair of pneumatic tyres …none of the pupils … During the lesson the teacher took the pupils intothe school yard … showed them the new invention. "Now, children,…"boys touched the tyres. "Cotton wool"… "Steel springs," said another. …said the teacher... Suddenly a little boy… beside the bicycle…"…There's wind inside." "… there's air inside. … "… used the experimental method," said the boy: "I stuck a nail into the tyre…". For thefirst time … like the use of the experimental method.  631. … Lomonosov, the founder of the first …. university. 2. Nekrasov,a famous … poet, …the life of Russian peasants. 3. … to miss the concert … at the Philharmonic on the 15th of April. 4. … from the university…. is a scientist. …is a young scientist... . 5. …is a teacher of physics.6. … read a book by Dickens, a famous … writer. 7. … know the way tothe nearest cafe: I am a stranger... 8. The town … on the Volga. 9. … isthe author … 10. A quarter of an hour … before the beginning of theconcert. … entered the hall …saw a group of pupils…  641. During the vacation … two of the lectures …. about Russian music. 2. … stay in town for the vacation. 3. … before the end of the schoolyear. The examinations ... . On the first of June … take an examination inliterature. 4. … to spend the day in the country. 5. … brought a newbook … looked at the title…: it was the book … for a long time. 6. … isacquainted with the actor …played the leading part in the play … .7. "What river is the longest in Europe?" "… what a strange question …!… it is the Volga." 8. … have a lot of trouble … . 9. The day … The sky… with clouds.  65I knew a man … many countries in the east and in the west. He lovedchildren … them interesting stories. … some of the stories … . One ofthe stories …about an adventure … in London. He was a young man …interested in the history of architecture. … one of the towers of theHouses of Parliament. … onto the balcony of the tower … to look at theornaments on the walls. … up on the roof. … a man came running … bythe arm. … something in English, … words of English ... . The Englishman called a policeman. The fact … that the Russian tourist … from thetop of the tower. … laughed a lot over it.  66One day, a father and his rich family … his son on a trip to the country with the firm purpose … poor people … spent a day and a night at thefarm of a very poor family. … their trip, the father asked his son, "Howwas the trip?"… "… poor people …" the father asked. The son replied:"… have a dog at home… have a pool … to the middle of the garden;…have a river … has no end. … have imported lamps in the garden; …have the stars. Our patio … to the front yard; … have a whole horizon."When the little boy … his father ... . His son …  67The room … the boys … was a large stone hall, with a copper … thecook took gruel … at mealtimes. … one portion of gruel… on Sundays… a quarter of bread ... . The bowls … the boys ... . At last the boys …with hunger … eat the boy … The boys … A council …. to go up to thecook … after supper... . The evening … the boys ... . The cook stood atthe copper. The gruel …. from the table …advancing to the cook, said ina weak voice… The cook was a healthy man… said he in a tremblingvoice. The man …  68… a London theatre performed a play … was a great storm … ..daystheatres had no machines. … why the manager engaged several boys tomake the waves of the sea. …under a big piece of... . The boys … a shilling a night …. for several weeks. …then the manager… them lessmoney — … sixpence a night. So the boys … to go on strike. During aperformance, when the storm began, when the wind blew … the sea …not a single wave ... . The angry manager … corner of the "sea" … saidto the boys: "Make waves, boys, make waves!" "… want waves for ashilling…" asked a boy in a loud voice. "… for a shilling," … the manager. The boys … the storm looked ... .  69… for all the parts of a city … in order that a defensive wall … thestreets... . Many European cities … with walls … in America … need fordefensive walls… many American cities … on a regular plan… according to natural surroundings. The streets in American cities… havingnames, … understood the plan of an American city, … to another. Theold part of New York lies in the southern half of Manhattan Island, …there the streets … as in the towns of the old world. But the rest ofthestreets… run in straight lines. … in the city… follow a straight line. …New York's …. … sight of the dancing waters of the harbour …. betweentall skyscrapers in the northwestern direction. … street is the longest in the world.  70Africa is a very large continent lying to the south of Europe and to thesouthwest of Asia … joined by the Isthmus of Suez. … ago men … ofthe middle of the continent. Travellers from Europe made long journeysinto the centre … met terrible difficulties, for the continent … with forests full of fearful … animals. … died of hunger or thirst or strange illnesses, others … by lions, still others by natives; … to go along riversinto the heart of Africa. … came from European countries … were millions of people … was a country, the richness of …  71Robert Burns, a son of a small farmer … on the 25th of January… asa ploughboy. … had a ballad book … at dinner. After the death of …took over the farm ... . Working in the fields … on the farm, that thepoet … to go to Jamaica … to get a job on a plantation …. to publish abook of poems. The book … went to Edinburgh, … unlocked the doorsof rich … houses to … spent a peaceful … year. The rest of … is a taleof the poet's hardships. The hard life… the poet's health, and on the 21stof July… at the age of ... .  72"… there a post office near the house …?" "Go to the corner of thestreet … which trams run. … turn to the left … walk a short distancedown the street. … cross the street… see a sign over a door …""… without difficulty. … buy (some) stamps, send a telegram … receive parcels … to send a parcel to an old friend. … in a week. … find ashop that sells nice things … as presents?""… There's a very good shop … down the street … in front of you …out of the post office … to a wide street … which buses and trolleybuses …. to the left again … come to a beautiful shop with big windows … sorts of things. … find nice presents …".  73… near the end of the 19th century … in England … if a man … topay a debt, … a small one, … be for life, … for the people in prison …make money to repay the sum … had friends … bring them materials …or making boots… .The great English novelist … knew a great deal … and the wholefamily … him in the prison because… . The mother and the children…leave the place … the great gates were shut … described the life … thatthe English Government … to do away with debtors' prisons.  74At the beginning of the 19th century a little boy … in the familyof …, a clerk at an office in Portsmouth, …. He had a sister … childrenin the family. … was sent to school. … not a strong child. … to playcricket or football ... . In … the family went to London, … him the happiest years …. in money difficulties… the family became ... . The boyhad to …. put into a debtors' prison. … all the horrors … of a large capitalist city. … at a blacking factory. … there from morning till night. …was sent to school …. as a clerk. … learned stenography … became a reporter … In … at the age … It was a collection of stories. The title of thebook …. one of the greatest writers of the 19th century. …languages ofthe world.  75During the American war of Independence, a commander of a smallunit… was giving orders … about a heavy cannon … at the top of …. tolift the weight, … the commander … shouting encouraging words. Anofficer… asked the commander … help the soldiers. …surprised, theman …: "… I am a corporal!" replied the officer… got off the horse …hold of the rope … the men …. when the cannon … turned to the littlegreat man "… have another job … enough men…" The corporal … withastonishment. The man …  76William Shakespeare, the greatest … playwright, … in Stratfordupon-Avon in England. Stratford is a small country town in a farmingdistrict near the centre of England. The Avon, … is a pretty river withgrass and trees … through Stratford. … known of Shakespeare's father. ..was a farmer … at different times … sold meat … sold wool. … inmoney difficulties. … about the life … . The little house … the greatwriter … … now a museum. … went to school in Stratford. … went toLondon. Probably the first work … were in London … … became an actor … to write plays for the company … bought the largest house … . Hespent the last years … in Stratford… visited London.  77… my 65-year-old father … his daily run. … an unusually hot day,… felt a little sick… to rest in the shade. A passerby … my father said…be able to get home. … another person … The man realized …. Thatstranger … father's life. … suffered a heart attack … for five days.… thank that passerby and helping a stranger … my father has manyyears … his grandchildren. …be Good Samaritans … see the need. Alife … .  78A young man … to rob a store … my office. … bought a bag of potato chips, … while the clerk was making change, … to grab the moneyfrom the cash register. When the clerk … closed the drawer, the man …to take the cash register … was a rack full of cigarettes in the corner ofthe store. … to grab the cigarettes … the clerk … The man … was spotted by the police … driving a stolen car. The police … with lights … andsirens ... charged with possession of a stolen vehicle… His fine … theman asked … near the store and get his potato chips… The clerk at thestore … as the man … to steal the cash register … charged with attempted robbery. His fine … he sits in jail awaiting the trial.  791. … Shaw, a well-known … playwright, … born in Ireland … was ason of a clerk … working at an early age. At the age of twenty … toLondon … became a journalist. 2. The play "Widowers' Houses" showsegoism and hypocrisy … from the London slums where the poorest people … 3. … travelling in Germany … Trench, a young … doctor, … Mr.Sartorius, a respectable … gentleman… . The young people … knowwhat kind of property …. from a conversation … was the owner of …all the property … getting money out of the poor people … to takemoney … live on the small income … had a quarrel, … left the house. …that the land … was living on the money got in the same way. … in theend:…becomes a partner … in fact ... .  80My husband picks up a local newspaper … from a vending machineon our way to work. The other morning, a girl … was in front of him inline, buying a paper for her mother, … sitting in the car. The child putthe money for one paper in the slot … two newspapers!My husband … . The child … ... took the two newspapers to hermother.… what this mother … her daughter becomes a teen … arrested forshoplifting at the mall? … her daughter got the idea …The mother missed the opportunity … her child … . If the child tookan extra newspaper in error, the mother …. put the child …  81Three bank robbers got a surprise … . The three robbers, … as cleaners at a hospital, …to the bank … . The three men, wearing masks … theirfaces, … of the car … into the bank. Inside the bank, they pointedguns at the customers … bank tellers. One of the men told all the customers … on the floor. … one of the other men … "Quick the money!Give me money!" … one of the tellers .. .some bags. … leaving the bank,the three men … into their van …. One mile down the road, the robbers … their van next to an ambulance … before the robbery. … into theambulance … to their hospital. … leaving the ambulance in the hospitalparking lot, the three men … into a small room. … opened the bags ofmoney … — … got a very unpleasant surprise! The bank teller … giventhe robbers special bags containing bright red ink! The red ink … whenthe bag … , the men … As the men left the room … to leave the hospital,an emergency room …"… covered in blood." … refused her help… . Thedoctor … called the police. The police caught the robbers — … Outsidethe bank …   

82A lioness, a tigress, an actress, a poetess, a woman, an aunt, a wife, asister, a grandmother, a daughter, a mistress, a baroness, a countess, ashepherdess, a hostess.  83A gentleman / a lord, a boy, a nephew, Mr. Smith, a widower, a steward, a Frenchman, an ox, a king, a prince, a duke, a cock, a father.  84Pens, classes, stories, roads, days, cats, bushes, desks, tables, plates,foxes, rooms, ladies, knives, chairs, buses, Negroes, matches, ways,houses, families, flags, towns, wolves, countries, lions, parks, plays.  85Babies, plants, lemons, peaches, bananas, brushes, stars, mountains,trees, shillings, kings, the waiters, the queens, men, the men, women, thewomen, eyes, shelves, boxes, the cities, boys, geese, the watches, mice,dresses, toys, the sheep, teeth, children, the oxen, deer, the lives, toma-toes.  86These magazines, those stickers, these stamps, those sandwiches,these posters, these teacups, these eggs, those walls, those pictures, thesefeet, those mountains, these ladies, those windows, these men, thosematches, these knives.  871. These are spiders. 2. Those are snails. 3. These are space films.4. Those are cartoons. 5. These are stars. 6. These are boys. 7. These arebabies. 8. Those are plates. 9. Those are flowers. 10. Those are book-shelves. 11. Are these sofas? 12. Are these bookcases? 13. Are thesemen? 14. Are those balls? 15. Are those trains? 16. Are those planes?17. Are the windows open? 18. Are the doors closed? 19. Are the boysnear the window? 20. Those are not kings. 21. Those are not queens.22. Those are not buses. 23. These aren't mountains. 24. Those aren't geese. 25. These aren't mice. 26. They are sheep. 27. They are cigarettes.28. They are cats. 29. They are not girls. 30. They aren't bags. 31. Theyaren't trees. 32. They are not bad eggs. 33. They are good eggs. 34. Arethose flowers?   881. These cups are dirty. 2. Those biscuits were tasty. 3. These hotelsare very expensive but they are very nice. 4. There are children's play-grounds in the park. 5. Those are new supermarkets in our town. 6. Theyare delicious lemon pies for dessert. 7. They are nice cotton dresses formy nieces. 8. These men are engineers. 9. Those women are my sisters.10. These children are my sons. 11. Those geese are big. 12. These miceare white. 13. These men are doctors. 14. Those women are my cousins.They are teachers. 15. Those girls are my nieces. They are pupils.16. These girls have blue sweaters. 17. These boys have good coats.18. My uncles have large flats. 19. There are some tables in the room.20. We have good pens. Our pens are in our pockets. 21. There are someflowers in the vase. 22. These children's feet are sore.  891. Those phones in the office are out of order. 2. Those blouses aremade of silk. 3. These are excellent paintings. 4. His books are verypopular and they really interest me. 5. They are difficult words to write.6. My sons are journalists and they have been very successful. 7. Thesepurses aren't made of leather. 8. Those are my neighbours' cars. 9. Havethey got cameras? 10. They are new cassette recorders. 11. These roomsare very large. 12. There are some matches in the box. 13. Have these la-dies knives? 14. There are men and women in the street. 15. These ladiesare those gentlemen's wives. 16. These shoes are too large for my feet.17. The children are sitting on a bench. 18. My teeth are white. 19. Thesekeys are made of steel. 20. Potatoes are vegetables and cherries are fruit.21. These are my friends' studies.  901. These are my stockings. 2. They have new suits. 3. These metalsare very hard. 4. Those ships are Russian ones. 5. We heard their voices.6. Their dogs do not like bread. 7. The plates were on the table. 8. Thesetowns are very large. 9. We were talking to them at the tram stop yester-day. 10. Are those girls your sisters? 11. We will give you our books.12. These stories will be good ones. 13. Are these good matches? 14. Theboys put their books on the desks. 15. They took off their hats. 16. Thosehouses are new. 17. The young men put their hands in their pockets. 18. Are these students coming with us, too? 19. The women didn't sayanything. 20. Do they speak English?  911. They are very difficult questions to answer. 2. We think we'll havethose cakes on the right. 3. Look at those pumpkins! They are the biggestones we've seen this year. 4. Are these your scarves? 5. Those werecookie jars. 6. What are those children's names? 7. The cats have caught(some) mice. 8. There were ladies, gentlemen, boys and girls in the room.9. In the farmyard we could see oxen, sheep, cows and geese. 10. Arethese workers Englishmen or Germans? — They are Frenchmen.11. Why don't you eat these potatoes? 12. These strawberries are stillgreen. 13. The withered leaves have fallen to the ground. 14. Can you seebirds in those trees? 15. Do your teeth still ache? 16. I held up my feet tothe fire to warm them. 17. Their children study very well. 18. These menwork at our office. 19. There are some new houses in our street.20. These stories are very interesting. 21. I have hurt my feet. 22. Thewolves have been shot. 23. They keep their toys in boxes. 24. Put theseknives on those tables.  921. These are birds. 2. Are those also birds? — No, they aren't. Thoseare cats. 3. Are those good horses? — Yes, they are. 4. Are those cowsbig or small? — They are big. 5. These are apples and those are flowers.6. Where are the coins? — They are in the box. 7. What colour are theboxes? — They are green. 8. What are they made of? — They are madeof wood. 9. What are those men? — They are clerks. 10. Are they in theoffice? — Yes, they are. 11. Are those women typists? — No, theyaren't. — What are they? — They are doctors. 12. Are his brothers athome? — Yes, they are. 13. These houses have balconies looking out onthe street. 14. The architecture of these buildings is quite modern.15. These are new districts of St. Petersburg. 16. There are shops, cine-mas and theatres in the new districts. 17. They are retired workers.18. We are doctors. 19. We hear the sounds of children's voices. 20. Theyare nice girls.  931. The dog's ball. 2. That man's skateboard. 3. The children's songs.4. The grandmother's umbrella. 5. My friend's room. 6. My son's ques-tions. 7. My brother's wife. 8. Our teacher's table. 9. Pushkin's poems.10. This girl's voice. 11. The workers' new club. 12. Pete's letter. 13. Myparents' car. 14. This woman's life. 15. These women's handbags. 16. My sister's flat is large. 17. My brother's children are at home. 18. The boys'room is large. 19. This girl's name is Jane. 20. These students' work is in-teresting. 21. My sons’ computer is modern. 22. He was my cousins'friend.  941. The cat's eyes are green. 2. The children's toys are in a big box.3. My father's birthday is in May. 4. What a coincidence! It is mymother's favorite cake. 5. I like my husband's books. 6. What is thatyoung man's name? 7. He showed me his sister's letter. 8. She took herbrother's skates. 9. Give me your pupils' exercise-books. 10. Bring thechildren's things. 11. Yesterday the children found a bird's nest. 12. Thisis my friend's family. My friend's father is an engineer. My friend'smother is a teacher. 13. Whose bag is this? — It is Tom's bag. 14. Whosedictionaries are these? — They are the students' dictionaries. 15. Haveyou seen our teacher's book? 16. I like this boy's handwriting. 17. I hearmy sister's voice. 18. She opened the window and heard the children'slaughter and screams. 19. She put the boys' wet boots near the stove.20. This is my grandmother's armchair.  

Местоимения some, any, no, every и их производные
95А 1. some, some, some, some, some. 2. some, any. 3. any, any.4. any. 5. some, some, some, some; any, any. 6. any. 7. no.В 1. some / no. 2. any. 3. some / no. 4. any, some. 5. any, any. 6. any,some. 7. any, some. 8. any, some. 9. some. 10. no. 11. any. 12. any,some. 13. no.  961. any. 2. some. 3. some. 4. any. 5. no. 6. some / no. 7. any. 8. no.9. some. 10. any. 11. no. 12. some.13. some. 14. some. 15. some. 16. some. 17. any, some. 18. any.19. some / no. 20. no.  971. no. 2. some, some. 3. any, any. 4. some. 5. some / no. 6. any. 7. –8. any. 9. some /no. 10. any. 11. –, – .12. some. 13. –, – .14. some. 15. – .16. any. 17. some. 18. any.19. some. 20. – .21. any, some. 22. – .  981. everything. 2. anything. 3. something. 4. nothing, something.5. anything, nothing. 6. anything; everything. 7. anything. 8. everything.9. anything. 10. nothing. 11. something. 12. anything. 13. everything.14. something.  991. anything. 2. everything. 3. something. 4. everything. 5. anything.6. nothing. 7. anything; nothing.8. something. 9. anything, something. 10. something. 11. everything.12. something. 13. anything. 14. nothing.  1001. anybody. 2. everybody. 3. somebody; nobody. 4. everybody; everybody. 5. somebody. 6. nobody.7. anybody. 8. everybody. 9. anybody. 10. somebody. 11. nobody.12. anybody. 13. everybody. 14. anybody. 15. somebody. 16. nobody.17. somebody. 18. somebody. 19. nobody. 20. anybody. 21. anybody.  1011. any. 2. no. 3. anything. 4. any. 5. anything. 6. any. 7. anybody.8. any. 9. nobody. 10. anything.11. anything, anything.  1021. They have done nothing. They haven't done anything. Have theydone anything? 2. He has given them no money. He hasn't given themany money. Has he given them any money? 3. You have brought noth-ing for us. You haven't brought anything for us. Have you brought any-thing for us? 4. I have taken no English books from you. I haven't takenany English books from you. Have I taken any English books fromyou? 5. She was reading nothing. She wasn't reading anything. Was shereading anything? 6. He has written no letters to anybody. He hasn'twritten a letter to anybody. Has he written a letter to anybody?7. Nobody by the name of Petrov lives on the third floor. Does anybodyby the name of Petrov live on the third floor? 8. They have no Englishbooks. They haven't (got) any English books. Have they (got) any Eng-lish books?9. There are no tall trees in front of their house. There aren't any talltrees in front of their house. Are there any tall trees in front of theirhouse? 10. Peter has nothing in his box. Peter hasn't anything in his box.Has Peter anything in his box? 11. There are no parks in this town. Therearen't any parks in this town. Are there any parks in this town? 12. Thereare no good bookshops in our district. There aren't any good bookshopsin our district. Are there any good bookshops in our district?  1031. I didn't say anything. (I said nothing). Not a word. 2. Everybodywanted to get Yuri Gagarin's autograph. 3. Everything I have belongs toyou. 4. Is there anybody in the canteen? 5. There is nobody in the garden.6. Is there anybody in our room? 7. There is somebody there. 8. There isnobody there. 9. Is there anybody in the library? 10. Is there anything be-hind the curtain? — No, there is nothing there. 11. There is something inthe bag. 12. Is there anybody in the house? — Yes, there is somebodythere. 13. Is there anything under the table? — Yes, there is somethingthere. 14. There is nothing there. 15. Is there anybody in the doctor's consulting room? — No, there is nobody there. 16. There are some books inEnglish in our library. 17. Are there any books by Jack London in yourlibrary? 18. My uncle wants to tell me something. 19. The next day mybrother knew everybody. 20. If you want to eat something, go to the din-ing car. 21. Tell us everything about your journey.  1041. some, any. 2. no. 3. something. 4. any. 5. no /some, some / no.6. anything, nothing. 7. anything. 8. nobody. 9. somebody / nobody.10. anybody. 11. any, something, some. 12. anybody, any. 13. some.14. anybody.  1051. anywhere. 2. somewhere. 3. nowhere. 4. everywhere. 5. anywhere.6. anywhere; somewhere. 7. anywhere. 8. somewhere, anywhere, every-where. 9. somewhere. 10. anywhere. 11. somewhere. 12. anywhere,somewhere. 13. everywhere.  1061. Kate isn't here. We've looked for her everywhere, but we can'tfind her anywhere. Has anybody seen Kate? — Here she is. Nobodyknows anything about her and she is sitting on a bench reading a book.2. There is something round on the table. What is it? 3. Nobody knowsanything about it. 4. There are many parks in the town. There are treesand flowers everywhere. 5. There is somebody in that room. 6. Annlives somewhere in this district. 7. I don't know anybody in this town.8. Give me something to eat, please. 9. Does anybody know ourteacher's address? 10. Everything is all right. 11. Does anybody want towatch TV? 12. We heard this song everywhere. 13. He is somewhere inthe garden.  107а) 1. some. 2. no. 3. any. 4. no. 5. no. 6. some.b) 1. nobody. 2. nobody/ somebody. 3. somebody/ nobody. 4. any-body.c) 1. anywhere. 2. somewhere. 3. anywhere, nowhere.  1081. everything, nothing. 2. something. 3. nothing. 4. everything.5. some, some. 6. some. 7. some, nothing. 8. no. 9. anything, anybody,something. 10. anybody. 11. everybody. 12. no. 13. any. 14. any, any-thing, every. 15. nobody. 16. everybody / everything.  1091. anything, anything, nothing, nothing, anything, nothing, anything,anybody.2. everybody, some, some, anything, nothing.3. everybody, some, some, anything, anybody, nothing, nobody.4. everything, everything, nobody.5. anywhere, nowhere.  1101. any, any. 2. anything, no, some, some. 3. any, any, no. 4. any, no /some. 5. no. 6. anything. 7. no / some. 8. any, any, no. 9. some /no.10. anything, nothing. 11. any. 12. any. 13. some. 14. anybody. 15. any.16. any. 17. nobody, anything. 18. no / some.  1111. the butter… 2. some. 3. any. 4. – .5. no. 6. some. 7. the jam. 8. –9. the bacon. 10. any. 11. – .12. – .13. the soup… 14. some. 15. the soup…. 16. some. 17. the /some wa-ter…. 18. – .19. – .20. no. 21. the soap.22. the soap. 23. – .24. – .25. the paper…. 26. some. 27. – .  1121. a) some, some.b) a, the.2. a) some.b) the.c) –3. a) –b) some.4. a) –b) some.c) the.5. a) some.b) thec) some.6. a) a.b) the.  1131… the bedroom…, a little beside table…, a chair….over the chair.2. …is the book…. 3. A man saw a boat on the river. 4… give me amatch? 5….get long letters…only postcards… 6. some. 7. ..did the lesson…. 8. …go to school….9…. a piece of bread… 10…like cucumbers?11. some, the. 12….use pencils or pens… 13. …reading a book…into theroom. 14. some. 15. …will the meeting begin? 16….find English difficult? 17….got a letter…. 18….had bread and butter and an egg for break-fast….  1141. no, the fridge; some. 2. any. 3. some. 4. the books, the library.5. any, the shop. 6….was snow on the ice. 7. a house… have windows.8… like music. 9. some, some. 10. some. 11. Cats like milk. 12….infront of the house. 13. the way, the station. 14. the name, the street.15. some. 16. the tea. 17. the sun, the sky. 18. no, the vase, the children,the / some apples, the vase. 19. …had fish … 20. some. 21. a cup of cof-fee after dinner.  

Much, many, (a) little, (a) few
115Many exercise-books, much milk, much water, many days,newspapers, much chalk, much snow, many years, many pictures,music, many boys, many girls, much tea, many lemons, muchmany rooms, many teachers, much work, much air, many birds,manymuchmeat,manycars.  1161. many. 2. much. 3. much. 4. much, many. 5. much. 6. many, much.7. much. 8. many. 9. many, many. 10. many. 11. much. 12. much.13. many. 14. much. 15. many. 16. much. 17. much. 18. many. 19. many.20. much. 21. many. 22. much.  117Few houses, little tea, few cups, few apples, few windows, little paper, little coffee, few articles, little joy, little soup, few trees, little grass,few children, few toys, little light, few desks, little sausage, little juice,few books, few flowers, little salt, few friends, few palaces.  1181. few. 2. little. 3. little. 4. few. 5. little. 6. few. 7. little; few. 8. little.9. few. 10. little. 11. few. 12. few. 13. little. 14. few. 15. little. 16. few.  1191. many. 2. much. 3. little. 4. few. 5. much, many, little. 6. much,much. 7. little. 8. few. 9. much. 10. little. 11. many. 12. many, much.  120A little money, little money, a few chairs, few chairs, a fewsongs, few songs, a little fun, little fun, few boys, a little water, a fewpeople, little water, little air, few tables, a few minutes, a few cats, littlegrass, a little luck, a few days, little work, a little salt, a few spoons, lit-tle light, few windows, a few cars, a little sugar, few eggs, little cheese.   1212. a little. 3. a few. 4. a few. 5. a little. 6. a little. 7. a few. 8. a little.9. a few.  1221. little. 2. a little. 3. a little. 4. little. 5. little. 6. a few. 7. few. 8. a lit-tle. 9. a few. 10. few. 11. little. 12. a few. 13. a little. 14. few.  1231. a little. 2. much. 3. a few. 4. few. 5. a little, a few. 6. a few. 7. a lit-tle, a little. 8. few. 9. a little. 10. a few. 11. a little. 12. a little. 13. many,much. 14. much. 15. little. 16. a little.  

Степени сравнения прилагательных
124Hotter — the hottest; longer — the longest; cleverer — the cleverest;sillier — the silliest; greater — the greatest; redder — the reddest;blacker — the blackest; whiter — the whitest; thinner — the thinnest;thicker — the thickest; fatter — the fattest; nicer — the nicest;warmer — the warmest; colder — the coldest; merrier — the merriest;smaller — the smallest; taller — the tallest; higher — the highest;weaker — the weakest; stronger — the strongest; heavier — the heaviest;lighter — the lightest; greener — the greenest; drier — the driest;cleaner — the cleanest; dirtier — the dirtiest; wider — the widest;deeper — the deepest; braver — the bravest.  125Old — older — the oldest — the eldest, my elder brother, my oldfriend, farther — the farthest; the longest, shorter, happy — happier —the happiest; the best, the blackest, longer, worse, better, warmer, herbest friend, her younger son, his elder son.  1261. a. I know an interesting story.б. He knows a more interesting story.в. She knows the most interesting story.2. a. It is a long way.б. It is a longer way.в. It is the longest way.3. a. Her work is very important.б. His work is more important.в. My work is the most important.4. a. It is a bad song.б. It is a worse song.в. It is the worst song.5. a. He is a good engineer.б. He is a better engineer.в. He is the best engineer. 6. a. He brought her a beautiful flower.б. He brought her a more beautiful flower.в. He brought her the most beautiful flower.7. a. He told us about a happy man.б. He told us about a happier man.в. He told us about the happiest man.  1271. I think that our English teacher was very patient. 2. Our old doctorwas always busy. Our new doctor is even busier. 3. My German teacheris the most energetic person. 4. We know that your downstairs neighbouris a very boring man. 5. I think your grandfather is the most generousperson I've ever met. 6. Ronald's watch is accurate, but his aunt's watch ismore accurate. 7. She bought her watch in Switzerland because shethinks Swiss watches are the most accurate in the world. 8. That film onTV is much worse than today's. 9. What's the funniest TV programme?10. Those were the happiest days in her life. 11. It is a very easy prob-lem. Give me a more difficult problem. 12. In summer the days are longand the nights are short. 13. The 22-nd of June is the longest day. 14. InJuly the days are shorter. 15. In December the days are the shortest.16. A "four" is a good mark, but a "five" is better. 17. A "five" is the bestmark. 18. The worst mark is a "two". 19. Your dress is very beautiful, ofcourse, but my dress is more beautiful. 20. My father is a tall man. 21. Itis a warmer coat.  1281. В. delicious, more delicious. A. the most delicious. 2. bigger.3. smaller. 4. the highest. 5. wider. 6. large. 7. larger. 8. the biggest.9. the largest. 10. the oldest. 11. greater. 12. the most beautiful.  1291. Английский язык такой же трудный, как и немецкий. 2. Моесочинение не такое длинное, как твое. 3. Сегодня не так тепло, какбыло вчера. 4. Дом, в котором живет его тетя, такой же старый, каки дом, в котором живет его дядя. 5. Его квартира не такая роскош-ная, как ее, но она гораздо больше. 6. Джонни не такой богатый, какДон, но он моложе и гораздо счастливее. 7. Моя собака не такаядружелюбная, как твоя. 8. Ты можешь есть столько, сколько хо-чешь. 9. Футбольный матч не такой захватывающий, как хоккейный.10. Этот отель не такой дешевый, как мы ожидали. 11. Его песни нетакие популярные, как песни группы Битлз. 12. Ее брат такой жеинтеллигентный, как и его жена.   1301. as tall as. 2. so nice as. 3. as light as. 4. so thin as. 5. as old as. 6. asyoung as. 7. as good as. 8. so good as. 9. so tall as. 10. as young as. 11. asthin as. 12. as lazy as. 13. so small as.  1311. He is not as tired as/ so she is 2. Exercise two is as difficult as ex-ercise three. 3. She thinks boxing is as dangerous as wrestling. 4. Thishouse is as high as that one. 5. Today the water in the river is not so/ aswarm as yesterday. 6. You are not so/ as clever as Father. 7. India is notso/ as large as China. 8. The Thames is as beautiful as the Neva. 9. Hisgrandmother is not so/ as old as his grandfather. 10. Apples are as tastyas plums, but not so/ as tasty as pears. 11. Is the Russian Museum as richas the Hermitage? 12. Derzhavin is not so/ as famous as Pushkin. 13. TheDnieper is not as/ so long as the Volga. 14. Last year August was as hotas July. 15. He is not as/so old as I am. 16. She is as generous as hergrandmother. 17. His car is as comfortable as yours. 18. The examinationwasn't as/so difficult as we expected. 19. He is as strong as his brother.20. This computer isn't as/so expensive as I expected. 21. Her son is aspolite as she is. 22. This work is as interesting as yours.  1321. This work is easier than that one. 2. This novel is more excitingthan that one. 3. Andrew Mironov was a more talented actor than all oth-ers. 4. These people are nicer, more polite, more hospitable than those.5. This house is higher than that one. 6. Today the water in the river iscolder than yesterday. 7. Father is cleverer than you. 8. China is largerthan India. 9. His grandmother is younger than his grandfather. 10. Pearsare tastier than apples. 11. Our cat is smaller than our dog. 12. Mybrother is younger than me. 13. Last year February was colder than January. 14. The Dnieper is shorter than the Volga. 15. The Hermitage isricher than the Russian Museum.  1331. Новый кинотеатр в нашем районе гораздо больше, чем старый.2. Он является одним из самых опасных преступников в мире.3. Невский проспект гораздо красивее, чем наша улица. 4. Наш домне такой большой, как ваш. 5. Это самая смешная история, которуюя когда-либо слышал. 6. Трамвайная система не такая надежная, какой она была прежде. 7. Какой у тебя рост? Ты выше меня. 8. Оначувствовала себя такой же сильной, как и ее брат. 9. Мы отправились раньше вас. 10. Он был осторожнее меня. 11. Этот студент самый внимательный в нашей группе. 12. Мне нужно более теплоепальто. 13. Он так же устал, как и ты. 14. Он был одним из самыхопытных рабочих на фабрике. 15. Лучше поздно, чем никогда.16. Она была не такая привлекательная, как ее мать. 17. Его работане такая трудная, как моя. 18. В семье он был старше всех. 19. В море плавать легче, чем в реке. 20. Это самая маленькая комната в нашей квартире.  1341. healthier. 2. clean. 3. the worst. 4. taller. 5. larger. 6. shorter. 7. thehighest. 8. better. 9. higher. 10. the most beautiful. 11. better. 12. longer.13. shorter. 14. colder. 15. more difficult. 16. easier. 17. busy. 18. cold.19. fond. 20. colder. 21. the most interesting. 22. the coldest. 23. worse.24. the hottest. 25. the most beautiful. 26. the best.  1351. greyer. 2. the fattest. 3. heavier and heavier. 4. the tallest. 5. mostattentive. 6. colder, yellower. 7. the most beautiful. 8. better, good, better,the best. 9. lighter. 10. drier. 11. faster. 12. nice, nicer. 13. angrier, angrier. 14. harder, harder. 15. the tallest. 16. more careful. 17. quiet, quieter.  1361. This is the most valuable painting in the Russian Museum. 2. Mycomputer isn't as/so new as my friend's. 3. Our examinations are muchmore difficult than yours. 4. The building of Moscow University is thetallest in the capital. 5. Our town is not so/as big as Kiev, but it is asbeautiful. 6. Nevsky Prospect is one of the most beautiful streets in St.Petersburg. 7. Who is the youngest pupil in our group? — Petrov is. Buthe is the tallest. 8. English grammar is difficult, but English pronunciation is more difficult. 9. The shops in our street are larger than the shopsin your street. 10. Our TV set is as good as this one. 11. This room islighter than that one. 12. Today the weather is worse than yesterday. It iscolder today and it is raining. 13. My room is not so/as large as myfriend's room, but it is lighter and warmer. 14. Which of these books isthe most interesting? 15. November is not as/so a cold month as January.16. My father is a very busy man. 17. The Crimea is one of the bestplaces for holiday. 18. Today he feels much better.  

1371. in. 2. on, into. 3. in. 4. into. 5. on. 6. on. 7. into, on. 8. on. 9. into,on, in, on, on, on, on, on. 10. into, into, on, into. 11. on. 12. in. 13. on.14. into. 15. on. 16. into. 17. on, in. 18. in. 19. into, on.  1381. We gathered a lot of mushrooms in the forest.2. Masha opened the door and went into the house. There was nobodyin the house: the bears were in the wood. Masha saw a table in the room.She went up to the table. She saw three plates on the table.3. Kate was in the room. She was standing at the bookcase.4. There was a thick carpet on the floor. The children sat down on thecarpet and began playing.5. Where are the boys? — They are playing in the yard.6. It is winter now. There is snow on the ground. There is ice on theriver.7. She went up to the blackboard, took the chalk and began writing onthe blackboard.8. The butter is on the table. Put it into the refrigerator. And now sitdown at the table. There is some juice in this glass. Drink it and put theglass on the shelf.9. Where is your pen? — It is in my pocket.10. Put a handkerchief into your pocket.11. He jumped into the river and swam quickly to the island.12. Go to the blackboard.13. Write the date on the blackboard.14. Hang the picture on the blackboard.15. She poured some water into the vase and put the flowers into it.Then she went to the window and put the vase on the windowsill.16. The teacher is standing at the blackboard. He is writing a sentenceon the blackboard. The pupils are sitting at the desks. They are writingthis sentence in their exercise books.17. Nick went into the kitchen and sat down at the table. His motherwas standing at the stove. She went up to the table, put a cup on the tableand poured some tea into the cup.    139In the kitchen, at the port, at the swimming pool, in the park, inthe wood, at the theatre, in the garden, at the library, in the river, atthe shop, in the glass, in the room, at the cinema, in the snow, atschool, in the classroom, in the house, in the cup, at the museum, at theinstitute.  140On the shelf, on the windowsill, on the bench, at the plant, on thewall, at the railway station, on the platform, on the floor, on the roof, atthe exhibition, at the stop, on the ground, at the concert, on the blackboard, at the lesson, on the bridge, at the stadium, on the snow, on thegrass, at work.  1411. When we came to the railway station, we put our things on theplatform and sat down on a bench. Mother went to the shop and boughtsome lemonade. 2. At the lesson yesterday the teacher told me: "Thereare two mistakes on the blackboard. Go to the blackboard and correct themistakes!" 3. Were you at the concert yesterday? — No, we worked atthe library and then we went to the park. We played in the park and thenwe sat on the grass. 4. Put the book into the bag and go to the blackboard.5. There are many children in the yard today. 6. Where is Nick? — He isat the institute. 7. Father goes to work every day. 8. Yesterday Father wasat work and Mother was at home. 9. Yesterday I went to the library. Itook a very interesting book at the library. 10. Kate was sitting at the table. There were books and exercise books on the table. Her father wentup to the table and put a vase on the table. He put some flowers into thevase. 11. Yesterday we went to the exhibition. We saw a lot of paintingsat the exhibition. 12. Where is Tom? — He is at the stadium. He alwaysgoes to the stadium on Sunday. And his sister goes to the swimmingpool. She is at the swimming pool now. 13. Do you like to go to the theatre?  1421. I went to the garden. 2. I went into the garden. 3. We went to theforest. 4. We went into the forest. 5. Go to the classroom. 6. Go into theclassroom. 7. Go to the park. 8. Go into the park. 9. She went to thekitchen. 10. She went into the kitchen. 11. Don't go to the shop.12. Don't go into the shop. 13. She ran to the yard. 14. She ran into theyard.   1431. In winter I usually go to bed at ten o'clock because I study atschool and have to get up early. But in summer, when I don't go to schooland live in the country, I like to go to bed late. 2. Do you like to read inbed? 3. We did not want to stay in town on such a hot day, so we went tothe country. 4. It is very late. Go to bed at once. 5. Where is your littlesister? — She is in bed. Mother always puts her to bed at eight o'clock. 6.In summer my mother does not go to work and I do not go to school. Welive in the country. My father goes to work every day, so he stays intown. But sometimes he comes to the country after work and goes backto town early in the morning, when I am still in bed.  1441. In summer they always go to the south. 2. My father works at aplant and my mother works at a library. My elder brother studies at an institute and I go to school. In the morning father goes to the plant, mothergoes to the library, my brother goes to the institute and I go to school.Our grandmother usually goes shopping in the morning. She buys somefood in the shop . 3. My friend lives in the north. 4. We spent the summerin the south. 5. It was very hot in town, and we decided to go to the country. After breakfast we went to the railway station. At the railway stationthere were many people. The people were standing on the platform andwaiting for the train. It was wonderful in the country. At first we went tothe forest. It was cool in the forest. Then we went up to a river. We swamin the river, and our grandmother was sitting on the grass at the river. Inthe evening we went to town. 6. Vladivostok is situated in the Far East.7. Yesterday we were at the theatre. 8. The day before yesterday we werein the park. 9. Tomorrow we will go to the cinema or to the museum. 10.Where is your brother? — He is in the room standing at the window. 11.Where is your sister? — She is at school. 12. Where is the child? — Heis in bed. Mother put him to bed half an hour ago. 13. Where is your father? — He is at work. 14. Where is your grandfather? — He is in thepark. 15. Where is Nick? — He is at the stadium.  145At four o'clock, at half past five, at a quarter to three, at sunset, at aquarter past four, at midnight, at five minutes past five, at ten minutes totwo, at noon, at sunrise, at twentyfive minutes past two.  1461. at, at. 2. on, at, at, at. 3. on. 4. on. 5. on. 6. on. 7. at. 8. at. 9. at.10. at, at.    147Last month my aunt didn't go to work. She got up at ten o'clock andwent to bed at midnight. She often went to the theatre and to the cinema.But this month she gets up at sunrise because she goes to work again.She works at an institute. The academic year at the institute begins inSeptember and finishes in May. In January and June students take examinations. My aunt goes to the institute on Tuesday, Wednesday,Thursday and Saturday. On Monday she always works at the library. OnFriday she usually goes to the country. She gets up at seven o'clock andgoes to the railway station. She spends the whole day in the country andreturns to town at sunset. Next week my aunt will go to London and nextyear she will go to New York.  1481. On the fourth of June we will go to the country. 2. I like to go tothe park in autumn. 3. This week we will meet our friends at the airport.The plane arrives at seven o'clock in the evening. I think that we will goto bed only at midnight. 4. Last winter he often went to the skating rinkon Sunday. 5. Last week we went to the Russian Museum. 6. In summerthe sun rises early in the morning and sets late in the evening. 7. Lastsummer we went to the south. When we were in the south, we went tothe sea every day. We got up at sunrise and bathed in the sea. At noon wehad dinner and rested. In the evening we went to the park. At sunset weoften went to the sea and returned home at half past ten or at eleven.8. Next year we will go to the Far East. 9. Next week I will go to thetheatre. 10. Dickens was born in 1812.  149At five o'clock, by five o'clock, since five o'clock, at noon, by noon,since noon, since midnight, by midnight, at midnight, since last year, lastyear, this year, by 2005, by the twentieth of February, on the twentieth ofFebruary, since morning, by night, at night, by the first of November, inNovember, since summer, on Tuesday, by Friday, at half past two, bytomorrow, at sunrise, by spring, in spring, last spring, since last spring,by winter, next year, by next year, since yesterday.  1501. I haven't heard this song since last winter. 2. She hasn't been to thetheatre since last month. 3. We haven't spoken about it since last week.4. You haven't approached the piano since Monday. 5. It is already evening, and you haven't done anything since three o'clock. 6. We haven'tbeen to Moscow since 1999. 7. He hasn't written to us since last year. 8. I haven't seen him since yesterday. 9. She hasn't eaten since morning.10. We haven't played football since summer.  1511. Last Sunday we got up at sunrise and by seven o'clock we wereready to go. At ten minutes past seven we started. We went to the busstop. There were few people at the stop — on Sunday people don't liketo get up at sunrise. The bus came up to the stop ten minutes later. Wewent to the railway station. Half an hour later we were at the railwaystation. On the platform we met our friends. An hour later we were already in the country. We went to the forest. It was hot, but when wewent into the forest, it became cool. We spent the whole day in thecountry and returned to town at sunset. 2. He will come in an hour.3. Wait a little, please, I will return in a few minutes. 4. We will finishschool in a few years. 5. In two or three years everything will change.6. I haven't been to Estonia since 1997. Next summer I will go there. Iwill spend the whole summer there and will have returned to St. Petersburg by the first of September.  1521. to, of.2. of.3. of.4. to.5. to.6. to, of, of, to, of, to.7. of, to.8. to, of.  1531. by.2. with.3. by.4. with.5. by.6. with.7. by.8. with.9. of.10. to, of.11. of.12. of, to.13. of.14. to.15. of.16. of.9. by.10. by.11. with.12. with.13. by.14. with.15. by.  1541. to, to, at, – .2. about, at, to, – .3. , at, for. 4. of, , to, for. 5. of.6. of. 7. – . 8. at. 9. to. 10. for, in. 11. to, of. 12. of. 13. to, for, to, to, of, in, to, . 14. – , of, at, by. 15. about. 16. of, , of. 17. at, – , to, on, at,of, to.  1551. Walk along this corridor, turn the corner at the end of the corridorand go into the first room. 2. Five minutes later everybody was sitting atthe table and listening to their grandmother. 3. He looked at the boatssailing down the river. 4. Last year we travelled about Europe. 5. He waswalking along the street and looking at the faces of the passersby. 6. Thedog ran up to the river, jumped into the water, swam across the river andran into the forest. 7. He crossed the road and entered the cafe. 8. Shewas walking about the room. 9. They sailed across the southern seas.10. Walk along this path across the field and through the wood, and intwo or three hours you will come up to a river. 11. They walked aboutthe town from sunrise till sunset, talked to many people, looked at finepalaces and monuments. In the evening they returned to the hotel tiredbut pleased. 12. Tom Sawyer jumped over the fence and ran along thestreet. A few seconds later he turned the corner and disappeared.  

Употребление времен
1561. …is your name? – …name is Shirley Frank. 2. … is your address?— My address is … 3. … is your phone number? — …My phone numberis… 4…. are you from? – I am from…. 5.I am a pupil. 6. …father is…, heis a scientist. 7. Is your aunt…? – …she is. 8. Are they…?...they are, theyare... 9. …brother is… He is…. 10. Are you an engineer? …I am. 11. Isyour sister..? …she is... she is. 12. Is your brother …he is. 13. Is your sister…, she is not…. 14. sister is…. 15. Is this your watch? …it is. 16. She is.17. …is my bag. 18. My uncle is…. 19. He is. 20. Helen is… They are… Itis… The shelf is…It is…He is…family is…it is...  1571. What's your name? — My name is Ann. 2. What's your address?— My address is 45, Oxford Street. 3. Where are you from? — I'm fromLondon. 4. Who is he (in this photograph?) — He is my father. 5. Whatis his name? — His name is John. 6. Where is he? — He is in London.7. I am Lena and this is Nick. He is my brother. He is ten (years old) andI am twelve (years old). We are from St. Petersburg. 8. I am a pupil. I amat school. 9. My brother is a painter. He is not an engineer. 10. My sisteris at work. She is a doctor. 11. He is a student. 12. Are you a student? —No, I am a doctor. 13. My sister is at home. 14. We are not at school. Weare at home. 15. My brother is a pupil. He is at school. 16. Is your motherat home? — No, she is at work. 17. Is your cousin at home? — No, he isat school. He is a pupil. 18. Is your sister a teacher? — No, she is a student. 19. Is your father at work? — No, he is at home. 20. Is your sister atypist? — Yes, she is. — Is she at home? — No, she is at work. 21. Mygrandfather is a scientist. 22. My mother is not a teacher. She is a doctor.  1581. My name is Kate. 2. I am fourteen (years old). 3. I'm Russian. I'mfrom St. Petersburg. 4. I'm a pupil. 5. My favourite sport is tennis. 6. I'minterested in music. 7. My favourite subject is English. 8. My father is aprogrammer. He isn't interested in politics. 9. My mother is a dentist. Sheis interested in art. 10. We are always busy, but we are very happy to betogether. 11. Whose pen is this? — It is my pen. 12. Whose book is this?— It is your book. 13. Whose table is this? — It is my brother's table. 14. Whose bag is this? — It is my mother's bag. 15. Whose pencil isthis? — It is my sister's pencil. 16. Is this your exercisebook? — Yes, itis. 17. Is this your brother's exercisebook? — No, it is my exercisebook. 18. Where is your table? — It is in the middle of the room.19. Where is your pen? — It is in my pocket. 20. Where is your exercisebook? — It is on the table. 21. Where is your mother? — She is at work.22. Where is your brother? — He is at school.23. Where is your sister? — She is at home. 24. Whose pencil isthis? — It is my pencil. — And where is my pencil? — It is on the table.25. Whose watch is this? — It is my watch. — And where is mywatch? — It is on the table.  1591. … are you? — I am …. 2. … is Fred? — He is …. 3. … are Lisaand John? — They are …. 4. Are you busy? — No, I am not. Mike isbusy. He is …. 5. It is ten o'clock. She is …. 6. How are you? — I am not… — I am sorry …. 7. We are …. 8. Vera is afraid …. 9. My grandmother isn't nervous and she is …. She is … My grandmother is ….10. I'm sorry. They are not ….. 11. … are the keys? 12. … is the time…13. It is the biggest meal … 14. Which sport … is the most dangerous?15. Chess and aerobics are not …. 16. Debt is …. 17. The game is not ….18. … where he is? 19. Used cars are cheaper …. 20. What is the weatherforecast… 21. Art is long, life is short. 22. You are the best friend ….23. … what his telephone number is. 24. Two heads are better …25. You are right. That's a lot of money! Coffee is very expensive…  160My aunt was … depressed …. The weather was …. It was …. Herhusband was not … He was at hospital … he was sick. Her children werenot …. They were not …, they were … The TV was broken. The children were not …., they were very angry. The neighbours were not …children were too noisy. The house was not … The sink was broken.There were … dishes …. There was nothing … There were no …, therewas no …. There was not …! She was tired …. She was …exhausted.  1611. The weather was fine. It was warm and sunny. My children were atschool and my husband was at work. I was in the garden. There weremany beautiful flowers there. It was in May. I was happy. 2. I am a pupil.3. He is a pilot. 4. She is a doctor. 5. We are schoolchildren. 6. You areworkers. 7. You are a worker. 8. They are pupils. 9. I am at home. 10. Heis at school. 11. Is she at the cinema? 12. We are in the park. 13. Are they at the theatre? 14. Is she young? 15. He is old. 16. She is not old.17. They are strong. 18. She is ill. 19. Are you ill? 20. Is he ill? 21. I amnot ill. 22. I was ill yesterday. 23. She was not ill. 24. We were at thecinema.  1621. The students are…. 2. They were… there was…. 3. They will be…they are…. 4. My father is…. 5. He was…. 6. I will be…. 7. My sisterwill not be…. 8. She will be…. 9. Will you be…. 10. Was your father….11. My sister was... 12. She is not... 13. We were… 14. Where is yourmother… she is… 15. Where were you… I was… 16. … my family willbe… 17. Is your little sister… she is… 18. Will you be.… I will….19. My granny was… she was... 20. My friend is… 21. He will be...22. Where are your books… they are….  163Ronald Frank is …. He is always …. Yesterday he was …. Tomorrow he will be …. Last week he was … Next week he will be …. At themoment he is … In two hours he will be …. Three days ago he was …At the end of his trip he is usually …. He is with … His sons are ….They have got …. Everybody in the family is ….  1641. Yesterday they were in the library. 2. They are at school now.3. Tomorrow they will be at the theatre. 4. At the moment he is not here.5. On Sunday he will be at the concert. 6. Last Saturday he was at thestadium. 7. My brother is at school now. 8. My brother was at the cinemayesterday. 9. My brother will be at home tomorrow. 10. Will you be athome tomorrow? 11. Was she in the park yesterday? 12. Is he in the yardnow? 13. Where is Father? 14. Where were you yesterday? 15. Wherewill he be tomorrow? 16. My books were on the table. Where are theynow? 17. My mother was not at work yesterday. She was at home.18. My friend is not in the park. He is at school. 19. Nick and Mike willbe in the yard at three o’clock tomorrow. 20. We were not in the southlast summer. We were in Moscow. 21. Tomorrow my grandfather will bein the village. 22. When will your sister be at home? 23. Will you be a pilot? — No, I will be a sailor. 24. My sister was a student last year, andnow she is a doctor. — Will you be a doctor, too? — No, I won't be adoctor. I'll be an engineer. 25. They were not at the cinema. 26. They arenot at school. 27. They are at home. 28. Were you in the park yesterday?29. Was he at school yesterday? 30. He was a worker. 31. She was ateacher.   1651. Timothy is feeding... 2. Mr. Jones is cleaning… 3. Nancy is painting... 4. Our neighbours are washing… 5. I am washing… 6. Who is fixing... 7. What is she doing… she is dancing… 8. The children are brushing… 9. What is he doing… He is fixing…. 10. They are having...11. The boys are running... 12. I am doing... 13. John and his friends aregoing... 14. Ann is sitting… . She is studying... 15. A young man isstanding… . He is smoking... 16. The old man is walking… 17. The dogis lying… 18. Are you having... 19. What language are you studying…20. Who is lying... 21. What are they talking… 22. It is still raining...23. I am opening… 24. John is playing…  166It is not raining …, it is clearing up and the sun is shining. The jazzband is playing …. A lot of people are listening to … they are really having a good time... they are not dancing yet. There is a coffee shop ….seven people are sitting …, and only five people are waiting …. Somepeople are having sandwiches and drinking coffee, …. Boys and girls …are laughing and making a lot of noise. They are playing games and Tomis taking pictures. So what is going on?  1671. I am sitting on a bench in the park and feeding birds. 2. Mother issitting on the sofa in the drawing/ sitting room and watching TV. 3. Thisis a photo of my friends. Tom is playing the guitar and Jane is singing.4. And here they are dancing at my birthday party. 5. We are doing anexercise. 6. We are not bathing. 7. Are they playing in the yard? 8. Ninaand Ann are washing the floor. 9. Nick is helping his mother. 10. Areyou helping your father? 11. My sister is reading an interesting book.12. They are going to school. 13. Are you going to school? 14. Is heworking? 15. Is your grandmother going to the shop? 16. He is buyingsweets. 17. What is your sister doing? 18. Where are the children playing? 19. Why are you laughing? 20. Where are they going? 21. What arethese boys carrying? 22. I am reading. 23. He is not writing. 24. We arenot working. 25. Are you reading? 26. Is he sleeping? 27. Nick and Mikeare playing football. 28. Kate is playing the piano. 29. She is not singing.30. My sister is sleeping. 31. Is father drinking tea? 32. Are your parentsdrinking tea? 33. I am not sleeping. 34. She is sitting at the table.  1681. My working day begins… I get up, switch on… do my morningexercises. — It takes…. we have… . My father and I leave… He takes… My mother is… she leaves… we gather… We watch TV and talk. 2. Mysister gets up…. 3. She is… She goes. 4. Jane is… She does…. 5. … shehas…. 6. … she goes… 7. It takes... 8. She speaks…  1691. Andrea Schatzmann… lives… She gets up… takes a shower. Shedoesn't normally have… she catches… Her first class starts… She alwayshas… The cafeteria food is… it is… Her afternoon classes are… she is…She usually has dinner… she has lunch… she goes… A few friends usually go… he picks… he drives… they often go… she sometimes goesout… she invites… they listen to… talk. Mr. and Mrs. Connor often take…she calls… They never talk.. it is… She usually calls… it is…2. What time does Andrea usually get up? 3. When does she catch thebus? 4. Does she take a shower in the morning? 5. Does she go home forlunch? 6. When does she go swimming? 7. How does she get to the pool?8. What does she do on Saturday evenings?  1701. I work. 2. We work. 3. They do not work. 4. Do you work? — Yes,I do. 5. Does he work? — No, he doesn't. He studies. 6. My brother doesnot study. He works. 7. Do you wear glasses? 8. Do you help people?9. Does he like to read fairy tales? 10. Does she like to play the violin?11. My sister does not read books. 12. Our grandmother likes to sleep onthe sofa. 13. Do you like to rest in an armchair? 14. We eat and drink inthe kitchen. 15. My brother does not like to read newspapers. 16. Wesleep in the bedroom. 17. My brother sleeps on the sofa in the livingroom. 18. My sister dresses in front of the mirror. 19. My uncle writesbooks. 20. We write exercises at school. 21. I spend my pocket money onicecream. 22. He reads all the time and does not like to watch TV.  1711. Where do you live? — I live in Moscow. 2. When do you haveyour holidays? — In January. 3. What do you like best at school? 4. Mybrother works at a hospital. He is a doctor. He gets up at twenty minutespast seven. He works in the morning and in the afternoon. In the eveninghe does not work. In the evening he rests. 5. Does your sister speakFrench? — No, she doesn't. She speaks German, and her husband speaksEnglish. 6. When do you get up? — I get up at a quarter to seven.7. When does your brother get up? — He gets up at twenty minutes toeight. — And does your sister also get up at twenty minutes to eight? —No, she doesn't. My brother goes to school, and my sister does not go toschool. She is not a pupil yet. She gets up at nine o'clock. 8. He doesn't wash his hands before meals. 9. This boy whistles in class. 10. He doesn'tplay any musical instrument. 11. But he plays football and likes to watchcartoons. 12. He likes his school holidays, especially the summer holidays. 13. The boy's birthday is on the thirtyfirst of December. 14. That'swhy he gets a lot of presents.  172My uncle is an engineer. He is very busy. His working day beginsearly in the morning. He gets up at seven o'clock. He washes, dresses andhas breakfast. After breakfast he goes to work. He works at an institute.He likes his work. He is married. His wife is a doctor. She works at ahospital. In the evening she studies French. She attends French classes.My uncle does not speak French. He speaks Russian and German. Hestudies English. In the evening he attends English classes. My uncle's sonis a pupil. He goes to school. At school he studies English.  1731. I'm taking — I take.2. He is helping — he helps.3. They are going — they go.4. She is playing — she plays.5. I am reading — I read.6. He is sleeping — he sleeps.7. We are drinking — we drink.8. They are going — they go.9. I am not sleeping — I do not sleep.10. She is not drinking — she does not drink.11. We are not watching — we do not watch.12. They are not eating — they do not eat.13. My mother is not working — my mother does not work.14. Are you working — do you work.15. Is he playing — does he play.16. Are they eating — do they eat.17. Is your sister resting — does your sister rest.18. What are you doing — what do you do.19. What are you reading — what do you read.20. What are they eating — what do they eat.21. What is your brother drinking — what does your brother drink.22. Is everybody having — does everybody have.23. Is she taking — how often does she take.24. Where are they going — where do they go.25. Are they speaking — what language do they usually speak.   1741. He works…. 2. Does he work…. 3. He doesn't work…. 4. Theyread… 5. Do they read…. 6. They do not read… 7. The children are eating... 8. Are the children eating… 9. The children are not eating… 10. Doyou play… 11. When do you play… 12. What does Nick do…. 13. Doeshe go…. 14. We do not dance… 15. Kate is dancing…. 16. Does Katesing…. 17. Where does he go…. 18. He does not sleep…. 19. My grannysleeps…. 20. When do you sleep…. 21. Nina is not sleeping….22. Where does John live… he lives…. 23. My friends from Switzerlandspeak…. 24. Does Elvire speak…. 25. She doesn't only speak Italian /She doesn't speak only Italian.  1751. Tom plays…. 2. He doesn't play…. 3. I am wearing…. 4. I am notwearing…. 5. My friend does not like…. 6. I am not reading… 7. Is hesleeping… 8. We do not go... 9. My sister eats…. 10. She is not eating…11. They do... 12. They do not go…. 13. My father does not work...14. He works…. 15. I read… 16. I do not read…. 17. I am writing….18. I am not writing… 19. They are playing…. 20. They are not playing… 21. Are they playing… 22. He helps... 23. Does he help... 24. Hedoes not help... 25. Do you go... 26. Is she working… 27. Is he delivering... 28. Do you go...  1761. His father is not watching TV… He is sleeping… he is. 2. Pat isnot cooking… She is talking… . She cooks… 3. I am not drinking… Iam writing…. 4. I do not drink… I drink... 5. Is your friend doing….6. Does your friend go…. 7. The baby is sleeping. 8. The baby alwayssleeps…. 9. My grandmother does not work…. 10. My father is notsleeping… . He is working…. 11. I usually get…. 12. What is your sisterdoing… She is washing…. 13. When do you usually come… I come….14. Where does your cousin work… He works…. 15. Does your sisterstudy… she studies…. 16. My cousin goes…. 17. My mother is not playing… She plays…. 18. When do you listen…. 19. Who is making…. 20.Are you reading… thinking … 21. They are good dancers…, they don'tgo... . 22. What is she talking….  1771. I am sitting…. 2. I am not working…. 3. Eric is talking… Kenny isnot listening… . He is thinking…. 4. My friend lives…. 5. My cousindoes not live…. 6. The children are not sleeping now. 7. The childrenplay…. 8. They do not go…. 9. She reads…. 10. She does not read….11. She is not reading…. 12. I am writing…. 13. I am not drinking…. 14. I go…. 15. I do not go…. 16. He is not reading…. 17. He is playing…. 18. Is he playing…. 19. My mother works…. 20. My aunt doesnot work…. 21. Do you work…. 22. Does your father work…. 23. Areyou playing…. 24. The clouds are moving… the sun is appearing,…it isgetting…. 25. His health is improving…. 26. Who is playing….27. Henry usually wears… he is wearing…. 28. Who is listening…?  1781. I do not know…. 2. Do they want…. 3. She thinks… he drives….4. He understands… he eats… he always forgets…. 5. Who is thatman… who is standing… Don't you recognize… It is…. 6. I have… I amhaving…. 7. Does your family leave… we always go… we all like…Mother stays… father returns…. 8. Where are Tom and Nick… They arehaving…. 9. What are you doing… We are listening…. 10. Do youwant… I do…. 11. Michael knows… He wants… he has…. 12. … areyou reading… It is… There are… are you… I am… I do not know….13. We are having…. 14. Does Lena usually prepare… she doesn't… sheworks… what is she writing… she is writing….  179There is… . It is eating… . It is giving… I think… monkeys like… Iwant…Where do they live… the tiger wants…it is going… the lion islooking… Do you think it wants… When do the lions and tigers have…The keepers bring… they make… everybody knows… they are….1801. …I often go…. 2…. we sometimes go…. 3. Andrew gets… helives… he is never…. 4. It is… Victor is doing… his sister is reading…his mother and grandmother are talking. 5. I am writing… who lives… Iwrite…. 6. It takes…. 7. Where are you going… I am hurrying….8. When do your lessons begin… They begin…. 9. Where is your sister… She is doing…. 10. It usually takes…. 11. Where is Boris… I amlooking... . He is having…. 12. I am looking… do you have… I don'twant… It is… it is… it has…  1811. Do you keep… — I don't think… it is… I usually have… I eat.2. He is learning… he wants. 3. The teacher knows…. the girl doesn't often argue. 4. I think she often worries. 5. Barbara's boss sees she is always late…. 6. I am calling… I want… it is. 7. Do you hear… How isyour job going… — I am enjoying… The only problem I have… is …the food is… I eat… I am getting. 8. Ruth is learning… she likes… shewants…. 9. Do you understand… what language he is speaking…. 10. Isyour English getting... — I think…. 11. We know… he never takes.12. They think… he learns… he knows… he speaks… 13. He is justworking…. 14. I don't like… I am enjoying… I am…. 15. Do youhave… Rick is… I don't see… — He is visiting…. 16. We don't have…— I am coming. 17. She is trying… I think… She always has…. 18. Shetries…. 19. My little brother doesn't play… That is why he is practising…. 20. My grandmother is… She is baking… She bakes… 21. Tomis… He is… He is yawning…. 22. I am… That is why I am crying.  1821. I will go…. 2. He will give…. 3. The nurse will lead…. 4. I'll takeoff and put on…. 5. Dr. Setton will come in… shake… and say…. 6. I'llstand…. 7. He'll take…. 8. He'll take…. 9. He'll take…. 10. He'll examine…. 11. He'll listen…. 12. He'll take and do…. 13. I'll go and wait…14. Dr. Setton will call and say...  1831. I will play… 2. I will not play... 3. Will you play…. 4. He plays...5. He does not play... 6. Does he play... 7. They are playing... 8. They arenot playing... 9. Are they playing... 10. Nick is going… 11. Nick goes…12. Nick will go... 13. I miss…. 14. Do you ever buy…. 15. Do youthink… it is... 16. What present will your mother receive…. 17. A. Theweather is… B. It'll be…. A. It's getting… I think… it'll be…. B. Youare… It is getting… My feet are freezing… You know…. A. You neverknow… They say… fog will cover… It will clear and become…. B. Areyou kidding… I'm freezing… Where is the bus… We are waiting… Wealways wait… we'll wait…  1841. Will you come…. 2. Will you read… 3. Do you read…. 4. Are youreading…. 5. I will not see…. 6. What will you do… 7. What will yourfriend do... 8. Where will you go… 9. Where do you go… 10. Where areyou going... 11. Mary is dancing... 12. She dances… 13. Will shedance… 14. He will go... 15. We go… 16. Kate is going…. 17. Will youhelp…. 18. I am not playing…. 19. My brother plays…. 20. They willnot take…. 21. Do you like…. 22. Will you eat... 23. Nick reads…24. Mother works… 25. He is not sleeping… 26. Will your brother go….27. We will not go…. 28. I am not learning... 29. She lives... 30. My father shoots... 31. He is carrying… .  1851. My sister does not like…. 2. When do you go…. 3. What is he reading…. 4. What does he read…. 5. What will he read…. 6. Will you give… 7. Where will she be…. 8. Where will she go…. 9. Will she go…. 10.They will stay…. 11. What are you doing… I see… you are not reading….12. When will you finish… it is… it is…. 13. How do you usuallyspend…. 14. What will you do…. 15. They are not drinking… I think…they are watching…. 16. What does your father drink…. 17. When do youget… I get…. 18. My brother usually does not get… he gets… he willget…. 19. Why will she come…. 20. We will go…. 21. Our friends alwaysgo…. 22. The kitten is playing…. 23. Are your parents watching….24. My sister is not resting… she is helping… she helps...  1861. …you cross… 2. …you cross…. 3. …you translate… 4. ..she is...5. …you do not hurry... 6. …it rains... 7. my friend comes… 8. …hecomes… 9. …you leave... 10. ..you give... 11. …you miss… 12. …youcome… 13. …you do not give... 14…mother comes… 15. You don't finish... 16. ..his TV set breaks.  1871. …I stay… I will call… we will have…. 2. He will go… he is….3. I return… I will ring…. 4. You will pass… you arrive…. 5. I willstay… she comes… we will go… she brings…. 6. …I finish… I will enter…. 7…. he returns… he will call... 8. …I see… I will tell…. 9. Wewill gather… my brother comes…. 10. I will sing… you tell….11. …you will join… we gather…. 12. What will you do… you come.13. …they cross… they will see…. 14…. she gets… she will go.15. What will we do… it rains. 16. What will she do… she sees. 17. Thebus is… you will be… you get. 18. ..it is… our car will not start…  1881. …the weather is… we will probably go…. 2. …he still has…doesn't feel… he will not go… 3. … you decide… you will eat…. 4. …Idrink… I will get…. 5. …they go… they will visit…. 6…. she doesn'twork… her boss will fire… hire. 7. Will I see… you start. 8. What willhe do… he comes…. 9. Where will they go… the weather is…. 10. Hewill ring… he returns… 11. …it rains… we will stay… 12. She willwalk… it is not…. 13. …he will come… he leaves…. 14. …you leave….15. … we are tired… we will stop… have…. 16. …you miss…. 17. Shewill make… she flies…. 18. …he starts… he will spend….  1891….you spill… you don't do… you will have… you break… you willhave. 2. I will not speak… he apologizes. 3. Peter will introduce… we meet. 4. We will go… he comes. 5. … mother comes… she comes.6. Will you go… — I shan't… I will stay… help… I will come… I finish. 7…. you come. 8. I will speak… I see…. 9. … you ask… I will be…I am… I will make… I make… the other students will laugh… the otherstudents laugh… I will be… I am… I will cry…  1901. …it is raining…. 2. …it will rain… you will get… you do not put.3. … birds come… sing. 4. Somebody is singing…. 5. It usually does notsnow…. 6. What's the weather like… is it snowing — …it isn't. 7. Will wego… we will… it snows… there is…. 8. What will you do… — we willgo… the weather does not change… will you come… I do not have. 9. Itis… it often rains… a cold wind often blows. 10. The weather is fine… itis… the sun is shining… a soft wind is blowing… small white clouds aresailing. 11. … we have… they will inform. 12. … we play… it will produce. 13. …we put… they will stop. 14. … we employ… they will help….  1911. He will do his English exercises if he doesn't have anything to do.2. If I don't help him, he will not write his paper tomorrow. 3. He won'tgo to the library tonight. 4. If he doesn't go to the library, he will be athome. 5. We will be at home tomorrow. 6. If we are at home tomorrow,we will see this programme on TV. 7. She will not be at home tomorrow.8. If she is not at home tomorrow, leave a message for her. 9. Tomorrowthe weather will be fine. 10. If the weather is fine tomorrow, we will goto the country. 11. When she comes to school, she takes off her coat.12. When she comes to school, she will take off her coat. 13. When (assoon as) he remembers this funny scene, he begins laughing. 14. As soonas he remembers this funny scene, he will begin laughing. 15. I willcome home at six o'clock. 16. When I come home, I will ring you up.17. She will ring us up in the evening. 18. If she rings you up, ask her tobring me the book. 19. I will see Tom tomorrow. 20. As soon as I seeTom, I will tell him about it. 21. I will go to Paris next week. 22. Before Igo to Paris, I will ring you up.  1921. What did your neighbours do…. 2. Mr. Smith fixed…. 3. His wifewatered…. 4. Their children cleaned… they played…. 5. …their boyslistened… watched TV. 6. Their little girl cried… smiled… 7. Her brothers shouted…. 8. Mrs. Smith worked…. 9. She baked…. 10. Shecooked…. 11. She washed… looked…. 12. The children brushed…yawned… went…. 13. Their mother changed… brushed… talked….14. Her husband smoked… talked…. 15. They waited… the bus arrived…. 16. They visited…. 17. They danced…. 18. Mr. and Mrs. Smithrested… they really had….  193On Monday we had five lessons. The first lesson was Russian. At thislesson we wrote a dictation and did some exercises. Nick went to theblackboard. He answered well and got a "five". Pete did not get a "five"because he did not know his lesson. After the second lesson I went to thecanteen. I ate a sandwich and drank a cup of tea. I did not drink milk. After school I did not go home at once. I went to the library and took abook. Then I went home.  194On Tuesday I got up at half past six. I went to the bathroom andwashed my hands and face and cleaned my teeth. Then I dressed, went tothe kitchen and cooked breakfast for my family. At half past seven myson got up and had breakfast. I had breakfast with my son. My son ate asandwich and drank a cup of tea. I didn't drink tea. I drank coffee. Afterbreakfast my son left home for school. I didn't leave home with my son.On Tuesday I didn't work in the morning. I worked in the afternoon. Inthe evening I was at home. My husband and my son were at home, too.We rested in the evening. My son watched TV, my husband read newspapers and I did some work about the house. At about eleven o'clock wewent to bed.  195Boris woke up when it was already quite light. He looked at his watch.It was a quarter to seven. Quick! Boris jumped out of bed and ran to thebathroom. He had just time to take a cold shower and drink a glass of teawith bread and butter. He was in a hurry to catch the eight o'clock train.At the railway station he met three other boys from his group. Theyall had small backpacks and fishing rods.Less than an hour later they got off the train at a small station near awood. They walked very quickly and soon found themselves on the shoreof a large lake. The boys spent the whole day there fishing, boating andswimming.They returned home late at night, tired but happy.  1961. His sister studies…. 2. She studied…. 3. Did you come… — …Ididn't … I came home … I was…tired… I had dinner… I was… thirsty… I drank… I rested. 4. I go…. 5. I went…. 6. My brotherwashes…. 7. He washed…. 8. I do not have…. 9. We did not rest….10. My brother did not drink…. 11. My mother always takes… she didnot take… she walked…. 12. Do you talk… — …I do… I did not talk…I was… busy…. 13. Does you sister go… — …she does…. 14. Marylikes…. 15. … she wrote…. 16. Did you tell…. 17. Do you wear… —…I wore…. 18. We like to go… we enjoyed swimming….  1971. Tom always eats…. 2. … he didn't eat… he got up…. 3. We like tocook… we don't like…. 4. He never shouted… he was…. 5. My friendknows…. 6. Who rang…. 7. He lives…. 8. Did it take…. 9. When wereyour lessons…. 10. I had dinner…. 11. Her friends were…. 12. One ofher brothers made…. 13. Queen Elizabeth was… she became…. 14. Doyou always get… sometimes I get…. 15. Antonio Stradivari made….16. Who painted…. 17. She knows… she enjoyed…. 18. Steven's friendscame… gave… his parents cooked… his girlfriend promised… she wasn't… he tried… he was… she didn't wish...  1981. I go to bed…. 2. I went to bed…. 3. I will go to bed…. 4. I do notgo…. 5. I didn't go…. 6. I will not go… 7. Do you watch TV…. 8. Didyou watch TV…. 9. Will you watch TV…. 10. When do you leavehome…. 11. When did you leave home…. 12. When will you leavehome…. 13. My brother goes… he leaves… he works… is (the office)…he walks… he does not take… did not go… he got…. 14. Did you have aPT — …I didn't. 15. What did you buy — I bought…. 16. …my fatherdid not read… he was… he will read….  1991. He turns on…. 2. He turned on…. 3. He will turn on…. 4. I alwaysgo…. 5. I was… I didn't go…. 6. I will not go… it costs…. 7. Did theyenjoy…. 8. Who will take… 9. How often do you go…. 10. We didn'thave… we still had…. 11. She does…. 12. He doesn't even know….13. …they were rich … money was…. 14. Do you think… you willbe…. 15. When will the cabbage soup be ready? 16. The customs officers at… arrested… he arrived. 17. I like to get… I often do… they want.18. When is your birthday…. 19. When did you get … 20. Who createdMickey Mouse?  2001. Kate cooks dinner…. 2. Kate will cook dinner…. 3. Kate is cooking dinner…. 4. Kate cooked dinner…. 5. I do not eat…. 6. I am not eating…. 7. I will not eat…. 8. I did not eat…. 9. He spent…. 10. He did notspend…. 11. Did he spend…. 12. Where did he spend… 13. Shehelped... 14. She did not help…. 15. Did she help… 16. How did shehelp…. 17. Do you go…. 18. Are you going…. 19. Will you go….20. Did you go…. 21. What does your brother do…. 22. What is yourbrother doing…. 23. What will your brother do…. 24. What did yourbrother do….  2011. Nellie will leave foris leaving for … 2. I am … my friends arewaiting…. 3. You were… did you like… … I enjoyed…. 4. Will yougo…. 5. I know… she has… she will live…. 6. …they didn't know….7. She is worrying… the problems are not…. 8. …he was upset… had noidea…. 9. …Am I going…. 10. Various kinds of sports are…. 11. Bothchildren and grownups are…. 12. What is the matter… she is… — I donot know. 13. Where are you going… — I am going…. which willtake…. 14. Do you know… a very interesting match took place… 15. Hewent… 16. …I was… I enjoyed…. 17. Our football team won….18. Where is Boris… — He is playing chess. 19. I am sorry… I missed…I know… it is….  2021. My friend goes…. 2. He did not go…. 3. Why did you go…. 4. Wewill grow…. 5. What are you doing…. 6. He is sleeping…. 7. Where didyour father work…. 8. Will you go…. 9. He did not watch…. 10. … wewrote…. 11. I bought…. 12. My granny did not buy…. 13. What will youbuy…. 14. …Father is working…. 15. We went…. 16. Will your brothergo…. 17. Granny is not cooking…. 18. We cooked…. 19. My sisterwashes…. 20. When do you go…. 21. What will you prepare…. 22. Willyou invite…. 23. How did you help…. 24. I will send…. 25. … I meet….26. His grandfather is listening to … That is… He always listens to….  2031. Max isn't… he is washing… he washes… 2. He will not play...3. We saw…. 4. Does your mother cook…. 5. We made…. 6. I spent….7. Where did you spend… 8. Where will he spend... 9. What is motherdoing… — she is cooking… 10. I did not play…. 11. … we went….12. I met…. 13. I wrote…. 14. Will you write…. 15. I am not writing….16. Mother cooked…. 17. Nick will not go…  2041. I am writing…. 2. I was writing…. 3. My little sister is sleeping….4. My little sister was sleeping…. 5. My friends are not doing… they are playing… 6. My friends were not doing… they were playing…. 7. Shewas reading…. 8. She is not reading…. 9. … she is going…. 10. Whatare you doing… I am drinking…. 11. Were you drinking… — I was notdrinking… I was eating…. 12. She was reading… she is reading….13…. My cat is playing…. 14. …, the sun was shining… birds weresinging…. 15. Are you eating…. 16. Were you eating…. 17. What isyour father doing…. 18. What was your father doing…. 19. Why is shecrying…. 20. Why was she crying….  2051. I went…. 2. I was going…. 3. I was going…. 4. I was doing…. 5. Iwas doing…. 6. I did…. 7. I was doing…. 8. I was doing…. 9. I did notplay… I wrote…. 10. I was not playing… I was reading…. 11. He wasnot sleeping… he was doing…. 12. I was going… they were talking…laughing… I was laughing… I was still laughing… I told… my fatherand mother liked…. 13. …I went… I found… I brought… I decided… Ifed… took… I was taming….  2061. I played…. 2. I was playing…. 3. He was playing… 4. We wereplaying…. 5. My brother did not play… he played…. 6. My sister wasnot playing.. she was playing…. 7. Mother was cooking…. 8. She wascooking…. 9. We washed…. 10. We were washing…. 11. Did you do…12. Were you doing…. 13. Why was she sleeping…. 14. He was sitting…. 15. What was Nick doing…. 16. What were you doing…. 17. Iwas not sleeping…. 18. What did he do… — He read…. 19. What washe doing… — He was reading…. 20. Was she sleeping...  2071…. I came home, my little sister was sleeping. 2. …Nick camehome, his brother was playing…. 3…. Mother came, I was doing….4. …father came, Pete was sleeping. 5. …Mother came, the childrenwere playing…. 6. …I got up, my mother and father were drinking….7. …I came … he was watching TV. 8. … I saw…, they were playing….9…. I opened…, the cat was sitting…. 10…. Kate opened…, the childrenwere dancing…. 11…. Tom was crossing…, he fell. 12…. I was going…, I met…. 13. …We were going…, we met…. 14. …Grandmotherwas going…, she saw…. 15. …Henry was walking…, he found….16. …We were walking…, we saw…. 17. … I was washing…, Ifound…. 18. …Granny was reading…, she fell…. 19. …I was playing…,I saw…. 20. … Nick was running…, he fell.  2081. The girl was cooking… the lights went out… she burnt / burned….2. The boy hurt… he was skating. 3. …The woman entered… the children were feeding…. 4. …I was visiting… I bought…. 5…. It started…,we were bathing…. 6. …I was having…. 7. …he came…, I was doing….8. What were you doing…. 9. …I was going…. 10. You were sleeping…I went. 11. He was reading… I came… sat…. 12. I was walking… a trampassed…. 13. She was looking… I saw…. 14. We were answering… theheadmistress entered…. 15. They were drinking… I came…. 16. He waswalking… a boat passed. 17. The old man was thinking… he fell….18. We listened to… 19…. I entered… the teacher was writing… the pupils were copying…. 20. They were getting… it began….  2091. I went…. 2. I was going…. 3. What were you doing… I was playing…. 4…. I came, the children were standing…. 5. We were playing….6…. I was preparing…, I cut…. 7…. I went…. 8. Did you go… — Iwent…. 9. What did you do… — I translated…. 10…. I rang, he wassleeping. 11…. Grandfather was watching…, he fell…. 12. … My friendcame, I was doing…. 13. …I was going…, I met…. 14…. Nick rang, Iwas helping…. 15…. the children were walking… they saw…. 16…. Icame…, my sister was washing…. 17…. Mike was playing…, hefound…. 18…. I was drawing…, I broke…. 19…. I met…, he was going…. 20…. I looked…, the children were playing….  2101. Father was watching…. 2. I went…. 3. I finished…. 4. I was playing…. 5. He began…. 6. She was washing…. 7. I met…. 8. …I came,Kate was playing…. 9…. I met John, he was going…. 10…. I was going…, I saw…. 11. They played…. 12. They were playing…. 13. I wascleaning…. 14. We went…. 15. …. the teacher opened…, the pupilswere sitting…. 16. He got up…. 17. Father came…. 18. I was reading….19. She fell…. 20. Mother was drinking….  2111. … we went… there was… we enjoyed… we were skiing… 2. Theymet…. 3. Where did you spend… 4. We were… twenty minutes were….5. I was playing… my friend came… he invited… I accepted…. 6. Herang… asked... 7…. I came…, my friend was already waiting... 8…. I wasgoing… I broke…. 9… the teacher walked… the boys were listening to…the girls were eating and drinking…. 10. She was going… I met… she wasn't going… 11. What were you doing when the accident happened? —I was walking… 12… The thieves took… he was leaving….  2121. The cat took… ran…. 2. He was reading… I came in. 3…. I gotup…. 4. The train started… 5. He put on… opened… went out. 6…. Iwas sitting…. 7. He came…. 8. I was going… I saw... 9…. we were having…. 10. He was writing… I came in. 11. He was making… I left….12…. He wrote…. 13…. I looked… they were smiling... 14. What wereyou doing…. 15. I went…. 16…. the lesson began…. 17…. somebodyknocked… she was arguing…. 18…. Pete was jogging… he lost….19…. the police took… I was going…. 20. He was shaving… he heard...  2131. Lena swept…. 2. Lena was sweeping…. 3. Did they go…. 4….they were sailing…, they saw…. 5. We were working…. 6. Mother wascooking…. 7. She finished…. 8…. we were having…. 9. They translated…. 10. I opened…. 11. Did you go…. 12. I did not see…. 13…. Iopened…, my friends were sitting…. 14. When did you begin… 15. Wewere discussing…. 16…. I was reading…, I found…. 17. Did you watchTV … we were watching TV…. 18. When did you go…. 19. I went….20…. I was sleeping. 21…. I came… my little brother was sitting… hewas playing… I told… he was making….  2141. I fed…. 2. What were you doing… — I was feeding…. 8. Whatdid your brother do… — He played…. 4. I began…. 5…. Helen wascooking…. 6. What were you doing when your sister came? 7. Were youhaving…. 8. He did not go…. 9. Nick went…. 10. Rick was sleeping….11…. we were playing… it suddenly started…. 12. I saw… he was crossing…. 13. He began…. 14. He was repairing…. 15. He finished… 16.We were playing…. 17. Kate did not go… she was writing…. 18. Whendid your father come… — He came…. 19…. my father came…, mymother was making…. 20. We did not go….  215We were walking… we saw him … that was passing by. He recognized… the bus was … We were… we had… we decided to go … weheard… he said "… I was going… I suddenly saw…."  216The sun was going… I reached a village which was… The workingday was… the villagers were coming… two boys were driving… I approached… asked…An old man said… he took… A fire was burning…we entered… One girl of about eighteen was preparing… two other girlswere still doing… The old man invited… They all seemed… we had…my new friends and I went… The moon was shining… the night was…That evening was…  2171. Where were you… — I was… I rang… nobody answered… — Iwas… I was reading… did not hear…. 2. What were you doing… — Iwas working… — I was… I did not see…. 3. Nina celebrated… therewere… I came… somebody was playing… two or three pairs were dancing. 4. Somebody is playing…. 5. I like…. 6. …I looked… it was raining… people were hurrying…. 7. What were you doing… — I was having…. 8…. I came… I saw… were sitting… father was reading… wholives…. 9. … I was working…. 10. It was raining…. 11. Where is yoursister… — She is… she is doing….  2181. We had… they say… they are having…. 2…. she was shopping…she lost… she doesn't know…. 3. They are announcing… we have… oneof our suitcases is missing. 4. Who is speaking… — I don't know. 5. Hedoesn't smoke… he isn't smoking… he was… he wasn't smoking… hewas working…. 6…. my sister was washing… she found…. 7. When didyou learn…. 8. We are going… it is…. 9. Who are you waiting….10. Her car broke… she was driving… 11. When and where did it happen…. 12. She always wears… she is wearing…. 13. What is she watching…. 14. I saw… he was running… he didn't have…. 15. What doesyour son do… — He studies (is studying)…. 16. What are you doing….17…. she opened…, a man was standing… it was… she didn't recognize… he was wearing…. 18…. we went…  2191. Where does your brother work? — He works…. 2. Was yourgrandmother sleeping when you came … 3. What will your brother do….4. I did not go… I will go…. 5. Where was Kate going when you met….6. …They are skating…. 7. Did you skate… — We were skating… wewill skate…. 8. He skates…. 9. What are you doing… — I am washing… 10. What were you doing… — I was having…. 11. Are you having… 12. … the boss enters…. 13…. the boss entered…. 14. When willthe boss come… 15. … we were listening to…. 16…. I entered… thesecretary was typing…. 17. My friend rang…. 18. My friends are playing…. 19. Kate does not write…. 20. Did you see…. 21. Did your father go…. 22. What did Nick do… 23. When does Nick get…. 24. Wherewill your mother go… 25. I will invite…. 26. A disco, which tookplace… kept…  2201. I am applying… want… the visa is…. 2. They were listening to…the telephone rang. 3. I am looking…. 4. My train leaves… — I'lldrive…. 5. Will I check…. 6. … cars are getting…. 7. He gets…. 8. A father and his son were travelling… it was snowing… a strong wind wasblowing… they were going… they heard… the father lost… they were…their lives were…. a helicopter took… they were… the happy fatherlooked and said… I'll never drive… it snows… I promise… itis …dangerous… it is …slippery.  2211. The pupils have written… — (Ученики пишут диктант.) Ученики написали диктант. 2. My friend has helped… — (Мой друг мнепомогает решить сложную проблему.) Мой друг мне помог решитьсложную проблему. 3. I have learnt… — (Я учу стихотворение.) Явыучил стихотворение. 4. She has told… — (Она рассказывает иминтересную историю.) Она рассказала им интересную историю.5. Kate has swept… — (Кейт подметает пол.) Кейт подмела пол.6. The waiter has put… — (Официант ставит перед ним бутылку лимонада) Официант поставил перед ним бутылку лимонада. 7. I haveeaten… — (Я ем свой завтрак.) Я съел свой завтрак. 8. We havedrunk… — (Мы пьем воду.) Мы выпили воды. 9. He has brought… —(Он несет им мясо с овощами.) Он принес им мясо с овощами.10. You have put… — (Ты ставишь посуду на стол.) Ты поставил посуду на стол. 11. They have had… — (Они пьют чай.) Они выпиличаю. 12. She has taken… — (Она убирает грязные тарелки со стола.)Она убрала грязные тарелки со стола. 13. The children have put on…— (Дети надевают свои пальто.) Дети надели свои пальто. 14. Susanhas made… — (Сьюзан шьет новое платье на свой день рождения.)Сьюзан сшила новое платье на свой день рождения. 15. She hasopened… — (Она открывает коробку шоколадных конфет.) Она открыла коробку шоколадных конфет. 16. I have bought… — (Я покупаю молоко для молочных коктейлей.) Я купил молоко для молочных коктейлей. 17. James has ordered… — (Джеймс заказывает бутылку яблочного сока.) Джеймс заказал бутылку яблочного сока.18. We have looked… — (Мы ищем еще диски с хорошей музыкой).Мы нашли еще диски с хорошей музыкой 19. You have recorded…— (Ты записываешь свой любимый фильм на его видео магнитофоне.) Ты записал свой любимый фильм на его видеомагнитофоне 20. Ihave translated… — (Я перевожу сложную статью с немецкого языкана русский.) Я перевел сложную статью с немецкого языка на русский.  2231…. are you doing… — I'm writing…. 2. Who has written….3. …are you studying? 4. We have already learnt…. 5…is she teaching…? 6. Who has taught…? 7. He has just …done. 8. Have youfound…? 9. …are you looking for? 10… are you talking…. 11. We havejust talked…. 12.He has just said…. 13. She is telling…. 14. He hastold…. 15. She has told…. 16. We have had…. 17. They are having….18. She hasn't spoken…. 19. They have asked…. 20. She has alreadylearnt…. 21. I'm writing…. 22. …is he doing… He is reading….23. Have you read…. 24. I'm answering…. 25. He has fixed… he isn'thaving any trouble…. 26. You have just heard ….  2241. Why has he stopped? 2. My cousin is looking… he hasn't found….3. It has been impossible…. 4. What are you studying…? 5. They havejust given you a pay rise. 6…. She is knitting…. 7. Have you onlyhad…? You haven't eaten…. 8. People are planting…. 9. Are you going…? 10. Johnny, who has finally found… is giving…. 11. How longhave you been…? 12. Have you seen…? 13. What are you looking…?14. Nancy is looking…. 15. She is going… she is not going…. 16. HasMike left…?. 17. Have they paid…? 18. How long have you known..?19. Your car is making…. 20. The boy has done… is taking…. 21. I amhaving…. 22. Jay has never travelled…. 23. We have always had…24. Larry has never owned…  2251. She is still typing her article. 2. We haven't seen her for a longtime. 3. The grandparents have already visited their grandsons. 4. Andnow they are sitting in the drawing room and talking about them. 5. Haveyou ever been to Africa? 6. He has done everything for her. And now heis going to buy her a house. 7. The concert hasn't begun yet, and we aresitting in the hall and discussing our problems. 8. Wait for me! I have nottaken money. 9. I have just had breakfast. 10. He has already had breakfast. 11. We haven't had breakfast yet. 12. They are still drinking tea inthe canteen. 13. I have already done my homework. 14. He is still doinghis homework. 15. We have had three lessons today. 16. They have justhad a meeting. 17. She hasn't read this book yet. 18. She is still reading.19. Who has written it? 20. What have you written to him? 21. I've just been to the dentist and I feel much better. 22. He is lying. He hasn't donehis homework yet. 23. Why isn't he eating dinner? — He is still talkingto his friend on the phone. 24. Where has that lazy cat disappeared to? —She is over there. She is sleeping in front of the fireplace.  2261. She has lived…. 2. She lived…. 3. The rain has stopped… 4. Therain stopped…. 5. Mary has bought…. 6. I bought…. 7. The wind hasblown…. 8. The weather has changed…. 9. The wind changed…. 10. Wetravelled…. 11…. he has travelled… 12. I have seen…. 13. She saw…14. Alex met... 15. I have just met... 16. The children have already decided... 17… they decided... 18. I haven't seen… I saw… you didn'tsee… I was…  2271… I felt tired… went... 2. Where did you spend... 3. Have you overspent…. 4…. I met… 5. I have never visited… 6. He visited... 7. I havejust got... 8. Did you take… 9. He was… 10. Were you... 11. They left…he was…. 12. He has not yet come…. 13. Has he gone… 14. When didyou see... 15. I have not seen…. 16. His health has improved… I saw…17. Have you passed… — ..I passed… I haven't bought… 18. He has already moved… he found… he has been….  2281. I have not yet eaten…. 2. He did not eat…. 3. Did you play….4. Have you played…. 5. What have you prepared…. 6. Mike hasmade… he made… 7. Where have you put…. 8. Have you seen….9. When did you see…. 10. Has your mother promised…. 11. I havemade…. 12…. he has fallen ill. — When did he fall… — He fell…. 13. Ihave already done…. 14. I did…. 15. He has just come…. 16. Hecame…. 17. Nick played…. 18. She has already come…. 19. I read….20. I have read…. 21. I have never been…. 22. Have you ever been….23. Have you ever seen… 24. I've invited… — When did you see… Ihaven't seen… I called….  2291. She has just gone out. 2. She left... 3. We have not yet solved...4. When did it all happen... 5. … the weather has changed…. 6…. youhave made. 7. A large black cloud has covered... 8…. all my papers havefallen…. 9. When did you open… — I opened…. 10. The sun has notrisen…. 11. I saw…. 12. I have not read… 13…. trams have stopped….14. How many times have you been…. 15…. I have translated…. 16. We68went… the rain spoilt…. 17…. it has stopped. 18. The lecture has not yetbegun….  2301. It was…. 2. When did you meet…. 3. I have not seen…. 4…. haveyou gathered? 5. Where have you put…. 6. The new school began working…. 7…. I have done…. 8. The building of the house began…. 9. Therain has stopped…. 10. We have already solved…. 11. He came…. 12. Ihave never spoken…. 13. He has just finished…. 14. Have you made…15. What books did you read when you lived…. 16. They have not yetcome…. 17. He was ill… he has recovered. 18…. everybody has read….19. Have you booked… — I have… I booked… 20. I have not seen yousince you left… you have changed…. 21. Have you read…. 22. I havenot seen…. 23. Why have you put…. 24. Why have you left…. 25. Wehave not met… we both have grown….  2311. What are you doing… are you writing… — …I have written… Iam working… — And when did you write… — I finished…. 2. …I havealready had dinner. 3. What's the weather like? Is it still raining? — … ithas stopped raining. 4…. I have lost…. 5. I have not met…. 6. Nina hasjust finished…. 7. Where is Sergei… — He has gone… he left….8. What are you reading… — I am reading…. 9. They read… have youread…. 10. My watch has stopped… there is…. 11. Have you seen… —…I saw…. 12. Have you heard… — … I have. — When did you hear…— I heard…. 13. You have changed… Has anything happened?  2321. With whom did you discuss…. 2. I have seen….3…. I entered… Isaw… my mother was standing… cutting… she was cooking…. 4…. Iheard… I ran… saw… a child was lying… crying… what has happened… why are you crying… have you hurt…. 5. They went…. 6. Theyhave been…. 7…. he came… had… read… began…. 8. When did yourfriend return… — she returned… did you go… — I didn't… I was…9. Has your brother returned… — he came…. 10. Have you been…when were you… — I was…. 11. Where is your brother… — He hasjust come… he is taking…. 12…. I saw… I understood that he wasworking… he was writing… did not notice…. 13…. I came… the children were running and singing… we have learnt…. 14…. the young manentered… she looked… what do you want… she said… why have youcome? 15. It was raining… I left… I returned… put… started…. 16. Areyou working… — …I am preparing…. 17. That is… it is beautiful. I've just taken…. 18. Where did you learn…. 19. Have they alreadythought… have they bought… — …Mark has just ordered… he hasmentioned… he hasn't ordered… he has thought… the shop hascharged…. 20. Why are you shivering… — I am shivering… I am….21. I have sprained… 22. A worldfamous violinist is playing…. 23. Thechildren were playing...  2331. Tom returned…. 2. Tom had returned…. 3. I finished… 4. I had finished… 5. He thought… he had lost… 6. Ann told… she had seen... 7…. Icame… mother had already cooked…. 8…. father returned… we had already done… 9…. the teacher entered… the pupils had already opened…10. Kate gave… she had bought…. 11. Nick showed…he had drawn.12. The boy gave… he had brought…. 13. Mother saw that Nick had notwashed…. 14. The teacher understood that Lena had not done…. 15. Iknew that my friend had not yet come. 16…. I woke… father had alreadygone... 17. Nick thought that his father had not come home yet … .18. Mary told… she had cooked… 19…. I found… I had lost….20…. we came… the train had already left.  2341. … the teacher had examined… 2… I remembered that I had left...3. All my friends were… I had passed... 4. Poor Oliver lay… Sikes hadleft... 5. He opened… looked… tried… what had happened…. 6. All thepassengers saw… the old man had travelled…. 7…. we came… he hadreturned…. 8… my friend visited… he had lived…. 9…. they entered…the performance had already begun. 10. … my mother told… she had received…. 11. Where had you worked… you entered…. 12. He had studied… he entered…. 13. Lanny said that he had got…. 14. The boywanted… he had organized…. 15. Lanny did not know who had attacked… 16. The girl was… she had found... 17…. he remembered thathe had not rung…. 18…. the train reached… he had made…. 19…. myuncle had left, he hurried…. 20. She thought that Gert and Lanny hadquarrelled.  2351…. I had done… I was playing…. 2…. father had come… he washaving…. 3…. grandmother had washed… she was watching TV. 4…. Imet… he was eating… he had bought…. 5…. father came… we werecooking… we had gathered…. 6…. I saw… she was sorting… she hadpicked…. 7… I came… I saw… my little brother had broken… wasplaying... 8…. I opened… I saw… the teacher had already come… the pupils were writing…. 9…. I came… my sister was reading… she hadbrought…. 10…. mother came… the children were eating… she hadcooked…. 11…. I rang… he was still learning… he had begun... 12…. Ilooked… the children were playing… Pete had brought…. 13… the children had settled… they were watching….  236Last night we went… we took… the bus was… many peoplewanted… we got off… went… we were crossing… I saw… he wasstanding… he was waiting… who had come… wished… a man came… Ihad… two boys had just asked… he had… we entered… the footballplayers were coming… we met… he showed… we agreed… he asked…I had played….  2371. There were… one of them was writing… the other was reading…2. He did not tell… he had received…. 3. I asked… he knew… shelived… I said… I did not know…. 4. He asked… I could…. 5. Shesaid… he had given…. 6. I asked… he had put…. 7. He told… they hadspent…. 8. I was sitting… thinking… the door suddenly opened… I hadnot seen… entered…. 9. She came… we were having… it was… I haveseen. 10. I saw… he was leaving… 11. I had not seen… we met... 12. Hehad left… I had…. 13…. he felt… wanted…. 14. I thought… he had already gone…. 15. I found… he was talking… who were standing…16. He spoke / was speaking… we had never heard…. 17. He told… hehad learnt…. 18. He entered… took… went out.  2381. I returned… I had lost… I came… I saw… who was standing… hewas waiting… he had lost…. 2. … I woke… it was… I called… nobodyanswered… he had already left…. 3. I went up… the rain had stopped…the sun was shining… the birds were singing… the morning was….4…. the rain stopped… I looked… saw… who was standing….5…. they told… he had left…. 6…. I didn't find… I was… the train hadleft… 7. He wanted… he had lived…. 8. The telegram came… he hadleft…. 9. She looked… she had worked….  2391. He came…. 2…. she has finished…. 3. He had translated….4. I have never been…. 5…. we worked…. 6…. I had had breakfast….7. I have not seen…. 8. When did you see…. 9. My sister has alreadygraduated…. 10…. his brother had broken…. 11. I have seen…. 12. Have you ever been… 13. They were cooking…. 14. I have justseen… 15. She was washing… 16. She has drawn…. 17…. I was talking…. 18. The TV programme had begun… I came…. 19. I have noteaten…. 20…. she had not read…. 21. She was doing… I came…22…. she has found….  2401. … we lived… went... 2. My sister spent... 3…. she has lost... 4….all the children had returned…. 5. Columbus discovered…. 6. Columbusdid not know… he had discovered…. 7. I have already read…. 8. He haddiscussed… he took…. 9. Mother has baked…. 10. She was reading….11. I have never been... 12. They told… you had got…. 13. When didyou receive…. 14. Our grandmother was cooking… 15…. she hasbought. 16. They travelled…. 17. We have not seen…. 18. They ate… Ihad brought…. 19…. the children had had… they went... 20. Have youever been…. 21…. they were sitting… listening… who was telling…22. My friend has just rung…. 23. I was standing… it began…. 24. Wehave not skated….  2411. … her son has finished…. 2. My brother was training…. 3. My sister has bought…. 4. I have not danced…. 5…. Nick came… his friendswere playing… 6. When did your sister go…. 7. My friend has just recovered…. 8. I have never been…. 9…. we were talking... 10. I spoke….11…. Kate has washed… 12. Has your mother returned…. 13. She wasdoing…. 14. The cat drank… I had given… 15. Have you ever been….16. He has not read…. 17. They had reached... 18. I have not yet received... 19…. she had forgotten…. 20. We have already studied... 21.He spent…. 22. I have bought…. 23. He had learnt… he went…. 24. Shehad spent… she went…  2421. My friend likes… he eats… I met… he was eating… he told… hehad bought… he is eating... 2. I always come…. 3…. I came… 4…. Nickwill not go… he went… he has already been… he is crying. 5. What isyour brother doing… 6. My father works… it is… he isn't working… heis reading... 7. I haven't seen… have you been… — I've had… youknow. 8. What was he doing? — He wasn't doing… he was just looking... 9. We are having… — I am... 10. Something awful has happened…her little daughter has swallowed…  2431. We have brought... 2. Jane is swimming... 3. What were you doing... 4. Have you ever seen... 5. I went… 6. We go... 7. Nick had done...8. Will you help... 9… Nick came… his mother had returned… wascooking… 10… I was going… I suddenly remembered that I had forgotten… 11. … grandfather told… he had worked... . 12…. Mr. and Mrs.Smith arrived… they discovered… someone had broken… their videorecorder and television had disappeared… they don't know… they havedone... 13. The man got… the conductor was collecting...  2441…. he is working… he will finish… you come… he will be…2. Has Pete gone… — I think… he usually plays… he is not... 3. He wasreading... 4. Will you go… — I am… I am doing… I have not yet written… you wait... I will go… I want… I did not go... 5…. the children haddone… mother came… she came… they were playing…. 8. I lost… Iwas playing…. 7…. you come…. 8. Where do you usually take…  2451. Mike eats… he is eating… I saw… he was eating… he said… hehad eaten… he will fall… he eats... 2. They were walking… talking…Nick stopped… said… I have lost… you do not find… we will have...3…. I came… I learnt that my train had already left. 4. What was he doing when you saw... 5. I will give… I finish…. 6…. the ship was crossing… a great storm broke out.  2461. … The rain has stopped… the sun is shining. 2…. you help… Iwill do…. 3. I always get… I will get… 4. What are you reading… — Iam reading… I am… Tom will soon come… I want… he comes. 5. …you see… I want…. 6…. I came… my brother was sleeping. 7. Whenwill you come… — I will come… I am not…. 8. I don't like... 9. Hecame… 10. I will ring… I come… 11. I will show… you like... 12. Hehad come…. 13. Pete will certainly help… you ask…. 14. This little boyhas never seen…. 15…. you arrive.  2471…. I put… where are they… I have eaten… will you bring… you donot make… granny is sleeping. 2. Have you ever been. 3. What was Nickdoing, you rang, he was playing, he told, he had already written. 4. Whyis she sleeping, it is, she never sleeps. 5. Will you go, I have alreadybeen, I was, I go, I did not go, I had (have) not read, I am reading, I willgo, I finish. 6. I receive.  2481. Autumn has come, it is, it is getting, the days are getting, it oftenrains; it will be. 2. I did, I quickly ran, my friends were waiting. 3. Wehad. 4. What have you learnt, I am, I have not prepared, I was ill and didnot know, I will prepare, you don't prepare, you will get. 5. What wereyou doing. 6. Mike always does, he will begin, his father promised.7. Mary came, her brother was reading, she had brought.  2491. Where are you going, I am just taking. 2. Our students have done,they are, they know, they hope, they will make. 3. The expedition hascovered, they are still. 4. Will you go. 5. Nick said, he had read. 6. Myfather combined. 7. A great number of students were studying, I entered.8. The storm was raging, the sailors were trying. 9. He had changed. 10. Ientered, the students were listening.  250I looked, it was raining, you will get, you go, I won't, I will take, wehave, I wanted, I found, there was, they all were, I took, carried, I went, itwas still raining, I went, sat, a young woman came, sat, I finished, was, Iabsentmindedly took, started, she stopped, I had taken, I returned, Iwent, took, got, I had met, was riding, she saw, she said, you have had,haven't you.  2511. I will do. 2. I will be doing. 3. I will have done. 4. I will begin, Iwill be doing, my father will come, I will have done; we will go. 5. Myfamily will be having. 6. I will be reading, I will have done. 7. I will bewriting. 8. I will not go, I will be watching. 9. What will you do.10. What will you be doing. 11. Will you play. 12. Will you have done.13. When will you go. 14. How many pages will you have read.  2521. a) My father works at an institute.b) My father has been working at the institute since 1995.2. a) My grandmother is cooking dinner.b) My grandmother has been cooking dinner since two o'clock.3. a) My sister is sleeping.b) My sister has been sleeping since five o'clock.4. a) Mother is doing the flat.b) Mother has been doing the flat since morning.5. a) Grandfather is watching TV.b) Grandfather has been watching TV since six o'clock.6. a) My uncle writes poems.b) My uncle has been writing poems since childhood.7. a) She is reading.b) She has been reading since morning.8. a) They are playing volleyball.b) They have been playing volleyball since three o'clock.9. a) We study English.b) We have been studying English since 1998.  2531. a) She is still studying Spanish.b) She has already been studying Spanish for two years.2. a) They are still living in the country.b) They have already been living in the country for four months.3. a) She is still speaking on the phone.b) She has already been speaking on the phone for twenty minutes.4. a) My brother is still solving this difficult problem.b) He has already been solving this problem for half an hour.5. a) She is still writing a letter to her grandmother.b) She has already been writing this letter for an hour.6. a) They are still fishing.b) They have been fishing for five hours already.7. a) My grandparents are still playing lotto.b) They have been playing lotto for two hours already.8. a) They are still arguing.b) They have been arguing for two hours already.9. a) She is still sleeping.b) She has already been sleeping for two hours.10. a) He is still doing his homework.b) He has been doing his homework for three hours already.11. a) The boys are still playing football.b) They have already been playing football for forty minutes.12. a) The girls are still changing their clothes.b) They have already been changing their clothes, for half an hour.13. a) The actors and actresses are still rehearsing this scene.b) They have been rehearsing this scene for three hours already.14. a) The children are still running in the yard.b) They have been running in the yard for three hours already.15. a) He is still writing his new book..b) He has already been writing his new book for two years.16. a) He is still learning Hamlet's monologue (soliloquy) by heart.b) He has been learning Hamlet's monologue (soliloquy) for twodays already.17. a) We are still repairing our flat.b) We have already been repairing our flat for half a month.  2541. This man is; he writes; he has been writing; he has already written.2. What have you been doing. 3. She always helps; she has been helping;they have already washed; dusted; they are cooking. 4. He is running; hehas been running. 5. What are they doing; they are working; they havebeen working. 6. Where is he; he is; he is playing; they have been playing. 7. I live; I have been living. 8. My father works; he has been working. 9. Have you found; I am still looking; I have already been looking;have not yet found. 10. You have been playing. 11. You have been sleeping. 12. I have been waiting; have not yet received. 13. She has alreadybeen doing; she has not yet done. 14. I have been waiting. 15. What areyou doing; I am reading; I have been reading; I have already read. 16. Ihave not heard 17. I have just received; I have not yet received 18. Theweather is; the sun has been shining 19. I wind 20. What are you doing; Ihave been waiting 21. Where are your gloves; I have put. 22. I am staying; I've been staying; I am having; I am taking; I've already seen; I'vejust taken; which rises; provides. 23. I am going; I am sure it is starving;Jane has already fed.  255I. We have known each other for four years. 2. I have always wantedto study English. 3. Where is. Nina? — She has been at home for twohours. 4. Where are the children? — They are still playing in the yard.5. My brother has been an engineer for three years 8. My friend hasknown English since childhood. 7. I have already been watching you forhalf an hour. 8. Is your brother still ill? — No, he has already recovered.He has already been studying physics for three days. He wants to get anexcellent mark at the examination. 9. I have wanted to read this book fora long time. 10. I have already been trying to find my old exercisebookfor twenty minutes. 11. They have already been living in New York forten years. 12. My aunt is an actress. She has always liked the theatre.13. Has your father returned from the North yet? — Yes, he has been athome for two weeks. 14. I have already been thinking of it for three days. 15. My sister drinks white coffee. And I have always preferred blackcoffee. 16. We are very glad to see you. We have been waiting for youfor the whole month. 17. Are you still reading this book? How long haveyou been reading it? 18. My sister has already been studying music forfive years. 19. I have been looking for you the whole evening. Wherehave you been all the time? 20. They have already been writing the composition for two hours.  2561. I was afraid I should be late. 2. Did you think we should pick allthe apples in three days? 3. He hoped you would often visit him. 4. Theyexpected he should be at home a few days later. 5. Were you afraid weshouldn't be in time? 6. She promised that she would finish the work in aweek. 7. I thought Henry would help us.  2571. … we will not be late. 2. … we would not be late. 3…. he will be.4…. he would be. 5. When will you be. 6…. I would be. 7…. Bob willdo, he will do. 8…. he would see. 9. … we will have. 10…. he would say… I will be. 11…. he would speak.  2581. I believed that he would solve the problem in no time. 2. He heardthat the new film would be on in many cinemas. 3. We were told that theteacher would have corrected our papers by the beginning of the lesson.4. She was sure that she would not like that TV programme. 5. He believed that the train would arrive on time. 6. She said that the childrenwould be playing in the yard. 7. She was sure that all the newspapers would publish that information. 8. She imagined that they would win thegame. 9. He believed that I should go to the south. 10. I believed that mysister would not forget to ring me up. 11. I supposed that I would havedone my work by nine o'clock. 12. We were told that the tourists wouldnot return by sunset. 13. The letter said that my friends would be waitingfor me. 14. I supposed that my friend should have returned by that time.15. He understood that they would be working the whole evening.  2591. I know that he will come soon. 2. I knew that he would come soon.3. I think that she will be sleeping at this time. 4. I thought that sheshould be sleeping at that time. 5. She thinks that she will have done allthe work by five o'clock. 6. She thought that she would have done all thework by five o'clock. 7. I was sure that by ten o'clock he would havelearnt the poem. 8. I knew that by nine o'clock Mother would havecooked supper and at nine o'clock the whole family would be sitting atthe table. I was afraid that I would come too late. 9. She was afraid thather friend should not come. 10. They wrote that they would come soon.11. I was sure that I would meet him at the station. 12. I think that Fatherwill soon write a letter to us. 13. Have you been told that in Decemberwe will write a paper? 14. He understood that he would never forget her.15. I believe that they will remember us. 16. He says he knows this man.  2601. The storm had already stopped; the snow was still falling. 2. Hehad finished; I came; he was reading. 3. I have been waiting; I have notreceived. 4. Everybody was; my friend had not yet come. 5. We weredrinking; the telephone rang. 6. Everybody was looking; he felt. 7. Lighttravels. 8. I came; he was reading; said; he would give; I have taken; I amreading; I will have finished; I will give; you come. 9. We have beenwaiting. 10. The students thanked; who had delivered. 11. We had covered; who had been looking.  2611. He was; you were; he asked; he would come. 2. Have you read; Ihave not yet read it; I have heard; it is; I will read; I get. 3. We came; thetrain had already arrived; the passengers were hurrying. 4. The concertwas; we had expected. 5. He told; no one came; I could; he had reserved.6. Lanny returned; he had been studying; his people had sent; he haddone; they had hoped; he would do; he would be.  2621. It had been raining. 2. She has been teaching. 3. You come. 4. Hebegan; he is still writing; he will have finished. 5. We have been helping;we have arranged. 6. What were you doing; I came. 7. I came; they told;he had left. 8. He found; he had made. 9. I left; the snow had alreadystopped; a strong wind was blowing. 10. Have you read; I have read; Ithink; it is. 11. What are the children doing; they are playing; I bought;12. They have reached; are standing. 13. We had been walking.  2631. The librarian gave; I had been waiting; I went; began. 2. He is; heis doing. 3. I was; something would happen. 4. My watch had stopped; Iarrived; my train had left; I had; the next train would come. 5. He hadbeen waiting; he saw. 6. He had read. 7. The sun rose; the night hadbeen. 8. Where have you put. 9. I had not yet fallen; the telephone rang.10. What were you doing. 11. The children were playing; they havegone. 12. You arrive. 13. Do you always spend; I went; I did not find.14. They told; they had seen. 15. I left; it was raining.  2641. You come; we will still be packing. 2. When did you see. 3. I met;he was walking. 4. Have you ever acted; I have been doing. 5. The childis sleeping; he always wakes; somebody opens. 6. I have left; I will take;Nick comes. 7. I had been reading; he came. 8. The play has not begunyet; the people are talking. 9. … a little swallow was flying; his friendshad flown; he had stayed. 10. What have you been doing. 11. I bought; Ihad lost. 12. We were walking; he had already told; that was; I had.13. The moon had/ has not risen; two stars were/ are shining.  2651. What are you reading; I am reading; how long have you been reading; I have been reading. 2. She had been living; her sister came. 3. Ourteacher has come; he is speaking. 4. They were speaking; I looked. 5.What are you doing; I am preparing; how long have you been preparing;I have been working. 6. He had been teaching; the war broke. 7. She hasbeen studying. 8. Have you ever been; I was. 9. What is your friend doing; she is having; she usually has. 10. I have bought; I will show; youcome. 11. Who will take; you go. 12. Where are you going; I am going.13. I had been walking; I saw. 14. He had read; he gave. 15. He left; hehas been living. 16. We will be discussing. 17. She is reading; I gave.  2661. How long have you been waiting. 2. I met; I had not seen. 3. I willnot yet be sleeping. 4. You will be; you do not take. 5. The sun set; it wasbeginning. 6. I came; my sister had already returned; was sitting. 7. Hehad smoked; had looked; he heard. 8. Andrew saw; he entered; she wassitting; she had greatly changed; looked. 9. She has just received. 10. Hehad just approached; she entered. 11. He has been writing; he says; hewill soon finish; he is thinking. 12. The nurse has put (is putting). 13. Hehad been working. 14. Hardly had I gone; I remembered; I had forgotten.  2671. The students had written / will have written. 2. They had been sailing; they came. 3. I have not been. 4. The rain had stopped; we reached.5. The message arrived; he had left. 6. It was; we began. 7. The replyfrom my grandmother came; my mother told; she would come. 8. Hereyou are; I have been waiting; aren't you. 9. Peter was reading; the dooropened; the maid entered; the cook was following. 10. The mother hadsatisfied; the children were sleeping; she took; put; which were hanging.11. You ring; I will tell. 12. The lesson has not begun yet; the childrenare talking. 13. I have been living. 14. The students had passed / willhave passed.  2681. He is not; he has gone; he will come. 2. I had gone; fallen; my father returned. 3. I have drunk. 4. I came; he was living; I had first met; hetold; he had been waiting. 5. The pupils had done; they learnt. 6. Theyhad stopped. 7. He found; his two friends had got; were waiting. 8. Thesportsmen have been training; they are going; they are not. 9. Five minutes had not passed; we were waiting; appeared. 10. Father will come;we will have done; we will be drinking; he comes. 11. Mrs. Smith came;she saw; her daughter had cooked; was waiting.  2691. He had been listening to. 2. He had translated. 3. Have you everbeen; I was. 4. She had not seen. 5. What did you do. 6. How many pageshave you translated. 7. The day was; it was raining; I reached; my raincoat was; I took; shook; hung; went; my children were playing; they saw;they jumped; ran. 8. I have heard; I will write; I hear. 9. Hardly had heopened; he found; he thought; he had lost. 10. The room is; which arecoming; mother does not like. 11. He finished; he begun.  2701. The train stopped; I looked; did not see; I had sent; they wouldmeet; I discovered; they had received. 2. Her sister had forgotten; Annhad left; we came. 3. It had stopped; the sun was shining. 4. The performance had already begun; they had; the first act was; Nina had neverbeen; she liked. 5. I did not recognize; I had not seen; she had greatlychanged. 6. The boy burst; he did not remember; he had tried 7. She isworking; she has already gathered; she is writing. 8. We came; our trainhad already left; we had; another one came. 9. I had spent. 10. He hadmissed. 11. John Gray visited; has not been. 12. We had spent; we hadlearnt; we had experienced; we had come.  271You have come; where did you spend; I was; is it raining; it is; therain has stopped; the wind is blowing; I met; do you know; I do; I haveknown; we were; we often played; where did you meet; I have not seen;what does she look; she has not changed; she was going; I met; what didshe tell; she told; she had recently returned; she had travelled; seen; shewants; she will come; I think; that will be; I am; what is the time; mywatch has stopped; I do not know; it is; my mother will be waiting.  2721. He was happy: he had written an excellent composition. 2. I havebeen looking for you the whole evening. 3. I suddenly remembered that Ihad eaten nothing since morning. 4. Luckily; the rain had stopped whenwe came out. 5. How many years have you been working at this school?6. At eleven o'clock we were still working. 7. At eleven o'clock we hadalready been working for three hours. 8. I have already told you threetimes that the exercise must be rewritten. 9. I had been reading a wholehour after dinner when Father came. 10. I will not come. I will be writinga composition the whole evening. 11. Where have you been since lastFriday? 12. I have already been staying with my friends for two weeks.13. I had already been staying with my friends for two weeks when I received a letter. 14. How many days have you been reading this book?15. Only when she was in the train, she remembered that she had left thebook at home. 16. They have already been living in this house for fiveyears. 17. My sister had already been ill for several days when I learntabout it. 18. Did you know that he had not written the composition?19. We have not received letters from her for already several months.20. How many years have you been working at this plant? 21. He had already gone when Lena turned on the radio. 22. I have already been working at this problem for three months. 23. You should rest. You haveworked too much today.  2731. What does your brother do? — He works at an institute. — Andwhat is he doing now? — He is reading a newspaper. I always bring himnewspapers when he comes from work. 2. It was already dark when weapproached the house: a strong wind was blowing and it was gettingcolder and colder. 3. What will you be doing at eight o'clock in the evening tomorrow? — I will have finished all my homework tomorrow byeight o'clock and at eight I will be playing the piano. 4. They have readDickens in English and know many of his works. 5. Winter has come,and now we will often go to the skating rink again. 6. When Tom cameout of the house; all the children were playing football; and Bill and Johnwere counting round stones they had brought from the river. 7. She wassurprised: she had never seen so many flowers. 8. When I woke up;mother had already got up and was making tea. 9. I have already beentrying to remember her name for half an hour, but haven't remembered ityet. 10. When he came home, we had already gone to the cinema.11. She said that it was raining and we had better stay at home. 12. Shehad already been living in this house for five years when her brothercame. 13. She thought that the weather would be fine. 14. Don't you understand that in spring I will have been wearing this hat for three years?15. Have they been playing chess since morning? 16. They had beenwalking along the road for two or three hours when it suddenly beganraining. 17. I know that she has already been working at this article forthree weeks. 18. When I repeated my question, he said that he had notheard me the first time, but I saw clearly that he had heard me well bothtimes. 19. Well, have you packed your things at last? The taxi has beenwaiting at the doors for ten minutes. 20. We have already been sittinghere for two hours, and I haven't told you yet about my trip. 21. Where isMary? — She is in the library, she is preparing for her report. She has already been working for three hours. 22. He thought that his friendsworked together.  

Passive Voice
274I told — I was told.I showed — I was shown.She brought — She was brought.We asked — We were asked.We answered — We were answered.We sent — We were sent.They gave — They were given.He helped — He was helped.He advised — He was advised.He forgot — He was forgotten.He remembered — He was remembered.We invited — We were invited.We corrected — We were corrected.He cured — He was cured.He called — He was called.  275I was told — I am told — I will be told.I was shown — I am shown — I will be shown.She was brought — She is brought — She will be brought.We were asked — We are asked — We will be asked.We were answered — We are answered — We will be answered.We were sent — We are sent — We will be sent.They were given — They are given — They will be given.He was helped — He is helped — He will be helped.He was advised — He is advised — He will be advised.He was forgotten — He is forgotten — He will be forgotten.He was remembered — He is remembered — He will be remembered.We were invited — We are invited — We will be invited.We were corrected — We are corrected — We will be corrected.He was called — He is called — He will be tailed.  2761. is emptied;2. are postmarked;3. are sorted;4. is loaded;5. are unloaded;6. are taken;7. are sorted;8. are delivered.  2771. was emptied, 2. were postmarked; 3. were sorted; 4. was loaded;5. were unloaded; 6. were taken; 7. were sorted; 8. were delivered  2781. will be emptied; 2. will be postmarked; 3. will be sorted; 4. will beloaded; 5. will be unloaded; 6. will be taken; 7. will be sorted; 8. will bedelivered.  2791. was answered; 2. is played; 3. are gathered; 4. were burnt; 5. willbe finished; 6. are sold; 7. was founded; 8. is eaten; 9. was received;10. will be sent; 11. was asked; 12. was given; 13. are built; 14. will bedone; 15. was translated; 16. were planted; 17. are always played;18. will be given; 19. were invited; 20. is never found; 21. was notbuilt.  2801. will be met; 2. will meet; 3. will bring; 4. will be brought; 5. mayleave; 6. can leave; 7. will be taken; 8. will take.  2811. I always praise my friends. 2. I am always praised at home.3. Every Saturday Father shows my grandfather my marks. 4. Every Saturday Father is shown my marks. 5. We often remember you. 6. We areoften remembered in the village. 7. I am given some juice every morning.8. Every morning I give the cat some milk. 9. Every day he tells us something interesting. 10. Every day he is told something interesting. 11. I often send letters to my friends. 12. I am often sent to the south. 13. I amoften invited to the cinema. 14. My sister is often helped at school. 15.Sometimes I forget to take my mark book. 16. He writes many letters. 17.Books by A. Christie are read with interest. 18. Dogs like bones. 19.Dogs are liked in many families. 20. When is tea drunk in your family?21. Where are old letters kept? 22. Why are these rules always forgotten?23. Why do you always forget these rules? 24. Where do your friendslive? 25. Where is bread bought? 26. When are questions asked?  2821. I advised my friend to join a sport section. 2. I was advised to joina sport section. 3. I showed the doctor my teeth. 4. I was shown to thedoctor. 5. I gave my dog a lump of sugar. 6. I was given soup for dinner.7. Yesterday I asked the teacher to help me. 8. Yesterday I was asked tohelp my classmate. 9. Last summer I taught my sister to swim. 10. Lastsummer I was taught to swim. 11. Yesterday we were asked a lot ofquestions at the lesson. 12. I answered all the questions. 13. The teachergave me a good mark. 14. At home I was praised. 15. These letters werebrought in the morning. 16. My bag was bought last year. 17. These nutswere eaten yesterday. 18. Where did you buy this book? 19. Where wasthis book bought? 20. When was the dinner cooked? 21. When was thecup broken? 22. When did you break the cup? 23. What was he promised? 24. When was the car repaired? 25. When was the mistake corrected?  2831. New skates will be bought tomorrow. 2. Mike will ask me to helphim. 3. Mike will be asked to tell about his journey. 4. The doctor willask me to open my mouth. 5. The doctor will be asked to cure me.6. Tomorrow I will bring a new film. 7. Tomorrow a new film will bebrought. 8. My friend will help me with mathematics. 9. My friend willbe helped with German. 10. I will buy some icecream. 11. The ticketswill be brought tomorrow. 12. The dictation will be written next Tuesday. 13. Mother will be asked not to worry. 14. Mother will be given acup of coffee. 15. Mother will thank the doctor. 16. The telegram will besent at once. 17. The carpet will be hung on the wall. 18. The books willbe put on the shelf. 19. When will the letter be sent? 20. When will thepaper be corrected? 21. How will this work be done?  2841. The freshman was laughed at. 2. The headmistress was spoken toyesterday. 3. The babies were looked after with great care. 4. That oldhouse was not lived in. 5. Jim was sent for and told to prepare a report onthat subject. 6. Our friend was thought about all the time. 7. He will beoperated on in a week. 8. The pupil's parents were sent for. 9. The newspaper was looked for everywhere. 10. The bed was not slept in. 11. Thetelegram was asked for. 12. The lecturer was listened to with great attention.  2851. She is often sent to the post office. .2. Last year she was sent toCambridge. 3. He will be sent to Harvard. 4. She is always sent for.5. She was sent for yesterday. 6. I will be sent for tomorrow. 7. They arealways invited to Ann's birthday. 8. In summer Nick will be taken to thecountry. 9. This film was much spoken about. 10. We were shown manybeautiful paintings at the museum. 11. This book is very often asked for.  2861. Irene was brought some beautiful shells from the south by her husband. 2. The newspaper reporters were given a long interview. 3. Youwill be taught English by Mr. Wilson. 4. I was ordered a month's restfrom studying. 5. Nick was given a book for his birthday. 6. We are toldstories by our mother every evening. 7. You will be shown a new book ofpictures. 8. She was shown the way. 9. We will be sent a box of fruit.10. They were followed by five or six small children. 11. In summer thehorses are often driven to the fields. 12. The Poles were led into thethickest part of the forest by Ivan Susanin. 13. The boat was carried awayby the waves. 14. The translation will be done in the evening. 15. Theflowers are watered regularly. 16. These books were promised me longago / I was promised these books long ago. 17. Bessie was given a complete set of Walter Scott's works by her father. 18. The house is protectedby a marble pavilion. 19. The roof of the house will be painted. 20. Thefence was whitewashed by Tom Sawyer. 21. She was given three beautiful dishes as a birthday present by her daughters.  2871. …, but at last it was written. 2. …: it will be broken. 3… — Iwasn't invited. 4. … but all the same the work was finished in time.5. You will be left behind …. 6. All my money was spent on books lastmonth. 7. … all this work will be done today…. 8. … I am alwaysstopped. 9. … they will be eaten. 10. The branch of the tree was brokenby the elephant. 11. The bear was attacked by the bees ….  2881. The box must be taken to the station. 2. The river can be crossed ona raft. 3. The building of the house can be finished very soon. 4. Thebooks must be returned the day after tomorrow. 5. Three of these exercises must be done tomorrow. 6. The book you need can be found in anylibrary. 7. These letters must be sent at once. 8. This mistake can be easily forgiven. 9. Such berries can be found everywhere. 10. This workmust be done very carefully. 11. The doctor says she must be taken tohospital. 12. The work can be done in three days. 13. All the librarybooks must be returned before each summer vacation. 14. Even the tallest trees can be climbed by monkeys.  2891. Hands must be washed before each meal. 2. Rooms must be regularly aired. 3. A cat must be fed with fish. 4. A dog can be fed with meatand vegetables. 5. A child must be given fruit. 6. The books must be putinto the bookcase. 7. This picture can be hung over the fireplace. 8. Howcan this word be translated? 9. Where can the suitcases be put? 10. Maythe cat be left in the yard? 11. What must be paid attention to? 12. Yourtelephone number must be written down. 13. Your blood pressure mustbe checked. 14. He must be invited to my birthday party. 15. She can beoffered a new job.  2901. The rule was understood; 2. It was learnt; 3. The invitation will beaccepted; 4. The letter will be posted; 5. Music is heard; 6. The first prizewas won; 7. The question was settled; 8. Your report must be divided;9. He will be/ was sent; 10. The book will be discussed; 11. The composition must be handed; 12. He was told; 13. The article was published;14. The lectures were/ are attended; 15. A taxi was called; 16. The youngman was introduced.  2911. saw; 2. will be received; 3. will give; 4. be found; 5. will show;6. find; 7. is divided; 8. founded; 9. was founded; 10. call.  2921. A lot of money was stolen from the shop. 2. By six o'clock thework had been finished. 3. At twelve o'clock the trucks were beingloaded. 4. By three o'clock the trucks had been loaded. 5. Our daughter issent to rest in the south every year. 6. This film will be shown on TV.7. A new concert hall is being built in our street. 8. Potatoes were boughtyesterday. 9. The books will be brought tomorrow. 10. The clock is beingrepaired now. 11. Milk is sold in this shop. 12. The whole text has beentranslated. 13. The window was broken last week. 14. When I camehome, the sweets had been eaten. 15. The work will be done in the evening. 16. This book was written in the 19th century. 17. Tennis was beingplayed from four till five. 18. A number of important experiments havebeen made in this laboratory. 19. Central Africa was explored by Livingstone in the 19th century. 20. By the middle of autumn all the trees hadbeen planted. 21. This play will be staged at the beginning of (the) nextseason. 22. The story has been forgotten. 23. Have the rules of the gamebeen explained to you? 24. My skates haven't been brought back.  2931. I will be introduced to his friends. 2. A bridge is being built overthe river. 3. The article hasn't been translated yet. 4. The man was beinglooked at with great surprise. 5. The film will be spoken about at the lesson. 6. The pupil's parents were sent for. 7. Have the letters beentyped? — No, they are being typed now. 8. He was asked about his holidays. 9. The novel has already been discussed. 10. I was not given hisaddress. 11. He was shown the way to the metro station.  2941. She was prescribed new medicine / New medicine was prescribedfor her. 2. He is often spoken about. 3. This funny animal was laughed atby everybody. 4. You have been looked for the whole morning. 5. Strictdiscipline will be insisted on. 6. Three foreign languages are taught atthis school. 7. This letter was received after his departure. 8. Have youever been attacked by dogs? 9. Honey is gathered from flowers. 10. Theship was driven against a rock. 11. Whom was the circulation of blooddiscovered by? 12. Delicious fruit icecream is being sold there now.13. We were shown the way out of the wood (by the old man). 14. Shewas offered some interesting work.  2951. A lot of things have been scattered about. 2. All the books havebeen put into the bookcase. 3. The fields will be covered with snow inwinter. 4. The homework will be handed in tomorrow. 5. I don't think allthe preparations will be finished today. 6. I am always invited to her dinner parties. 7. I was shown the dress made by her daughter. 8. She wasnot invited to the party. 9. The window was not left open. 10. The lightwas not turned off. 11. Some friends have been invited to tea. 12. I havebeen given an English book. 13. Has the letter been written yet? 14. Wehave been told a lot of interesting things. 15. The paper has been writtenwithout mistakes. 16. The matter was discussed some days ago. 17. Youare wanted on the phone. 18. My book was found on the windowsill.19. Excellent shelters have been built for tourists in these mountains.20. Have the exercises been given to all the students? / Have all the students been given the exercises? 21. The boy was angry because he wasnot allowed to go to the stadium. 22. Why have my books been put onthis table?  2961. I was taken to the cinema last week. 2. This work will be finishedin time. 3. This house was built in 1960. 4. New children's books werebeing sold in that shop when I entered it yesterday. 5. On our way to thestation we were joined by a large group of young people. 6. A school wasstarted in this village by a young teacher. 7. This article is being translated now. 8. "The Forsyte Saga" was written by Galsworthy. 9. Thismeeting was attended by thousands of people. 10. I have just been interrupted. 11. It has been explained to us (by the teacher). 12. The light isturned on when it is dark. 13. The students' translation was finished intime. 14. The dishes were washed (by Helen). 15. Betty's younger brotherwas often taken for a walk. 16. Some coffee has been made. 17. Has yourdress been ironed yet? 18. This word was mispronounced. 19. She hasbeen told the truth. 20. We were promised an interesting entertainment.21. Chalk is used for writing on the blackboard. 22. My work will be finished at about seven o'clock. 23. The door has been opened. 24. The coffee was brought in.  2971. The girl was looked for everywhere. 2. The boy was not listenedto. 3. The patients were looked after well. 4. Our address was asked for.5. These papers were looked through this morning. 6. My brother will begiven English lessons. 7. I have been shown an interesting magazine.8. He was told everything (by his friend). 9. The famous lecturer waswarmly greeted by the students. 10. A huge plant has recently been builtin the town of N. 11. The work must be finished by tomorrow. 12. WhenI fell ill, the doctor was sent for. 13. Helen was shown the nearest way tothe theatre. 14. His patient was given some good advice. 15. I have beentold the news (by Mary). 16. The little boy was looked at with interest.17. The paper was examined attentively.  2981. She cleaned and aired the room. 2. Have you read all these books?3. Who wrote these letters? 4. The secretary has just typed the letter.5. She showed me the picture which her husband had painted. 6. My parents will not allow me to go there. 7. We have told him everything, so heknows what to do. 8. You must answer all the questions. 9. They haveleft the door open. 10. We met Betty at the station. 11. The girl's motherdid not allow her to go to the concert. 12. She said that they had not yethung up the new timetable on the notice board. 13. We ate the chickenwith appetite. 14. It was so dark that we could not see the houses.15. They have not yet turned off the light. 16. She punished the boy formisbehaving. 17. By three o'clock we had prepared everything. 18. Wewrote the dictation without mistakes. 19. Who wrote the poem? 20. Shewashed and ironed her dress. 21. They did not blame me for the mistakes. 22. The teacher had looked through and corrected the papers by thenext lesson. 23. They built this house last year. 24. We have just sent theletter. 25. We will translate this article at the lesson on Tuesday.26. When will you return this book to the library?  2991. We have sent invitations to all the old pupils to be present at theschool's thirtieth anniversary. 2. All the passengers in the bus were listening to the story of the boy whom the driver had saved from drowning. 3.We finished the work in time. 4. She takes care of the child. 5. Everystudent must read this book. 6. You can see this film at our cinema.7. Spartan parents taught their children to endure all hardships. 8. Whicharticle did your brother translate? 9. He was teaching them drawing atthat lesson. 10. He seldom mentioned this name in his novels. 11. Peopleoften tell me about it. 12. We have much spoken of this man. 13. Whendid you do it? 14. What museums did you visit last year? 15. Have youhanded in your compositions? 16. What you have said is true. 17. Afterhe had thoroughly explained the facts to her, she no longer felt worried.18. The policeman fined him for crossing the street in the wrong place.19. The Persians attacked the Greeks from the sea. 20. Nobody has everclimbed this mountain before. 21. She told me that she had carefully putthose newspapers away where she would not lose them. 22. Why haveyou put these cups here in this cupboard? 23. Nick's mother told him togo home at once.  3001. were made; 2. had been received; 3. have just been introduced;4. will be taken; will be brought; 5. will be asked; 6. was much spoken;7. was expected; 8. would be opened; 9. is (being) sold; 10. were looked;was found.  3011. This book was taken from the library only yesterday. 2. Thesethree students were asked two days ago. 3. Were you examined in themorning? 4. This mouse was caught at night. 5. Very beautiful bags aremade at our factory. 6. Letters can be sent there only in summer, buttelegrams all the year round. 7. My friend is sent abroad every year.8. She was sent to hospital two days ago. 9. Yesterday we were sent tothe laboratory. 10. This composition was written last week. 11. The telegram was sent late at night, and he will receive it only in the morning.12. This article must be read by the whole group. 13. This exercise maybe written in pencil. 14. All your compositions will be returned nextweek. 15. This letter can be written on a piece of paper.  3021. We were shown a very strange picture. 2. You are being lookedfor. Go home. 3. All of you will be gathered in the hall and told about allthe changes in the school curriculum. 4. Why is he always laughed at?5. All of us were given tickets to the exhibition. 6. The lectures of thisfamous professor are always listened to with great attention. 7. Am I being waited for? 8. They were asked three difficult questions. 9. Theheadmaster has already been sent for. Please wait a little. 10. Everybodywas invited to a big hall. 11. These letters have been looked through.They can be sent. 12. At the station they were met by the guide and takento the hotel. 13. These magazines must be returned to the library nextweek. 14. At our lessons much attention is paid to pronunciation.15. Ivanov was told to explain why he missed/ had missed classes.16. Will I be invited to your party? 17. The children were left alone athome.  3031. Не will be met by his father at the railway station. 2. These pictures were painted in the 16th century. 3. Are these books used for work?4. In Italy we will be shown many places of interest. 5. This man was followed by a great crowd. 6. When the new story was being read, somebody knocked at the door. 7. We have already been invited to the party.8. When mother came, dinner had already been cooked. 9. This doctor isoften sent for. 10. He is always met by his friends at the railway station.11. Are you given books for reading at school? 12. The prisoners werebrought into a big hall. 13. What exercises were done in class? 14. Whowas this letter written by? 15. Many schools will be built next year.16. He is laughed at by everybody. 17. Will this work be finished nextweek? 18. When were these apple trees planted? 19. He was often remembered and spoken about at the institute. 20. Will we be met at thestation? 21. The answer will be sent in a few days. 22. When were youasked? 23. This translation will be finished in a few days. 24. Will thisbook be returned in time?  3041. The letters were left on the table. 2. The boy was not allowed tobathe in the river. 3. After dinner the dishes were washed. 4. The letterwas written yesterday. 5. This article was written by an English journalist. 6. This poem must be learnt by all the students of our group. 7. Wewere shown many beautiful things. 8. The poem was learnt by heart.9. They will be taught English. 10. When the apple was eaten (had beeneaten), the girl took the doll and went into the room. 11. When will yourbook be written? 12. All these books have been borrowed from the library. 13. The dictation was handed in to the teacher after the bell rang.14. I thought that bread and butter would be bought by my sister. 15. Inspring this field will be covered with green grass and flowers. 16. Thehomework was/ has been prepared, the books and exercisebooks were/have been put into the bag. 17. The work was done very well. 18. The article must be translated by five o'clock. 19. The translation will be finished in time. 20. When I came home, dinner had already been cooked.21. The article was translated without mistakes. 22. The book was putinto the bookcase.  3051. Where is your brother now? — He has been sent to France.2. You have just been spoken about. 3. At home she was laughed at.4. "I have just been ordered to bring in the prisoners," said the soldier.5. Who was this letter written by? 6. These flowers have just beenpicked. 7. Were you asked to come a little earlier yesterday? 8. Nextyear his play will be staged at this theatre. 9. This professor is alwayssent for in difficult situations. 10. St. Paul's Cathedral was built by thearchitect Wren. 11. When was the letter written? 12. Where have thebooks been put? 13. The doctor will be sent for tomorrow. 14. Manyhouses are built in St. Petersburg. 15. Books by English and Americanwriters are published all over the world. 16. By the time he came, theletter had already been received. 17. Our house is being repaired now.18. Nick is just being asked. 19. Have the books been brought from thelibrary? 20. This cinema had been built before we came here. 21. Robert Burns' poems are known in many countries of the world. 22. WhenCharles Dickens was a little boy, his father was put into a debtors'prison. 23. This opera was written a hundred years ago. 24. This novelhas already been translated into five languages. 25. Dinner was beingcooked when I came home.  3061. I was introduced to her father yesterday. 2. When I return home, allmy suitcases will be packed. 3. What textbook is referred to in your report? 4. Had this composition been written before you made your report?5. She was listened to very inattentively and everything she said wassoon forgotten. 6. This episode is much spoken about in our house. 7. Wewere taken into the hall and offered good seats. 8. Has the medicine beensent for? Yes, it is being looked for. 9. He was brought up by his sister.10. Don't worry; he will be helped with his work. 11. Three new schoolsare being built in our district. 12. This bridge is still being built. It wasbeing built when I saw it for the first time. 13. When I began helpingthem, they had already been translating the article for two hours, but ithad not yet been translated. 14. When I come home, dinner will still becooked. 15. This story was discussed at the literature lesson.  

Согласование времен. Косвенная речь
3071. Когда он узнал, что его сын всегда получает отличные оценкипо всем предметам в школе, он был очень доволен. 2. Когда он узнал, что его сын получил отличную оценку в школе, он был оченьдоволен. 3. Мы не знали, куда ходят наши друзья каждый вечер.4. Мы не знали, куда ушли наши друзья. 5. Она сказала, что ее лучший друг по профессии врач. 6. Она сказала, что ее лучший другбыл по профессии врачом. 7. Я не знал, что вы работаете в Эрмитаже. 8. Я не знал, что вы работали в Эрмитаже. 9. Я знал, что выбольны. 10. Я знал, что вы были больны. 11. Мы выяснили, что онавыходит из дома в восемь часов каждое утро. 12. Мы выяснили, чтоона вышла из дома в восемь часов в то утро.  3081. My uncle said he had just come back from the Caucasus. 2. He saidhe had spent a fortnight in the Caucasus. 3. He said it had done him a lotof good. 4. He said he felt better now. 5. He said his wife and he hadspent most of their time on the beach. 6. He said they had done a lot ofsightseeing. 7. He said he had a good camera. 8. He said he had takenmany pictures while travelling in the Caucasus. 9. He said he wouldcome to see us next Sunday. 10. He said he would bring and show us thepictures he had taken during his stay in the Caucasus.  3091. Mike said he was sure Ann and Kate would be excellent guides.2. He said they had made good progress in English. 3. Oleg said that in aday or two several English students should come to pay a visit to theirschool and he should probably have to act as an interpreter. 4. Ann saidshe had just met Boris in the street. 5. She said Boris had told her a lot ofinteresting things about his travels in the south. 6. Nick said he was goingto the hotel to see his friends who had just arrived in St. Petersburg fromthe United States of America. 7. He said they had not been here for along time. 8. He said they had been friends at school. 9. He said he wouldtake them to the theatre on Sunday. 10. They said they would write me aletter when they returned home.  3101. were waiting; 2. had already wound; 3. would not be; went;4. knows; 5. had not come; 6. remembered; 7. would arrest; 8. did notwant; 9. will send; 10. would leave; 11. has already found; 12. was striking; 13. could, was; 14. had ever travelled. 15. was running; 16. had justgone, would be.  3111. was playing; 2. would come; 3. had posted; 4. will be; will notchange; 5. was; 6. has bought; 7. had seen; 8. was staying; 9. had lost;10. studied; 11. would finish; 12. worked; 13. was.  3121. I was afraid that you would fall and break your leg. 2. I knew thatmy friend had never been to Washington. 3. I was told that she neverdrank milk. 4. We were told that he was a very talented singer. 5. Weknew that they lived a happy life. 6. She thought that the children wereplaying in the yard. 7. She hoped that her friend would come to see her.8. He thought that father had repaired his bicycle. 9. I supposed that sheknew English very well. 10. We were sure that our sportsmen would winthe game. 11. I found out that he did not know German at all. 12. Shewas glad that she had made no mistakes in her dictation. 13. I knew thathe worked at his English hard. 14. I was told that she danced better thananybody else. 15. I learnt that my cousin had received a very interestingoffer from his firm. 16. My aunt wrote in her letter that she would cometo stay with us. 17. We heard that he was painting a new picture. 18. Wewere sure that his new picture would be a masterpiece.  3131. I knew that she worked at a plant, that she had a husband and twochildren, that her family was very friendly and she was happy. 2. He toldme yesterday that he had studied at the university before. 3. Last weekwe decided that the next year we would all go to the Crimea. 4. My sistersaid that she wanted to come to our place herself. 5. I knew that she wasvery busy. 6. Nobody knew that you were waiting here. Let's go into thehouse. 7. The guide warned us that in this part of the town the traffic wasrather heavy. 8. The secretary did not notice that the manager (director)was speaking to somebody. 9. We all knew that her family was inSt. Petersburg again. 10. Lena said that she was giving us that picture.11. She said that her colleagues always gave her very good advice.12. He said that he liked this play. 13. Last year they thought that theywould never read English well, but yesterday they saw that they readtexts rather well. 14. He told me yesterday that his father was a professorand lived in Moscow.  3141. I was afraid that I would lose my way in the forest. 2. She knewthat we had never seen her picture. 3. The scientist was sure that hewould find the solution of the problem. 4. I knew that you had come toSt. Petersburg and supposed that you would visit me. 5. We did not thinkthat he would be so angry. 6. We learnt yesterday that she was ill. 7. Hethought that she would not come to school. 8. I knew that my sister wasstudying French and thought that she would go to Paris. 9. I was told thatyou had rung me up. 10. I thought that you were in Moscow. 11. I did notknow that you had already returned to St. Petersburg. 12. We hoped thatwe would go to London. 13. The teacher said that our friends had sent aletter from London. 14. She said that her friend had invited her to thetheatre. 15. We were afraid that we would not be able to buy a ticket tothe theatre. 16. We saw that the children were playing in the sand.17. She said that she would not bathe any more because the water wascold. 18. My cousin said that she liked opera and would be glad to go tothe theatre with us, although she had already listened to "La Traviata"twice.  3151. I thought that he would wait for me. 2. He was afraid that it would bedifficult for him to make a report. 3. He told us that when he had enteredthe room, his friend was already sitting on the sofa. He was reading anewspaper. 4. We hoped that she would come soon. 5. He said that he didnot know when the conference would begin. 6. I was sure that if we hurried, we would not miss the train. 7. He asked me what I would do in theevening. I answered that I did not know if I would be free in the evening,but told him that if I was free, I would ring him up about eight o'clock.8. Everybody was sure that Boris would pass his examinations well. 9. Hesaid that Lev Tolstoy was his favourite writer. 10. I knew that you lived inMoscow, but I did not know your address. 11. He said that he would giveup smoking. 12. Everybody knew that she would go to Rome. 13. We aresorry; we did not think that you were waiting for us. 14. I did not know thatyou liked football, too. 15. I was sure that he would be a distinguished actor. 16. I was afraid that you would not follow my advice. 17. I did notknow that you would work in the reading room.  3161. The teacher told me to hand that note to my parents. 2. Oleg toldhis sister to put the letter into an envelope and give it to Kate. 3. Robertasked Henry to help him with that work. 4. He asked the waitress tobring him some fish soup. 5. She told me not to worry over such a smallthing. 6. Mary asked her friend not to mention it to anybody. 7. Janeasked Alice to promise to come and see her. 8. He told us to come therethe next day. 9. I asked Mike to send me a telegram as soon as he arrived.10. Father told me not to stay there long. 11. Peter told them not to leavethe room until he came back. 12. He told the porter to take his luggage toRoom 145. 13. He asked me to ring him up the next day. 14. She askedthe waiter to bring her a cup of black coffee. 15. Mother told us not to belate for dinner. 16. Jane asked us to tell her all we knew about it. 17. Sheasked Nick not to say anything about it to his sister.  3171. My friend asked me to explain to him how to solve that problem.2. The doctor told Nick to open his mouth and show him his tongue.3. The man told Kate not to be afraid of his dog. 4. The librarian told theboy to take that book and read it. 5. The doctor told Pete not to go for awalk that day. 6. Nick's mother told him not to eat too much icecream.7. The teacher told us to go home. 8. My mother asked me to buy somemeat in the shop. 9. My mother told me to sit down at the table and domy homework. 10. Granny told Helen not to forget to clean her teeth.11. The doctor told Mary not to sit up late.  3181. He said that he had just received a letter from his uncle. 2. He toldme that he was going to the theatre that night. 3. Mike said that he hadspoken to Mr. Brown that morning. 4. He told her that he would do it thatday if he had time. 5. I told them that I could give them my uncle's address. 6. Oleg said that his room was on the second floor. 7. He said thathe was sure she would ring him up when she was back in St. Petersburg.8. Misha said that he had seen them at his parents' house the year before.9. He said that he had not seen his cousin that day. 10. She said that shedid not go to that shop very often. 11. Tom said that he had already hadbreakfast and so he was not hungry.  3191. The woman said that that man had spoken to her on the road. 2. Myclassmate told me that he could not explain that rule to me. 3. Theteacher told the class that they would discuss that subject the next day.4. The woman told her son that she was glad she was there. 5. Mike saidthat they had bought those books that day. 6. She told me that she couldread my translation them. 7. Our teacher said that Thackeray's novelswere very interesting. 8. She said that we would read that book in the 9thform. 9. Nellie said that she had read "Jane Eyre" the year before.10. Alec said that his friend lived in Moscow. 11. The teacher told methat I had not done my work well. 12. The poor man told the rich manthat his horse was wild and that it could kill the rich man's horse. 13. Therich man told the judge that the poor man's horse had killed his horse.  3201. The mother told the doctor that the children were in the nursery.2. The boy told his mother that he had no time for lunch that day. 3. Thewoman told me that I spoke English very well. 4. My brother told methat he was going to become a doctor. 5. My uncle told us that he boughtseveral newspapers every day. 6. The teacher told the pupils that the following year they would have six hours of English a week. 7. He told methat he wanted to see me that day. 8. She said that she was free that night.9. Mother told me that she felt bad that day. 10. The pupil told theteacher that he could do his homework after dinner. 11. The teacher toldJack that she knew that he worked hard and added that he was a goodboy. 12. The old man told the girl that she could sing perfectly and addedthat he thought that she would be a famous singer. 13. My sister told methat I looked very well, much better than I had looked the day before.She added that she thought I had recovered after my illness. 14. My guesttold me that I was an excellent cook and added that everything was verytasty. 15. The student said that he could not answer that question becausehe did not understand it.  3211. Не told me that they were staying at the Grand Europe Hotel. 2. Hesaid that they were leaving the following Monday. 3. The clerk told themthat they could leave the key with the maid upstairs. 4. Masha said that sheusually spent her holidays in the south. 5. She said that she had spent herholidays in the Crimea the year before. 6. Boris said that he went to thesouth every year. 7. He said that he was going to a health resort the nextday. 8. Ann told us that they hadn't yet come. 9. She told us that they hadarrived in St. Petersburg the day before. 10. I said that I had been to London the year before and added that my friends in London sometimes invited me to spend my holidays with them. 11. Nick said that he had neverbeen to London and added that he thought he would go there the followingyear. 12. He said that he would not stay with his friends too long.  3221. My fatherinlaw told me that he would come as soon as he wasready. 2. My friend said that I would know that she had gone to the concert if she was not at home by eight. 3. His uncle said that he wouldcome to the Philharmonic with him if he got tickets. 4. The guide told usthat five years before there had been no people living there at all. 5. Mysister said that she would go skiing on Sunday if she had time. 6. The sitemanager said that they had finished building that house only the weekbefore. 7. Mother said that it would be very pleasant when Tom camehome. 8. The pupil told the teacher that he would do it at once if he liked.9. My friend said that her brother had been there that day. 10. Maggiesaid that it was a pity I hadn't come earlier. 11. The teacher told the pupils that there would be an interesting lecture at the school assembly hallthe next day. He also added that one of their teachers would speak aboutCharles Dickens. 12. My colleague said that the year before she hadspent her summer vacation in the Caucasus. 13. My neighbour said thathe had come to live in that town several years before. 14. Grandmothertold me that she would be reading me a story until it was time to goto bed. 15. My father said that he had read all about it in that day's newspaper.  3231. I told my grandmother to listen very carefully to what the doctortold her, when her turn came. 2. The laboratory assistant told me that ifI was in a hurry, we would make only the first experiment. 3. Thewriter told the correspondent that he wouldn't start anything new untilhe had finished that novel. 4. The boy's father told him that when hegot a job, he would buy him a warm coat. 5. My mother told me that ifI spilled the milk, there would not be any for the cat. 6. She told methat she would show me her new dress when I came to see her on Sunday. 7. Jane told Henry to bring Mary to their house if she arrived before seven. 8. The PT teacher told the pupils not to wait until he cameand to begin playing volleyball as soon as they finished the exercises.9. Mary told her mother to ask Robert, as soon as he appeared where hehad put the dictionary.  3241."I will go to see the doctor tomorrow." 2. "I am ill". 3. "I havefallen ill". 4. "Tom did not come to school yesterday". 5. "You may catchcold". 6. "I have caught cold". 7. "While crossing the English Channelwe stayed on deck all the time". 8. "I felt sick when crossing the Channel". 9. "I am feeling bad today". 10. "I have pain in my right side".11. "I have just been examined by a good doctor". 12. "I will not come toschool until Monday". 13. "I spent a month at a health resort". 14. "Myhealth has greatly improved since then".  3251. Mother wanted to know who had brought that parcel. 2. He askedher where she usually spent her summer holidays. 3. Ann wonderedwhen Mike had left London. 4. She asked Boris when he would be backhome. 5. Boris asked them how he could get to the railway station.6. Mary was interested what time Tom would come there the next day.7. She asked me why I hadn't come there the day before. 8. She wantedto know what I would do the next day if I wasn't busy at my office. 9. Iasked Nick where he was going. 10. I asked him how long he was goingto stay there. 11. I wanted to know how long it would take him to getthere. 12. Pete asked his friends when they were leaving St. Petersburg.13. He asked them who they would see before they left there. 14. Theyasked him what time the train started. 15. I asked Mike what he would doafter dinner. 16. I asked my uncle how long he had stayed in the Crimea.17. Ada asked me where I had seen such trees. 18. I asked Becky whatkind of book her friend had brought to her.  3261. I forgot where I had put the book. 2. She wanted to know who hadgiven me that nice kitten. 3. He asked me where he could buy an EnglishRussian dictionary. 4. He wondered how long it would take mybrother to get to Madrid. 5. He didn't tell anybody where he was going.6. Did you know where he had gone? 7. Did you know where he was?8. I wanted to know when he was leaving school. 9. Nobody knew wherehe lived. 10. She asked them when he would come back. 11. He wantedto know where she had bought that hat. 12. I had no idea how much shehad paid for it.  3271. I asked Mike if he had packed his suitcase. 2. I asked Kate ifsomebody had met her at the station. 3. I asked her if she could give metheir address. 4. I wanted to know if Tom had had breakfast. 5. I wondered if my sister would stay at home or go for a walk after dinner. 6. Iasked my mother whether somebody had come to see me. 7. I asked mysister whether Nick would call for her on the way to school. 8. She askedthe young man if he could call a taxi for her. 9. Mary asked Peter if hehad shown his photo to Dick. 10. Oleg asked me if I would come therethe next day. 11. He asked us if we had gone to the museum that morning. 12. I asked Boris if his friend lived in London. 13. I asked the manwhether he was living in a hotel. 14. Nick asked his friend if he wouldstay at the Hilton. 15. He asked me whether I often went to see myfriends. 16. He asked me if I would see my friends before I left St. Petersburg. 17. Mike wondered if Jane would come to the railway station tosee him off. 18. She wanted to know whether I had sent them a telegram.19. She asked me if I had sent them a telegram the day before.  3281. I did not know if they had sold the picture. 2. I wondered if theyknew anything about it. 3. She asked me if Jack had given me his telephone number. 4. I was not sure if he was coming back that day. 5. Sheasked me if I had found the book. 6. The man asked if there were somemore books there. 7. I wanted to know if she had gone shopping the daybefore. 8. He did not ask her whether she had bought the dictionary. 9. Idoubted if she knew the name of the man. 10. I asked if Boris had seenthe man that morning.  3291. Kate wondered if Mike liked her dress. 2. Grandfather wanted toknow what mark Mary had got at school. 3. My sister asked me whetherI would take her to the theatre with me the next day. 4. Mother asked meif I had played with my friends the day before. 5. Kate's mother wondered why Kate didn't play with her friends. 6. My little sister asked meif I liked chocolates. 7. Mr. Brown asked Lena if she had seen her grannythe day before. 8. The doctor asked Nick if he washed his face and handsevery morning. 9. The teacher asked Mike if his father worked at a factory. 10. Mother asked us what we were doing there. 11. Father askedNick if he had done his homework. 12. Tom asked Ann where her friendswere.  3201. 'Has the doctor given you any medicine? Are you feeling betternow?" 2. "How long have you been in St. Petersburg?" 3. "Are you goingto a health resort?" 4. "Is your father still in Moscow?" 5. "What sort ofwork does your father do?" 6. "Have they taken the sick man to hospital?" 7. "Do you have a headache?" 8. "When did you fall ill?" 9. "Haveyou taken your temperature?"  3311. Ann's grandmother asked her if she liked her pies. 2. Tom's mothertold him to sit down at the table and do his homework. 3. John's fatherwas interested to know what they had done at school the day before.4. Helen's aunt asked her whether she would play the piano that day.5. My uncle said that they would visit us the following week. 6. The mantold Nick not to cross the street under the red light. 7. Mike told his father that he had taken a very good book from their library the day before.8. Lena invited Jane to come to her house the next day. 9. Betsy's motherasked her daughter where her books were.  3321. She said that she was busy that day and that she would be busierthe next day. 2. Jane said that she would come to school early the nextday. 3. They said that they would not go to school on Sunday. 4. Mr.Dickson said that he would have to pay a lot of money for the car. 5. Peter told me that he would be waiting for me at the station. 6. Mary saidthat she would be back soon. 7. She asked me what I was going to dowhen I came home. 8. She said that she hoped she would soon speakEnglish well. 9. He said that he was sure it would rain the next day.10. They said that they would go to the river the next day if it was hot.11. He said that he was sure she would come in time. 12. She said thatshe would be able to read English newspapers without a dictionary thefollowing year.  3331. My elder sister asked me to lock the door when I left the house.2. She asked Robert if he had received a telegram from his wife.3. Mabel said that nothing would change her decision and she wouldleave for Cape Town that night. 4. The old woman asked her nephewnot to smoke in the room. 5. The girl said that she was shivering withcold. 6. The boy said that he wanted to sit in the armchair. 7. The secretary told me that the delegation had arrived in St. Petersburg the daybefore. 8. She asked me to open the window. 9. He said that he wouldlight a fire and make himself breakfast. 10. The mother told her littledaughter not to run to the door when she heard the bell. 11. She askedme how long I was going to stay there. 12. Mary asked me if I wouldspend my vacation in Moscow.  3341. The teacher asked the children what they had prepared for that day.2. The teacher told the pupils not to open their books. 3. Mother told methat I would go to the cinema the next day. 4. Father told Jane to showhim her exercisebook. 5. Kate asked the boys what they were doingthere. 6. Tom's mother told him not to make noise. 7. Helen asked Pete ifhe had played chess with his father the day before. 8. Kate asked hergrandmother to help her to cook the soup. 9. Mike told the teacher thathis sister knew two foreign languages. 10. Tom told his sister that he hadseen her friend at the library the day before.  3351. My friend asked me when I had received that letter. 2. The boysasked Peter if he would play football with them. 3. Tom's mother toldhim to go to bed. 4. Nellie told Pete that she had never seen his toys.5. The teacher told Nick to give her his record book. 6. Ann asked Lenato look at her nice kitten. 7. Our grandmother said that we would go tothe zoo the next day. 8. Mother told Pete not to forget to wash his hands.9. Nick told his mother that he was doing his homework. 10. Mike toldthe teacher that he had learnt a long poem. 11. The man told the boys notto play in the street. 12. My mother wanted to know why I did not drinkmy tea. 13. Johnny told his mother that he had seen his friend at the stadium the day before.  3361. My friend asked me if I was fond of going to the theatre. Hewanted to know if I had seen any plays by Shakespeare. 2. Nellie askedme if I had seen "Hamlet" the night before. 3. I asked Nellie whether wewould go to the theatre together. 4. Nellie was interested to knowwhether Mike liked Shakespeare. She wanted to know if he would go tothe theatre with us. 5. Mike told Kate that he would buy some newstamps for her if she gave him that one. 6. Mary asked Boris if he wouldbring his sister to the party with him. 7. He asked me not to touch him.8. My father said that he thought he would not go to the beach with usthat day because he was very busy. 9. Tom told Ann that he was verythirsty and asked her to give him some lemonade. 10. Aunt Polly toldTom not to lie to her and added that she was tired of his lies.  3371. The teacher told us that we would have to work hard the next day.2. My girlfriend told me that she would not be able to go for a walk withme that day because she was very busy. 3. She asked me how long I wasgoing to stay in the country. 4. He told me that he liked to go to the canteen during the break. 5. He wanted to know when I would go to the canteen. 6. John said that he had met them at the airport the day before. 7.He said that he would come to the party if he was free the next day.8. She said that she would go to the cinema in the evening if she was notvery tired. 9. My mother told me that it would be difficult for me to getup the next day if I did not go to bed at once. 10. Nina said that she likedmusic and added that she listened to it every evening before going to bed.11. My aunt said that she would not be thirsty if she ate some grapes.12. Mother told us not to go out before she returned. 13. My sister saidthat she would be neither hungry nor thirsty if she had a cup of tea with asandwich. 14. Mary told Fred not to switch on TV and explained that shewas working.  3381. Prince John asked Locksley why he was shouting. He wanted toknow what his name was. 2. The teacher wanted to know who had read"Ivanhoe". He asked us whom it had been written by. 3. One of the pupils asked the teacher of literature what novels they would read the following year. 4. The Frenchman wanted to know if the river Volga was inRussia. 5. Ann asked the girls if they were playing volleyball. She addedthat she had not known that they liked it. 6. Peter told us not to touchthose photographs and explained that they were still wet and we mightspoil them. 7. Fred asked the boys if their friend often came there. Headded that he wanted to speak to him. 8. My friend asked me how I hadmanaged to solve that difficult problem in such a short time. 9. Theteacher told us that we would write a paper the next day. 10. Kate toldNick that she had seen a new film the day before. Nick wonderedwhether she had liked it.  3391. We asked a passerby whether he knew where the Browns lived.2. Andrew told us that there were a lot of trains to his station on Sundayand added that we would have no problems getting to his country place.3. He asked me if I often met his sister at the library. 4. Nick wanted toknow if the teacher would return their exercisebooks that day. 5. Thewoman said that her nephew was a very capable young man. She addedthat he had just graduated from college, but he was already a very skilfulspecialist. 6. The doctor told me to sit still and not to move my head.7. Vera told Helen that she wanted to know how her cousin liked working at that hospital. 8. The teacher told us not to forget to bring our exercisebooks the next day and explained that we were going to write a veryimportant paper. 9. The girl wanted to know how she could get to the circus. The man told her to take tram number 5. 10. Mike told Kate that hewas very sorry and added that he had forgotten to bring her dictionary.11. The neighbour wondered when my mother went shopping.  3401. He told me to come at nine o'clock and added that he would be freeat that time and we would have a nice cup of coffee. 2. Nina asked herfriend what the professor had spoken about in his lecture. 3. He said thatthe man was one of the best speakers he had ever heard. 4. He said thathe had not yet seen the film I was talking about. 5. He said that he hadseldom gone to see his friend in May as he had been very busy. 6. Sheasked her brother whether he would manage to get tickets to the Philharmonic on Sunday. 7. My friend said that they had arrived in Kiev onSaturday and the next day they had gone to have a look around the city.8. She asked if I had lived in St Petersburg ten years before. 9. She askedme if I was going to leave St. Petersburg for the summer. 10. My friendtold me that the discussion would still be going on when I returned.11. He said that he was proud of his brother who had taken the first prizeat the competition. 12. She wanted to know how long I had been living inSt. Petersburg. 13. She said that he had just left. 14. He was interested toknow when my parents would arrive in St. Petersburg. 15. She wanted toknow if I had been present at the meeting the day before.  3411. My aunt said that she would gladly go to the cinema with us because she had not seen that film and she wanted to see it very much.2. The teacher asked the pupils which of them could answer his question.3. She asked the doctor if he thought that simple food was better for children than rich food. 4. Vera wondered why their team had lost the gameand added that it had always been very strong. 5. Tom wanted to knowwhere Mary had put his book and added that he could not find it. 6. Fredsaid that he was very happy and explained that he had bought a verygood bicycle. 7. The man asked the boys whom they were waiting for.8. Mary said that she would not go to the party the next day because shedid not feel well. 9. Walter said that they had seen a lot of places of interest when they were travelling around Europe the summer before. 10. Janesaid that she supposed they would go to the theatre the next day.11. Lena asked me not to take the books from her table and explainedthat she had specially prepared them for working at her report. 12. Nick'sgrandfather told him not to be afraid and explained that that dog was veryclever and would not do him any harm.  3421. "A friend of yours called on you half an hour ago". 2. "I study atMoscow University". 3. "My brother is playing chess with my grandfather". 4. "It is very difficult to play this role". 5. "Why are there so fewpeople in the street?" 6. "Do you know where you live?" 7. "Don't worryand go home quietly". 8. "I will sleep in the open air". 9. "Are you goingto leave St. Petersburg tomorrow?" 10. "I bought this watch yesterday".11. "I have just had a telephone call from home". 12. "Leave the key atyour sister's, please." 13. "I cannot understand the rule". 14. "I bought aticket yesterday".  3431. "I saw the film several months ago". 2. "I haven't seen it yet". 3. "Iwant to make a radio set". 4. "I have made a radio set". 5. "I often go tosee Bob". 6. "I have seen Mary today". 7. "I like Dickens' novels verymuch". 8. "I read "Dombey and Son" last year". 9. "The pupils will readthe text tomorrow". 10. "Buy some bread on your way home, please".11. "Don't be late for dinner". 12. "Do you have "Gulliver's Travels"?"13. "Have you read "Robinson Crusoe" by Daniel Defoe?" 14. "Will yoube at home at three o'clock?" 15. "Who is ill?" 16. "What did you see atthe museum?"  3441. "Have your passports ready". 2. "Pass up the gangway".3. "You will find your luggage on deck". 4. "Will you go down to yourcabin or stay up on deck?" 5. "I am a bad sailor and cannot stay ondeck". 6. "Take our luggage to cabin number 8". 7. "Do you often go toEngland?" 8. "I don't cross the English Channel very often for it isrough as a rule". 9. "Do you know when the boat is due at Southampton?" 10. "Do you think it will take us long to get through the customs?"  3451. "Will you be busy tomorrow?" 2. "Will you come to the Philharmonic with me? — At what time are you planning to go? — It will takeus long to get there. — Where will we meet?" 3. "Are you afraid of thunderstorm?" 4. "Have you ever walked in rainy weather?" 5. "I prefersunny days." 6. "Are you in a hurry?" 7. "Will you go to the country tomorrow?" 8. "What do you like to do on your days off?" 9. "May I speakto the headmistress?" 10. 'Will you give me your book?"  3461. "Are you going to your hometown for the holidays?" 2. "I couldn'tring you up in time." 3. "Wait for me, please." 4. "Does anyone elseknow about my arrival?" 5. "When will you take your last examination?"6. "Did you take part in the football match?" 7. "Where do you live?"8. "I have joined a sports society." 9. "I saw your brother yesterday."10. "Hurry up as there is little time left before the beginning of the meeting." 11. "Has the rain stopped?" 12. "It is still raining." 13. "I havefound the book you are looking for." 14. "I don't like the main characterof the book, but I cannot explain why." 15. "What will you do if youdon't find the book you need?"  3471. Vera answered Nina that her favourite books were "Gulliver'sTravels" and "Robinson Crusoe" and added that then she was reading anovel by Walter Scott.2. Nina said that the year before they had learnt some poems byByron and Shelly and added that they were very beautiful.3. Vera told Nina that she knew many poems by those great poets andadded that she had also read some books about Byron and Shelley.4. Nina said that that year they would read a play by Shakespeare inEnglish.  3481. My friend said: "All the pupils of our class like history lessons." —1. My friend said that all the pupils of their class liked history lessons.2. I said to him: "We like English lessons." — 2. I told him that weliked English lessons.3. The teacher said: "Soon you will speak English well because youwork much." — 3. The teacher said that soon we would speak Englishwell because we worked much.4. Mother said: "Don't make noise! Grandfather is sleeping." —4. Mother told us not to make noise because Grandfather was sleeping.5. Kate said: "Father is in the room. He is reading." — 5. Kate saidthat Father was in the room and added that he was reading.6. The teacher said: "I have already corrected your papers." — 6. Theteacher said that he had already corrected our papers.7. Ann said: "We found a lot of mushrooms in the forest." — 7. Annsaid that they had found a lot of mushrooms in the forest.  3491. Yesterday our teacher asked us: "Do you read much?" — Yesterday our teacher asked us if we read much.2. When he saw "David Copperfield" in my hands, he asked: "Wheredid you take this book?" — When he saw "David Copperfield" in myhands, he asked where I had taken that book.3. Then he asked: "Do you know anything about the author of thisbook?" — Then he asked if I knew something about the author of thatbook.4. Mike asked me: "When will you go to buy books?" — Mike askedme when I would go to buy books.  3501. Peter asked Ann if they had run a race the day before. Ann answered that they had and added that Tamara had been the first to come tothe finish. 2. Tom asked his mother where his bag was. His mother saidthat she had put it on the chair near the door and told him not to forget toput his record book into it. 3. The children asked their mother why theycould not play there. Their mother said that their father was sleeping. Sheadded that their father had worked very much that day and told the children to keep quiet. 4. Alec asked us why we helped her and added thatshe was lazy and could do everything herself. 5. Lena said that she didnot want to go to the zoo and explained that she had been there the weekbefore with her cousin and seen all the animals. 6. Nick asked his fatherto look at his stamps and wondered when his father would buy some newones for him. 7. Tanya said that she could not do that exercise and addedthat it was too difficult. Her brother wanted to know why she had notasked her teacher to explain it. 8. The lighthouse keeper asked his assistant if he could see the lights in the distance. The assistant answered thathe could and added that a ship was giving signals.  3511. Kate said that she would go to see her friend the next day andasked Pete if he would come with her. Pete said that he would andadded that he wanted to see her friend. 2. Victor asked Mary if herfriend always came to school so early. Mary said that she didn't andexplained that her friend had come so early that morning because shewas on duty that day. 3. Nina suggested playing badminton. Mikeagreed and added that he liked to play badminton very much. 4. Billsuggested running a race. Jack refused and explained that he had hurthis foot three days before and now he could not run. 5. Tom askedBecky if she would show him their new flat. Becky agreed and invitedTom to come to their place the next day. 6. Lena said that there was anew film on at their cinema and suggested going and seeing it. Mike refused. He said that he could not go because he would be busy. 7. Annwondered what they would do with Nick and added that he had got abad mark again. Pete suggested helping him with his Russian andadded that he was sure they could do it.  3521. He wanted to know who that man was and added that he did notknow him. 2. I thought that he was a very clever man and that he couldhelp me. 3. My brother said that in two hours he would have finished hiswork and then he would go to the cinema. He suggested going to the cinema together. I agreed. 4. The teacher told the pupils to open their booksand begin reading the new text. 5. The girl wanted to know the price ofthat dress. 6. I asked my father to help me with that problem and addedthat I could not solve it. My father agreed and suggested trying to solve ittogether. 7. He said that they had forgotten to take the ball. 8. She saidthat she would be very glad to see me. 9. Walter suggested going to thePhilharmonic and added that there was a good concert there that night.Robert agreed and added that he had not been to the Philharmonic for along time. 10. Alec asked me if I had ever been to the National Gallery. Ianswered that I had and added that I had visited it the year before whenwe were staying in London. 11. Kate suggested going to Finland for thewinter holidays. Andrew refused and added that they had already been toFinland. He suggested going to Greece and added that it would be veryinteresting to see the country they had read about so much. Kate agreed.12. Nellie said that she had gone to see Paul the day before but he hadnot been at home. Nick suggested going to see him that day. He addedthat he thought Paul would be at home. Nellie refused and said that shecould not go that day because she was very busy.  3531. Lena said that she had not seen him since the year before andadded that she thought he had grown. She suggested going and seeinghim the next day. I agreed and added that it would be interesting to seehim and talk to him. 2. I asked my friend if he thought it was really correct and added that I was afraid he had made a mistake in one or twowords. 3. Tom's mother said that that was enough. She said that Tomwould never go there again and added that she would see to it. 4. Grandmother asked who would read the next story and added that it was veryinteresting and that she was sure we all would like it. 5. Lena asked herfriend if he would come and see her on Friday. Her friend agreed andadded that he thought he would be free on Friday. 6. He asked mewhether I would need the book for a long time and added that he couldgive it to me only for a few days. 7. Mary said that soon she would knowthe whole poem perfectly and added that she had already learnt morethan half of it. 8. John asked me if I would be able to find their housewithout him and added that I had never been to those parts. 9. She toldme not to ask her any more questions. She added that she was very tiredand promised to answer all my questions the next day. 10. He told methat he would finish reading the book by Monday and added that I couldhave it then.  3541. "Don't call on me tomorrow as I will not be at home." 2. "Wait forme." 3. "I have lived in St. Petersburg for many years and know the cityvery well." 4. "I am sorry you haven't kept your promise." 5. "I have justcome from the United States and intend to stay in St. Petersburg forabout a month." 6. "I am not satisfied with my report and I am going towork at it for some more time. I am to make it on the 20th of Februaryand so I have a few days left." 7. "I am quite all right. The climate hasn'tdone me any harm." 8. "Where can I buy a video cassette?" 9. "Who rangyou up in the morning?"  3551. An unfamiliar voice asked if that was Dmitri speaking. The mansaid that his name was Pavlov and that he had come from Moscow thatday. He told me that he had brought some books for me from my friends.He added that he was staying at the Grand Europe Hotel and wonderedwhen and where he could see me. I suggested meeting at the monumentto Pushkin in Arts Square at five o'clock if it was convenient to him. Heagreed and added that he would be there. 2. The shop assistant said thatthe shoe department was downstairs. 3. The professor told his assistantthat he had made great progress. 4. The teacher told us that we must readthat text at home. 5. Paul said that they would have to discuss that textthe next day. 6. She asked me if I knew who had taken her book. 7. Weasked him what had happened to him and added that he looked very pale.8. She told me that she hoped I had not forgotten to post the letter. 9. Sheasked me where I had put her gloves and added that she could not findthem. 10. They told me to try that coat on before buying it and added thatmaybe I would not like it when I had put it on.  3561. Mike asked Bob if he had done his homework or left it till theevening. He added that he had thought of inviting Bob to go to thetheatre with him but had remembered that he nearly always did hishomework in the evening. 2. Jack said that he was fond of Dickens. Hesaid that he had been reading "The Old Curiosity Shop" the wholeweek. He added that he liked the novel very much and that he wasreading it for the second time. 3. Tanya said that she thought her friendhad finished reading "Jane Eyre". She added that she hoped her friendwould give it to her soon and explained that she was eager to read it.4. He asked me if I had a RussianEnglish dictionary. He wondered if Icould let him have it for that evening. He added that he had to do somevery difficult translation. I agreed and added that I would not need thedictionary that night. 5. Nellie told Lydia that she had thought abouther the night before. She wanted to know if Lydia had decided to go toOmsk with her parents or whether she would remain there with her auntuntil she finished school.  357In the morning Nick's mother was trying to wake him up. She askedhim if he heard the alarm clock. Nick had no intention of getting up. Hesaid that he was very sleepy. His mother remarked that Nick always saidit. She told him to get out of bed quickly. Nick showed no sigh of gettingup. His mother told him again to be quick. She added that he would belate for school if he was not quick. Nick told his mother that it was allright and added that he had a lot of time. Nick's mother reminded himthat he had to brush his teeth and to wash his hands and face. Nick answered that he remembered everything.  358Jane came to visit her ill friend Kate. She asked if she might come in.Kate recognized Jane and asked her to come in. She was very glad andsaid that it was very good of Jane to come and see her. Jane said that shehad come before but Kate had been too ill to see anybody. She wanted toknow if Kate had got the flowers. Kate answered that of course she hadand added that it had been very nice of Jane to send them to her. Janeasked Kate how she was now. Kate thanked her and said that she wasmuch better. She added that the doctor said that she would be allowed togo out a few days later. Jane wanted to know if Kate missed school. Kateanswered that she missed school very much. She complained that shewas afraid she would be lagging behind the group in her lessons now.Jane calmed her down by saying that Kate would not think about it andadded that they would help her. Kate thanked her.  359Peter and John were classmates. On their way from school John askedPeter how he was getting along. Peter said that he was quite all right. Heasked John what he thought about the last test in geometry. John said thathe had found it rather difficult and added that he was not very good atsolving problems. Peter wondered why John had not asked him to helphim and added that he would gladly do it. John thanked him and said thathe would. Then he wanted to know if Peter had a lot of homework for thenext day. Peter answered that he had. He remarked that John knew thetimetable and that Friday was always a bad day. He reminded John thatthey had six lessons the next day and that all the subjects were difficult.He added that besides there would be questions from his little sister because she was not very good at sums. John agreed and said that he wouldcome to Peter's place the next day in the evening, if Peter did not mind.Peter agreed and suggested making it the next day. He added that hewould be waiting for John.  360Susan came to consult the doctor. The doctor greeted her and askedwhat the matter with her was. Susan complained of feeling bad, she saidthat she had a headache and added that she was afraid she was running atemperature. The doctor told her to open her mouth and show him herthroat. Then he said that Susan had a bad cold and that she must stay inbed for two days until her temperature was normal and she stoppedcoughing. Susan exclaimed that she hated being ill and staying in bed.The doctor told her that if she was not careful, she might fall ill with theflu or pneumonia. He added that he would prescribe some medicine. Susan thanked the doctor and said goodbye.  361Michael and Bill were friends. Michael asked Bill to show himaround a bit. He added that he had only come there two days before andhad not been anywhere as yet. Bill answered that he would do it withpleasure. He suggested going at once. He also suggested inviting Alice tocome with them. He added that Alice knew a lot about the places of interest there. Michael supported the idea and said that it was good. Billasked Alice if she could come with them. He told her that they were going for a walk and that he wanted to show Michael some places of interest. Alice refused to go with the boys. She said that she was sorry, buther mother had told her to buy some bread and she had forgotten about it.She added that she would have to do it now. She told the boys to gowithout her and promised to go with them some other time. Bill said thatit was a pity, and he and Michael went alone.  362A man in a cafe was speaking to a waiter. The waiter asked him whathe would order. The man wanted to see the menu. The waiter gave himthe menu. Looking through the menu, the man said that he wantedchicken soup for the first course. As he was not sure what to order for thesecond course, the waiter recommended him to take fried fish and addedthat it was very good. The man agreed. Then the waiter asked him if hewanted some vegetables, and the man asked for some potatoes. He alsoordered cheese, coffee and fruit.  

3631. to; 2. – ; 3. – ; 4. – ; 5. to; 6. to; 7. – ; 8. to; 9. – ; 10. to; 11. to;12. to; 13. – ; 14. – ; 15. – ; 16. to; 17. to; 18. – ; 19. to; – ; 20. to; 21. – ;22. to; 23. to; 24. to; 25. – ; 26. to ; 27. to.  3641. … something to warm you up. 2… brush for you to clean yourteeth with. 3 … facts to prove that your theory is correct. 4. … something to rub on your hands. 5. …. screws for you to fasten the shelvesto the wall. 6. … tablets to relieve your headache. 7. … articles to betranslated for tomorrow. 8. … something to write with. 9. … a bookto read now. 10. … problem to be considered / for us to consider. 11.…. brothers to take care of. 12. …. books to read. 13. … anybody tohelp you with your spelling. 14. … a baby to take care of. 15. … nothing to say on this subject. 16. … nothing for him to do. 17. … minutesto explain these words to you. 18. ... examination to take soon. 19. …knights to serve him.  3651. She is too fat to wear this dress now. 2. The accident was tooterrible to talk about. 3. They were too emptyheaded to learn. 4. Thewindow was too dirty to see through. 5. She was too foolish to understand my explanation. 6. I have too little wool to make a sweater.7. The problem is too difficult to solve. 8. The box is too heavy tocarry. 9. The baby is too little to walk. 10. He is too weak to lift thisweight. 11. She is too busy to talk with you. 12. She was too inattentive to notice the mistake. 13. The rule was too difficult for them tounderstand. 14. He was too stupid to see the joke.  3661. To begin with, she opened all the windows. 2. My neighbour is difficult to deal with. 3. To tell you the truth, I am very tired. 4. His behaviour leaves much to be desired. 5. To put it mildly, you surprised me.6. These children are pleasant to look at. 7. To cut a long story short, theygot married. 8. The most famous book by Jerome is "Three Men in aBoat, to Say Nothing of the Dog." 9. You are hard to please. 10. To saythe least of it, we were surprised. 11. To put it mildly, she was impolite.12. Your work leaves much to be desired. 13. To tell you the truth, I don'tlike boxing. 14. Your sister is hard to please. 15. To begin with, I ambusy. 16. He was pleasant to look at. 17. To cut a long story short, he didnot pass the examination. 18. We were all glad, to say nothing of Mother:she said it was the happiest day in her life. 19. Your composition leavesmuch to be desired. 20. It is very strange, to say the least of it.  3671. To tell the truth, I don't like it. 2. They had nothing to eat. 3. Whois to blame? 4. To cut a long story short, he hasn't done his homework.5. Mother is always the first to get up in the family. 6. She is pleasant tolook at. 7. To translate this article, you must use a dictionary. 8. In summer I have nowhere to go. 9. It was out of the question to bathe in thisriver. 10. He had nobody to discuss this problem with. 11. YesterdayKate was the last to come to school. 12. To get a good mark you mustwork hard. 13. She is difficult to deal with. 14. What is to be done?15. To begin with, he is ill. 16. To read Dickens in the original, you mustknow the language well. 17. To put it mildly, he is wrong. 18. She wasnot to blame. 19. The child has nobody to play with. 20. To see is to believe. 21. To catch this train you would hurry. 22. It is out of the questionto buy a car this year. 23. The book leaves much to be desired.  3681. Его самым большим удовольствием было играть в шахматы.2. Ребенок не любил, когда его мыли. 3. Не правда ли, это естественно, что мы любим, когда нас хвалят, и не любим, когда нас ругают? 4. Что более приятно: делать подарки или получать их? 5. Уприроды есть много секретов, которые предстоит открыть. 6. Чтобыулучшить ваше произношение, вам следует записывать и анализировать вашу речь. 7. Это книга, которую надо прочитать во времялетних каникул. 8. Проходить обучение у такого хорошего специалиста было большим преимуществом. 9. Он очень забывчив, но нелюбит, когда ему напоминают о его обязанностях.  3691. Ребенок был счастлив, что его привели домой. 2. Джейнвспомнила, что ей много рассказывали о мистере Рочестере. 3. Детибыли в восторге оттого, что их привели в цирк.4. Мне жаль, что яиспортил Вам настроение. 5. Мэгги была очень расстроена тем, чтозабыла покормить кроликов. 6. Я ужасно рад, что встретил Вас.7. Простите, что поставил Вас в такое неприятное положение. 8. Яочень счастлив, что имел удовольствие познакомиться с Вами. 9. Ясожалею, что заставил Вас ждать. 10. Клайд был ужасно рад, что возобновил свое знакомство с Сондрой. 11. Извините, что я не заметилВас. 12. Я сожалею, что добавил Вам неприятностей тем, что рассказал. 13. Когда Клайд посмотрел на девушку внимательнее, онвспомнил, что видел ее в компании Сондры. 14. Я вспомнил, чтобыл растроган сценой, которую видел.  3701. It is certain to rain if you don't take your umbrella. 2. Don't promise to do it if you are not sure that you can. 3. He was happy to bepraised by everybody. 4. He was very proud to have helped his elderbrother. 5. She was sorry to have missed the beginning of the concert.6. I am glad to see all my friends here. 7. I was afraid to go past thatplace alone. 8. My sister will be thrilled to be wearing a dress as lovelyas that. 9. We must wait to hear the examination results. 10. She ishappy to have found such a nice place to live in. 11. I would be delighted to join you. 12. He hopes to know everything by tomorrow.  3711. to read; 2. to be reading; 3. to have been reading; 4. to have read;5. to be; 6. to be helped; 7. to have been playing; 8. to have done; 9. tohave been working; 10. to have broken; 11. to take; 12. to be taken;13. to help; 14. to be helped; 15. to see.  3721. to be quarrelling; 2. to have been working; 3. to be heard; 4. to belost; to find; to have been dropped; 5. to have been waiting; 6. to bebothering; to be given; 7. to appear; to be talked; 8. to tell; to know; 9. toearn; to be read; not to be forgotten; 10. to have been; to have seen;11. to know; to have spent; 12. to have overthrown; to be advancing;13. to be reading; not to have heard; 14. to be looking; 15. to have beensnowing.  3731. I am glad to have told you this story. 2. I am glad to have been toldthis story. 3. I want to introduce you to this actress. 4. I want to be introduced to this actress. 5. I am glad to have met her at the station. 6. I amglad to have been met at the station. 7. We are happy to have invited himto the party. 8. We are happy to have been invited to the party. 9. He willbe happy to visit this famous picture gallery. 10. He was happy to havevisited this famous picture gallery. 11. Children like to be told fairy tales.12. I did not intend to stop at this station. 13. I did not expect to bestopped. 14. I am sorry to have caused you so much trouble. 15. He cannot stand to be told lies. 16. I remembered to have come across this wordin some book. 17. I am very sorry to have missed this interesting lecture.18. She is happy to have heard the concert of the famous Italian conductor. 19. She is glad to have been present at the lecture. 20. He is very gladto have finished his book. 21. Our sportsmen are proud to have won thecup. 22. I only want to be allowed to help you. 23. I was grateful to havebeen given a room with a large window. 24. He was happy to have returned home. 25. He was happy to be at home again. 26. I am sorry tohave interrupted you. 27. I am sorry not to have found you at home.28. Jane was happy to be leaving Mrs. Reed. 29. Rochester was glad tomeet Jane. 30. Rochester was glad to have met Jane.  

3741. Все смотрели на танцующую девочку. 2. Маленькая полнаяженщина, стоящая у окна, — моя бабушка. 3. Мужчина, играющийна рояле, — Катин дядя. 4. Войдя в комнату, она включила свет.5. Придя в театр, она увидела, что спектакль уже начался. 6. Выглянув в окно, он увидел свою мать, поливающую цветы / увидел, чтоего мать поливает цветы. 7. Услышав звуки музыки, мы пересталиразговаривать. 8. Она вошла в комнату, оставив дверь открытой.9. Работая за своим письменным столом, он слушал новый компактдиск. 10. Выбежав на дорогу, молодой человек остановил такси.11. Просматривая газету, она заметила фотографию своего шефа.12. Применяя химические вещества, пожарные вскоре потушилипожар в лесу.  3751. All the people living in this house are students. 2. The womanspeaking now is our secretary. 3. The apparatus standing on the tablein the corner of the laboratory is quite new. 4. The young man helpingthe professor in his experiments studies at an evening school for laboratory workers. 5. People taking books from the library must returnthem in time. 6. There are many pupils in our class taking part in allkinds of extracurricular activities.  3761. Feeling now more at ease, the man spoke in a louder voice.2. Knowing who the man was, Robert was very pleased to have thechance of talking to him. 3. Thinking that it was his brother at thewindow, Steve decided to open it. 4. Being afraid of falling into a ditchin the darkness at any moment, the people felt their way about verycarefully. 5. Needing a shelter for the night, Peter decided to go to theneighbours' house.  3771. You must have much practice when learning to speak a foreignlanguage. 2. When speaking English, pay attention to the order ofwords. 3. When copying English texts, pay attention to the articles.4. When beginning to work with the dictionary, don't forget my instructions. 5. Be careful when crossing a street. 6. When leaving theroom, don't forget to switch off the light. 7. When travelling in CentralAfrica, the explorers met many wild animals.  3781. Она поставила передо мной тарелку жареной рыбы. 2. Пальто, купленное в прошлом году, теперь мне мало. 3. Никто не виделвещей, хранящихся в этом ящике. 4. Моя сестра любит вареныеяйца. 5. Мы остановились перед закрытой дверью. 6. Будучи привязана к дереву, коза не могла убежать. 7. Они увидели опрокинутые столы и стулья и осколки разбитого стекла, валяющиеся повсей комнате. 8. Это церковь, построенная много лет назад.9. Книги, написанные Диккенсом, дают нам реалистичную картинуАнглии XIX века.  3791. а) Письмо, посланное из СанктПетербурга сегодня, будет вМоскве завтра.b) На почте он увидел несколько человек, посылающих телеграммы.c) Посылая телеграмму, она забыла написать свое имя.2. а) Некоторые вопросы, заданные вчера лектору, были оченьважными.b) Девушка, ставящая книгу на полку, — наш новый библиотекарь.c) Укладывая яйца в корзинку, она разбила одно из них.3. а) Рыба, вытащенная из воды, не может жить.b) Человек, принимающий солнечную ванну, должен быть оченьосторожен.c) Взяв словарь, он начал переводить текст.4. а) Линия, видимая через этот кристалл, выглядит двойной.b) Учитель, видя ошибку в диктанте студента, всегда исправляет ее.c) Увидев над домом клубы дыма, девочка закричала: "Пожар!Пожар!"5. а) Слово, сказанное студентом, было неправильным.b) Человек, стоящий у входа в вагон поезда и прощающийся сосвоими друзьями, — известный музыкант.c) Стоя у окна, она махала рукой.6. а) Слово, произнесенное вовремя, может дать очень важныерезультаты.b) Студенты, хорошо говорящие поанглийски, должны помочьсвоим одноклассникам.c) Говорящая кукла очень заинтересовала ребенка.d) Разговаривая с Колей несколько дней назад, я забыл спроситьего о его сестре.  3801. a) …the girls singing…b) …folk songs sung by...2. a) The girl washing …b) The floor washed by…3. a) …that boy doing…b) The exercise done by…4. a) The house surrounded by…b) The wall surrounding…5. a) The girl writing…b) Everything written…6. … the translated sentences…7. … places visited by you…8. … the pencil lying….9. …the book bought…10….a conference organized by….11. Taking the girl…12. …the lost stamp.13. …a picture painted by…14. … the letter received by…15. …the girl playing...16. The book written….17….the words written….18. …the sun covered by…19. The lost book…20. Going alone…21. …flowers gathered by…22. …hat blown off…23. …turning towards me.24. …boys coming towards us.25. …the boy standing…  3811. Living in the south… 2. Talking to…. 3. Having read the story …4. Having bought some juice …. 5. Sitting near the fire ... . 6. Doing hishomework …. 7. Having done his homework …. 8. Selling fruit ….9. Having sold all the fruit …. 10. Having eaten all the potatoes ….11. Drinking tea …. 12. Running in the yard …. 13. Looking through ….14. Having written out and having learnt all the new words….  3821. Будучи очень больна, она не могла ходить в школу. 2. Первые лучи восходящего солнца осветили вершину холма. 3. Дерево,пораженное молнией, было черным, и на нем не было листьев.4. Будучи занят, он отложил поездку. 5. Дверь, запертую изнутрина засов, было невозможно открыть. 6. Так как путешественникампоказали не то направление, они вскоре заблудились. 7. Комната,выходящая окнами в сад, гораздо более удобна, чем эта. 8. Спустившись с горы, они услышали, как какойто человек звал на помощь. 9. Раскрасневшийся и возбужденный, мальчик подбежал ксвоей матери. 10. Он стоял, наблюдая за людьми, которые шли поулице, крича и размахивая руками. 11. Мальчик спал, когда пришел доктор. 12. Доктор осмотрел сломанную руку. 13. Во времяосмотра мальчик не мог удержаться от слез. 14. Прописав лекарство, доктор ушел. 15. Лекарство, прописанное доктором, былогорьким. 16. Платье, купленное в универмаге, было очень красивым. 17. Пользуясь иголкой, будьте осторожны, чтобы не уколотьпалец. 18. Переходя улицу, нужно сначала посмотреть налево, апотом направо. 19. Люди, смотрящие спектакль, называются зрителями.  383Bringing, brought, bringing, having brought; translating, translated,translating, having translated; giving; having written; reading; taking;given; having read; done; drinking; said; being lost; having drawn; whohas / had written; doing; taken, having taken; drawing; drunk; havingdone; going; writing; read; having given; drawing; doing; drawn; having drunk; speaking; taking; written; reading; going; giving; havingsaid; who was / had been sitting; having looked; being forgotten; building, being built; playing, having played; told, who has / had told; seeing; who has / had brought, being / having been brought; built; havingsold.  3841. When running across the yard, he fell. 2. When going home yesterday, I kept thinking about my friend. 3. Putting on his coat, he went outand looked at the cars passing by. 4. Closing the book, she put it asideand looked at the children running about in the yard. 5. Being translatedinto Russian, the book could be read by everybody. 6. Being given dictionaries, we managed to translate the article easily. 7. Having done myhomework, I will go for a walk. 8. Having bought the book, I will beginreading it.  3851. Having phoned the agency… left saying... 2. Written in… handwriting…. 3. Writing his first book… 4. Having spent 20 yearsabroad …. 5. Being so far away from home …. 6. …having been givensuch a wonderful present. 7. Not wishing to discuss…. 8. Translated bya good specialist …. 9. Having been approved by the critics ...10. Having waited for some time …. 11. Waiting in the hall….12. … having walked across…. 13. Lying down on the soft couch….14. … leaving the child….  3861. Having left the house and crossing the street, he suddenlystopped remembering that he had forgotten to phone his friend. 2. Helooked at me and hesitated, not knowing what to say. 3. Having longlived in those parts and knowing the place very well, he easily foundhis way to the marketplace. 4. He had no language problems, havingstudied English for a long time. 5. Having written this exercise, I began to doubt whether it was correct. 6. Take care when crossing thestreet. 7. Students should always be attentive when listening to the lecturer. 8. There are many students studying music. 9. Don't you feel tiredhaving walked so much? 10. Arriving at the railway station, hebought a ticket, walked to the platform and boarded the train. 11. Beingpromised help, he felt quieter. 12. Having been shown in, he was toldto take off his coat and wait for a while. 13. Starting the building of thehouse at once, Robinson finished it before the season of rains set in.14. Pouring out a cup of coffee, he sat down in an armchair and lookedat the woman sitting opposite him.  3871. The actress telling children fairy tales over the radio is famous allover the country. 2. The child always listens with interest to the fairytales told by the nurse. 3. Telling the children fairy tales, she speaks indifferent voices imitating the characters of the tales. 4. The fairy tale toldby the nurse produced a great impression on the child. 5. Having told afairy tale to the child, she wished him good night. 6. My granny, who hastold me this fairy tale, lives in a little house on the shore of a lake.  3881. The boy running past the house suddenly stopped. 2. Being verybusy, he did not hear me at once. 3. Hearing the steps, he looked up.4. Having drunk a cup of tea, she felt better. 5. Playing in the garden, thechildren did not notice that it had become dark. 6. Going up to the door,he opened it. 7. Tom went up to the laughing girl. 8. He put a crumpledletter on the table. 9. The crying girl was hungry. 10. The grandmotherwas looking at the children playing in the yard. 11. She likes to look atplaying children. 12. Having done their homework, the children went fora walk. 13. Lying on the sofa, he was reading a book. 14. Having broughthis toys into the room, the child began playing. 15. Having read manybooks by Dickens, he knew this writer well.  3891. Вы можете успокоиться, так как все хорошо. 2 . Так как у воране было ни одного шанса бежать, его арестовали на месте. 3. Оливернегромко постучал в дверь и, так как силы оставили его, опустилсяна ступеньку около двери. 4. Так как мост снесло наводнением, поезд опоздал. 5. Так как оставалось мало времени, они взяли такси,чтобы добраться до театра вовремя. 6. Так как было холодно и сыро,разожгли костер, у которого усталые путешественники могли обогреться. 7. Так как было довольно поздно, они решили отложить свойвизит. 8. Так как час был поздний, она поспешила домой. 9. Так каксолнце село час назад, становилось темнее. 10. Так как погода былахолодной, он надел пальто. 11. Так как погода переменилась, мырешили остаться там, где были. 12. Так как погода была очень теплой, окно чулана было оставлено открытым. 13. И так как ветерпрекратился, они отправились на прогулку. 14. Так как судно сидело довольно глубоко в воде, и погода была безветренной, они почтине двигались. 15. Так как сопротивление было очень высоким, ток вцепи был очень слабым. 16. Так как этот материал является диэлектриком, по нему не может идти ток. 17. На следующее утро, так какэто было воскресенье, они все пошли в церковь. 18. В данный момент мастерская была пуста, так как механик вышел в заднюю комнату. 19. Так как на столе больше ничего не было, Оливер ответил,что он не голоден. 20. Так как миссис Мейли устала, они возвратились домой более медленным шагом. 21. Так как их поиски ни к чему не привели, она и Клайд дошли до угла. 22. Так как дует попутный ветер, наша яхта достигнет острова моментально. 23. МистерМэлл каждый день давал мне длинные задания, но я делал их, таккак здесь не было мистера и мисс Мердстоун. 24. Так как было ужедовольно поздно, мы взяли свечи и пошли наверх. 25. Так как о нембольше ничего не было слышно, было естественным все забыть.26. Он отправился около пяти часов, так как Риггз сказал ему,что путь займет три часа. 27. Так как наши лошади утомились, былорешено, что мы сделаем остановку. 28. Так как было решено невыходить изза непогоды, члены группы занялись своими заметками. 29. Так как ветер шумел в деревьях и кустах, мы ничего не слышали.  3901. Когда договор был подписан, торговля тотчас же была возобновлена. 2. Около одиннадцати часов он снова вышел на улицу, когда день стал яснее и немного теплее, чем предыдущий, а снег растаял. 3. Когда обед был закончен, мы собрались в гостиной. 4. Когданаступило 5 июня, они уехали. 5. Когда он закончил давать указанияпривратнику, он подошел к племяннице. 6. Когда это поняли, конференция закончилась. 7. Когда скованность, вызванная присутствием старика, немного рассеялась, разговор стал более оживленным.8. Когда это было сделано, и Сайке утолил свой голод, оба мужчиныулеглись на стульях вздремнуть. 9. Когда концерт закончился, началась лотерея. 10. Когда обед закончился, старая дама попросилаБарбару подойти к ней и сесть рядом на диван. 11. Затем, когда поиски в доме показали, что ее там нет, Эйза вышел поискать ее наулице. 12. Когда все необходимые приготовления в обстановкекрайней секретности были проделаны, армия пошла в атаку. 13. Когда катод нагревают, электроны покидают поверхность и переходятк аноду. 14. Когда по проводу двигаются электроны, вырабатывается электрическая энергия.  3911. Потом они услышали шум самолета, и его тень пробежала пополяне. 2. Она вспомнила, как он говорил, и как его очки увеличивали его круглые синие глаза. 3. Она сидела, неотрывно глядя наогонь, а забытый носок лежал на ее коленях. 4. Он слышал, как купальщики идут по песчаной дороге, а их звенящие голоса нарушаюттишину. 5. Они продолжили свой путь: мальчик тихо всхлипывал,мужчина был пристыжен. 6. Они вместе пошли вниз по лестнице,причем Эйлин немного отставала. 7. Они оба стояли, он поднялкрышку и держал ее в руке, пока она пила. 8. Она танцевала легкокак перышко, ее глаза сияли, ноги летели, стан немного склонилсявперед. 9. Мы очень медленно пошли домой; Агнес и я любовалисьлунным светом, а мистер Уикфилд почти не поднимал глаз от земли. 10. Они быстро проходили улицу за улицей, причем Доджер шелвпереди, указывая путь, а Оливер следовал за ним по пятам. 11. Онстоял молча, но его губы кривились горькой улыбкой. 12. Пес сиделвозле стола, его хвост то и дело постукивал по полу, а глаза были снадеждой устремлены на хозяина. 13. Электроны движутся с различными скоростями, причем их скорость зависит от температуры иот материала. 14. Любой движущийся предмет может производитьработу, причем количество кинетической энергии зависит от егомассы и скорости. 15. Радио было изобретено в России, а его изобретателем был русский ученый А.С. Попов.  3921. Она стояла с безразличным видом, опустив голову на грудь.2. Она поднялась с кровати, сняла пальто и стояла, не двигаясь,опустив голову и сжав руки. 3. С побледневшими губами и сильнобьющимся сердцем, Эндрю последовал за секретарем. 4. Джек сиделмолча, вытянув длинные ноги. 5. Оратор посмотрел на слушателей,подняв руку в ожидании тишины. 6. Он быстро сел, закрыв лицо руками. 7. Клайд сел, устремив взгляд не на то, что было перед ним, ана далекую сцену перед озером. 8. Она шла быстро, и плотный снегскрипел под ее каблуками.  3931. Маленький Пол сидел, подложив руку под подбородок. 2. Онстоял, скрестив руки. 3. Лэнни стоял и смотрел на отъезжавший грузовик, щеки его горели, и кулаки были сжаты. 4. Она стояла там,причем ее брови были нахмурены, а голубые глаза смотрели вперед/ Она стояла там, нахмурив брови и глядя перед собой своими голубыми глазами. 5. Он немного склонился над столом, опираясь на него руками. 6. А затем наступил финал, и охрана пришла за ним.7. Он неторопливо и бережно расправил бумагу на столе, а Лоуэллвнимательно наблюдал за ним. 8. Она стояла на скале, готоваяпрыгнуть, а зеленая вода внизу манила ее. 9. Двадцать минут спустяон вышел из седьмого номера, бледный, губы его были плотно сжаты, а на лице застыло странное выражение. 10. Маленький ОливерТвист лежал на земле, его рубашка была расстегнута, а голова откинута назад. 11. Девушка побрела прочь, и по ее щекам катились слезы. 12. Залитая лунным светом дорога была пустынной, и в лицо имдул прохладный ветерок. 13. Она сидела на ступеньках, сложив руки на коленях. 14. Потом, с сильно бьющимся сердцем, она подошлаи позвонила.  3941. Our work being finished, we went home. 2. The letter beingposted today, the news will reach them tomorrow. 3. Mother permitting, we will go to the theatre. 4. The working day being over, shewent straight home. 5. A storm arising, the ship entered the harbour.6. The packing being done, the girls left for the station. 7. The stopbeing a long one, the girls got off the train. 8. The weather being perfect, Lydia played tennis every day. 9. The last month being a verybusy one, she could not answer her friend's letter. 10. Time permitting, we will come a few days earlier. 11. The third bell having gone,the curtain slowly rose. 12. The underground station being not far,we walked there. 13. Bill could not sleep the whole night, there beingsomething wrong with his eye. 14. The rules being very strict, thedoorkeeper did not permit Bill to enter. 15. The front door beingopen, she could see straight through the house. 16. Rip had no desire towork on his farm, it being to his mind the worst piece of land in theneighbourhood. 17. They stood there, the night wind shaking thedrying whispering leaves. 18. The situation being urgent, we had togo ahead. 19. The greetings being over, Old Jolyon seated himself in awicker chair. 20. The town of Crewe is known to be one of the busiestjunctions in England, many railway lines passing through it. 21. Weset off, the rain still coming down heavily. 22. A private sittingroom being engaged, bedrooms being inspected and dinner beingordered, the party walked out to view the city. 23. Dinner was servedon the terrace, it being very close in the room. 24. Thoughtful, Andrew finished his omelette, his eyes all the time fixed upon the microscope. 25. There being in fact nothing to wait for, we got down towork. 26. The question being rather difficult to answer at once, Iasked for permission to think it over. 27. He stood leaning against thewall, his arms folded. 28. There being very little time left, we had tohurry. 29. Of an evening he read aloud, his small son sitting by hisside. 30. The new engines were safely delivered, all of them being ingood order. 31. Our efforts to start the car having failed, we spentthe night in a nearby village.  3951. There still being half an hour left before the train's departure, wedecided to have supper at the railway station. 2. The weather being auspicious, the sportsmen may show good results. 3. For a long time wewere talking, he asking me questions and I readily answering them.4. Circumstances permitting, I will come to your place for the summer.5. It being very warm, the children slept / were sleeping in the open.6. All the preparations being over, we went hiking. 7. The ship wasslowly sailing along the shores of the White Sea, hundreds of birds circling over it. 8. It was very dark, there being not a single star in the sky9. The sun having set, the tourists made a fire. 10. It being very late, themeeting was closed. 11. Weather permitting, we will go to the skatingrink. 12. Everything being ready, she decided to rest. 13. It being alreadyvery late, they did not go anywhere. 14. The weather being cold, Jack puthis hands into his pockets. 15. It getting dark quickly, she hurried home.16. The sun having set, it became dark at once. 17. Our conversation being over, I went home. 18. The letter being written, she quickly ran to thepost office to send it.

396Он занимается ремонтом автомашин / Его бизнесом являетсяремонт автомашин. 2. Само собой разумеется. 3. Жить в маленькихдушных комнатах значит дышать отравленным воздухом. 4. Железо добывают из земли. 5. Есть два способа получения сахара: один— из свеклы, а другой — из сахарного тростника. 6. Джейн Эйрлюбила читать. 7. Мисс Тротвуд имела обыкновение спрашиватьсовета у мистера Дика. 8. Вы кончили писать? 9. Принимать холодный душ утром очень полезно. 10. Я люблю ходить на лыжах,но моя сестра предпочитает кататься на коньках. 11. Она любитсидеть на солнце. 12. Похоже, что будет дождь. 13. Мои часы нуждаются в починке. 14. Спасибо, что вы пришли. 15. Я не надеялсяполучить ответ до конца месяца. 16. Я имел удовольствие танцевать с ней весь вечер. 17. Давай покатаемся на лодке. 18. Он говорил, не останавливаясь. 19. Некоторые люди могут ходить весьдень, не уставая.  397А. — Я действительно жду с нетерпением поездки в НьюЙорк.В. — Правда? А я нет. Я не выношу посещать шумные города.A. — Но НьюЙорк – чудесный город. Я обожаю смотреть на егонебоскребы, посещать музеи, исторические памятники, статую Свободы...B. — А я терпеть не могу ходить по музеям. Я совершенно нехочу ехать. (Я не жду этой поездки с нетерпением.)A. — Но это так интересно! Мне нравится слушать звуки НьюЙорка: его транспорт, речь на разных языках... .B. — Этот шум! Поверь мне, терпеть не могу посещать шумныегорода.A. — Ну, перестань! Это же будет такое удовольствие! ВедьНьюЙорк — это огромный город, в котором живут люди со всегосвета. А столицу мира стоит посмотреть. Это так интересно!B. — Это ты так думаешь! Знаешь, город такой грязный.А. — Ты прав, он грязный. Но этот город и красив. Большое Яблоко в самом деле стоит увидеть!  398I.I thought of coming and seeing you tomorrow. 2. I am thinking ofgoing out to the country. 3. What do you think you will do tomorrow?— I don't know; I thought of going to the zoo, but the weather is so badthat probably I shan't go. 4. I hear there are some English books at our institute bookstall now. — So you are thinking of buying some, aren'tyou? 5. I thought of working in the library this evening, but as youhave come, I won't go to the library.  399After taking the child to the kindergarten, she went to the library to study for her examination. 2. After making a thorough studyof the subject, he found that it was a great deal more important than hehad thought at first. 3. After hesitating some minutes whether to buythe hat or not, I finally decided that I might find one I liked better in another shop. 4. After graduating from the university, she left St. Petersburg and went to teach in her hometown. 5. After proving that his theory was correct, he started studying ways and means of improving theconditions of work in very deep coalmines.  400Она всегда мечтала жить в маленьком домике у моря. 2. Ей ненравилось жить в своем старом доме. 3. Она думала о том, чтобыкупить новый дом. 4. Итак, она получает огромное удовольствие оттого, что живет в красивом новом доме. 5. Конечно же, она скучаетпо общению с соседями. 6. Она обычно любила поболтать с ними ибыла не прочь помочь им. 7. Ей очень нравится готовить, и она прекрасно справляется с этим. 8. Но она не любит стирать и гладить.9. Она ненавидит рано вставать, но ей приходится это делать. 10. Вызнаете, она ничего не имеет против того, чтобы много работать.11. Ей доставляет удовольствие водить дорогую машину. 12. Онавсегда мечтала о путешествии вокруг света / о том, чтобы совершить путешествие вокруг света. 13. Но она терпеть не может летатьна самолете, и поэтому она никогда не была за границей. 14. Онавозглавила коммерческую фирму, несмотря на то, что она женщинав мире, где бизнесом управляют мужчины. 15. Она любит встречаться с людьми, потому что она не выносит одиночества. 16. Онаобожает беседовать с представителями прессы и появляться в телепередачах. 17. Ей доставляет большое удовольствие фотографироваться, так как она считает, что она красива. 18. Она ненавидит, когда над ней смеются. 19. Ей нравится, когда на нее пристальносмотрят, поскольку она думает, что она привлекательна. 20. Но онатерпеть не может, когда ее игнорируют / когда на нее не обращаютвнимание.  401Я прекрасно понимаю Ваше желание начать работу сейчас же.2. Все будут обсуждать это событие: этого не избежать. 3. Наконец,он прервал молчание, пригласив всех пройти в столовую. 4. Когдаей сообщили новость, она побледнела. 5. Это место стоит посетить.6. Смотреть футбольные матчи может быть достаточно интересно,но, конечно, гораздо интереснее играть в футбол. 7. Она пересталаприходить к нам, и я недоумевала, что с ней случилось. 8. Вы непомните, что Вы раньше видели этого человека? 9. Она приходила вужас от необходимости говорить с кемнибудь, и в еще большийужас, когда с ней говорили. 10. Он был готов выйти из клуба, когдапортье остановил его. 11. Когда преподаватель проверил работы,они были возвращены студентам. 12. Я недоумевал, как это мамаразрешила эту поездку.  402Он продолжает настаивать на том, чтобы я поехала на юг. 2. О,пожалуйста, перестаньте смеяться над ним. 3. Вы не возражаете, если я задам Вам трудный вопрос? 4. Вы не возражали бы против того, чтобы прийти снова через день или два. 5. Я не возражаю противтого, чтобы носить это платье. 6. Она не могла не улыбнуться. 7. Яне могу отложить выполнение этого перевода. 8. Хотя Дэвид устал,он продолжал идти по направлению к Дувру. 9. Я избегал говоритьс ними об этом деле. 10. Она расплакалась. 11. Они рассмеялись.12. Она отрицала, что была дома в тот вечер. 13. Он очень любилговорить об удовольствии, которое доставляют ему путешествия.14. Извините меня за то, что я покидаю вас в такой момент. 15. Пожалуйста, простите меня за то, что я вмешиваюсь. 16. Он бросил курить несколько лет назад. 17. Они продолжали разговаривать. 18. Еемуж имел обыкновение курить, но два года назад он прекратил курение. Но было уже поздно. 19. Ты еще не закончила мыть посуду?20. Не нервничай! Прекрати кусать ногти! 21. Он отложил поездку вНьюЙорк, поскольку заболел.  403Stop talking. 2. We have finished working at this problem. 3. Goon singing. 4. Do you mind opening the window? 5. He denied havingparticipated in the crime. 6. I enjoy painting. 7. We enjoyed swimming.8. I could not help agreeing with him. 9. He burst out laughing. 10. Shehas given up smoking. 11. She avoided meeting him. 12. We will put offdiscussing the report. 13. At last they stopped laughing. 14. She deniedhaving stolen the money. 15. Let's postpone the trip to the country untilnext Saturday. 16. Excuse my having lost your pen. 17. When will shefinish writing the composition? 18. I don't mind staying at home andworking at my translation. 19. Stop trembling. Avoid showing these people that you are afraid of them. 20. I can't help worrying about them: theyhave stopped writing. 21. I don't deny having seen them that evening.22. He did not mind being examined: he had stopped pretending that hewas healthy / that he was in good health / that he was well. 23. He cannotforgive my having torn his bag. 24. She denied having taken my watch.25. The boy enjoys giving orders to his little sister. 26. Please excuse mybad handwriting. 27. Could I borrow that book when you have finishedreading it? 28. Her son tried to avoid answering her questions because hewas ashamed of having lied to her before. 29. He couldn't help thinkingthat his son had made a big mistake. 30. Please excuse me for openingyour letter by mistake. 31. I've given up eating meat and every day I enjoy eating healthier food.  404Моему другу удалось перевести этот трудный текст. 2. Она подозревала, что он обманывает ее. 3. Бедный крестьянин сердечно поблагодарил Робина Гуда за то, что тот помог ему. 4. Он оставилмысль когдалибо получить известие от нее. 5. Мы с нетерпениемждем новой встречи с вами. 6. Он всегда мечтал о том, чтобы побывать в других странах. 7. Он упорствовал в попытках решить этутрудную проблему / задачу. 8. Холодная погода мешала девушкамходить на длинные прогулки. 9. Джейн подумывала о том, чтобы уехать из Лоувуда после того, как мисс Темпл вышла замуж. 10. Ониобвиняют его в ограблении дома. 11. Он никогда не соглашался на то,чтобы они отправлялись в это опасное путешествие. 12. Он не одобрял того, что она пьет так много кофе. 13. Учителю математики ненравилось, когда его ученики предавались мечтаниям. 14. Всё счастьемоей жизни зависит от Вашей любви ко мне. 15. Мне не хочется видеть его. 16. Я настаиваю на том, чтобы мне сказали правду. 17. Явозражаю против того, чтобы он занимал у тебя деньги. 18. Я протянул руку, чтобы не дать ей упасть. 19. Он боялся разбудить ее. 20. Я снетерпением жду отпуска (каникул). 21. Она поздравила себя с тем,что ей в голову пришла такая отличная идея.  405Thank you for having sent me such beautiful flowers. 2. He wasaccused of having sold important state secrets. 3. He denied having soldthem. 4. He insisted on being innocent. 5. He was afraid of being put intoprison. 6. The noise in the next room prevented me from thinking. 7. Ithink of going to the south in summer. 8. The boy denied being constantly scolded and punished. 9. I insist on speaking to him. 10. I waslooking forward to seeing my brother. 11. I don't feel like playing lottotoday. 12. She succeeded in making a very good translation of this difficult text.  406… ready for helping people. 2. … glad of being helped in his difficulty. 3. On being allowed to leave the room … and began playing. 4. Inmaking this experiment…. 5. … rechecked before being published. 6. …was tired of being scolded … 7. The watch requires repairing. 8. Theproblem is not worth discussing. 9. … remembered having been lockedup in the red room for having contradicted Mrs. Reed. 10. … you avoidspeaking to me? 11. … tried to avoid being spoken to. 12. The doctor insisted on sending …. 13. The child insisted on being sent …. 14. Do youmind him being examined by …? 15. … no sign of recognizing me.16. … showed no sign of being surprised. 17. … habit of interfering in… business. 18. I was angry at being interrupted ….  407…. needs cleaning. 2. … serious in saying …. 3. … sorry for having been inattentive …. 4. She confessed to having forgotten ….5. … stand being told …. 6. …had no talent for dancing. 7. … is worthseeing. 8. After thoroughly examining the student…. 9. After being thoroughly examined by the examination commission …. 10. She accusedhim of having stolen …. 11. She reproached me for not writing / havingwritten…. 12. … is not worth taking. 13. After looking through andmarking the students' papers…. 14. After being looked through andmarked …. 15. … clothes want washing. 16. … glad of having found ….17. Excuse me for having broken / breaking …. 18. … never mentionedhaving been to …. 19. … was proud of being awarded …. 20. I don't remember ever meeting / having met …. 21. I don't remember beingasked …. 22. … was punished for having broken …. 23. The cat wasafraid of being punished ….  408… were busy packing …suddenly remembered having left ….2. … bear reciting …. help making mistakes … to avoid displeasingthem and being scolded. 3. … had no idea of my returning …. not informed them of my coming … have the pleasure of taking them … disappointment in receiving / having received no welcome. … felt like crying. 4. … was proud of being chosen … thanked her classmates for having chosen her …  409Мать была удивлена тем, что ее дочь так быстро убрала комнату. 2. Мои попытки убедить его бесполезны. 3. Когда ее спросили,почему она опоздала на поезд, она сказала чтото о том, что ее часыотстают. 4. Я не заметил, как она подошла. 5. Она пробыла в городевсе лето, потому что ее дочь была больна. 6. Я не имел представления о том, что он уезжает из СанктПетербурга так скоро. 7. Приездтетушки доставляет мне большое удовольствие. 8. Библиотекарь невозражал против того, чтобы читатель задержал книгу еще на одиндень. 9. Она сказала, что ничего не знает о том, что дверь оставилиоткрытой.  410On entering the house, they heard the last bell ringing. 2. Thankyou for having invited / inviting me to the theatre. 3. The woman insisted on her husband consulting the doctor at once. 4. She could noteven think of the operation being postponed. 5. There was little hopeof James returning on the same day. 6. The thought of his havingbeen turned away by the doorkeeper made him feel miserable. 7. Thepleasantfaced middleaged woman insisted on Olga coming to hertown to teach. 8. Helen suggested their going on a trip. 9. There is apossibility of my father joining us for the trip. 10. The girls knew ofthe sportsman having been awarded a prize. 11. I don't mind yourwalking to the underground station with me.  411Nobody seeing them was a mere chance. 2. The mother insistedon her son entering the university. 3. The place looked so picturesqueand cheerful that he rejoiced at the thought of coming to live there.4. When he entered, she stood up and left the room without even looking at him. 5. On coming home from the college, after passing hisexaminations, Robert felt very happy. 6. In the darkness they wereafraid of losing their way. 7. On reaching his destination, he sent atelegram home to say that he had arrived safely. 8. Thank you for having helped me. 9. The new medicine may be recommended only afterbeing approved by the Scientific Board. 10. You will never learnyour mistakes without writing them out. 11. On entering the room,the boy glanced curiously around. 12. The patient felt much better afterbeing given proper treatment. 13. Just before leaving the classroom, I was approached by a fellow student who asked me to help him.14. Looking at the man attentively, she remembered seeing him andspeaking to him / having seen him and spoken to him on several occasions.  412My teacher insists on my reading aloud every day. 2. Will Maryhave anything against my taking her umbrella for some time? 3. I remember seeing this picture somewhere. 4. Your being against John'sproposal does not mean that I must decline it. 5. Your having takenEnglish lessons some years ago helps you in your studies now. 6. I amtold of your/you being very busy. 7. Do you mind my / me (colloquialvariant) smoking here? 8. Will you object to my closing the door?9. Thank you for having done / doing it.  413Tom was afraid of being late. 2. Bill remembered walking aboutthe factory gate for months. 3. After graduating from Harvard, theyoung man returned to Russia. 4. Mary asked John to forgive her fornot having answered his letter sooner. 5. After passing our examinations, we had a very entertaining evening. 6. Michael remembered enjoying the trip to the Bahamas. 7. They gave up the idea of findingwork. 8. The girls were afraid of missing the train. 9. I am thankful forhaving been given a chance to hear this outstanding singer. 10. Heleninsisted on being given that job. 11. I don't remember ever seeinganyone dance like Plisetskaya.  414I insist on helping her. 2. He denied having broken the vase. 3. Sheis afraid of losing her purse. 4. I don't approve of your wasting so muchtime / I disapprove of your (you) wasting so much time. 5. She thoughtof being busy all the time. 6. She accuses him of calling her too seldom.7. Stop crying. 8. My little brother prevented me from doing my homework. 9. Do you mind my (me) coming a little later? / Would you mindmy coming a little earlier? 5. Go on writing. 10. Father objects to my going to the theatre with her. 11. I cannot help laughing looking / when Ilook at you.  415We gave up the idea of buying new furniture. 2. She was afraid ofbeing punished. 3. Stop talking. 4. I don't deny having been there yesterday. 5. I approve of you (your) wishing to study German. 6. Do you mindmy (me) going for a walk? / Would you mind my going for a walk? 7. Ican't help being afraid. 8. She denied having time. 9. Go on working.10. I insist on seeing my friend. 11. Mother objects to my playing football too much. 12. He accuses me of not having helped him.  416I cannot help thinking of it all the time. 2. I insist on going there.3. Mother objects to my sitting up so late. 4. She complained of feelingunwell. 5. Do you mind my (me) smoking in this room? 6. I approve ofyour (you) helping grandmother. 7. I think of going to Australia. 8. Hegave up playing football. 9. He was afraid of being forgotten. 10. Go onreading. 11. He thinks of my (me) disturbing him. 12. Bad weather prevented us from going to the country.  417He burst out crying. 2. I cannot help admiring this wonderful painting. 3. Your mother objects to your coming home late. 4. I approve ofyour (you) working hard. 5. She denied having helped them. 6. Stop teasing the cat. 7. I am afraid of catching cold. 8. She doesn't deny having atextbook. 9. I insist on staying in St. Petersburg. 10. He accuses you ofnot writing letters to him. 11. Do you mind my (me) going to bed?12. Go on doing your homework.  418He thought of entering the university. 2. He accuses me of nothelping him. 3. I cannot help feeling ashamed. 4. She doesn't deny livingin bad conditions. 5. Go on talking. 6. I insist on telling him the truth.7. They were afraid of missing the train. 8. I disapprove of you (your)playing computer games. 9. We gave up the idea of going to the country.10. She gave up dancing. 11. Mother objects to my bringing my friendsto our home. 12. Do you mind my calling you?  419Stop running. 2. He denied having taken the money. 3. He wasafraid of losing his friends. 4. She disapproved of his having gone tothe evening parties too often. 5. He thinks of your/you not having written a letter to him. 6. His mother objects to his going to the cinema veryoften. 7. She accuses him of not having a car for her. 8. I cannot helpbeing angry with him. 9. He burst out laughing. 10. Do you mind my(me) bringing my friend? 11. I insist on asking his advice. 12. Go onwriting to him.  420She accuses him of not having money for her. 2. I cannot help being late for the first lesson. 3. Do you mind my taking your pen? 4. Idon't approve of your playing cards. 5. He was accused of having robbedthe house. 6. He gave up smoking a year ago. 7. She was afraid of speaking to the headmaster. 8. We gave up the idea of seeing him some day. 9.He accused us of not having visited him. 10. His mother objects to hisreading in bed. 11. I insist on inviting them. 12. Go on discussing thisquestion.  421Mother objects to my making noise in the house. 2. I cannot helptelling you about it. 3. He was accused of having stolen the money.4. She did not approve of his smoking. 5. He gave up playing chess.6. The children were afraid of losing the way in the forest. 7. I insist onwriting to him. 8. She thinks of working too much. 9. Do you mind my(me) opening the window? 10. The noise in the next room prevented mefrom falling asleep. 11. He disapproves of you (your) working badly.12. Go on playing.  

Причастие, герундий и отглагольное существительное
421а). Причастие1. a) We all listened with great interest to the speaker criticizing thenew book.b) Criticizing the work of our sports club, he said that it was not satisfactory.c) We were criticizing the work of our sanitary committee at thatmoment.2. a) When we entered the classroom, we saw many students writingat the desks.c) He was writing a letter when I entered the room.4. Everybody ran to meet the people returning from the city.5. They went home quickly protecting themselves from the rain bywalking under the trees.8. In this picture you can see a young man giving flowers to a girl.13. Never jump off a moving train.15. Running water is always better than standing water.16. The remaining cakes were given to the children.17. The cakes, remaining from the evening, were given to the children.20. They went out to meet the returning women.22. Returning home after a good holiday, he looked a picture ofhealth.b). Герундий1. d) I have no objection to your criticizing me.2. b) Do you mind my writing with your pen?3. Lydia could retell the English story she had read without lookinginto the book.5. They went home quickly, protecting themselves from the rain bywalking under the trees.6. In this factory much attention is paid to protecting the health ofthe workers.7. He stopped writing and looked around.9. Playing volleyball is a good amusement for young people.10. She left the room without saying a word.11. We had the pleasure of seeing the performance.12. John likes studying history.14. Reading books out of doors is his favorite way of spending thesummer holidays, but he likes swimming and going on excursions aswell.18. You can learn what the new words mean by looking them up inthe dictionary.19. Before going to meet his friend, he went home to change hisclothes.21. Returning home after a good holiday is always pleasant.  422a). Причастие1. He was looking at the plane flying overhead. 2. Wishing to learnto skate, she bought herself a pair of skates. 3. Being frightened by thedog, the cat climbed a high fence. 4. Coming out of the wood, the travellers saw a ruined castle in the distance. 5. Growing corn on his desert island, Robinson Crusoe hoped to eat bread one day. 6. Having preparedall the necessary equipment, they began the experiment. 7. While translating the text, I looked up many words in the dictionary. 8. Entering theroom, I saw my friends smiling at me. 9. Watching the playing kittenswas great fun for the children.b). Герундий1. Just imagine his coming first in the race! 2. The children were tiredof running. 3. It is no use going there now. 4. My greatest pleasure istravelling. 5. Growing tomatoes needs a lot of sunshine. 6. Growingroses takes a lot of care and attention. 7. Mary will stop for a few days atthe seaside before going back home. 8. I usually help mother by washingthe dishes and doing the rooms. 9. Instead of phoning his friend, he wentto see him. 10. The boys continued playing football. 11. Watching theplaying kittens was great fun for the children.  423a) Герундий1. She blamed herself for having been a dull companion. 2. Yourhaving written is really no excuse for your not coming on the day fixed.3. The motor was carefully examined before starting. 4. I am verypleased to meet you after hearing so much about you. 5. Your hair wantscutting. 6. I will look forward to seeing you again. 7. It was no use talking about it any longer. 8. Sleeping is necessary. 9. We felt so disappointed at your having missed nearly half the programme. 10. Are youdressed for going out? 11. I hate the idea of doing it once more. 12. Butyou don't mind being asked to help us, do you?b) Отглагольное существительное1. The singing of those beautiful folk songs impressed me greatly.2. Such doings can hardly be explained. 3. The building of this housewill cost much money. 4. Then came a general lighting of pipes and cigars. 5. The forest resounded with the hooting of owls and the howlingof wolves.  424a) Причастие1. The driving wheel of the machine is broken. 2. Driving in a motorcar, we passed many villages. 3. Having been knocked down by a passing car, the poor man was at once taken to hospital. 4. You don't knowwhat you miss, not having the desire to listen to good music. 5. I wastold of a great friendship existing between the two captains. 6. There aremany discoveries being made all over the world. 7. Seeing this man, Irecollected perfectly having met him many years before.b) Герундий1. We have every chance of passing our examinations well. 2. Travelling is a pleasant way of improving one's education. 3. It is no use crying over spilt milk. 4. Asking him for help is useless. 5. Happily we escaped being delayed on our way. 6. Seeing this man, I recollected perfectly having met him many years before.c) Отглагольное существительное1. These happenings are remarkable. 2. Every trust arranges for themarketing of its products.  425a) Причастие1. Sitting by her sleeping child, the worried mother at last began torealize by its peaceful breathing that all danger was over. 2. I stoppedknocking at the door and, sitting down at the top of the stairs, beganwaiting for my father to come. 3. With a sudden tightening of the muscles he became aware of a figure walking noiselessly beside him.4. Having stopped crying, the child quieted down to hard thinking.5. The old clock kept ticking on the mantelpiece, as if counting the seconds left before the coming of daylight. 6. Looking back upon that time,he realized how happy he had been then. 7. Tom lived there like a paying guest, attracting very little attention of the others.b) Герундий1. Sitting by her sleeping child the worried mother at last began to realize by its peaceful breathing that all danger was over. 2. I stoppedknocking at the door and, sitting down at the top of the stairs, beganwaiting for my father to come. 3. She praised herself for having come.4. Having stopped crying, the child quieted down to hard thinking.5. The old clock kept ticking on the mantelpiece, as if counting the seconds left before the coming of daylight. 6. Remembering that time waslike going back to his childhood and reliving those happy days.c) Отглагольное существительное1. With a sudden tightening of the muscles he became aware of afigure walking noiselessly beside him. 2. The old clock kept ticking onthe mantelpiece, as if counting the seconds left before the coming of daylight.  426a) Причастие1. We sat by the riverside listening to the running of the water.2. Going home from the theatre, they were discussing the play they hadseen.b) Герундий1. Working in the garden is very good for the health of people.2. You would think before speaking. 3. After finding the new word inthe dictionary, I wrote it down and went on reading. 4. What do youmean by saying that? 5. Instead of going home after school, the girlswent for a walk. 6. Chalk is used for writing on the blackboard.c) Отглагольное существительное1. We sat by the riverside listening to the running of the water.2. The cleaning of the room was done by the girls. 3. He spent muchtime on the copying of his literature lectures. 4. The students found thereading of English newspapers rather difficult at first.  

Сложное дополнение (Complex Object)
4271. The teacher wanted the pupils to learn the rule. 2. My mother didnot want me to spill the milk. 3. The woman wanted her daughter to go toa ballet school. 4. The man wanted his son to study mathematics. 5. Thelittle boy wanted his father to buy him that toy. 6. Ann wanted me to waitfor her after school. 7. My father wanted me to fix the shelf in thekitchen. 8. My mother wanted me to study English. 9. Our grandmotherwanted us to bring her some water from the river. 10. Kate wanted herclassmates to come to her birthday party. 11. The biology teacher wantedus to collect some insects in summer. 12. Our mother did not want us toeat icecream before dinner.  4281. I want all children to laugh. 2. I want everybody to read it. 3. Iwould like the doctor to examine him. 4. The children wanted me to tellthem a fairy tale. 5. I don't want her to know about it. 6. He wanted hisfriend to go with him. 7. My brother wants me to study Spanish. 8. Iwould like my pupils to know English well. 9. I don't want you to get abad mark. 10. I would not like them to be late. 11. I did not want you towait for me. 12. She would like her brother to get the first prize. 13. Iwant you to read this book. 14. I would like you to come to our place.15. She wanted her son to finish school well. 16. They would like us tolose the game. 17. She did not want me to go to Moscow. 18. I would notlike you to lose my book. 19. Father wants me to be a pianist. 20. Wewant this actor to come to our school. 21. Would you like me to tell youthis story? 22. Do you want me to give you my dictionary?  4291. I know my friend to be a just man. 2. I expect him to understandyour problem and help you to solve it. 3. I expected her to behave quitedifferently. 4. I did not expect my brother to forget to send her flowers.5. He knows my mother to be a very kind woman. 6. She expected herbrother to bring her the book. 7. I know your uncle to be an excellentmathematician. 8. People expect the 21st century to bring peace on theEarth.  4301. She knew him to be a very kind man. 2. Everybody knew her to bea progressive scientist. 3. I know your sister to be a very bright student.4. Everybody knows Byron to be a great poet. 5. I did not expect it tohappen so soon. 6. We expect you to help us. 7. He expected the ministerto answer at once. 8. We expected the weather to change. 9. I expect theletter to come tomorrow. 10. He expected the teacher to praise him.11. She did not expect them to return so late. 12. I know her to be a talented singer. 13. I knew him to be a great scientist. 14. We did not expectyou to do so much. 15. The teacher expected the pupils to understand therule. 16. I did not expect him to write such wonderful poetry.  4311. I hate you to forget your duties. 2. Grandmother likes Lena to playthe piano. 3. Father likes me to speak English. 4. My grandfather did notlike children to talk at table. 5. He hated us to break our toys. 6. He likedus to play quiet games. 7. I like children to laugh. 8. She does not like meto argue with her. 9. She did not like us to come late. 10. He hates me tobe late. 11. Our teacher likes us to ask questions.  4321. Please don't make me drink milk. 2. She could not make him go tobed early. 3. The dog made the cat climb the tree. 4. The teacher madeher rewrite the exercise. 5. She made the dog jump over the fence. 6. Hemade his brother jump into the water. 7. The rain made us return home.8. Make her put on her coat: it is very cold today. 9. Why didn't youmake your son learn the poem? 10. I can't make my cat catch mice.11. When will you make your friend do his morning exercises?  4331. We noticed a man cleaning his shoes. 2. He saw two girls dancingon the stage. 3. She watched the children running and playing in the garden. 4. I saw her arranging her hair. 5. We saw our neighbour listening tothe latest news on the radio. 6. I felt the cat rubbing itself on my leg.7. We saw them fishing. 8. The teacher watched the pupils writing a paper. 9. I felt a caterpillar crawling on my arm. 10. Last night we heard I.Arkhipova singing a Russian folk song. 11. I watched the sun rising. 12. Iheard him singing an English song. 13. John heard his sister talkingloudly on the veranda. 14. We saw Ben crossing the square. 15. Theyheard their father playing the piano in the drawing room. 16. I can see thetrain coming. 17. I watched the rain beating down the flowers in the garden. 18. I saw a group of boys eating icecream. 19. We noticed a groupof people digging potatoes in the field. 20. Didn't you see her smiling atyou? 21. I heard the girl singing. 22. He heard them talking about computers. 23. I saw you and your friend walking along the street yesterday.24. We watched the little girls playing on the grass. 25. He stood andlooked at the ship leaving the port. 26. Mother watched her sleepingpeacefully in her bed.  4341. The boy noticed a bird fly on to the bush near the window. 2. Janesaw her neighbour open the door of his flat and go in. 3. I saw him pointto a picture on the wall. 4. I heard him shut the door of the study. 5. Wesaw the children climb to the tops of the trees. 6. I noticed Henry go upand speak to the stranger. 7. I saw him slip and fall. 8. I heard her suddenly cry out. 9. The policeman saw her bend and pick up somethingfrom the floor. 10. I saw him open the door and leave the room. 11. I sawher drop the cup on the floor and break it. 12. We watched them turn thecorner and disappear. 13. The boy felt the doctor touch his leg. 14. Pete'sfriends saw him buy some flowers. 15. The wounded hunter felt the beartouch him, but he did not move. 16. Will we hear the telephone ring?17. Tamara saw the waves carry the boat away. 18. They saw the shipsail away from the shore. 19. Have you heard him sing the part of Herman in Tchaikovsky's "Queen of Spades"?  4351. Он почувствовал, что ее рука скользнула под его руку. 2. Онапочувствовала, что у нее задрожали руки. 3. То и дело он слышал,как проходит машина. 4. Он почувствовал, что его сердце забилосьот радости. 5. Он почувствовал, что его сердце бьется от радости.6. Она слышала, как ее отец ходит взадвперед по картинной галерее. 7. Мы видели, как он, посмотрев налево и направо, пересекулицу. 8. Я чувствовал, как ветер дует сквозь щель в стене. 9. Мыстояли на палубе и смотрели, как садится солнце. 10. Я слышал,как он играет на рояле в доме. 11. Приятно видеть, как люди развлекаются. 12. Мы видели, как самолеты кружатся над нами.13. Никто не заметил, как он вошел и сел. 14. Я почувствовал, чтоНик положил мне на плечо руку. 15. Она почувствовала, что по еещекам покатились слезы. 16. Я был так слаб, что почувствовал,как у меня дрожат колени. 17. Мы видели, что они прыгнули с парашютом. 18. Он услышал, как навстречу ему движется машина.19. В комнате мы увидели человека, сидящего в старом кресле.20. Я услышал, как дверь вестибюля открылась и тихонько закрылась. 21. Он увидел, что в маленькой беседке у поворота садовойдорожки ктото сидит. 22. Он вернулся к окну и, взглянув в него,вдруг увидел, что она идет по дорожке. 23. Они все собрались нахолме посмотреть, как взойдет солнце. 24. Она наблюдала за своейматерью, склонившейся над чайной посудой. 25. Люди, живущиена севере, месяцами не видят, как выходит солнце. 26. Дверьскрипнула. Он увидел, как вошла Ирэн, взяла телеграмму и прочитала ее. 27. На остановке она увидела еще одну девушку, ожидающую автобуса. 28. Я слышал, как он сказал учителю об этом. 29. Яслышал, как он говорил учителю об этом. 30. Она слышала, как вкоридоре ходят люди. 31. Она услышала, что ктото подошел к еедвери. 32. Мы увидели людей, стирающих белье в ручье / как люди стирают белье в ручье.  4361. I heard him opening the door. 2. I heard him open the door. 3. Ifelt him touch my hand. 4. I felt him touching my hand. 5. I saw thebirds flying towards the wood. 6. I saw the birds fly to the wood. 7. Wesaw her swimming across the river. 8. We saw her swim across theriver. 9. I did not notice him put the letter on the table. 10. I saw himput his suitcase by the door. 11. We saw her get off the train and walktowards the booking office. 12. We watched him walk up to the window, stop, open the magazine and begin reading. 13. I felt somebodylooking at me from the right. 14. We saw her leaving the house. 15. Heheard the chairman call his name. 16. He felt his hands trembling.17. We heard them laughing merrily in the next room. 18. I noticed herturn pale. 19. I saw him stand up from the chair and walk towards thewindow. 20. The mother watched her little son cleaning his teeth.21. He watched his mother washing the dishes. 22. We saw them approaching slowly. 23. We saw them sleeping. 24. He noticed her shudder. 25. I heard him playing the violin. 26. We heard him speak Frenchto her.  4371. She saw Nina trying on a hat. 2. Alice saw her sister take the book.3. He saw his pupils standing near the school. 4. Tom saw her leave theroom. 5. The mother saw her children doing their homework. 6. She sawAndrew sitting on the sofa. 7. Nicholas saw Ann writing something.8. She did not hear me enter the room. 9. I did not hear them talking.10. Have you ever heard her singing? 11. Have you ever heard himspeaking Spanish? 12. I saw Nick come. 13. I saw George walking downthe street. 14. I saw Nellie reading. 15. We saw the students dancing.16. We saw their parents talking. 17. We watched the children playing.18. At the zoo we often watched the monkeys playing in the cage. 19. Ioften hear him playing in his room. 20. Did you see these two boys running? 21. He heard a child crying in the street. 22. The children stood andwatched the bears swimming. 23. The boy watched the cat trying to openthe door. 24. He noticed them crossing the street with two big suitcasesin their hands. 25. The teacher noticed the pupils talking. 26. She noticedher father leave the room. 27. Did you notice them laughing? 28. Did younotice him go away?  4381. Он хотел, чтобы его письма отправили сейчас же. 2. Я не хочу,чтобы рылись в моих бумагах. 3. Она не хотела, чтобы ее ребенкаотправляли в больницу. 4. Она дала ему бумаги и сказала, что клиент хочет, чтобы их подписали. 5. Учитель хочет, чтобы наша домашняя работа была приготовлена хорошо. 6. Не желаете, чтобываш багаж отнесли наверх? 7. Я хочу, чтобы для моего гостя приготовили спальню. 8. Если вы хотите, чтобы дело было сделано хорошо, делайте его сами. 9. Я бы очень хотел, чтобы мне это объяснили. 10. Путешественник вошел на постоялый двор и приказал приготовить ужин.  4391. She wants this song to be sung as often as possible. 2. He wantedhis pictures to be seen in all countries. 3. The child wanted his teddybearto be put in his bed. 4. She wanted her composition to be checked up atonce. 5. I don't want this dress to be torn. 6. He didn't want his hair to becut. 7. I want my bicycle to be brought from the country. 8. I want thisarticle to be published in tomorrow's newspaper. 9. I want this carpet tobe spread on the floor in the drawing room. 10. He didn't want his thingsto be touched. 11. Do you want this picture to be hung over the fireplace?12. He wanted the grass on the lawn to be cut.  440I. – I must have my hair cut. I must have my watch repaired. I musthave my photo taken. I must have a new dress made.– I want to have my hair cut. I want to have my watch repaired. Iwant to have my photo taken. I want to have a new dress made.– I am going to have my hair cut. I am going to have my watch repaired. I am going to have my photo taken. I am going to have a newdress made.II. – Have you had your hair cut? Have you had your watch repaired?Have you had your photo taken? Have you had a new dress made?III. – When did you have your hair cut? When did you have yourwatch repaired? When did you have your photo taken? When did youhave a new dress made?– Why did you have your hair cut? Why did you have your watch repaired?– Why did you have your photo taken? Why did you have a newdress made?IV. – Where do you usually have your hair cut? Where do you usually have your watch repaired? Where do you usually have your phototaken? Where do you usually have your dresses made?  4411. Им принесли обед (они об этом позаботились). 2. Она приняламеры, чтобы за ее детьми присматривали по вечерам, когда она уходила. 3. Ктонибудь другой продевал для Эллен нитку в иголку, таккак ее зрение становилось хуже и хуже. 4. Мне надо починить этитуфли. 5. Я буду учить своего сына музыке (отдам в музыкальнуюшколу или возьму учителя). 6. Плантаторы срубили в джунглях деревья (наняли людей для этого). 7. Я позабочусь о том, чтобы вашетакси держали у двери. 8. Я позабочусь о том, чтобы ваши вещипринесли наверх и сейчас же распаковали. 9. Мне надо завтра подстричься. 10. Я только что сфотографировался и подумал, что Вы,возможно, захотите получить снимок. 11. Я собиралась переделатьэто платье, но так и не собралась. 12. Она не фотографировалась ссамого детства. 13. Пусть этот ковер расстелют на полу.  4421. I would like to see him say it to my face. 2. I expect you to joinour excursion. 3. We had not expected her to reply, but she did. 4. Weknew him to be a clever man. 5. I don't like you to repeat this nonsense. 6. I hate people to speak so cynically. 7. We expect everybody tobe ready by seven. 8. They showed themselves even more narrowminded than we had expected them to be. 9. I felt somebody touch melightly on the shoulder. 10. He heard someone call his name. 11. Wedid not expect him to return so soon. 12. I saw the telegraph boy handthe cable to the man. 13. They heard the woman utter a little exclamation. 14. He hated people argue about trifles.  4431. He hated people to laugh loudly. 2. Mother wanted me to water theflowers. 3. I saw her get off the tram and cross the street. 4. I didn't expect my sister to get a "three". 5. I know your friend to be a good pupil.6. I want this rule to be learnt. 7. I heard somebody knock at the door.8. When will you have your watch repaired? 9. I know your brother tohave been ill. 10. I expected my father to bring me the books. 11. I wantthis play to be staged at our school theatre. 12. I will make him bring thebook tomorrow. 13. I expect him to ring me up.  4441. I want you to be more attentive. 2. I made her learn this poem byheart. 3. They expected us to take part in the discussion. 4. We want ourchildren to grow active and energetic. 5. The noise of the plane flyinghigh in the sky made him look up. 6. We had better enter the house: Idon't want you to catch cold. 7. He made the car run at full speed. 8. Wewanted them to achieve success. 9. I saw the children running towardsthe river. 10. I want you to translate this article. 11. She heard somebodyenter the room. 12. I would like you to spend the summer with us. 13. Idid not want you to learn this text by heart. 14. We expected the delegation to come at the end of the week.  4451. I did not expect you to be angry. 2. I don't like the children to stayalone. 3. I expect the letter to come tomorrow. 4. The doctor made metake the medicine. 5. Has your mother had a new dress made? 6. I hatekeys to be lost. 7. I want the dictation to be written well. 8. When did youhave your photo taken? 9. I heard something heavy fall on the floor.10. We know him to be a great musician. 11. He watched us playingchess. 12. Where do you have your hair cut? 13. Did you see anybodyfighting with him? 14. I did not want you to stay in the yard.  446I. I want your morning exercises done every morning. 2. Would youlike me to dance for you? 3. Grandmother does not like the cat to sit onthe bed. 4. He felt something heavy pressing him to the floor. 6. Whenwill you have your hair cut? 6. She expected him to invite her to the theatre. 7. The teacher did not want us to stay in the classroom. 8. The boywatched his father unharnessing the horse. 9. When did she have thisdress made? 10. The storm made the ship return to the port. 11. Did yousee anybody take this hammer? 12. I expect you to stay at home.13. Yesterday I had my picture taken. 14. I hate dogs to be kept on achain.  4471. I want to have a new dress made. 2. I want these words to beremembered. 3. The rain made us stay at home. 4. We watched theship sailing off. 5. I hate animals to be beaten. 6. Did you see anybodyfall? 7. Everybody knows him to be a coward. 8. Where do youhave your pictures taken? 9. I expected you to come in the evening.10. I don't like you to bring bad marks. 11. You must have your hair cuttoday. 12. Mother did not want me to go to the cinema. 13. I felt something touch my hair. 14. I know your brother to be the best pupil of theschool.  4481. His father made him rewrite the exercise. 2. I want you to write aletter to your grandmother. 3. I know your sister to be an excellentsinger. 4. He knows me to be a great theatregoer. 5. We expected theweather to change. 6. The teacher wanted the dictation to be rewritten.7. I heard something heavy fall on the floor. 8. I saw the boy slip and fall.9. We made him study English. 10. I want you to understand your mistake. 11. I know her to be clever. 12. He expects me to write to him.13. We saw her swim across the river.  4491. He watched the workers unloading the lorry. 2. I know your fatherto be an outstanding sportsman. 3. My friend did not want me to writethis letter. 4. I must have my photo taken tomorrow. 5. I want my booksreturned. 6. I hate birds to be kept in cages. 7. The teacher made him repeat the rule. 8. She saw people running along the street. 9. I expect theteacher to give me a good mark. 10. I don't like you to stay at school afterclasses. 11. When did she have her hair cut? 12. I want this music to beplayed every day. 13. When will you have a new dress made? 14. Didyou see anybody leave the room?  4501. Bad weather made us return home. 2. We expect the ship to cometomorrow. 3. I saw the ship disappear behind the horizon. 4. The illnessmade him stay at home. 5. Mother wants us to go to the country. 6. Thechildren wanted the fir (tree) to be put in the largest room. 7. We expected him to return on the same day. 8. I want you to come with me. 9. Iwant you to help me. 10. Mother made me go to the country on Sunday.11. I saw him pass. 12. I heard the door open. 13. I want you to go toFrance.  4511. Father did not want Nick to read this book. 2. I hate things to bebroken. 3. She wants to have her hair cut. 4. I don't like Kate to sing thissong. 5. Everybody knows her to be very brave. 6. I expected you to doyour homework. 7. Did you see anybody speaking to him? 8. Shewatched the children playing lotto. 9. His mother made him go to bed.10. Have you had your photo taken? 11. I want the dinner cooked intime. 12. I had a new dress made last week. 13. I know him to be the captain of a big ship. 14. She felt tears rolling down her cheeks.  4521. Mary made Tom wash his hands and face again. "I want you to beclean," she said. 2. "I want the floor washed by the evening," saidmother. 3. He heard her sighing in her sleep. 4. She was so busy thinkingshe did not notice me enter. 5. We wanted them to tell us somethingabout themselves. 6. I often heard them arguing. 7. When I was a child, Iliked mother to sing songs to me. 8. She felt somebody come up to her,but did not turn. 9. The boy watched the mechanic repairing the refrigerator. 10. David heard the doctor leave his mother's room and go downstairs. 11. Nobody saw Jim enter the house. Nobody expected him tocome so early. 12. "I want everybody to be happy," she said. 13. "Youcannot make me give you the child," said Miss Betsy. 14. Sid saw Tomjump out of the window.  4531. We know him to be the captain of a big ship. 2. We expect you tovisit us on Saturday. 3. She heard her brother enter the room. 4. I willmake you study well. 5. Nina wants me to come, too. 6. I know you tohave been ill. 7. I expected you to come in time. 8. I know your father tobe very tall. 9. She did not want me to go to England. 10. I expect you tohelp me. 11. I know her to be the best pupil. 12. I want the work to bedone. 13. We saw him cross the street.  4541. We liked to come to this garden and watch children playing.2. When Robert went out into the corridor, he felt somebody touch hisarm. 3. She wanted the children brought into the hall. 4. Tom was a veryindustrious pupil and soon made everybody respect him. 5. I don't wantto make you do it at once. 6. I want you to do it yourself. 7. Have youever heard him playing / singing this piece? 8. I want you to introduceme to your brother. 9. I like my sister to speak English with her friends.10. Ann did not expect the book to be so interesting. 11. I often heardhim tell the students about his native land. 12. We often saw them working in the reading room. 13. When did you have your car repaired? 14. IfI see Nina in the library, I will make her tell me about everything.  4551. Не wants the letters brought into his room. 2. We know them to bevery busy. 3. I want to have my photo taken. 4. I know him to be a greattheatregoer. 5. I expect you to write me a letter. 6. He heard somebodyentering the room. 7. I don't like the child to play with the dog. 8. I hatebooks to be torn. 9. Harris did not want his wife to jump off the bicycle.10. Where do you have your dresses made? 11. His mother made him puton his coat. 12. The mother watched the child walking across the room.13. Did you see anybody enter the classroom? 14. He had his hair cutyesterday.  4561. I want the letters written today. 2. I would like you to call on metonight. 3. I was not sleeping and heard somebody enter our carriage. 4. Isaw them walking down the street together. 5. Nobody has ever heard herrecite poetry. 6. It made me think how to correct the mistake. 7. I wonderwhat made him give up the trip to the Crimea. 8. My father wants me tostudy two foreign languages. 9. Mother made me go to the country.10. The professor wants me to work more at my report. 11. We expectyou to go to the south with us. 12. They don't want us to do it. 13. Thepainter watched the yellow leaves falling to the ground. 14. Come in, Iexpect my brother to return soon.  4571. I want these books to be returned. 2. The rain made us turn back.3. She felt somebody touch her hand. 4. We heard the bell ring. 5. Herbrother's illness made her go to Kiev. 6. The cold wind made him put onhis coat. 7. My friend wants me to come to his place. 8. I know yourfriend to be a skilful photographer. 9. We expect you to take part in theconcert. 10. I know you to be my friend. 11. Mother wanted potatoes tobe bought at the market. 12. I know these people to be foreign tourists.13. She expects the teacher to ask her.  

Сложное подлежащее (Complex Subject)
4581. Известно, что в нашей стране каждый год выпускают многокниг.2. Предполагают, что вы окончите институт через четыре года.3. Говорят, что радий очень радиоактивен.4. Было известно, что этот прибор спроектировали в той лаборатории.5. Его изобретение считается очень важным.6. Известно, что солнце представляет собой массу сжатых газов.7. Сообщают, что новая ракета будет запущена в производство вследующем году.8. Полагают, что у этого типа ракет имеется много преимуществ.9. Долгое время полагали, что атом неделим.10. Обнаружили, что атом гелия имеет два электрона.11. Я не знал, чего от меня ждали, поэтому не сказал ничего.12. Говорили, что он один из самых многообещающих ядерныхфизиков.13. Говорят, что он хороший переводчик.14. Было известно, что Роберта — честная и трудолюбивая девушка.15. Ожидали, что Клайд приедет в конце недели.16. Предполагали, что Бекки и Том остались у вдовы Дуглас.17. Сообщают, что число безработных увеличивается с каждымгодом.18. Ожидают, что скоро выпустят много новых учебников.19. Говорят, что московское метро самое красивое в мире.20. Известно, что заяц бегает очень быстро.21. Видели, что мужчина снял пальто.22. Говорят, что алмазные прииски в западной Якутии нискольконе уступают по богатству всемирно известным южноафриканскимприискам.23. Известно, что эта электростанция расположена на реке Ангаре.24. Считается, что эти приборы очень эффективны.  4591. The climate there is considered to be very healthful. 2. The Chinese dancers were announced to arrive next week. 3. The performance isexpected to be a success. 4. The book is said to be popular with both oldand young. 5. The poem is believed to have been written by an unknownsoldier. 6. The playwright is supposed to be working at a new comedy.7. The flood is reported to have caused much damage to the crops. 8. Thecrops were supposed to be rich that year. 9. This mineral water has beenfound to be very good for the liver. 10. Electricity is considered to existthroughout space. 11. The weather in Europe is said to have been exceedingly hot last summer. 12. Five ships were reported to be missing afterthe battle.  4601. Так случилось, что деньги меня не интересуют. 2. Так случилось, что в середине лекции доктор Сомервилл остановился и взглянул в окно. 3. С первого упоминания о Длинном Джоне я боялся,что он может оказаться тем самым одноногим моряком, за которымя так долго наблюдал на постоялом дворе. 4. Казалось, что со времени их последней встречи Клайд не думал ни о ком другом, кромеСондры. 5. По всему было видно, что Клайд забыл о своем обещании проводить свободные вечера с Робертой. 6. Оказалось, что онаотличная артистка. 7. Однажды случилось так, что Заяц встретился сЧерепахой. 8. Казалось, что Черепаха ползет очень медленно.9. Оказалось, что Заяц проиграл состязание в беге. 10. Казалось, чтоаппарат в отличном состоянии. 11. Похоже, что Вы нашли в нем нечто, чего я не заметил. 12. Кажется, эта работа займет много времени. 13. Операция казалась сложной. 14. Похоже, что новые методыработы достаточно эффективны. 15. Процентное содержание угля вэтой стали оказалось очень низким. 16. Оказалось, что Ирвинг высокий бледнолицый парень. 17. Оказалось, что его контора расположена на одной из отдаленных улиц. 18. Он оказался идеальнымчеловеком. 19. Кажется, она не хочет делать ничего, что я предлагаю. 20. Оказалось, что он не испытывает никаких родственныхчувств к своему племяннику. 21. Казалось, это забавляет полисмена.22. Вы можете легко проникнуть внутрь через окно, если дверь случайно окажется запертой. 23. Казалось, что крестьяне не видят ее.24. Казалось, Овод невзлюбил сеньору Грассини со времени их первой встречи. 25. Кажется, Вы не сделали для себя ничего особенного тем, что уехали. 26. "Джим," — сказал он, наконец, голосом, который, казалось, не принадлежал ему.  4611. Не appeared to be losing patience. 2. He appeared not to haveheard what had been said. 3. I happened to be present at the opening session. 4. I happened to overhear their conversation. 5. My predictionturned out to be correct. 6. The language of the article turned out to bequite easy. 7. They seem to know all about it. 8. They seem to have heardall about it. 9. The discussion seemed to be coming to an end. 10. Youdon't seem to approve of the idea. 11. The house seemed not to have beenlived in for a long time.  4621. Мы, большинство из нас, хотим очень многого, чего мы, похоже, не получим. 2. Он обязательно расскажет мне все об этомсобытии, даже если я не попрошу его. 3. Когда Сондра сказала, чтоони обязательно встретятся снова, она увидела, что лицо Клайдавдруг просияло. 4. Если мы будем продолжать спорить, мы обязательно поссоримся. 5. Они обязательно признают Ваш талант.6. Он обязательно сообщит Вам коекакие полезные сведения.7. Похоже, что эта статья появится в следующем номере журнала.8. Мистер Уординг наверняка скоро вернется. 9. Эти двое молодыхлюдей обязательно будут очень хорошими друзьями. 10. Вы обязательно будете там завтра вечером, не правда ли? 11. Непохоже, чтоона переменит свое мнение. 12. Они обязательно должны былидостичь взаимопонимания. 13. Не беспокойтесь: все обязательноустроится. 14. Этот новый курс лечения обязательно поможет вашей бабушке.  4631. Cold weather was never expected to set in so early. 2. We turned outto have met. 3. You seem to be tired. 4. The working conditions turned outto be more difficult than they had been supposed to be. 5. Do you happento know this man? 6. The book you gave me has turned out to be dull.7. The new buses turned out to be very comfortable. 8. Of the three Brontesisters Charlotte is considered to be the most talented one. 9. The Englishwomanwriter Voinich is known to have lived in St. Petersburg for a number of years and (to have) studied Russian literature. Russian literature isconsidered to have influenced her creative activity. 10. Your friend seemsto be very interested in ancient history. 11. The Romans are known to havebuilt good roads on the British Isles. 12. "The Song of Beowulf" is supposed to have been written in the 8th century. 13. Walter Scott is considered to be the creator of the historical novel. 14. The expedition is reportedto have reached its destination. 15. I happen to know his telephone number.16. He turned out to be a good sportsman. 17. He seems to be writing anew article; he seems to have already been working at it for two weeks.18. I happened to meet him in Moscow. 19. This building is said to havebeen erected in the 17th century. 20. The Martian canals are known to havebeen discovered in 1877. 21. The meeting is supposed to be over at teno'clock. 22. They are supposed to know about it more than they want toshow. 23. Jim turned out to be a brave boy. 24. Rochester happened tomeet Jane on his way home. 25. He is said to have been working at his invention for several years. 26. This article is said to have been translatedinto all the languages of the world. 27. You seem to have read a lot beforeentering the university.  

Условные предложения. Сослагательное наклонение после «I wish»
4641.1. If my friend comes to see me, I will be very glad. 2. If my friendcame to see me, I would be very glad. 3. If my friend had come to seeme, I would have been very glad.
2.1. If mother buys a cake, we will have a very nice tea party. 2. Ifmother bought a cake, we would have a very nice tea party. 3. If motherhad bought a cake, we would have had a very nice tea party.
3.1. If we receive a telegram from him, we will not worry. 2. If wereceived a telegram from him, we would not worry. 3. If we had receiveda telegram from him, we would not have worried.
4.1. If you don't work systematically, you will fail the examination.2. If you did not work systematically, you would fail the examination.3. If you had not worked systematically, you would have failed the examination.
5.1. If you are busy, I will leave you alone. 2. If you were busy, Iwould leave you alone. 3. If you had been busy, I would have left youalone.
6.1. If I live in Moscow, I will visit the Tretyakov Gallery everyyear. 2. If I lived in Moscow, I would visit the Tretyakov Gallery everyyear. 3. If I had lived in Moscow, I would have visited the TretyakovGallery every year.
7.1. If I get a ticket, I will go to the Philharmonic. 2. If I got a ticket,I would go to the Philharmonic. 3. If I had got a ticket, I would havegone to the Philharmonic.
8.1. If I live near a wood, I will gather a lot of mushrooms. 2. If Ilived near a wood, I would gather a lot of mushrooms. 3. If I had livednear a wood, I would have gathered a lot of mushrooms.
9.1. If my father returns early, we will watch TV together. 2. If myfather returned early, we would watch TV together. 3. If my father hadreturned early, we would have watched TV together.
10.1. If she knows English, she will try to enter the university. 2. Ifshe knew English, she would try to enter the university. 3. If she hadknown English, she would have tried to enter the university.
  4651.1. They would all be surprised if I made such a mistake. 2. Theywould all have been very surprised if I had made such a mistake.
2.1. If he didn't come in time, would we have to wait for him? 2. Ifhe hadn't come in time, would we have had to wait for him?
3.1. If I were not too busy, I would go to the concert. 2. If I had notbeen too busy, I would have gone to the concert.
4.1. If no one came to help, we would be obliged to do the work ourselves. 2. If no one had come to help, we would have been obliged to dothe work ourselves.
5.1. If you put on your glasses, you would see better. 2. If you hadput on your glasses, you would have seen better.
6.1. What would we do if they were late? 2. What would we havedone if they had been late?
7.1. Would you be very angry if we didn't come? 2. Would you havebeen very angry if we hadn't come?
8.1. Would he be very displeased if I didn't ring him up? 2. Would hehave been very displeased if I hadn't rung him up?
  466If I live in the south, I will bathe every day. If I live in the south, Iwill be very happy. If I live in the south, I will be very glad.If I come home late, I will go to bed at once.If I live in the country, I will often go to the wood. If I live in thecountry, I will bathe every day. If I live in the country, I will gather manymushrooms.If I live in the country, I will be very happy. If I live in the country, Iwill be very glad.If I go to the wood, I will gather many mushrooms. If I go to thewood, I will be very happy. If I go to the wood, I will be very glad.If I receive his letter, I will be very happy. If I receive his letter, I willbe very glad.If I fall ill, I will go to the doctor. If I fall ill, I will go to bed at once.If I find my book, I will be very glad. If I find my book, I will be veryhappy.If I lose my money, I will be very sorry.If I see my friend, I will ask his advice. If I see my friend, I will bevery happy. If I see my friend, I will be very glad.  467I wish I were in the south. If I were in the south, I would bathe everyday.I wish I were at home. If I were at home, I would go to bed.I wish I were in the country. If I were in the country, I would go tothe wood.I wish I were in the wood. If I were in the wood, I would gather manymushrooms.I wish I were at the camp. If I were at the camp, I would have a verygood time.I wish I were a scientist. If I were a scientist, I would invent a timemachine.I wish I were a composer. If I were a composer, I would write beautiful music.I wish I were a poet. If I were a poet, I would write beautifulpoetry.I wish I were a writer. If I were a writer, I would write interestingnovels.I wish I were a spaceman. If I were a spaceman, I would fly to otherplanets.I wish I were a sailor. If I were a sailor, I would sail to Africa.  468I wish I had translated the article yesterday. If I had translated the article yesterday, I would have found out all about this discovery.I wish I had met you yesterday. If I had met you yesterday, I wouldhave told you something.I wish I had read this new book. If I had read this new book, I wouldhave told you about it.I wish I had seen your brother yesterday. If I had seen your brotheryesterday, I would have asked him to come to our place.I wish I had bought a dictionary. If I had bought a dictionary, I wouldhave translated the text.I wish I had learned my lesson. If I had learned my lesson, I wouldhave got a good mark.I wish I had rung him up yesterday. If I had rung him up yesterday, Iwould have found out all about his illness.I wish I had gone to the library. If I had gone to the library, I wouldhave got that book.I wish I had had more practice in chess. If I had had more practice inchess, I would have won the game yesterday.I wish I had joined you in fishing. If I had joined you in fishing, Iwould have caught a lot of fish.I wish I had had a ticket yesterday. If I had had a ticket yesterday, Iwould have gone to the theatre with you.I wish I had asked you to help me. If I had asked you to help me, Iwould have done the work well.I wish I had called at that shop. If I had called at that shop, I wouldhave bought the book.I wish I had called on my friend yesterday. If I had called on myfriend yesterday, I would have met interesting people.I wish I had won the championship. If I had won the championship, Iwould have been sent abroad.I wish I had heard about it yesterday. If I had heard about it yesterday, I would have been pleased.  4691…. he would not have... 2. If you give … 3. If she were not …. 4. …we will spend... 5. If they had not gone … 6. If you don't get ... 7. … youwould consult…. 8….if I had…. 9. If it rains …. 10. If he had worked…. 11. …I will not put on ... 12. I would have written … 13. If he did notread …. 14. If my friend is ….  4701. If you don't buy ... 2. … he will certainly come…. 3…. if he hadnot hurt…. 4. If my friend worked…. 5. …. you would improve ….6. … your mother will be …. 7. If she had returned…. 8. … I would buy…. 9. If you ring …. 10. If you were … 11. … he would not know ….12. If he had come …. 13. If he does not pass …. 14. If she had nothelped …. 15. … if he did not read …. 16. … I would have gone ….17. … I would get ….  4711. If my brother is …. 2. … I will stay…. 3. … she would not be ….4. … if you did not smoke…. 5. If he had learnt ... . 6. … I would translate …. 7. If I were …. 8. If Barbara had got …. 9. … it would not havegot …. 10. … he came …. 11. If he lived …. 12. If you had gone ….13. … if you don't listen …. 14. …. he would not spend …. 15. … if myfriend had not lent …. 16. … we would not meet …. 17. … I would havedone ….  4721. If I had …. 2. … if she had been …. 3. He would never havephoned … 4. Your brother would become …. 5. If he were …. 6. … hewould not have caught …. 7. If you had put …. 8. If I knew …. 9. … Iwould have brought ... 10. If it snows …. 11. If I did not know …. 12. Iwould not do it …. 13. If men had …. 14. … if you waste …. 15. If Ihad … .  4731. … his vocabulary will increase …. 2. If they had known …. 3. If Iget …. 4. … you would go …. 5. … you would not have missed …. 6. Ifyou had not missed …. 7. You would not have missed …. 8. … if youhad not missed …. 9. If you had understood …. 10. … you would nothave got …. 11. Your mother would not have scolded …. 12. If yourmother had not scolded …. 13. If she had asked …. 14. If you did ….15. … he will agree …. 16. If I had not been ….  4741. If it rains …. 2. If a dog bit …. 3. … he would have taken …. 4. IfI had …. 5. … she wouldn't have been …. 6. If I had lived …. 7. … shewould get …. 8. If his friend had been …. 9. If my cactus plant hadn'thad …. 10. … they would have sent …. 11. … he would telephone ... andhelp …. 12. … you will have …. 13. If she hadn't been …. 14. … theywould have enjoyed … 15. If a robber attacked …. 16. … he wouldn'thave fallen … 17. If you didn't smoke … 18. If her alarm clock hadrung … .  4751. … would you attack … 2. … they would stay ... and would probably survive. 3. … he would have succeeded. 4. If I had lived …. 5. If shesmelt …. 6. If he had been invited …. 7. … the accident wouldn't havehappened. 8. If you don't know …. 9. … they would have given ….10. … I would read. 11. … they would have watched …. 12. … itwouldn't have shrunk …. 13. … if you get … if you are …. 14. If theyhad gone … 15. If I were …. 16. If he had brought …. 17. If my motherwon …. 18. … you would have been ….  4761. … you read … I would lend …. 2. … if you had read … you wouldhave seen …. 3. … if he were … he would not play …. 4. … if he hadbeen … would not have taken …. 5. … if it were not raining … wouldnot be …. 6. Would you have been …. I had not come? 7. If we did nothave … we would walk. 8. If the evening were not … we would continue…. 9. If you were … you would study ….  4771. If he were not busy, he would come to see us. 2. If the girl hadstudied well last year, she would not have received bad marks. 3. If hehad not broken his bicycle, he would have gone to the country. 4. If hehad more practice, he would speak English better. 5. If I had not had abad headache yesterday, I would have come to see you. 6. If the shiphad not sailed near the coast, it would not have struck a rock. 7. If hehad been in town, he would have been present at our meeting. 8. If thepavement had not been so slippery, I would not have fallen and hurt myleg. 9. If the sea were not so rough, we would / could sail to the island.10. If they had not made a fire, the wolves would not have run away.11. If it were not late, I would not have to go home. 12. If I had not expected my friend to come, I would / could have gone to the cinemawith you. 13. If mathematics were not his favorite subject and he didnot work a lot at it, he would not always get top marks. 14. If I had hada dictionary, I would have translated the article yesterday. 15. If thenight had not been pitchdark, we would not have lost our way. 16. Ifthe box had not been so heavy, I could have carried it and I would nothave taken a taxi.  4781. If the travellers had had a camera with them, they would / couldhave taken pictures of the beautiful scenery. 2. If there had been anysugar left, we would not have had to go to the shop late in the evening.3. If this house were not situated close to a chemical plant, the air aroundwould not be bad and the house would be very good for living. 4. If Iwere acquainted with him, I would ask his advice. 5. If you did not havea toothache, you would / could enjoy this merry evening party. 6. If youwere not so absentminded, you would not make so many mistakes. 7. Ifyou had rung me up, I would have known you were in trouble. 8. If youhad not left the child alone, he would not have hurt himself. 9. If theyhad not spent a year in the tropics, they would not have got so suntanned.10. If it had not rained so heavily, we would not have got drenched to theskin. 11. If you had watched the cat, it would not have eaten the fish.12. If a huge black cloud had not appeared from behind the forest, wewould not have turned back and hurried home. 13. If it were not so late,we would go to see them. 14. If you had not been in her way, she wouldnot have been angry.  4791. … he had not forgotten …. 2. … I had …. 3. … I had consulted ….4. … it were …. 5. … I had not lent …. 6. …. you sent …. 7. … I did nothave …. 8. … you had gone …. 9. … I knew …. 10. … I had notdrunk …. 11. … you read …. 12. …. I had never suggested ….. 13. …. Ihad been …. 14. … we met …. 15. … you had seen …. 16. … they didnot see ...  4801. … I could …. 2. … she had seen …. 3. … I had passed … 4. … Ihadn't forgotten …. 5. … he hadn't broken ... 6. … she had stayed ….7. … he knew …. 8. … it were …. 9. … it had been …. 10. … shelived …. 11. … he hadn't done …. 12. … I had brought …. 13. … I could…. 14. … you were ... 15. … they could …. 16. … things were ….  4811. I wish they returned before Christmas. 2. The student wished hehad studied the material better and shown better knowledge at the examination. 3. I wish you had sent for us last night. 4. I wish you were with usthese days. 5. My friend wishes he had entered the university. 6. Hewished he had had enough time to finish his paper. 7. I wish we wereable to reach home before teatime. 8. I wish I had not made you upset bytelling you this news. 9. I wish you knew enough physics.  4821. a) I wish he were not so lightminded.б) I wish he were more serious.2. a) Now I wish I had listened to his advice.б) Now I wish I had not followed his advice.3. a) I wish you had not come so late.б) I wish you had come earlier.4. а) I wish we had not gone before he came.б) I wish we had waited till he came.5. a) I wish they knew it already.б) I wish they did not know about it.  4831. Oh, I wish you had told her about it last Sunday! 2. I wish we hadholidays now. 3. Oh, I wish he came tonight! 4. We wished we had askedhis advice. 5. I wish you had not refused to take part in the picnic. 6. Iwish you were interested in this subject. 7. We wish you mentioned thesefacts. 8. I wish we had not missed the train. 9. I wish you had turned onTV earlier. 10. I wish I were free now! 11. I wish I had had more timeyesterday. 12. I wish you wrote her about it yourself. 13. I wish you hadpaid attention to his warning. 14. He wished he had not left the university. 15. I wish it were not too late to go there. 16. Oh, how I wish I hadcome to the railway station on time! 17. I wish you had read this wonderful book. 18. I wish she did not make so many mistakes in her speech.19. I wish you had visited the exhibition. 20. I wish I had learned about itearlier. 21. I wish we had found Nick at home. 22. She wished she hadtold us this story before.  4841. If I did not have a toothache, I would not go to the dentist. 2. If hehad gone to the dentist to have his tooth filled, he would not be groaningwith pain now. 3. If she needed some treatment, she would go to theclinic. 4. If he had not been present at the dress rehearsal, he would go tosee the play. 5. If he were not fond of this famous singer, he would nothave gone to Moscow specially to hear him. 6. If we had been thirsty, wewould have gone to the cafeteria to have a glass of lemonade. 7. If shehad had a needle, she would / could have mended her dress herself. 8. Ifhe had trained enough last year, he would be a firstclass sportsman now.9. If the pupils had not wanted to understand this difficult material, theywould not have been so active. 10. If the pupils had been more attentive,they would have understood the homework. 11. If the pupils had notworked hard, they would not have done well in their examinations. 12. Ifshe were good at foreign languages, she would try to enter the foreignlanguages department.  4851. If he were not so near sighted, he would have recognized me in thetheatre yesterday. 2. She is well. If she were ill, her brother would havetold me about it yesterday. 3. You would know much if you read thismagazine regularly. 4. If I had learnt about it before, I would not be staying at home now. 5. If my parents were rich, they would have bought mea car long ago. 6. She is very talented. I wish her parents bought her a piano. If she begins to play the piano now, she will become an outstandingmusician. 7. If I knew French, I would have spoken to her long ago. 8. IfI knew German, I would read Goethe in the original. 9. If I lived near, Iwould call on you more often. 10. If you had not interrupted us yesterday, we would have finished the work in time. 11. If he had not followedthe doctor's advice, he would not have recovered so soon. 12. If he werenot a talented painter, his picture would not have been taken to the exhibition. 13. If you had listened to my advice then, you would not be insuch a difficult situation now. 14. If I were not so busy these days, Iwould have helped you yesterday.  4861. He has changed so much! If you met him, you would not recognizehim. 2. If I were you, I would consult my parents. 3. If a tram came now,we would not be late. 4. If he had known that this would upset you, hewould have been more careful. 5. If you helped me to solve this problem,I would be very grateful to you. 6. I wish it had occurred to us before tolook for the book in the library. We would have done the work in timeand now we would be free. 7. I wish we had had more lessons. If we hadworked more, we would know the language better. 8. If he had notattended sports trainings regularly, he would not have achieved suchsuccess in the competitions. 9. If you had warned me before, I wouldalready be in Moscow. 10. I wish she had not gone. If you had calledbefore, she would be here now. 11. If he were cleverer, he would nothave gone to the wood yesterday. 12. If she had not sent this letteryesterday, my brother would be at home now. 13. What would we bedoing now if mother had not baked a pie yesterday? 14. I wish you hadheard Rakhmaninov's music. If you had heard it, you would know what awonderful composer he was. 15. I am sure that everybody would be gladif the party took place.  

Модальные глаголы
4871. Ее бабушка умеет хорошо вязать. 2. Я могу ответить на вопросы. Они очень легкие. 3. Эта поездка для меня слишком дорогая. Яне могу позволить ее себе (Это мне не по карману). 4. Она умеет печатать на машинке. Она умеет прекрасно вести разговор по телефону. Она надеется, что сможет найти работу, которую ищет. 5. Выможете пойти со мной на обед? — Извините, не могу. 6. Майк умееточень быстро бегать. 7. Они понимают (могут понимать) французский язык. 8. Катя хорошо умеет говорить поанглийски. 9. Мойбрат может прийти и помочь вам работать в саду. 10. Вы умеете говорить поиспански? 11. Ваш брат может помочь мне с математикой? 12. Его маленькая сестра уже умеет ходить. 13. Дети не могутнести этот ящик: он слишком тяжелый. 14. Мой друг не можетприйти вовремя. 15. Эта старушка не может спать ночью. 16. Его сестра умеет очень хорошо готовить. 17. Я умею петь, но не умеютанцевать. 18. А Вы не можете подождать до завтрашнего утра? —Ято могу, да моя зубная боль не может.  4881. I can speak English. 2. My father cannot speak German. 3. Can youspeak French? 4. My sister cannot skate. 5. Can you swim across thisriver? 6. I cannot drink this milk. 7. She cannot understand you. 8. Couldyou swim last year? 9. Last year I could not ski, but now I can. 10. Can /Could you tell me how to get to the railway station? 11. Could you helpme? 12. I cannot translate this sentence. 13. Nobody could help me.14. Where can I buy bread here? 15. Could your grandmother dancewhen she was young? — Yes, and she can dance now.  4891. She will not be able to get to the airport on time. 2. Will you beable to send him email tonight? 3. They will not be able to watch TV fora while because it is Sunday tomorrow and they will call nobody. 4. I'mafraid he will not be able to help me move to my new house next week.5. Will you be able to do this work tomorrow? 6. I think she will not beable to solve this problem. 7. Tomorrow I will be free and I will be ableto help you. 8. Will we be able to go to New York next year? 9. Will yoube able to repair my tape recorder? 10. Yesterday I could not see theheadmaster as he was at a conference, but today after work I will be ableto do it.  4901. They will never be able to appreciate your kindness. 2. I was sureyou would be able to /could/ translate that article after you had translatedso many texts on physics. 3. You will be able to go to the country whenyou have passed your last examination. 4. We can /will be able to/ passto the next exercise when we have done this one. 5. I will be able to giveyou my book for a couple of days after I have read it. 6. He has been ableto ski for ten years. 7. We knew that she had been able to swim since achild. 8. You will not be able to take part in this serious sport competition until you have mastered good skills. 9. I had not been able to solvethe problem before he explained it to me.  4911. Можно я позову Колю к нам в гости? 2. Теперь вы можете идти. 3. Если ты сделал домашнее задание, можешь идти гулять. 4. Неходи в лес один: ты можешь заблудиться. 5. Можно мне пойти напочту с Майком? 6. Можно, я возьму Петину сумку? 7. Не давайтевазу ребенку: он может разбить ее. 8. Можно делать записи карандашом? 9. Нельзя переходить улицу на красный свет. 10. Можно закрыть дверь? 11. Дождь перестал, и мама сказала, что мы можемвыйти на улицу. 12. Можно детям играть с ножницами? 13. Они могут поехать на морском транспорте. Это, может быть, и дешевле, ноэто займет много времени. 14. Возможно / Может быть, это правда.15. Можно мне к Вам зайти? 16. Могу я узнать, где вы пропадали?  4921. If you don't put on your coat, you may fall ill. 2. Don't leave home:mother may come soon, and she has no key. 3. Be careful: you may fall.4. Don't touch the dog: it may bite you. 5. We may go to the country onSunday. 6. He may forget about it. 7. It may start raining soon. 8. May Icome in? 9. May I go for a walk? 10. If your work is ready, you may gohome. 11. The teacher said that we might go home. 12. The doctor saysthat I may already bathe. 13. Father said that we might go to the cinemaalone. 14. I thought that I might watch TV. 15. There is nothing to dohere. We may leave early today. 16. He might know the problem, so hemight know the answer to this question, but I am not quite sure. 17. Youmay leave now if you wish / want. 18. Where are they living? — Theymight be living abroad, but I am not so sure.  4931. Smoking is not allowed. 2. He was not allowed to smoke in theirhouse. 3. In Britain you will be allowed to drive a car if you are seventeen years old. 4. In the USA you are allowed to go on driving even atthe age of 90. 5. I am allowed to use father's tape recorder. 6. The children are already big. They are allowed to go to school alone. 7. He is notallowed to bathe in this river. 8. Yesterday she was allowed to comehome at ten o'clock. 9. We are not allowed to talk in class. 10. Were youallowed to take this book? 11. I think I will not be allowed to go to thecountry with you. 12. You will be allowed to go for a walk when youhave done your homework. 13. Were you allowed to go to the lake whenyou were little? 14. When will I be allowed to eat icecream?  4941. He may go …. 2. As soon as the boy was allowed to …. 3. I may getup …. 4. May I…? 5. … if he might …. 6. … the children were allowedto …. 7.He will be allowed to …. 8. … everybody might …. 9. … you willbe allowed to …. 10. May I …? 11. … if he might …. 12. May I…?  4951. Can you see…? 2. You may …. 3. It may be late …. 4. When canyou…? — I cannot … you can expect …. 5. You may come …. 6. …you may spill …. 7. Most children can …. 8. I don't think I can …but Imay be.  4961. May I come in? 2. … I may be able to ….3. I cannot swim …I maystay in …. 4. … anyone who likes can get …. 5. I may come …. 6. … itmay rain…. 7. … you can do that? 8. I may finish …. 9. May / can wecome …. 10. It may be …. 11. … can answer ….  4971. Can you …. 2. I could not imagine…. 3. … he could not start it.4. A fool can ask … man can / may answer. 5. … if she might …. 6. May/ Can I use …. 7. Can I find …. 8. You can read …. 9. You may take ….10. Can I help you? 11. May I ask … 12. … nothing could be heard ….13. Waiting may be …. 14. Can / Could you tell …. 15. They maythink …. 16. … he could find ….  4981. He беспокойся (Не волнуйся)! Это неважно. — Неважно? Ты,должно быть, шутишь! 2. Он никогда не опаздывает на работу. Он,должно быть, проспал сегодня. 3. Вы не должны (=нельзя) спорить сбоссом. 4. Она должна прекратить столько есть, и ей надо похудеть.5. Вы должны прекратить курить! Если Вы этого не сделаете, то когданибудь у Вас будут серьезные проблемы с легкими. 6. Вы должны упорно работать над своим английским. 7. Вы должны выучитьслова. 8. Мы должны выучить стихотворение сегодня? 9. Должнобыть, очень трудно учить китайский язык. 10. Вы не должны разговаривать на уроках. 11. Все должны приходить в школу вовремя.12. Не звоните ему: он, должно быть, очень занят. 13. Вы не должныделать заметки в книгах. 14. Сегодня я должна помогать маме.  4991. Не must be very tired. 2. They even have a yacht. They must bevery rich. 3. Must you leave tomorrow morning? 4. You must not be late.5. I must not forget about my mother. I have not written to her for ages. Imust write her a letter tonight. 6. This book is very valuable. You mustnot lose it. 7. Must you go so soon? 8. I must admit that I am wrong. 9. Imust work hard at my English. 10. You must listen to the teacher attentively at the lesson. 11. You must do your homework every day. 12. Youmust not forget about your duties. 13. You must be careful in the street.14. She must be at home now. 15. My friends must be in the park.16. You must be very hungry. 17. It must be very difficult to solve suchproblems. 18. I must see my friend today.  5001. Я не написал сочинение. Мне придется писать его в воскресенье. 2. Нам не пришлось покупать печенье, потому что бабушка испекла прекрасный пирог. 3. Тебе придется завтра рано вставать?4. Вчера мне пришлось делать очень много домашнего задания. 5. Ейпришлось остаться дома, потому что она себя неважно чувствовала.6. Пете пришлось остаться дома, потому что было очень холодно.7. Майку пришлось писать это упражнение в школе, потому что он ненаписал его дома. 8. Им пришлось вызвать врача, потому что бабушкабыла больна. 9. Почему тебе пришлось остаться дома вчера? — Потому что родителей не было дома, и мне пришлось присматривать замаленькой сестрой. 10. Вчера было воскресенье, поэтому ему незачембыло быть на работе, но по дому ему пришлось много потрудиться.11. Извините, я не смог прийти вчера. Мне пришлось работать допоздна. 12. Почему тебе завтра придется рано вставать? 13. Мне надобыло идти в больницу навестить тетю. 14. Что тебе приходилосьучить наизусть? — В школе я должен был выучить прекрасное стихотворение «Досуг» Вильяма Генри Дейвиса.  5011. It was quite clear to everybody in the family that he had to startgetting ready for his examination instead of wasting time. 2. It was impossible to do anything in such a short time. I had to ask the chief to putoff my report. 3. I did hot mean that you had to do everything they toldyou. 4. It was already twenty minutes past eight. You had to go or youwould have been late for the first lesson. 5. I was very tired. I felt I had togo to bed at once, or I would have fallen asleep where I was sitting.6. We could not wait for them any longer, we had to ring them up andfind out what had happened. 7. I was thinking hard trying to find a solution of the problem. There had to be a way out.  5021. He had to work systematically if he wanted to know French well.He will have to work systematically if he wants to know French well.2. This child had to spend more time out in the open air. This child willhave to spend more time out in the open air. 3. I could not recite thispoem. I will not be able to recite this poem. 4. You had to take part inthis work. You will have to take part in this work. 5. He could not jointhe party because he was busy. He will not be able to join the party because he will be busy. 6. You had to listen to the tape recording of thistext several times. You will have to listen to the tape recording of thistext several times. 7. You had to take your examination in English. Youwill have to take your examination in English. 8. She could translate thisarticle without a dictionary. She will be able to translate this article without a dictionary. 9. We could not meet them at the station. We will not beable to meet them at the station. 10. The doctor had to examine the child.The doctor will have to examine the child.  5031.I mustgo to the shop today.cook dinner.do my homework.go to school.write a letter to my brother.2.I will have togo to the shop tomorrow.cook dinner.do my homework.go to school.write a letter to my brother.3.I had togo to the shop yesterday.cook dinner.do my homework.go to school.write a letter to my brother.  5041. What must you do today?Today I must go to the swimming pool, buy a present for my friendand finish writing my course paper.2. What will you have to do tomorrow?Tomorrow I will have to go to the embassy to get a visa and then Iwill have to start preparing for my examination.3. What did you have to do yesterday?Yesterday I had to get up very early as I planned to do about thehouse and cook dinner for the family.  5051. May I come in? 2. You must / may / cannot smoke …. 3. May Itake your book? 4. He cannot speak …. 5. I must go. 6. They cannot go…. 7. You can read …. 8. What can we see … 9. Can you speak … — Icannot. 10. … must you come … 11. She still may live …. 12. He mustbe writing …. 13. He must enjoy …. 14. …. she can … paint … I can …admire …. She must be …. She can speak …. She can translate … Shecan also teach ….  5061. May I take your book? 2. At the English lesson you must speakonly English. 3. Must we hand in our exercisebooks today? 4. May I askyou a question? — Yes, you are welcome/ / Yes, you may. 5. I cannot goto the cinema with you because I am very busy. 6. May I smoke here? —Yes, you are welcome. / Yes, you may. 7. He must be in his office now.You can speak to him. 8. May I come in? — You are welcome. / Yes,you may. 9. You must read this text. 10. Can he do this task? 11. I mustspeak to my friend today. 12. We must pay this electricity bill by the endof the month. 13. This woman is an excellent driver. She can even drive abus. 14. May I have a tuna sandwich and a cup of coffee?  5071. Нам надо было добраться туда раньше остальных. 2. Он должен был сказать ей, где нас найти. 3. Она должна была окончить институт в том году. 4. Она должна была быть в этом платье на выпускном вечере. 5. Он должен прийти сюда в пять часов. 6. Поезд отправлялся в пять пятнадцать. 7.Мне предстояло ждать ее на вокзале.8. Мы собирались пойти в кино в тот день. 9. Они должны были выступать в понедельник. 10. Они договорились, что он будет звонить,как только она будет вне опасности. 11. Вокруг пруда надо было посадить розы. 12. Позже должно было состояться обсуждение.  5081. What am I to do if they come too early? 2. The youngest childrenwere to play on the beach. 3. You are to show the place to her. 4. I am toleave tomorrow at the latest. 5. Where am I to be taken? 6. This is Dora.She is to share the room with you. 7. And who is to do the cooking?8. Two more apartment houses are to be built here. 9. The cup final wasto be played that afternoon. 10. Who is to meet you at the station?  5091. … we were to meet … I had to leave …. 2. The meeting is to begin …. 3. Where is the lecture … 4. I am to go …You are to look …weare to work …. 5. "You are to do…" 6. I have to help …. 7. … we had towait …. 8. I will have to ask …. 9. … I was to buy …. 10. … the pupilsare to return ….  5101. … Luke Flint was to have the right …. 2. … you have to go ….3. The planters had to gather …. 4. I have to wear …. 5. Johnny Whitehad to borrow …. 6. … we have to get rid of … 7. She had to send ….8. … she was to send …. 9. You are to learn …. 10. He is to be ….11. Who was to go … I had to finish …. 12. You will have to put ….13. The patient is to/ has to stay …. 14. … and had to take …. 15. … shewas to open ….  5111. I will have to stay at home these days. The doctor says I am not togo out till my temperature is normal. 2. Stay here while he is busy. I don'tthink you will have to wait long. 3. The performance was to begin atseven o'clock. 4. We had to put off the trip as the weather had got worse.5. If you want to become proficient in a language, you have to read a lot.6. According to the new timetable we are to have five English lessons aweek. 7. We decided that everybody was to take part in the concert.8. Sooner or later you will have to see the doctor. 9. Next year we are tobegin studying astronomy. 10. To work out a new theory, the scientistshad to make numerous experiments. 11. You are to learn this poem byWednesday. 12. I was to learn this poem by Wednesday. 13. I had tolearn this poem by Wednesday. 14. I will have to learn this poem byWednesday. 15. He has to learn this poem today as he did not learn ityesterday. 16. You will not have to learn this poem. 17. I did not have tolearn this poem. 18. As he learnt this poem yesterday, he does not have tolearn it now. 19. This week we are to meet with an outstanding scientist.20. There was no way out, and he had to pay a fine. 21. I was to write acomposition on Pushkin's creative activity, and for this I had to rereadsome of his works which I remembered badly.  5121. Вы не можете прочесть так много книг. 2. Вы можете не читать так много книг. 3. Коля не может пойти в школу сегодня. 4. Коля может не ходить в школу сегодня. 5. Они не могут перевести этустатью. 6. Они могут не переводить эту статью. 7. Моя сестра неможет написать это письмо: она очень занята. 8. Моя сестра можетне писать это письмо: я позвоню им. 9. Она не может купить хлеб.10. Она может не покупать хлеб. 11. Он не мог остаться там на ночь.12. Он мог и не оставаться там на ночь. 13. Мы не могли сделатьвсю эту работу. 14. Мы могли и не делать всю эту работу. 15. Она немогла приготовить такой большой обед. 16. Она могла и не готовитьтакой большой обед. 17. Они не могли написать сочинение. 18. Онимогли и не писать сочинение. (Им не нужно было писать сочинение.) 19. Я не мог пойти в библиотеку. 20. Я мог и не ходить в библиотеку.  5131. Need you do it all today? 2. Mother need not have cooked thisenormous dinner. 3. We need not take the sixthirty. 4. She need not havedone it herself. 5. You need not worry. 6. You need not be present.7. Need we go into all that now? 8. Need you have mentioned all thesefigures? 9. You need not press the skirt. 10. You need not have remindedme about her birthday.  5141. We have got plenty of time to spare, and we need not hurry. 2. Youneed not do it now. You can do it tomorrow. 3. She need not help. Everything has been already done. 4. He need not have sold his piano. 5. Youneed not have shouted at the child like that. 6. Now they cannot sleep.They need not have watched this horror film. 7. Need I help you? No,thank you, I will do everything myself. 8. You need not go there. 9. Heneed not worry about her. 10. I need not ask him: he will tell me everything himself. 11. You need not ring me up: I will not forget about mypromise. 12. Need she buy such a lot of foodstuffs? 13. She need not goto the library: I will give her the book. 14. You need not have taken theumbrella: I am sure it will not rain.  5151. May I take … I must return …. 2. Alec must practise … pupilsneed not …3. They may come … they need not come … 4. May / Must Igo …you may / must. 5. Must we hand in … No, you need not, you mayhand …. 6. Must John really do …No, he need not, he may do … 7. Youmust not let … may break... 8. May I help … 9. You must park ….10. You must have cancelled ….  5161. Peter must return …. 2. Why cannot …. 3. Must we do … youmust. 4. Can you pronounce …. 5. You need not …. 6. I cannot go ….7. May I take … 8. We cannot carry …. 9. We need not carry ….10. When can you come … I can come …. 11. No, you need not. 12. Canyou cut … 13. … you need not go …. 14. He must not drink …. 15. I canchange …. 16. … I may have finished …. 17. She need not call ….  517I. He must know your sister. — Он, должно быть, знает вашу сестру.Не must be busy. — Он, должно быть, занят.Не must be ill. — Он, должно быть, болен.Не must be tired. — Он, должно быть, устал.Не must be hungry. — Он, должно быть, голоден.Не may know your sister. — Он, может быть, знает вашу сестру.Не may be busy. — Он, может быть, занят.Не may be ill. — Он, может быть, болен.Не may be tired. — Он, может быть, устал.Не may be hungry. — Он, может быть, голоден.Не might know your sister. — Он, может быть, и знает вашу сестру (хотя вряд ли).He might be busy. — Он, может быть, занят (хотя вряд ли).Не might be ill. — Он, может быть, болен (хотя вряд ли).Не might be tired. — Он, может быть, устал (хотя вряд ли).Не might be hungry — Он, может быть, голоден (хотя вряд ли).Не can't know your sister. — He может быть, чтобы он знал вашусестру.Не can't be busy. — Не может быть, что он занят.Не can't be ill. — Не может быть, что он болен.Не can't be tired. — Не может быть, что он устал.Не can't be hungry. — Не может быть, что он голоден.II. Не must be sleeping. — Он, должно быть, сейчас спит.Не must be working hard. — Он, должно быть, сейчас упорно работает.Не must be watching TV. — Он, должно быть, сейчас смотрит телевизор.Не must be having dinner. — Он, должно быть, сейчас обедает.Не must be playing football. — Он, должно быть, сейчас играет вфутбол.Не may be sleeping. — Он, может быть, сейчас спит.Не may be working hard. — Он, может быть, сейчас упорно работает.Не may be watching TV. — Он, может быть, сейчас смотрит телевизор.Не may be having dinner. — Он, может быть, сейчас обедает.Не may be playing football. — Он, может быть, сейчас играет вфутбол.Не might be sleeping. — Он, может быть, спит (хотя вряд ли).Не might be working hard. — Он, может быть, работает упорно(хотя вряд ли).Не might be watching TV. — Он, может быть, смотрит телевизор(хотя вряд ли).Не might be having dinner. — Он, может быть, обедает (хотя врядли).Не might be playing football. — Он, может быть, играет в футбол(хотя вряд ли).Не can't be sleeping. — Не может быть, что он спит.Не can't be working hard. — Не может быть, что он работаетупорно.Не can't be watching TV. — Не может быть, что он смотрит телевизор.Не can't be having dinner. — Не может быть, что он обедает.Не can't be playing football. — Не может быть, что он играет вфутбол.III. Не must have forgotten your address. — Он, должно быть, забыл ваш адрес.Не must have lost your book. — Он, должно быть, потерял вашукнигу.Не must have missed the train. — Он, должно быть, опоздал на поезд.Не must have caught cold. — Он, должно быть, простудился.Не must have fallen ill. — Он, должно быть, заболел.Не must have left the country. — Он, должно быть, уехал изстраны.Не must have sold his piano. — Он, должно быть, продал своепианино.Не must have bought a car. — Он, должно быть, купил машину.Не may have forgotten your address. — Он, может быть, забыл вашадрес.Не may have lost your book. — Он, может быть, потерял вашукнигу.Не may have missed the train. — Он, может быть, опоздал на поезд.Не may have caught cold. — Он, может быть, простудился.Не may have fallen ill. — Он, может быть, заболел.Не may have left the country. — Он, может быть, уехал из страны.Не may have sold his piano. — Он, может быть, продал свое пианино.Не may have bought a car. — Он, может быть, купил машину.Не might have forgotten your address. — Может быть, он забылваш адрес (хотя вряд ли).Не might have lost your book. — Может быть, он потерял вашукнигу (хотя вряд ли).Не might have missed the train. — Может быть, он опоздал на поезд (хотя вряд ли).Не might have caught cold. — Может быть, он простудился (хотявряд ли).Не might have fallen ill. — Может быть, он заболел (хотя врядли).Не might have left the country. — Может быть, он уехал из страны(хотя вряд ли).Не might have sold his piano. — Может быть, он продал свое пианино (хотя вряд ли).Не might have bought a car. — Может быть, он купил машину(хотя вряд ли).Не can't have forgotten your address. — Не может быть, что он забыл ваш адрес.Не can't have lost your book. — Не может быть, что он потерялвашу книгу.Не can't have missed the train. — Не может быть, что он опоздална поезд.Не can't have caught cold. — Не может быть, что он простудился.Не can't have fallen ill. — Не может быть, что он заболел.Не can't have left the country. — Не может быть, что он уехал изстраны.Не can't have sold his piano. — Не может быть, что он продал своепианино.Не can't have bought a car. — Не может быть, что он купил машину.  5181. They must be working abroad.2. They may be working abroad.3. They might be working abroad.4. They cannot be working abroad.5. They must have worked abroad.6. They may have worked abroad.7. They might have worked abroad.8. They cannot have worked abroad.9. He must be at work.10. He must have been at work.11. He may be at work.12. He may have been at work.13. He might be at work.14. He might have been at work.15. He cannot be at work.16. He cannot have been at work.  519a) May / Might — разрешение1. May I come and see you some day? — Можно мне какнибудьзайти навестить Вас? 2. We asked the teacher if we might use dictionaries. — Мы спросили учителя, можно ли пользоваться словарями. 3.Children may borrow books from the school library. — Дети могутбрать книги в школьной библиотеке. 4. Your hair is getting rather thin,sir, may I advise to change your parting? — Ваши волосы становятсядовольно редкими, сэр, разрешите посоветовать Вам делать проборв другом месте. 5. Mother, may I have a glass of light beer? — Мама,можно мне выпить стакан легкого пива?b) May / Might — предположение1. I may have wrecked my own life, but I will not let you wreckyours. — Может быть, я исковеркал свою жизнь, но, я не позволюВам исковеркать Вашу. 2. Justice may be slow, mother, but it comes inthe end. — Справедливость может быть не скорой, мама, но, в концеконцов, она наступает. 3. He may have written the letter, but the signature is certainly not his. — Он, возможно, написал письмо, но подписьопределенно не его. 4. It might have been worse. — Могло быть и хуже. 5. I may show him your reports later. I don't know. — Может быть,я покажу ему Ваши отчеты позже. Я не знаю.  5201. It may have been too cold for the children to go out. 2. He mayhave taken his children to the zoo. 3. They may not have seen us in thecrowd. 4. Robert may have used a dictionary. 5. Mary may have misunderstood you. 6. Henry may have waited for us there. 7. Ann may havereturned very late last night. 8. They may have seen the new play.9. Nick may have left his exercisebook at home. 10. You may have leftyour umbrella in the bus. 11. He may have gone to the cafe to wait for us.12. It may have been Helen who rang you up. 13. They may have comeby plane. 14. She may have had a very good English teacher.  5211. He may be at home, but I am not sure he is. 2. We may have studied at the same school, but I don't remember her. 3. She may have beenproud of her knowledge, but she never showed it to her classmates.4. There may have been a chance for him to win the match. 5. Peter mayhave been as capable as the old workers, but he was given no chance toshow his skill. 6. They may come home very soon: be ready. 7. Thequestion may have been too difficult for her. 8. Try this delicious drink:you may like it. 9. Why didn't Nick ring us up? — He may have forgotten about it. 10. Your brother may never have heard about this singer.11. She may have tried to enter the university, but she failed. 12. Youmay have asked the wrong people. 13. Our friends may arrive here tomorrow.  5221. … the task may have been … 2. … they may arrive in time. 3. …he may have missed the train. 4. He may have done ... 5. May I ask …6. … if she might turn …. 7. … it may not stop raining …. 8. He mightwant … 9. May I borrow … 10. You might have left ... 11. It might havebeen stolen.  5231. It may / might not be true. 2. He may / might be busy. 3. They may/ might know. 4. He may / might still be abroad. 5. She may be late.6. He may pass the exam. 7. We may go to the Volga. 8. She may cometomorrow. 9. I may buy this book in Moscow. 10. He may have alreadydone his homework. 11. My sister may have already spoken to them.12. They may have gone abroad. 13. Grandmother may be sleeping.14. The children may be playing at the river. 15. They may be discussingthe question at the moment. 16. She may send us a telegram. 17. Theymay forget to bring the newspaper. 18. My brother may have forgotten toring you up. 19. She may have bought the tickets. 20. They may be having dinner at the moment. 21. He may be lying on the grass and lookingat the clouds now.  524a) Must – долженствование1. You must take a taxi if you want to catch that train. — Вы должнывзять такси, если хотите успеть на этот поезд.2. You must tell your mother about it. — Вы должны сказать обэтом вашей маме.3. "Oh, Auntie," he answered, "you mustn't talk like that." — «О, тетушка, — ответил он: — Вы не должны так говорить».4. And remember, you must come and see the baby as soon as youcan. — И помни: ты должна прийти и повидать ребенка, как толькосможешь.5. You must go home now, Georgie. — Теперь ты должен идти домой, Джоржи.6. The question must be solved before we begin doing anything. —Вопрос должен быть решен прежде, чем мы начнем чтолибоделать.7. Mind, you mustn't spend all the money. — Имей ввиду, ты недолжен тратить все деньги.b) Must – предположение1. But she must have seen him! — Но она, наверняка / несомненно,видела его!2. Oh, John, think how she must be suffering! — О, Джон, представь, как она, должно быть, страдает!3. Is she waiting? She must have been waiting for an hour. — Онаждет? Она, должно быть, ждет уже целый час.4. You must be a fool to think so. — Ты, должно быть, дурак, еслитак думаешь.5. The work must have been carried out in secret for quite a longtime. — Эта работа, очевидно, долгое время проводилась в тайне.  5251. You must have left your exercisebook at school. 2. She must haveleft the town. 3. Mike must have gone to the teachers' room. 4. Tom andNick must be playing football. 5. Helen must have got a bad mark.6. They must have solved the problem. 7. The pupils must have finishedwriting their composition. 8. He must have forgotten to warn them.9. The meeting must have been cancelled. 10. He must have forgotten tosend them a telegram. 11. There must have been something wrong withthe tape recorder. 12. I must have left my bag in the canteen. 13. Youmust have left your umbrella in the bus. 14. Mary must have forgotten tocall me. 15. Mother must have taken my umbrella. 16. I must have seenyou before: your face is familiar to me.  5261. She must be waiting for you at home. 2. He must have alreadybeen ill. 3. The first experiment must have failed. 4. She must haveknown what she was going to do. 5. She must be fond of the child.6. They must have taken the wrong turning. 7. He must have been takenthere by car. 8. It must be time for the bell to ring. 9. They must have thisbook in the library. 10. He must have recognized you by your photo inthe papers. 11. He must be in at this time. 12. She must be trying to helpyou.  5271. They must have changed the school curriculum. My granddaughterknows a great deal more than I did when I was her age. 2. It must be avery difficult rule. 3. It must be pleasant to spend summer in such a picturesque place. 4. You must have read books by this author before.5. They must be preparing a surprise for us. 6. These old legends musthave been composed about a thousand years ago. 7. It must be nineo'clock now. 8. He is very old. He must be nearly eighty. 9. It must betime to go now. 10. You have been absent very long. You must feel hungry. 11. Where are the children? — They are at the river with Nick. Theymust be having a very good time. 12. He must have worked very hard tofinish his book. 13. She is a very experienced doctor. She must have beenworking at this hospital for at least fifteen years. 14. Look! Helen's windows are open. She must be at home. 15. The Smiths have always beengreat football fans. They must be at the stadium watching the footballmatch.  5281. She must be mad …. 2. They must have been upset …. 3. Youmust come and visit us …. 4. He must really enjoy it. 5. It must havesnowed at night. 6. It must be snowing heavily. 7. It must have beensnowing for …. 8. You must have had …. 9. You must have …. 10. Hemust have worked a lot … 11. You must work …. 12. … he must bereading …. 13. You must have been studying …  5291. She must be trying to find the old letters. 2. They must be admiringthe beauty of the southern nature. 3. He must have returned from thesouth. 4. She must have lost my address. 5. They must have finished theirwork. 6. He must know several foreign languages. 7. He must be working at this problem now. 8. They must be enjoying fine weather now.9. He must have told everything at the trial. 10. She must have preparedeverything beforehand. 11. He must be still here. 12. They must have justcome. 13. He must have carried the papers away. 14. Somebody musthave already been here. 15. They must be laughing at him. 16. They musthave lived here then. 17. It must be raining. 18. It must be here.  5301. Она, должно быть, самая младшая в группе. 2. Если хотитестать хорошим футболистом, вы должны быть спортсменом широкого профиля. 3. Мне пришлось прочитать письмо дважды, преждечем я его поняла. 4. Он, должно быть, перечитал письмо много раз.5. Что вы только должны думать обо мне! 6. Они, должно быть, разговаривают о нас. 7. Он, должно быть, взял ее/ его. 8. Ему пришлосьвзять ее/ его. 9. Он, должно быть, пытается найти потерянную марку. 10. Вы должны попытаться найти потерянную марку. 11. Детейдо сих пор нет дома. Их, должно быть, задержали в школе.12. Здравствуйте, я Джейн. — А, Вы, должно быть, подруга Ани.13. Он чувствует, что он, в самом деле / действительно, не в форме.Он должен делать больше физических упражнений.  5311. I had to go to the office. 2. She must have gone to the office.3. You must speak to her. 4. They must be speaking about it now. 5. Ihad to write to my sister about it. 6. She must have written to her sister.7. I must read this book. 8. She must be reading this book. 9. Mother wasill, and I had to take my sister to school. 10. They must be playing in theyard.  5321. He must be very clever. 2. He must have recognized you. 3. Hewas to go to the headmaster and explain his behaviour. 4. You will haveto speak to her. 5. They had to walk for a long time. 6. He will not haveto rewrite the composition. 7. He must be painting her portrait. 8. Theymust have already gone. 9. He was to make a wonderful discovery. 10. Iam to do a lot of work today. 11. I had to go there myself. 12. You willhave to wait a little. 13. When is he to come? 14. The train was to arrivea few minutes later. 15. Unfortunately, they were not able to go to theparty. Their mother had to wait for the plumber. Their father had to worklate at his office. Their aunt had to take care of the small children. Theiruncle had to fix his car. Bad luck!  533I. Can he know your sister? — Неужели он знает вашу сестру?Can he be busy? — Неужели он занят?Can he be ill? — Неужели он болен?Can he be tired? — Неужели он устал?Can he be hungry? — Неужели он голоден?II. Can he be sleeping? — Неужели он сейчас спит?Can he be working hard? — Неужели он сейчас упорно работает?Can he be watching TV? — Неужели он сейчас смотриттелевизор?Can he be having dinner? — Неужели он сейчас обедает?Can he be playing football? — Неужели он сейчас играет вфутбол?III. Can he have forgotten your address? — Неужели он забыл вашадрес?Can he have lost your book? — Неужели он потерял вашу книгу?Can he have missed the train? — Неужели он опоздал на поезд?Can he have caught cold? — Неужели он простудился?Can he have fallen ill? — Неужели он заболел?Can he have left the country? — Неужели он уехал из страны?Can he have sold his piano? — Неужели он продал свое пианино?Can he have bought a car? — Неужели он купил машину?  534а) Can – возможность1. Could you help me with the translation of this article? I am afraid Icannot do it alone. — Вы не могли бы помочь мне с переводом этойстатьи? Боюсь, что я не смогу сделать его один.2. He shut himself up in the study for the whole day, and I could seethrough the window that he was writing busily. — Он заперся в кабинете на целый день, и я видел в окно, что он пишет, не отрываясь.3. She can't come tomorrow because they will be working the wholeday. — Она не может прийти завтра, потому что они будут работатьвесь день.4. I simply could not refuse: they would have been hurt. — Я простоне мог отказать: они бы очень обиделись.5. The island can be reached by boat or even on foot when the tide islow. — До острова можно добраться на лодке или даже пешком вовремя отливаb) Can – вежливая просьба1. Can you tell me the way to the nearest post office? — Вы не могли бы сказать, как пройти к ближайшей почте?2. Could you help me with the translation of this article? — Вы немогли бы помочь мне с переводом этой статьи?3. Could you leave the boy here for half an hour? I want him to helpme. — Вы не могли бы оставить здесь мальчика на полчаса? Я хочу,чтобы он мне помог.c) Can't — "не может быть"1. "But they can't be as bad as he!" — «Но, не может быть, чтобыони были такими же плохими, как он!»2. A little bit of boiled fish can't hurt you, you know. — Знаете ли,кусочек вареной рыбы не может Вам повредить.3. Can she have been waiting for us all this time? — . Неужели онаждет нас все это время?4. He was not old. He couldn't have been more than forty. — Онбыл не стар. Ему не могло быть больше сорока лет.5. "Oh!" she cried in surprise, "it's impossible! You can't have doneit!" — «О! — вскричала она удивленно, — это невозможно! Не может быть, что Вы это сделали!»  5351. The teacher can't have permitted you to use the dictionary. 2. Nickcan't have got up at seven and done his morning exercises. 3. It can't havebeen Kate who aired the room. 4. There can't have been a lot of pupils inthe library yesterday. 5. It can't have been John who broke the radio set.6. You can't have seen Ann in the library yesterday. 7. Boris can't havebeen in the canteen five minutes ago. 8. Robert can't have taken two bagswith him. 9. That can't have been Ann who plugged in the tape recorder.10. Nick can't have been doing the recording for two hours. 11. It can'thave been Mary who rewound the tape. 12. The teacher can't have let youtake the tape home.  5361. This car can't have been built twenty years ago. 2. These photographs can't have been taken in the north. 3. This tape recording can'thave been done last week. 4. James can't have been given an excellentmark in history. 5. Ann can't have been given an excellent mark for hergeometry test. 6. This house can't have been built at the beginning of thiscentury. 7. This tower can't have been built in the 9th century. 8. Thisbook can't have been written by a good writer. 9. This film can't havebeen made by a good director. 10. This play can't have been written by aclever playwright. 11. This film can't have been shot in a fortnight.12. This book can't have been translated into Russian in the 19th century.13. This castle can't have been built in the 15th century. 14. This picturecan't have been painted by an Italian artist. 15. This refrigerator can'thave been produced ten years ago.  5371. You can't be serious. 2. She can't be a traitor. 3. He can't havemade such an important discovery. 4. The teacher can't have forgotten tocorrect our homework. 5. The work can't be too difficult for my friend.6. Jane can't have made such a mistake. 7. The cat can't have eaten all thefish. 8. Our papers can't have been so poor. 9. You can't have believedsuch a silly lie. 10. He can't have stolen the money. 11. They can't haveheard the story before. 12. She can't be good at physics.  5381. They can't be at home now. 2. He can't know so much. 3. Theycan't be playing in the yard now. It is late. 4. She can't be still sleeping.It is already ten o'clock. 5. He can't have missed the train. 6. She can'thave deceived me. 7. You can't have made such a mistake. 8. She can'thave failed the exam. 9. She can't have betrayed me. 10. He can't havegiven up smoking / have stopped smoking. 11. He can't have done it.12. He can't have become a doctor. 13. He can't have translated thisbook.  5391. Can he be a good runner? He is so small. 2. She can't have finishedschool. 3. He can't be a scientist. 4. He can't have been a scientist. 5. Canshe be still sleeping? 6. Can they have lost the game? 7. He can't havesaid it! 8. A grownup man can't like such books! 9. She can't have toldyou this. 10. Can it have been so cold? 11. She can't have been late forthe lesson: she has never been late before. 12. She can't have mixed upthe streets. 13. It can't be true. 14. Can you have torn my note? 15. Hecan't be in the park now: it is late. 16. She can't have written it. I am surethat somebody else has written it.  5401. Can you ask …. 2. Can it be … 3. Can / Could you not haveseen …. 4. He cannot forget …. 5. … if you could visit …. 6. … shecannot / could not have forgotten …. 7. … he could finish …. 8. … theycannot be ... 9. … we could use …. 10. She could have slept ... 11. …youcannot have … 12. Our son could speak …. 13. Can I call ... 14. Could Ihave ... 15. We cannot really decide … could see ….  5411. Could you show us the way to the stadium? 2. She cannot havebroken her leg. 3. I will not go for a walk: she may ring me up. 4. Whereare my books? — I don't know. Mother may have put them into thebookcase. 5. She cannot / could not / have broken the glass: she is socareful. 6. It is very cold today: it may snow. 7. Mike may come later.8. I have been looking for my literature exercisebook for an hour. I cannot / could not / have left it at school. — You may have given it to Kate.9. They may have been studying French for a long time. 10. My brothermay come today. 11. She may have gone to the country. 12. We mighthave met with him in Novgorod, but I don't remember it. 13. She may betrying to call us now but she cannot get through to us: our telephone isbroken. 14. She cannot / could not / have finished this work so soon. Shemay have done only half of it. 15. You cannot / could not / have lost themoney. You may have put it into your bag. — No, it is not in the bag. Imay have dropped it in the shop. 16. He cannot have left. 17. Can / Couldhe have translated the whole book? 18. It cannot be cold outside: thethermometer says fifteen degrees. 19. He could not get the book becausethe library was closed. 20. He cannot / could not / have got the book: thelibrary was closed.  5421. You must be tired: you have been working for hours. 2. He mayhave visited the Hermitage when he was in St. Petersburg last year. 3. Itmust be a very deep lake. 4. That building in the distance must be the station. 5. You cannot have lost your passport: you must have put it into another bag. 6. The girl may have been frightened. 7. You must have leftyour textbook in the canteen. 8. They cannot give up such a brilliant idea.9. You look pale: you must be tired. 10. This boy cannot be a goodfriend.  5431. Hurry up: you may miss the train. 2. He may have fallen ill. 3. Hemay be ill. 4. He cannot have forgotten to buy flowers. 5. He cannot havequarrelled with her. 6. She must have learnt about it from Masha. 7. Itmust have been a very difficult problem. 8. It must be very cold outside.9. She must have met them on the way home. 10. They cannot have soldtheir house. 11. They may come tomorrow. 12. My sister must be in thelibrary now. 13. He cannot have taken the first place. 14. He might haveheard about it. 15. Mother must have bought sweets. 16. She may haverung me up yesterday, but I was out. 17. He might be at school now.18. She cannot be so young. She must be at least thirty. 19. There mustbe thick woods growing around your village. 20. He cannot have writtenthe letter so soon. 21. We may go to the beach: the weather is wonderful.22. It must be a very ancient manuscript. 23. Let's ring up Robert: wemay need his advice.  5441. You should smoke less. 2. You should not give her sweets beforedinner. 3. She should copy passages out of a book. 4. He should notshout at the dog. 5. You should not speak so fast. 6. The boy should playout of doors. 7. You should take a taxi. 8. You should try the room nextdoor.  5451. Вам следует знать, как воспитывать детей так, чтобы они небыли неудачниками. 2. Вы не должны давать ребенку все, что он захочет. Вам не следует удовлетворять каждое его желание в получении еды, питья и удобств. В противном случае он вырастет с верой вто, что общество обязано содержать его. 3. Вам не следует смеятьсянад ним, когда он подхватывает плохие слова. Это заставит его думать, что он не находчивый (не сообразительный; не умный) ребенок. Это также не поощрит его подхватывать «более привлекательные» фразы. 4. Вы не должны избегать употребления слова «Плохо»(«Ты не прав»). Это не приучит его к мысли, что общество противнего, если вдруг позднее он будет арестован за кражу машины.5. Вам не следует подбирать книги, ботинки, одежду — все то, чтоон разбрасывает где попало. Вы не должны делать для него все,иначе он научится перекладывать свою ответственность на других.6. Вы не должны часто ссориться в присутствии своего ребенка. Впротивном случае он будет не слишком потрясен, если позже семьяразвалится. 7. Вам не следует быть на его стороне против соседей,учителей и полицейских. Не все они настроены против вашего ребенка. / Они не все относятся с предубеждением к вашему ребенку./8. Если он попадет в беду (в неприятную историю), Вы не должныоправдывать себя, говоря: «Я никогда ничего не мог сделать с ним».  5461. You should not have taken the child to the cinema. 2. You shouldnot have forgotten to leave a message for her. 3. You should have waitedfor them. 4. You should have put down her address. 5. You should haveexplained to her how to get here. 6. You should not have bought theseshoes. 7. You should not have told her what you thought about her idea.8. You should have seen the film. 9. You should not have written with apencil. 10. You should not have eaten too much cake with your tea.  547A.1. You should tell her about it. 2. You should not stay there so late.3. She should go to the doctor at once. 4. You should put on woollensocks. 5. They should begin earlier. 6. You should not speak English toher. 7. You should turn right. 8. You should tell somebody about it.В.1. You should have told her about it. 2. You should not havestayed there so late. 3. She should have gone to the doctor at once.4. You should have put on woollen socks. 5. They should have begunearlier. 6. You should not have spoken English to her. 7. You shouldhave turned right. 8. You should have told somebody about it.  5481. Children should be more attentive to their parents. 2. He shouldconsult the doctor. 3. He should have consulted the doctor long ago.4. You should not give the child so many sweets. 5. He should read thisbook. 6. He should have read this book. 7. You should go there andspeak to them. 8. You should have gone there and spoken to them. 9. Heshould not have spoken so rudely. 10. He should not have forgottenabout my request. 11. She should have returned long ago. 12. Youshouldn't go there. 13. You should have read this book last year. 14. Youshould speak to your uncle when he comes. 15. She should not have carried such heavy things. 16. He should have remembered about it. 17. Youshould have asked permission. 18. You should not have worried. 19. Youshould work more. 20. She should listen to the teacher's advice. 21. Youshould apologize: you are wrong. 22. You should not miss English lessons.  5491. You should not have crossed the street under the red light.2. You should cross the street when the lights are green.3. You should cross the street by the subway.4. You should take off your hat when entering a room.5. You should have helped your classmate to clean the classroom.6. You should take some medicine.7. You need not have bought bread.8. You should have been present at the meeting.9. You need not have sent a telegram.10. You should not have gone out without your coat.11. You need not have apologized.12. You should have attended this lecture.13. You need not have got up at six o'clock on Sunday morning.14. You should not have read till two o'clock in the morning.15. You need not have copied the whole text into your exercisebook.16. You need not have watered the garden.17. You should have returned the books to the library.  5501. a) You must have studied …b) You should have studied …2. a) She should have followed …b) She must have followed …3. a) You must have ignored …b) You should have followed …4. a) She must have forgotten …b) She should have remembered …5. a) I must have got …b) I should have looked …  5511. I had to take a taxi ….. 2. You should have taken a taxi. 3. Youshould have given them …. 4. … so I had to bake … 5. You should havebaked …. 6. … we had to wait …. 7. We had to wear …. 8. You shouldask …. 9. I had to go out and tell …. 10. You should tell …  5521. He had to leave early. 2. … they had to get a taxi. 3. You shouldhave disconnected …. 4. … and she had to go …. 5. I should have written … as I had to translate …. 6. I should not have taken … I really hadto do …. 7. You should have seen … You should have gone …. 8. … wehad to attend it. 9. He should have attended …. 10. … he had to attend ….  5531. a) You need not have gone downtown: …b) I did not have to go downtown, …2. a) You need not have checked up the spelling: …b) I did not have to check up the spelling : …3. a) I did not have to ring him up, …b) … I need not have rung him up, …4. a) I did not have to buy sugarb) You need not have bought sugar, …5. a) We did not have to worry about her, …b) You need not have worried about us: …6. a) You need not have gone there, …b) We did not have to go there , …7. a) I did not have to go to the library, …b) You need not have gone to the library: …  5541. You should not have gone …. 2. … and we did not have to go ...3. … that you need not have worried. 4. You should not run …. 5. Youshould not have told …. 6. You need not go …. 7. You should not put …8. You need not give …. 9. I will just have to pay cash … I will have togive …. 10. … you should call ... 11. There shouldn't be ... 12. You neednot have told …. 13. … the orange marmalade should be refrigerated ….14. … but I don't have to do …. 15. You shouldn't be ….  5551. Он, должно быть, продал свое пианино.2. Он, возможно, продал свое пианино.3. Может быть, он продал свое пианино (хотя вряд ли).4. Не может быть, что он продал свое пианино.5. Ему следовало продать пианино.6. Ему не следовало продавать пианино.7. Он мог и не продавать пианино.8. Ему не понадобилось продавать пианино.9. Ему пришлось продать пианино.10. Ему предстояло продать пианино.  5561. They must have gone to New York.2. They may have gone to New York.3. They might have gone to New York.4. They cannot have gone to New York.5. They should have gone to New York.6. They should not have gone to New York.7. They need not have gone to New York.8. They did not have to go to New York.9. They had to go to New York.10. They were to go to New York.  5571. I cannot believe …But you must go …2. …we can meet … .3. Could he speak …4. My neighbours can grow ...5. Could you turn …6. I cannot believe… .You must learn …I cannot …I need to buy.7. … you must work … .8. Can / may I take …but you must not give … .9. Mother, can / may I go …No, you cannot / may not.10. You must call …we need not do it. My can fix … .11. Must we bring …you need not: you can take … .12. Can you go …I cannot: I must go … .  5581. You need not come …. 2. You need not change …you only mustrewrite …. 3. Can you help me…? … I will be able to help…. 4. Johnneed not tell …. 5. May I return … I cannot finish …You must bring ….6. We must hurry …. 7. Can you translate … I can. 8. Only Ann had toreturn … she could not stay …. 9. … when you have to take …. 10. Shecan decorate …. 11. We cannot afford …. 12. … he has to go to hospital…. 13. Ann could not go … she had to go …. 14. You must take … Youmust not stop …You must drink … as you can. You need not stay …youmust not do …you must just relax ….  5591. You may take this book if you like.2. You can take this book: it is not heavy.3. You need not take this book.4. I cannot take this book.5. Just think: we need not have gone there!6. You need not agree at once: think a few days.7. You may go there today.8. You need not go there today.9. You need not rewrite the composition.10. You can stay: you have time, don't you?11. You may stay if you like.12. You need not stay if you don't want to.13. You need not tell him about it.14. You may tell him about it.15. We need not repeat these rules: we know them.16. We need not have written the composition.17. He need not have come: everything had already been done.  5601. You may go there: I don't mind. 2. You can go there: it is quitenear. 3. You cannot go there: you don't know the address. 4. You neednot go there: I can ring them up. 5. You must not go there: they are verybad people. 6. You need not have gone there yesterday. 7. You should gothere: they are waiting for you. 8. You should have gone there yesterday.9. You should not have gone there yesterday. 10. She must be at homenow. 11. She must have been at home yesterday. 12. We may come tosee you tomorrow. 13. They may have come to our place, but we wereout. 14. He must have seen this monument when he was in your town.15. He may have seen this monument when he was in your town. 16. Hecannot know this picture. 17. He cannot have seen this picture.    5611. I cannot find my watch. — You may have left it at work. — No, Icannot have left it at work: I never take it off my wrist. 2. Will you beable to speak to him tomorrow? 3. I must have lost my way. Can you tellme how to get to the Hermitage? 4. I had to read a lot of books when Iwas getting ready for my report. 5. I could not remember the last lines ofthe sonnet, and I had to ring up my friend specially. 6. I must buy a caketoday. 7. My brother cannot speak English. 8. My sister can speakFrench. 9. May I see your photo? 10. Can you show me your photo?11. He cannot be forty: he looks much younger. 12. He cannot have forgotten to come. He must have been very busy. 13. We may go to thecountry if the weather is fine. 14. If my sister does not buy me any coffee, I will have to go to the shop myself.