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Some historical types of ships and boats

barque.jpg

Barque

A sailing vessel with three or more masts, fore-and-aft rigged on only the aftermost.

 

Barquentine.jpg

Barquentine

A sailing vessel with three or more masts, square-rigged only on the foremast.
Battleship.jpg

Battleship

A large, heavily-armoured and heavily-gunned warship. A term which generally post-dates sailing warships.
Bireme.jpg

Bireme

An ancient vessel, propelled by two banks of oars.
Brig.jpg

Brig

A two-masted, square-rigged vessel.
Brigantine.jpg

Brigantine

A two-masted vessel, square-rigged on the foremast and fore-and-aft rigged on the main.


Caravel.jpg

Caravel

A much smaller, two, sometimes three-masted ship.

Clipper.jpg

Clipper

A fast multiple-masted sailing ship, generally used by merchants because of their speed capablities.
East Indiaman.jpg

East Indiaman

An armed merchantman belonging to one of the East Indiacompanies (Dutch, British etc.)


Galleass.jpg

Galleass

A sailing and rowing warship, equally well suited to sailing and rowing.
Longship.jpg

Longship

A Viking raiding ship
Paddle steamer.jpg

Paddle steamer

A steam-propelled, paddle-driven vessel, a name commonly applied to nineteenth century excursion steamers.
Pre-dreadnought.jpg

Pre-dreadnought

A type of battleship of the late 19th century to early 20th century, characterized by having a mixed offensive battery, in contrast to the "all-big-gun" Dreadnought type battleships.


Quinquereme.jpg

Quinquereme

An ancient warship propelled by three banks of oars. On the upper row three rowers hold one oar, on the middle row - two rowers, and on the lower row - one man to an oar.
Schooner.jpg

Schooner

A fore and aft-rigged vessel with two or more masts of which the foremast is shorter than the main.
SWATH.jpg

Small Waterplane Area Twin Hull(SWATH)

A modern ship design used for Research Vessels and other purposes needing a steady ship in rough seas.
Steamship.jpg

Steamship

A ship propelled by a steam engine.
Trireme.jpg

Trireme

An ancient warship propelled by three banks of oars.