Lesson 1. How Many Letters, How Many Sounds?
Spelling and Pronunciation.
|There are 26 letters in the English alphabet:
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
|There are five vowel letters:
A E I О U
are 21 consonant letters:
B C D F G H J K L M N P Q R S T V W X Y Z
But there are more than 40 vowel and consonant sounds in English. In some words, the number of letters is the same as the number of sounds.
the number of sounds is different from the number of letters. In green, "ее" is one sound, and in happy, "pp" is
one sound. 5 letters, 4 sounds
|In bread, "ea" is one sound.
|In some words there are silent letters (letters with no sound). In listen, "t"
|In some words, one letter is two sounds. The "x" in six is two sounds like "к + s".
|We sometimes write the same sound differently in
different words. For example, the "e" in red sounds like the "ea" in bread.
Sometimes two words have the same pronunciation but different spellings. know - no
A: Do you know?
B: No, I don't.
sometimes two words have the same spelling but different pronunciations.
read (infinitive and present tense) - read (past tense)
A: Do you want to read the newspaper?
B: No, thanks, I read it this morning.
|Because there are more sounds than letters, we use symbols for pronunciation.|
|All five words in each group have the same vowel letter - a, e, i, о or
u - but one has a different vowel sound. Circle the word with the
different vowel sound in each group.
Check with the Key. Then listen and repeat.
|Lesson 1 Lesson 2||
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