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Lesson 1. How Many Letters, How Many Sounds?



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Spelling and Pronunciation.

LESSON 1; Part A

galka.jpgThere are 26 letters in the English alphabet:
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
galka.jpgThere are five vowel letters:
A E I О U
galka.jpgAnd there are 21 consonant letters: 
B C D F G H J K L M N P Q R S T V W X Y Z

important.jpgBut there are more than 40 vowel and consonant sounds in English. In some words, the number of letters is the same as the number of sounds.

  • best (4 letters, 4 sounds)

b e s
t
1 2 3
4
  • dentist (7 letters, 7 sounds)

d
e
n t
i
s t
1
2 3
4
5
6 7

LESSON 1; Part B

important.jpgSometimes the number of sounds is different from the number of letters. In green, "ее" is one sound, and in happy, "pp" is one sound. 5 letters, 4 sounds

  • green (5 letters, 4 sounds)

g
r
e
e
n
1
2
3 4
  • happy (5 letters, 4 sounds)

h
a
p
p
y
1
2
3 4
In bread, "ea" is one sound. 
  • bread (5 letters, 4 sounds)

b
r
e a
d
1 2
3 4
In some words there are silent letters (letters with no sound). In listen, "t" is silent.
  • listen (6 letters, 5 sounds)
l
i
s
t
e
n
1
2
3
-
4
5
In some words, one letter is two sounds. The "x" in six is two sounds like "к + s".  
  • six  (3 letters, 4 sounds)
s
i
x
1
2
3
4

LESSON 1; Part C

important.jpgWe sometimes write the same sound differently in different words. For example, the "e" in red sounds like the "ea" in bread.
Sometimes two words have the same pronunciation but different spellings. know - no
dialogue.jpgA: Do you know? 
B: No, I don't.  
important.jpgAnd sometimes two words have the same spelling but different pronunciations.
read (infinitive and present tense) - read (past tense)
dialogue.jpgA: Do you want to read the newspaper?
B: No, thanks, I read it this morning. 
Because there are more sounds than letters, we use symbols for pronunciation.1.6.jpg





Exercises



galka.jpgWrite  the number of letters and the number of sounds in these words.
  letters
sounds
green
3 2
1. all
_____3 _____2
2. back
_____4
_____3
3. could
_____5
_____3
4. knee
_____4
_____2
5. sixty
_____5 _____6
6. thing
_____5
_____3
7. who
_____3
_____2
8. address
_____7
_____5
     

galka.jpgSome pronunciation symbols are easy. Write the words in their normal spelling.
EXAMPLE /best/ best
1. /big/big   2. /dres/dress   3. /frend/friend   4. /giv/give   5. /help/help   6. /nekst/next   7. /'veri/very   8. /wel/well

Check with the Key. Then listen and repeat.

galka.jpgAll five words in each group have the same vowel letter - a, e, i, о or u - but one has a different vowel sound. Circle the word with the different vowel sound in each group.
 
  on
top stop
one  gone Keyone
1
give
time
sit
think
rich
Keytime
2
apple
bad
wash
catch
bank
Keywash
3
much
bus
sun
push
up
Keypush
4
many
maths
man
hat
flat
Keymany

Check with the Key. Then listen and repeat.

galka.jpgWrite words that rhyme (the end part of the word sounds the same).
  red
bed
 
1
key
tr_ _
Keytree
2
blue
sh_ _
Keyshoe
not
w_ _ _  
Keywhat 
4
one
r_ _
Keyrun 
5
date
w_ _ _
Keywait/weight 
6
lie
w_ _
Keywhy 
7
so
gh_ _
Keyshow 
8
beer  
n_ _ _
Keynear 

Check with the Key. Then listen and repeat.

el-2.jpg


Lesson 1 Lesson 2 forward.jpg



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