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Lesson 29. Wait a Minute - Where's the Waiter?




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Strong and Weak Vowels.

Lesson 29; Part A

29.1.jpgThe word London has two vowel sounds that are written the same - London - but pronounced differently. The first о has a clear, strong sound, but the second о has a weak sound.
Listen carefully to the difference.
29.2.jpg
London
 
The word banana has three vowel sounds which are written the same - banana. The second a has a clear, strong sound, but the first a and the third a have a weak sound. Listen.
banana

Stressed syllables have strong vowel sounds, but unstressed syllables often have weak sounds.
The weak sound in London and banana is /∂/.
London  /'land∂n/
banana  /Ь∂'nan∂/
 
idea.jpgImportant for listening!
Sometimes ifs difficult to hear /∂/. Listen.
London
I have to go to London tomorrow.
banana
Would you like a banana?

This is very important for listening, because it makes it difficult to recognise words. When you speak English, you don't need to pronounce weak sounds as weakly as this, but it's important to make a clear difference between stressed (strong) and unstressed (weak) syllables.
Listen to the other weak vowels in these two sentences.
ws     w  s  w   s    w   w  s   w
I have to go to London tomorrow.
have - go - Lon - morr are strong, and the others are weak.
    w      w     s   w   w  s w
Would you like a banana?
like - na are strong, and the others are weak.
 

Lesson 29; Part B

galka.jpgSometimes different words sound the same because of the weak vowels. Look at these three sentences.

Where's the waiter?
Is this the way to the school?
Can you wait a minute?

waiter, way to and wait a sound the same: /'weit ∂/.
Listen to the three sentences and repeat.



Exercises


pen.jpgIn the words below, *represents the weak vowel /∂/. Write the words with their full spelling. Key1. Britain
2. today
3. America
4. police
5. another
6. again
7. mountain

Example:
lett*          letter   
1    Brit*n                       
2    t*day               
3    *meric*               
4    p*lice     
5    *noth*   
6    *gain   
7     mount*n

Listen to check your answers. Check with the Key.
galka.jpgThen listen and repeat these phrases.
1    Great Brit*n
2    arriving t*day
3    going to *meric*
4    call th* p*lice
5    have *noth*
6    say it *gain
7    climb the mount*n

galka.jpgLook at the sentences below and find words and phrases in list 1 and list 2 with the same pronunciation.
Example:

Where's the waiter? - Can you wait a minute?
29.3.jpg
 
list 1
Where's the wayter?
Not at all.
Look in the cellar.
It takes a long time.
Smoking isn't allowed.
I'd like to live in a newer house.
list 2
I heard a loud noise.
You'll see a tall building on your left.
My father knew a lot about music.
Can you wait a minute?
I'm trying to sell a house.
Walk along the beach.

pencil.jpgWrite these words.
Example:
/pr∂'nauns/    pronounce  
1    /∂'merik∂/       
2    /'sent∂ns/        
3    /'difr∂nt/             
4    /'maunt∂n/
_______     
_______
_______
_______
5    /t∂'dei/
6    /'let∂/
7    /p∂'li:s/     
8    /∂'gen/
_______   
_______
_______
_______ 
 
Check with the Key. Then listen and repeat.


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Lesson 28      Lesson 29    Lesson 30 forward.jpg



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