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Lesson 32. Where's My Checklist?

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Stress in Compound Words

Lesson 32; Part A

We can often put two words together to make a compound, e.g. class + room -> classroom. We write some compounds as one word, some as two words, and some with a hyphen (-).
class + room  -> classroom
car + park -> car park
second + hand -> second-hand

 
The stress is normally on the first part of the compound. Listen and repeat.
Oo          airport   bathroom   bus stop   car park   classroom   football   girlfriend
Ooo        bus station   dining room   hairdresser   newspaper   post office   sunglasses
Oooo      photocopy   railway station   shop assistant
oOoo      police station
oOooo    computer programme 
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Lesson 32; Part B

  • Some compound nouns have stress on both parts if the first part is an adjective. Listen and repeat.
OoO        single room
  • Some compound nouns have stress on both parts if the thing in the second part is made of the material in the first part. Listen and repeat.
OO         glass jar
OoO       plastic bag
oOoO     tomato soup
  • Some compound nouns have stress on both parts if the first part tells us where the second part is. Listen and repeat.
OO         car door   frontdoor   ground floor
OoOo     city centre   kitchen window
  • When a compound is an adjective, there is often stress on both parts. Listen and repeat.
OO         first-class   half-price   home-made
OoO       second-hand 



Exercises


wizard.jpgListen and circle the compound with different stress. In the example, both words are stressed in back door, but in the others, the first word is stressed.
Key1. half-price
2. second class
3. mobile phone
4. city centre

Example:
     computer screen     back door   alarm clock     bank manager
1    toothache     nightclub     crossroads     half-price
2    motorbike     waiting room     second class     traffic lights
3    mobile phone     credit card     swimming pool     check-in desk
4    travel agent     city centre     tourist visa     supermarket

wizard.jpgMake five compounds from these parts.

first part:        ear   wine   hand   birthday   bay
second part:   friend   bar   present   bag   rings

_______earrings  _______wine bar  _______handbag  _______birthday present  _______boyfriend 

Now use the compounds to complete the dialogue.32.2.jpg
A: Oh no, I can't find my _______earrings!
B: Have you looked in your _______handbag?
A: Of course!
B: Maybe you left them in that _______wine bar last night?
A: Oh no, maybe I did!
B: Are they important?
A: Yes - they were a _______birthday present from my _______boyfriend.  

Listen to check your answers. Check with the Key. Listen again and circle the stressed part of each compound. Then listen again and repeat.


wizard.jpgListen to the poem. The compounds are underlined. Circle the stressed part of each compound.
32.3.jpgKeyChecklist
Have I...
... set the alarm clock?
... and put it on the bedside table?
... put my plane ticket in my trouser pocket?
... packed my toothbrush?
... put my suitcase by the bedroom door?
... switched the CD player off?
... phoned the taxi driver to say "Be here at six?"
Have I ...
Havel ... ...
Where's my checklist?!

Checklist
Have I...
... set the alarm clock?
... and put it on the bedside table?
... put my plane ticket in my trouser pocket?
... packed my toothbrush?
... put my suitcase by the bedroom door?
... switched the CD player off?
... phoned the taxi driver to say "Be here at six?"
Have I ...
Havel ... ...
Where's my checklist?!

Check your answers with the Key. Then listen again and repeat.



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