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Lesson 38. And what's His Name?

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 Strong and weak forms: Possessives, conjunctions, prepositions

 

Lesson 38; Part A

galka.jpgListen to the difference, and repeat.38.1.jpg

Give me your hand! (your is weak)

A: Your turn! (your is strong)
B: No, it's your turn! (your is strong)

A: That's our new neighbour.
B: And what's his name? (and and his are weak)
A: No, her! (her is strong)
B: Oh, sorry. What's her name? (her is strong)

A: She must be rich - look at her car! (her is weak) 38.2.jpg
B: I think that's his car, actually! (his is strong)

A: They've sold their old house, I see. (their is weak) 
B: They've sold their house, yes, but they haven't bought another one yet. (their is strong)

A: Would you like some ice cream or some cake?(some is weak)
B: I'd like some ice cream and some cake, please! (and is strong, some is weak)

A: Do you like those sweets? (do and you are weak) 
B: Well, some of them are good, (some is strong, of and them are weak)

The shop's closed from one to two. (from and to are weak)

There's a bus to the village at six, but there's no bus back from there tonight. (to and from are strong, at is weak) 
 

Lesson 38; Part B

Many possessives, conjunctions and prepositions have two different pronunciations - a strong form and a weak form. Normally we use the weak form, but if the word is stressed because it is especially important, or because we want to show a contrast, we use the strong form.
  weak 
strong 
your 
his 
their 
and       
but        
some 
that     
at 
for 
from 
of 
to**
/j∂/*
/iz/
/ð∂/*
/n/ or /∂n/
/bat/
/s∂m/
/ð∂t/
/∂t/
/f∂/*
/fr∂m/
/∂v/
/t∂/
/jo:/*
/hiz/
/ðe∂/*
/ænd/
/bΛt/
/sΛm/
/ðæt/
/æt/
/fo:/*
/from/
/ov/
/tu/
 
* The r at the end of these words is pronounced before a vowel. What's your_address? What was their_answer? Come in for_a minute.
** to is pronounced /tu:/ before a vowel sound. to_a party  




Exercises

wizard.jpgListen and mark the underlined words w (weak) or s (strong). Key1    They went out and(w) left their(w) children at(w) home.
2    Don't sit there - that's his(s) seat.
3    Is this the train to(s) London or from(s) London?
4    I didn't say at(s) five o'clock, I said about five o'clock.
5    What are(w) you going to(w) do?
6    His(w) first name's Jack, but I don't know his(w) second name.
7    Would you like some(w) more tea?
8    Bring your(w) umbrella - it's going to(w) rain.
9    Excuse me - is this your(s) umbrella?
10  Can you go and(w) buy some(w) bread and(w) milk, please?
11  You've bought some(w) flowers - who are they for(s)?
12   I bought them(w) for(w) you(s)!
 
 
1    They went out and left their children at home.
2    Don't sit there - that's his seat.
3    Is this the train to London or from London?
4    I didn't say at five o'clock, I said about five o'clock.
5    What are you going to do?
6    His first name's Jack, but I don't know his second name.
7    Would you like some more tea?
8    Bring your umbrella - it's going to rain.
9    Excuse me - is this your umbrella?
10  Can you go and buy some bread and milk, please?
11  You've bought some flowers - who are they for?
12   I bought them for you!

Check with the Key. Then listen again and repeat.

 

Read and listen to these poems. Then listen again and repeat. Be careful to speak with the correct rhythm. 
Use the weak form of and.
You and me
you and me 
cake and tea 
bread and cheese 
twos and threes 
this and that
thin and fat 
left and right 
day and night 
now and then 
where and when  
Use the weak form of of.
Relaxing 
a cup of tea 
a new CD
a bottle of wine 
and plenty of time 
Use the weak form of but.
Making plans
A walk? But if s too late.
To the town? But it's too far.
Some sightseeing? But it's too dark.
A restaurant? But it's too expensive.
A game of chess? But it's so boring.
Read a book? But my eyes are so tired.
Study some English? But it's so difficult
But let's do something. 
OK, what? 
 38.3.jpg 
Use the weak form of at.
I remember it well  
We met at a conference. 
Or maybe at a party. 
A party at a hotel. 
Or perhaps at someone's house. 
It was at lunchtime. 
No, it was late at night.
Yes, and you were sitting at a table.
Or maybe standing at a window. 
You looked at me and smiled. 
No, you looked at me and laughed at me. 
Yes, I remember it well. 
Use the weak form of your.
A change of plan
Eat your sandwich.
Drink your tea.
Comb your hair.
Brush your teeth.
Put your shoes on.
Pack your bag.
Get your keys.
Ready?
What do you mean, you've
changed your mind? 

  

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