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Lesson 39. There's a Spider.

here.png
Strong and Weak Forms: Articles, Comparatives, "There"

Lesson 39; Part A

important.jpgSome words have two different pronunciations - a strong form and a weak form. We normally use the weak forms of the words a and an. We say /∂/ before consonant sounds and /∂n/ before vowel sounds. Listen and repeat.
a cup of coffee, please
a piece of cake, please
a lot of visitors
a Thursday morning in November
an invitation to a party
an umbrella in the rain

Notice that some words begin with the vowel letter u but the consonant sound /j/, so we say a before them. Listen and repeat.
a university
a useful present

Lesson 39; Part B

In comparatives, we use the weak forms of than /ð∂n/ and as /∂z/ and we pronounce the ending -er as the weak vowel /∂/. Listen and repeat.
The new computer's better than the old one.
The old computer wasn't as good as the new one.

Lesson 39; Part C

In the expressions there's and there are we normally use the weak form /ð∂/. We pronounce there's as /ð∂z/ and there are as /ð∂r/. Listen and repeat.
There's a bridge over the riven
There are ten millimetres in a centimetre.

But when we use the word there to talk about a place, we use the strong form /ðe∂/. Listen and repeat.
A: Where are my glasses? B: Over there!
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Exercises


wizard.jpgListen and underline all the /∂/ sounds.
Key There's a cat on the mat   
There's a fish in a dish.   
There's a dog in the fog,   
and a mouse in the house. 
There's a film on TV. 
You can sit on my knee.
There are two cups of tea.
One for you, one for me.

There's a cat on the mat   
There's a fish in a dish.   
There's a dog in the fog,   
and a mouse in the house. 
There's a film on TV. 
You can sit on my knee.
There are two cups of tea.
One for you, one for me.
 
Check with the Key. Then listen again and repeat.

Complete the sentences using the words in the box. You will need to use some of them more than once.
 
tall       there       there's    there    are       older       longer    as    than
 

  1. 39.3.jpgTessa's taller  than  Terry, but she isn't _______as _______tall _______asTed. Ted's _______older _______than Tessa, but he isn't _______as old _______as Terry.
  2. A: What's the longest tunnel in the world?
    B: The Channel Tunnel, between England and France?
    A: No, _______there's a _______longer one _______than that.
    B: Is _______there, really?
    A: Yes, _______there is, in Japan.
  3. A: How many dollars are _______there in a pound?
    B: I think _______there _______are about one and a half ... or maybe _______there _______are one and a half pounds in a dollar?
Listen to check your answers. Check with the Key. Then listen again and repeat.

Listen and mark the underlined words w (weak) or s (strong). KeyA: What are(w) you doing there(s)?
B: There(w)'s a(w) spider in the room.
А: Is there(w)? Where?
B: There(s), look!
A: No, there(w) isn't!
B: Yes, there(w) is!
A: Well, actually, there(w) are(w) two - one there(s) and(w) one there(s)!


A: What are(w) you doing there?
B: There's a spider in the room.
А: Is there? Where?
B: There, look!
A: No, there isn't!
B: Yes, there is!
A: Well, actually, there are two - one there and one there!

Check with the Key. Then listen and repeat.
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Lesson 38      Lesson 39     Lesson 40 forward.jpg



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