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Lesson 40. Who was That?

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Strong and weak forms: Auxiliary verbs

Lesson 40; Part A

We often use the weak forms of these verbs:
 
am     is     are     was     were     have     has     do     does     can     could
 

Listen and repeat.

1    I'm(w) ready.
2    It's(w) raining again.
3    Are(w) you coming?
4    You're(w coming, aren't you?
5    Who was(w) that?
6    The shops(w) were all closed.


7    What have(w) you got in your hand?
8    Has(w) the programme started?
9    What do(w) you want for Christmas?
10  Where does(w) your sister live?
11  You can(w) stay here if you like.
12  Could(w) you spell your name for me, please?

Lesson 40; Part B

But if one of these verbs is stressed because it is especially important, or because we want to show a contrast, we use the strong form. Listen and repeat.
1    A: Are you ready? B: Yes, I am(s).
2    A: It isn't raining, is it? B: Yes, it is(s).
3    A: I'm not very good at English. B: Of course you are(s)!
4    A: Is your father a teacher? B: He was(s), but he's retired now.
5    A: How many people are there in your class ... ten? B: There were(s) ten, but one left last week.
6    A: Have we met before? B: I don't think we have(s).
7    A: Has it started? B: Yes, come on, it has(s)!
8    A: I don't like this music. B: Oh, I do(s).
9    A: Does the supermarket open on Sundays? B: I think it does(s).
10    A: I can't open this door. B: Let me try. Maybe I can(s).
11    A: Can you play tennis? B: Not now. I could(s) when I was younger.

 Is your father a teacher?40.1.jpg        Have we met before?
40.2.jpg
 



Exercises


galka.jpgListen, and notice the weak forms underlined.40.3.jpg

It was winter. It was late. It was dark. It was snowing.
I was walking along a street.
There was nobody else in the town.
I could see a light in a window.
I could hear someone shouting.
"You' too late! We were here, all the time.
We were waiting for you, but now it's too late!" Then I woke up.
It was a dream!

Listen again and repeat
 
 

galka.jpgListen and mark the underlined words w (weak) or s (strong).
KeyA: I'm(w) better than you!
B: No, you aren't!
A: I am(s). I've(w) got more toys than you!
B: No, you haven't!
A: Yes, I have(s)! And I can(w) speak twenty languages!
B: You can't! Nobody can(w) speak twenty languages!
A: I can(s). And I could(w) walk when I was(w) three weeks old!
B: You couldn't! That's impossible!
A: I could(s)! You don't know - you weren't there!
B: I was(s)! I'm older than you! A: No, you aren't!
B: Yes, I am(s)! I'm(w) eight. How old are(w) you?
A: I'm(w) eight hundred.
B: What do(w) you mean? Nobody can(w) be eight hundred years old!
A: Don't argue! B: I'm(w) not arguing!
A: Yes, you are(s)!


A: I' m(w) better than you!
B: No, you aren't!
A: I am. I've got more toys than you!
B: No, you haven't!
A: Yes, I have! And I can speak twenty languages!
B: You can't! Nobody can speak twenty languages!
A: I can. And I could walk when I was three weeks old!
B: You couldn't! That's impossible!
A: I could! You don't know - you weren't there!
B: I was! I'm older than you!
A: No, you aren't!
B: Yes, I am! I'm eight. How old are you?
A: I'm eight hundred.
B: What do you mean? Nobody can be eight hundred years old!
A: Don't argue!
B: I'm not arguing!
A: Yes, you are!

Check with the Key. Then listen again and repeat

 



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