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Lesson 42. It's George's Birthday.

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Pronouncing -s endings

Lesson 42; Part A

galka.jpgWe use -s (or -es) endings in four different ways.
  • in plural nouns: Why have you got three phones on your desk?
  • in verbs: She phones him every day.
  • in possessives: Have you got Maria's phone number?
  • in the contractions of is and has: The phone's ringing. The film's started.
 
When we add an -s (or -es) ending to a word, the number of syllables in the word sometimes stays the same. Listen.
day          I'm staying for a day.       (1 syllable)
days        I'm staying for two days.  (1 syllable)
But sometimes we add an extra syllable to the pronunciation. Listen.
match      Have you got a match?       (1 syllable)
matches  Have you got any matches  (2 syllables)  

Lesson 42; Part B

galka.jpgListen and notice the number of syllables in the words on the left.

  number
of syllables

 
go
goes  
finish     
finishes
George   
George's 
train 
train's
box
boxes
boss
boss's
glove
gloves
page
pages

1
1
2
3
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
2

It's time to go.
Hit the ball and watch where it goes.
When does the course finish?
Do you know when the course finishes?
Have you met George?
It's George's birthday
We're waiting for the train.
The train's late again.
Open the box.
Open the boxes.
That's the boss
That's the boss's office.
Is this your glove?
Are these your gloves7
Which is the right page?
This book's got 120 pages.
 
The rule is that we add an extra syllable if the last sound in the word is one of these:
/s//z//r//3//t∫//d3/

If the last sound is a vowel, or any other consonant, the number of syllables stays the same.
note.jpgNote: We don't contract is or has after /s//z//r//3//t∫//d3/. Listen.

The food's good. The service is good.
The game's started. The match has started. 




Exercises


pen.jpgComplete these sentences with the correct forms of the verbs and nouns.

1    Let's see who  finishes  (finish) these _______exercises (exercise) first.
2    The bar _______closes (close) when the last customer _______leaves (leave).
3    Don't make _______promises (promise) you can't keep.
4    Nobody _______uses (use) a typewriter nowadays, do they?
5    My dad's so tall that when he _______reaches (reach) his hand up he _______touches (touch) the ceiling.

Listen to check your answers. Check with the Key. Then listen again and repeat

wizard.jpgLook at the family tree and complete the sentences.
42.1.jpg

Example: Joyce  is  George 's dauther  -> Joyce is George's daughter.
1    Joyce and Mike _______are Dennis _______'s parents.->________________________Joyce and Mike are Dennis's mother and father.
2    Tom _______is Dennis's _______brother.
3    James and Joyce _______are Mr and Mrs Birch _______'s children.-> ________________________James and Joyce are Mr and Mrs Birch's son and daughter.
4    Dennis _______is George _______'s children.
5    Joyce _______is Mike Jones _______'s wife..

Listen to check your answers. Check with the Key. Then listen again and repeat  

galka.jpgLook at the picture and answer the questions below.
42.2.jpg

 
Example:
Whose is the hat?       
1    Whose is the camera?       
2    Whose are the skis?       
3    Whose is the map?       
4    Whose is the jacket?       
5    Whose are the shoes?       
6    Whose is the suitcase?     

Listen to check your answers.


 Joyce's 
_______Charles's         
_______Rose's
_______Charles's
_______George's
_______Jez's
_______Jez's


Now complete the sentences.
Example:
The hat 's Joyce's
7    The camera _______'s Charles's.   
8    The jacket _______'s George's.
9    The shoes _______are Jez's.
10  The skis _______are Rose's.
11  The suitcase _______is Jez's.
12  The map _______'s Charle's.

Listen to check your answers. Check with the Key. Then listen and repeat.


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