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Lesson 43. I Looked Everywhere.

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Pronouncing Past Tenses

Lesson 43; Part A

galka.jpgTo make the past tense of a regular verb, you add the ending -ed:
look ⇒ looked    explain ⇒ explained
or just -d if there is already a letter e at the end of the infinitive:
live ⇒ lived
Normally, the number of syllables stays the same.
look    (1 syllable)          looked    (1 syllable)
explain    (2 syllables)    explained      (2 syllables)
live     (1 syllable)           lived     (1 syllable)

galka.jpgListen.
Look at this!
I looked everywhere.
Can you explain this for me, please?
I explained it but they didn't undersrand
Where do you live?
We lived in the country.

 
If it's difficult for you to say the -ed ending without adding an extra syllable, you can imagine the -ed is at the start of the next word. For example: say I looked everywhere like this:
I look teverywhere
and say  explained it like this:
I explain dit

Lesson 43; Part B

But if the infinitive of the verb ends with /d/ or /t/, the -ed or -d ending adds an extra syllable:
wait ⇒ waited
hate ⇒ hated
wait     (1 syllable)    waited   (2 syllables)
hate    (1 syllable)    hated     (2 syllables)

Listen.
Wait here, please.
We waited half an hour.
I hate waiting.
I hated school.

 
idea.jpgImportant for listening!
Sometimes you don't hear the -ed ending clearly. This happens when the next word starts with a consonant. Listen.
I look(ed) there.
We liv(ed) near the park.
 




Exercises


wizard.jpgListen and underline the verbs if you can hear the -ed ending clearly.
Key1    I watched an interesting film.
2    I watched the news.
3    I walked to the end of the road.
4    The car stopped in the middle of the road.
5    I phoned the police. 
6    They helped me a lot.
7    They asked a lot of questions.
8    It rained all day.


1    I watched an interesting film.
2    I watched the news.
3    I walked to the end of the road.
4    The car stopped in the middle of the road.
5    I phoned the police. 
6    They helped me a lot.
7    They asked a lot of questions.
8    It rained all day.

Check with the Key. Then listen again and repeat.


wizard.jpgListen and underline the word you hear.
Key1    They played very well.
2    We cleaned all the rooms.
3    We always cook a big meal for the whole family.
4    I need some help with the housework.
5    I listened to the radio.
6    I wanted to have a word with you.
7    They arrive early in the morning.
8    I never missed the lesson.


1    They play / played very well.
   We clean / cleaned all the rooms.
3    We always cook / cooked a big meal for the whole family.
   I need / needed some help with the housework.
5    I listen / listened to the radio.
6    I want / wanted to have a word with you.
   They arrive / arrived early in the morning.
8    I never miss /  missed the lesson.

Check with the Key. Then listen again and repeat.

wizard.jpgListen and complete these sentences with the verb form you hear - present or past.

1    We usually  finished  before the others.
2    You _______pronounce my name wrong.
3    I _______added a bit of onion to the recipe.
4    I _______like those people but they always _______stay too long.
5    I _______loved the music in the film.
6    We _______talked for hours and hours.
7    I _______pass your house on my way to work.
8    They _______lived by the sea.

Check with the Key. Then listen again and repeat.


galka.jpgListen to this poem.43.1.jpg

I wanted to go to the Friday night show.
It started at eight - didn't want to be late.
I walked into town, found the place and sat down.
First in the queue, and nothing to do.
I waited for hours. It rained - a few showers.
A friend passed and asked me, "Why are you here?
Come down to the pub and we'll have a few beers.'
I remembered just then that Thursday was when
he went for a drink, and I started to think ...
Thursday?

Listen again and repeat. Speak with the same rhythm as the recording.


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Lesson 42      Lesson 43     Lesson 44 forward.jpg



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