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Unit 3. Back, Pack.

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The consonant sounds /b/ and /p/


Unit 3; Part A

3.1.jpgWhen you say the alphabet, the letters В and P have the sounds /bi:/ and /pi:/.
In words, they have the consonant sounds /b/ and /p/.
  • Look at the mouth diagram to see how to make these sounds:
  • Listen to the sounds /b/ and /p/.
    The mouth is in the same position for both sounds, however in rhe sound /b/ there is voice from the throat.
    In /p/, there is no voice from the throat.
    Instead, there is a small explosion of air when the lips open.

Unit 3; Part B

Listen to the target sound /b/ in the words below and compare it with rhe words on each side.
Now listen to the sound /b/ on its own. 

3.2.jpg
      vest        best        vest
     cups        cubs       cups
covered    cupboard   covered
buy       bird       bread
rubber   a
bout    able
jo
b         web     globe
 

Unit 3; Part C

Listen to the target sound /p/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side. 
Listen to the sound /p/ on its own. 
3.3.jpg
    full     pull     full
 cubs    cups    cubs
coffee   copy    coffee


Listen and repeat these examples of the target sound.

park    please   price
open   applе    spring
tape    help      jump
Pat put purple paint in the pool.

Unit 3; Part D


   
 
frequently
notes
/b/ 
В (job)
BB (rubber)
В is sometimes silent (comb)
/p/     
P (open)
PP  (apple)     
PH pronounced /f/ (phone).
P is sometimes silent (psychology).    

 



Exercises


3.4.jpgwizard.jpgFirst read this conversation to the end, and then write the letter 'b' or 'p' in each gap. KeySid:   Where are the  pears?       
Joe:    Bears?!!! Did you say  bears?
Sid:    No, pears, you know, fruit!
Joe:    Oh, I see, pears with a P! They're in the pack.
Sid:    What, in the back of the truck?
Joe:    No, in the pack, you know, with a P!
Sid:    Oh, I see, pack with a P! Would you like one?
Joe:    No, I'll have a peach, please.
Sid:    A beach?!!!

Listen and check your answers.
Sid:   Where are the   p ears?       
Joe:    _ears?!!! Did you say  _ears?
Sid:    No, _ears, you know, fruit!
Joe:    Oh, I see, _ears with a P! They're in the _ack.
Sid:    What, in the _ack of the truck?
Joe:    No, in the _ack, you know, with a P!
Sid:    Oh, I see,  _ack with a P! Would you like one?
Joe:    No, I'll have a _each, please.
Sid:    A beach?!!!

Follow up: Play the recording again, pausing it after each of Sid's lines. You say Joe's lines before listening to him saying them.


flag.jpgThe word ape contains the two sounds /ei/ and /p/. If you reverse the sounds, you get the word pay /pei/. Reverse the sounds in these words and write the new word.Key1 cheap
2 back
3 pill
4 pets
5 speak

Example:  
tops       spot     
1    peach           
2    cab              
3    lip
4    step  
5    keeps

flag.jpgListen. In one word in each group, the 'b' or 'p' is not pronounced. Underline the word. Key1 lamb  2 climb  3 cupboard
4    photo  5    receipt
6    psychology  7 combing

Example:  
double   doubt  Dublin
1    lamb    label    lab             5 recipe    repeat    receipt
   crab    robbed    climb       6 possibly    psychology    special
3    cup    cupboard    copy     7 Cambridge   combine   combing
4    photo    potato    paper

galka.jpgListen and tick the sentence you hear, A or B.

A
В
There's a bear in that tree.
He had the beach to himself.
They burned it
Say 'boil'.
This is a nicer pear.
Would you like a copy? 
There's a pear in that tree.
He had the peach to himself.
They've earned it
Save oil.
This is a nice affair.
Would you like a coffee?
 

Follow up: Record yourself saying the sentences in 4, choosing sentence A or B. Make a note of which you say. Then listen to your recording in about two weeks. Is it clear which sentences you said?


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Unit 2      Unit 3     Unit 4 forward.jpg