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Unit 9. Gate, Kate.

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The Consonant Sounds /g/ and /k/

Unit 9; Part A


9.2.jpgListen to the two sounds /g/ and /k/.
Look at the mouth diagram to see how to make these sounds.
Notice that in the sound /g/, there is voice from the throat.
In /k/, there is no voice from the throat.
When you say this sound, you can feel the air on your hand when you put it in front of your mouth.

Unit 9; Part B

Now listen to the sound /g/ on its own.
Listen to the target sound /g/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side.

Kate      gate      Kate
bag       back      back   
wood    good      wood
loch*     log         loch


* This is the Scottish word for lake: the final consonant sound does not exist in English.
9.1.jpgListen and repeat these examples of the target sound.

         ghost        guess      green
         bigger     ago        angry
         dog       egg       league
 

Unit 9; Part C

Listen to the sound /k/ on its own.
Listen to the target sound /k/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side.

gap         cap          gap
dogs       docks       dogs
missed   mixed       missed
water     quarter      water

9.3.jpg
Listen and repeat these examples of the target sound.


          keep       club       quick 
          school       soccer       taxi
          milk       comic       ache
 

Unit 9; Part B

Spelling
 
  frequently
sometimes
notes
/g/
G (go)         
GG (bigger)  
GH (ghost)  
GU (guest
G can be silent (sign, foreign).
The vowel sound is a bit longer before /g/ than before /k/ in pairs like bag and back.
   beginning middle
 end  notes
/k/
С (can)
К (king)
CC (soccer)
CK (locker)
К (milk)
CK (black)
С (comic)
CH (ache)
QU spells the sound /kw/, e.g. quick /kwik/.
X spells the sound /ks/, e.g. six /siks/.
In some words beginning with K, the К is silent, e.g. know, knife.

 



Exercises


flag.jpgAdd the sound /g/ or /k/ to the beginning of these words and write the new words. Remember: think of sounds, not spelling. For example, if you add /k/ to the beginning of water /wot∂/, you get quarter /kwo:t∂/. The sound is similar but the spelling is completely different!
Example:
  eight       gate    

1    up
2    aim
3    ache      
4    round

 

_______cup       
_______game, came
_______cake
_______ground, crowned

5   old
6   lime    
7   air

 

_______gold, cold       
_______climb
_______care

 

8    all
9    rate    
10  ill

 

_______call       
_______great, crate
_______kill

 

 

wizard.jpgComplete the second line to rhyme with the first line, using a word from the box.
Then listen and repeat.

 
rocks     cake     ache     locker     key     bigger     queue     kitchen     six     ask
 

Example:
  He dressed for soccer. And closed his  locker 
 
1    Kelly Collins couldn't figure,
      How to make the plants grow _______bigger
2    I'd like five bricks,
      No, make it _______six!
3    Mr Quinn ate so much steak,
      He came home with a stomach _______ache.
4    I saw a fox,
      Behind those _______rocks.   
5    Clara saw a friend she knew.
      Standing quietly in the _______queue.

 


9.4.jpgpen.jpgComplete this conversation using words from the box. Then listen and check.
           
lock    log   Loch



Sid:  Hey, there's the monster!
Joe:  That's just a  _______log
Sid:  Yes, it's _______Loch Ness.
Joe:  No, not _______Loch. I mean _______log, you know, from a tree!
Sid:  I've never seen a tree with a _______lock.
Joe: No, not a _______lock that you open with a key; a _______log with a G!

Follow up: Play the recording again, pausing it after each of Sid's lines.
You say Joe's lines before listening to him saying them.



galka.jpgListen and circle the word you hear. Key.1.coast   2.glasses   3.bag    4.coat

1    Ghost or coast?    Did you see the ghost / coast?
2    Glasses or classes?    I don't need glasses / classes.
3    Bag or back?   My bag's / back's wet.
4    Goat or coat?   She's lost her goat / coat.

Follow up: Record yourself saying the sentences in 4, choosing one of  the two words. Make a note of which words you say. Then listen to your recording in about two weeks. Is it clear which words you said?


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