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Unit 12. Sheep, Jeep, Cheap.

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The Consonant Sounds /∫/, /d3/ and /t∫/

Unit 12; Part A

12.1.jpgListen to the sound /∫/. Look at the mouth diagram to see how to make this consonant sound. Notice that there is no voice from the throat, and you can feel the air on your hand when you pur it in front of your mouth. If you add voice from the throat, you get the sound /3/, as in television but this sound is not common in English.
Listen to the target sound /∫/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side.

sort        short       sort
suit        shoot      suit
catch     cash       catch
choose  shoes     choose


Then listen and repeat the examples.
Examples:
        should    shirt    sugar
        fashion      nation    ocean
        wish        push    English
 

Sharon shouldn't wash her shoes in the shower.

Unit 12; Part B

Listen to the sounds /d3/ and /t∫/. Look at the mouth diagram in С to see how to make these consonant sounds. With /t∫/ there is no voice from the throat, with /d3/ there is. Notice that you can make the sound /∫/ into a continuous sound, but you cannot do this with /t∫/ and /d3/.

 

Unit 12; Part C


Listen to the sound /d3/ on its own. 
12.2.jpg
Listen to the target sound /d3/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side.
cheap   jeep     cheap
tune     June     tune
use       juice     use
draw    jaw       draw

Then listen and repeat the examples.
Examples
:
         job        general        June
         danger        agenda        object
         edge       age       village

"Ginger spilt orange juice on George's jacket."

Unit 12; Part D

Listen to the sound /t∫/ on its own.
Listen to the target sound /t∫/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side.

jeep      cheap    jeep
share    chair      share
trips      chips     trips
what's   watch    what's
Then listen and repeat the examples.
Examples:

       chair        cheese        chicken
       kitchen       future       question
       rich       which    March


"Which child put chalk on the teacher's chair?"

Unit 12; Part E

Spelling

  beginning
middle
end
/∫/
SH (shoe), S (sugar)
SH (fashion), SS (Russia)
TI (nation), С (ocean)
SH (finish)
/d3/
J (jaw), G (general
 G (page),  J (major) GE (rage), DGE (ledge)
/t∫/
CH (chair)
CH (teacher),  T (future)
TCH (watch)

 

 

 



Exercises


flag.jpgWrite these nationality words in the correct column.
Belgian  Welsh   Dutch   Russian  Chinese   German   Japanese  Polish  French  Chilean  Turkish

contains /d3/Belgian  German  Japanese    contains /∫/Welsh  Russian  Polish  Turkish  French   contains /t∫/Dutch  Chinese  Chilean 
   Belgian


   



12.3.jpgflag.jpgComplete this conversation using words from the box. Then listen and check.
ships  chips  Jeep  cheap



Sid:   It's fish and _______chips for lunch, Joe!
Joe:   _______Ships!? I can't eat _______ships, they're too big!
Sid:   I said _______chips, you know, fried potatoes!
Joe:  Oh, I see, _______chips with a CH, not _______ships with an SH.
Sid:   That's right. You're a genius, Joe!
Joe:  Was the fish expensive, Sid?
Sid:   No, it was _______cheap.
Joe:  _______Jeep!? You bought a _______Jeep?
Sid:  No, _______cheap, the opposite of expensive.
Joe:  Oh, I see, _______cheap with a CH, not _______jeep with a J!

Follow up: Play the recording again, pausing it after each of Sid's lines. Vow say Joe's lines before listening to him saying them.





flag.jpgIf a word ends with a /d3/ or a /t∫/, and the next word begins with the same sound, you say the sound twice. If you say Dutch cheese/tj/, it sounds like Dutch ease. The speaker made this mistake in these sentences. Write what they meant to say.
Example:  
Does she tea Chinese in the school?    teach Chinese  

1    I don't know which air to sit on. __________________which chair
2    Everyone at the match ears when their team scores.  __________________match cheers  
3    I never what chat shows on the TV.  __________________watch chat
4    The actor on stay joked with the audience.  __________________stage joked
5    Foxes sometimes come to the farm and cat chickens__________________catch chickens
6    Do you want to chain jackets before we go out?  __________________change jackets

Follow up: You will hear both the incorrect and correct pairs of words from the exercise. Repeat, making the difference clear.



galka.jpgListen and circle the word you hear.  Key.1. watch   2. ridges
3. shave   4. use
5. What's   6. trees


1    Watch or wash?    You'll have to watch / wash the baby.
2    Riches or ridges?    You'll find riches / ridges like you've never seen!
3    Save or shave?     He didn't save / shave at all last year.
4    Use or juice?    What's the use / juice?
5    What's or watch?     What's / Watch the time! / ?
6    Trees or cheese?    I saw something in the trees / cheese!
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