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Unit 10. Hear, we're, year.

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The Sounds /h/, /w/ and /j/

Unit 10; Part A

10.1.jpgThe sounds /h/, /w/ and /j/ only happen before a vowel sound.
Listen to the sound /h/.
Look at the mouth diagram to see how to make this sound.
Listen to the target sound /h/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side.

old       hold     old
art       heart    art
force    horse   force
sheet   heat     sheet


Then listen and repeat the examples of the target sound.
Examples:

         hair       head       who
         ahead       perhaps       behave
 

"Harry had a habit of helping hitch-hikers."
 
idea.jpgImportant for listening!
Some speakers, e.g. in London, do not pronounce the H, so hair /he∂/ sounds the same as air /e∂/.
 

Unit 10; Part B

10.2.jpgListen to the sound /w/.
Look at the mouth diagram to see how to make this sound. 

Listen to the target sound /w/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side.
vest      west       vest
of air    aware    of air
good     would    good
Gwyn    win        Gwyn


Then listen and repeat the examples of the target sound.
Examples:
          wage        what        one
          language        quick        square


"Wendy went away twice a week " 

Unit 10; Part C

10.3.jpgListen to the sound /j/.
Look at the mouth diagram to see how to make this sound.

Listen to the target sound /j/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side.

joke        yolk      joke
jaw         your      jaw
fool         fuel       fool
pleasure  player   pleasure


Then listen and repeat the examples of the target sound.
Examples:

           year    used    euro
              few     cure     view


We didn't use euros in Europe a few years ago."

 
 
idea.jpgImportant for listening! 
In American, the /j/ is dropped from words like new, student, tune, so for example newspaper  /'nju:speip∂/ sounds like noose paper /'nu:speip∂/.
 
 

Unit 10; Part C

Spelling

  frequently
rarely
notes
/h/
H (hill
WH (who
H is often silent (hour, honest).
/w/
W (will), WH (when)
O (one, once)
The letters QU usually spell /kw/ (quite).
/j/
Y (you) I (view), E (few), U (cure)      
   

 



Exercises


flag.jpgAdd one of these sounds to the start of these words to make other words: /h/, /j/, /w/.Think of sounds, not spelling!
Example:
air  hair, where 

1    earth   
2    ear   
3    or   
4    in   
5    eight  
_______worth    
_______hear, year
_______your, wore
_______win
_______hate, weight, wait
6    eyes   
7    all
8    aid
9    ill
10  art
_______wise    
_______hall, wall
_______weighed
_______hill, will
_______heart 
11    I'll
12    eat
13    ache    
14    eye
15    old
_______while    
_______heat, wheat
_______wake
_______high, why
_______hold 



flag.jpgIn these groups of words, three of the words begin with the same consonant sound and one of the words begins with a different sound. Underline the one with the different sound. You can use a dictionary. Key.1. under
2. whole
3. who
4. untie
5. honest
6. write

Example:
hour   half   home   high
1    union   used   under   university   
2    water   whale   whole   window   
3    when   who   where    which 
4    year   euro   uniform    untie
5    how   honest   healthy   happy
6    one   write   world   waste

Each sentence contains four or five examples of one of these sounds: /h/, /w/, /j/. Write the phonemic letter under the sounds in the sentences.
Example: 
  A fusion of Cuban and European music, /j/
                       j             j               j                j
1    Your uniform used to be yellow, /j/
2    Haley's horse hurried ahead, /h/
3    This is a quiz with twenty quick questions, /w/
4    We went to work at quarter to twelve, /w/
5    New York University student's union, /j/
6    The hen hid behind the hen house, /h/
7    Which language would you like to work in? /w/

wizard.jpgListen and circle the word you hear. Key.1. heart   2. earring
3. vest   4. aware
5. juice   6. sheet


1    Art or heart?   This is the art / heart of the country.
2    Hearing or earring?   She's lost her hearing / earring.
3    West or vest?    The west / vest is very warm.
4    Aware or of air?   They weren'r made aware / of air.
5    Use or juice?    What's the use / juice?
6    Heat or sheet?   I can't sleep in this heat / sheet.

Follow up: Record yourself saying the sentences in 4, choosing one of the two words. Make a note of which words you say. Then listen to your recording in about two weeks. Is it clear which words you said?

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