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Unit 15. Some, Sun, Sung.

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The Consonant Sounds /m/, /n/ and /η/

Unit 15; Part A

15.1.jpgThe consonant sounds /m/, /n/ and /η/ are made by stopping the flow of air out of the mouth so that it goes through the nose instead. The three sounds are different because the air is stopped by different parts of the mouth. You can feel this when you say the words some, sun, sung.
Listen to the sound /m/.
Look at the mouth diagram to see how to make this sound.

note.jpgNote: Always close your lips for /m/, even at the end of a word when the next word begins with /k/ or /g/,
for example: cream cake; warm glow.
Listen to the target sound /m/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side.

        target /m/   
nice      mice    nice
sun       some   sun
swing   swim    swing
hang     ham     hang


Then listen and repeat the examples of the target sound.
Examples:

             miss       more       make
             smoke     jump       harmed
             comb        autumn        film


"Mum made me move my models." 

Unit 15; Part B

Listen to the sound /n/.
Look at the mouth diagram to see how to make this sound.

15.2.jpg
Listen to the target sound /n/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side.

          target /n/   
might    night    might
warm    warn     warm
wing      win      wing
rang       ran      rang


Then listen and repeat the examples of the target sound.
Examples:

          now         new    know
          snow       dinner    against
          gone       open    listen


"There was no one on the moon on the ninth of June." 

Unit 15; Part C

Listen to the sound /η/.
Look at the mouth diagram to see how to make this sound.
note.jpgNote:
Open your mouth but breathe through your nose. If you do this you will find that the air is stopped at the back of the mouth. This is where you stop the air to make the sound /η/
15.3.jpg

Listen to the target sound /η/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side.

          target /η/   
some    sung     some
Kim      king      Kim
thin      thing     thin


Then listen and repeat the examples of the target sound.
Examples:
  
             sing        singer    sink
             bang        bank    banks
             thing        think    finger

"Young King Kong was stronger than strong." 

Unit 15; Part D


Notes on spelling:
There may be a silent В or N after /m/ (comb, autumn). There may be a silent К before /n/ (knife), /n/ changes to /η/ when the next sound after it is /k/ or /g/; the N in thin is /n/, but the N in think is /η/.

 



Exercises

dialogue.jpgRead this conversation. It contains 19 examples of the sound /m/. How many examples of the sounds /n/ and /η/ does it contain? Write your answers. Then listen and check. Key./m/ = 19   /n/ = 11   /η/ = 5
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flag.jpgFind a way from Start to Finish. You may pass a square only if the word in it has the sound /η/. You can move horizontally or vertically only. Key.15.5.jpg

15.6.jpg
flag.jpgComplete this conversation using words from the box. Then listen and check.
worn    warm   thing      thin


Sid:   Hey, Joe, your coat is very worn.
Joe:  No, it isn't _______warm I always feel cold in this coat.
Sid:  No, not _______warm! I said _______worn, with an N!
Joe:  Oh, _______worn with an N!
Sid:   Yes, the cloth is _______thin
Joe:  What do you mean "the cloth is _______thing?
Sid: No, _______thin with an N at the end, not _______thing with a G at the end!


galka.jpgListen and circle the word you hear. Key.1. Robin   2. ran   3.swim
4. son warned   5. sinking


1    Robin or robbing?    My friend likes Robin Banks / robbing banks.
2    Ran or rang?    Tom ran / rang yesterday.
3    Swing or swim?    She had a swing / swim in the garden.
4    Warned or warmed?    The son warned / sun warmed me.
5    Singing or sinking?    The people were singing / sinking fast.
 

Follow up: Record yourself saying the sentences in 4, choosing one of the two words or expressions. Make a note of which words you say. Then listen to your recording in about two weeks. Is it clear which words you said?

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