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Unit 16. Note, Not.

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The Vowel Sounds /∂u/ and /o/

Unit 16; Part A

When you say the letters of the alphabet, О has the long vowel sound /∂u/. You hear this sound in the word note. But the letter Оis also pronounced as the short vowel sound /o/, as in the word not.
Listen to the sound /∂υ/
Look at the mouth diagram to see how to make this long vowel sound.


16.1.jpg
Listen to the target sound /∂υ/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side.
          target /∂υ/
bought    boat     boot
blouse    blows   blues
cost        coast    cast
ball        bowl     bull


16.2.jpgListen and repeat these examples of the target sound.

                 toe    toes    toast
                 comb    code     coat
                 roll    rose     rope
 

Unit 16; Part B

Listen to the sound /o/.
Look at the mouth diagram to see how to make this short vowel sound. 

16.3.jpg

Listen to the target sound
/o/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side.

         target /o/   
won't   want    went
luck     lock     lack
get       got      goat
fund     fond    phoned


16.4.jpgListen and repeat these examples of the target sound.

             wrong    rob    rock
             gone    God    got
             doll    dog    dock
 

 
idea.jpgImportant for listening!
In North America, the sound /o/ is replaced by /a:/. For this reason, the following words may sound similar if an English speaker says the first word and an American speaker says the second word:
part - pot, heart - hot, shark - shock, barks - box.
 

Unit 16; Part C


Spelling


  frequently
sometimes
notes
/∂u/
O (old), O-E (stone)
OW (show), OA (coat)
OE (toe)
  If there is an R after the letter O
(and the R does not have a vowel after it).
O
has a different pronunciation.
(See Unit 19. )
/o/  O (dog)
 A (wash)

 



Exercises

flag.jpgFind 14 words in the puzzle (every letter is used once) and write them in the correct part of the table. The words are written horizontally or vertically.  Key.words with /∂u/ cold; both; road; show; snow; roll; joke; coat. 
words with /o/  shop; song; want; rock; what; wash16.6.jpg
16.5.jpg

 

words with /∂u/
words with /o/

       cold

 

 

 

 

 

 

wizard.jpgRead the words and underline the one with the different vowel sound. Then listen and check. Key.1. come   2. most   3. love
4. cow   5. cloth   6. word
7. lost

Example:
   soap    hope    sold   soup 
1    come    gone    long   want
2    what    hot    most    salt
3    drove    love    woke    hole
4    snow    law   cow   show
5    both    cloth    clothes    road
6    word     wash     boss    cost
7    post    lost    coast    rose
galka.jpgListen. You will hear the sentences twice, once in American English (A), once in British English (B). Write the order A-B or B-A. Key.1.A-B  2.B-A  3.A-B  4.B-A  5.A-B
Example:   
The coffee's hot    A-B 
1.  The lock's at the top.
2.  The song's long.       
3.  Stop the clock.
4.  The dog's gone.        
5.  He's often wrong.
galka.jpgListen and circle the word you hear. Key. 1. coast  
2. shut  
3. boat
4. woke  
5. found

1    Cost or coast?    What's the cost / coast like?
2    Shot or shut?    They shot / shut the door.
3    Boat or boot?    There's water in my boat / boot.
4    Woke or walk?    I woke / walk the dog.
5    Phoned or found?    Tim phoned / found her.

Follow up: Record yourself saying the sentences in 4, choosing one of the two words. Make a note of which words you say. Then listen to your recording in about two weeks. Is it clear which words you said


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