Unit 23. Remember, He Told Her.
Introducing Sentence Stress
Individual words have a stress pattern, that is a pattern of strong
and weak syllables. Sentences also have a stress pattern, and this is
sentence stress. Sometimes a word and a sentence have the same stress
pattern. Listen to these examples.
|Short sentences and phrases in English have some typical stress patterns. Listen to the examples.
OoO What's the time? Yes, of course! Thanks a lot!
OoOo See you later! Pleased to meet you! Саn't you hear me?
oOoO A piece of cake. The shop was closed. It's time to go.
OooO What do you do? Where do you live? Give me a call.
ooOo Are you coming? Do you like it? Is he happy?
|There is normally a space between stressed syllables in a sentence.
Unstressed syllables can be put in that space. The space stays more or
less the same length whether one or more unstressed syllables are
pushed into it. So for example, these three sentences take about the
same length of time to say. Listen.
OOO Don't tell Mike.
OoOoOo Go and speak to Mary.
OooOooOoo Hurry and give it to Jonathan.
|Stress patterns can help you hear the difference between similar sentences. For example, verbs with the negative ending -n't are always stressed. This helps us to hear the difference between can and can't in the following two sentences, because the two sentences have different stress patterns.
Note: You can find more about sentence stress in Units 32 to 40.
|Listen and underline the sentence which does not have the same stress pattern as the word at the beginning of the line.
Key. 1. Close the door.
2. What happened?
3. They arrived.
|Write these sentences in the correct column. Then listen, check and repeat.
The water's cold. Give me a call. What did she say? Phone and tell me.
Nice to see you. Where's the car? It's cold and wee. What's the time?
Combine phrases from the boxes А, В and С to make three sentences or phrases with these patterns:
|Listen and tick the sentence you hear, A or B.
||Unit 22 Unit 23 Unit 24||