Unit 26. Paul's Calls, Max's Faxes.
Syllables: Plural and Other -s endings
|The noun call /ko:l/ is one syllable and the plural calls /кo:lz/ is also only one syllable. Usually the -s ending is jusr a consonant sound (C), not another syllable. It is pronounced /s/ or /z/.
When we add -s to make the third person singular present, it is the same. For example, the verb know /n∂υ/ is one syllable and the third person form knows /n∂υz/ is also only one syllable.
When we add -'s to make the possessive it is also the same. For example Paul and Paul's are both just one syllable.
|Listen to the examples of -s endings in these rhymes.
|Sometimes, plural, third person and possessive endings are another syllable. For example, fax /fæks/ is one syllable, but faxes /fæksiz/ is two syllables.
|The plural and other endings are another syllable when the original
word ends in one of the sounds below. Listen to the examples and rhymes.
Note: When the -s ending is another syllable, it is pronounced /iz/.
Important for listening!
With -s endings, we sometimes get a lot of consonant sounds together at the end of syllables, for example, facts /fækts/. Many speakers of English make it simpler and do not pronounce one of the Cs. For example, they may pronounce facts like fax /fæks/. Here are some more examples.
She never sends birthday cards. (sounds like: She never /senz/ birthday cards)
The lift's broken. (sounds like: The /lifs/ broken)
It tastes funny. (sounds like: It /teis/ funny)
That's what he expects. (sound like: That's what he /ik'speks/)
|Try to make sure you pronounce the -s ending. It is very important to the meaning. Listen to the examples and notice how the -s ending changes the meaning.
Match the beginnings and ends of these phrases so that they rhyme. Then listen and repeat.
|Write the third person forms of the verbs from the box in the correct part of the table below. Then listen, check and repeat.
Key. 1 syllable: sings; goes; gets; comes; sees; pulls
2 syllables watches; dances; kisses; washes; closes; pushes
|These speakers are not pronouncing all the consonants at the ends of some words. What are they saying? Write the sentence.
Key. 1 Hands up!
2 There are many different kinds of whale.
3 My favourite subject's chemistry.
4 The wind's very strong today.
|Listen and circle the word you hear.
1 I saw the bird / birds fly away.
2 What time did the guest /guests leave?
3 He broke his arm / arms in the accident.
4 She sang the song / songs her father wrote.
5 Where does she park her car / cars at night?
6 I read the book / books very quickly.
7 The bag / bags fell on the floor.
8 The shop / shops will be closed.
9 When will the class / classes begin?
10 The box / boxes won't be big enough.
||Unit 25 Unit 26 Unit 27||