Unit 27. Pete Played, Rita Rested.
Syllables: Adding Past Tense Endings
|The verb play /pleι/ has one syllable and the past tense played /pleιd/ also has only one syllable. Usually the -ed ending is just a consonant sound (C), not another syllable; the letter E is silent.
So, for example, smiled /smaιld/ rhymes with child /t∫aιld/, even though child does not have a letter E before the D. Listen to the rhymes. Notice that -ed rhymes with either /t/ or /d/.
|He looked round first,
And then reversed.
The car that passed
Was going fast.
It hit the side.
The driver cried.
He never guessed,
He'd pass the test.
|If the infinitive of the verb ends with the sounds /t/ or /d/, -ed or -d is a new syllable; the lerter E is pronounced as a vowel sound. For example:
hate /heιt/- one syllable
hated /heιtιd/ = two syllables
|Listen and compare the sentences on the left and right below.
|Past tense endings tell you if the sentence is present or past. Listen to the difference.
|Note: If it is difficult to say the -ed ending in words like cooked, imagine that the -ed is joined to the word after. For example say cooked all the food like this: cook tall the food.
Note: If the word after the past tense verb begins with a consonant, you may not hear the -ed, e.g. cooked dinner, walked through.
|Match the beginnings and ends of these rhymes.
1 h 2 e 3 g
4 c 5 i 6 a
7 j 8 f 9 b
|Write the past tense of the verbs from the box in the correct part of the table.
Then listen, check and repeat.
Key.1 syllable walked washed helped phoned danced asked
-ed = extra syllable hated needed waited wasted tasted ended
|Complete each sentence with the past tense of a verb from the box.
In each sentence, the first sound of the verb is the same as the first
sound in the person's name! Then listen, check and repeat.
Now listen, check and repeat.
|Listen and circle the verb form you hear, past or present.
Key. 1. walked
1 I always walk / walked away from fights.
2 I think they want / wanted to talk.
3 Me and my friends laugh / laughed a lot.
4 On Saturdays, we dance / danced all night.
5 I always hate / hated Sundays.
6 You never help / helped Alice.
7 They need / needed more time.
8 They paint / painted the walls every few years.
||Unit 26 Unit 27 Unit 28||