Unit 31. Public, Publicity.
Stress in Longer Words 2
|There are many longer word endings where the last letter is -y. In
words with these endings, the stress is placed on the syllable two from
the end. Listen to these examples.
|Note: If we add the ending -ic to a word, the stress goes on the syllable before -ic (See Unit 30. ) Notice the change of stress, for example:
Note: In words for an expert in the subject, such as photographer or climatologist, the stress stays on the same syllable as in the word ending in -y:
|Many words for school and university subjects have one of the -y endings in this unit or the ending -ics. Listen to the names of subjects in this text.
At school. I hated science subjects like physics, chemistry and biology, you
know, and ehm... I wasn't very good at mathematics and things. I really
liked subjects like history, geography, economics. Anyway, when I went
to university, I wanted to do geology, but I couldn't 'cause I was no good at
sciences, so in the end I did philosophy!
Note: Many English speakers do not pronounce the second syllable in history, so that it sounds like this: /'hιstrι/ Oo. The first part of the word geography may be pronounced as one or two syllables: /'d3ι:ogr∂fι/ Ooo or /d3ι:'ogr∂fι/ oOoo. Many speakers do not pronounce the second syllable in mathematics, so it sounds like this: /mæθ'mætιks/ oOo.
|If we combine the various endings in this unit and Unit 30 , we can get 'families' of words with moving stress patterns. Listen to these examples.
|Make a word ending in -ity from each of these words, and give the stress pattern. Use a dictionary to help you if necessary.
Key.1 personality ooOoo 2 university ooOoo
3 publicity oOoo 4 majority oOoo
5 nationality ooOoo 6 reality oOoo
7 humanity oOoo 8 electricity ooOoo
author authority oOoo
|Write the words from the box in the correct column according to their stress pattern.
Fill the gaps with a word from the box which has the stress pattern given. Then listen and check.
|Write in the word which is missing from the family. Then listen, check and repeat.
society, sociology (ooOoo), sociological
1 civil, civilise, ________(oooOo)
2 _______(oOoo), biologist, biological
3 personal, _______(ooOoo), personalise
4 legal, legalise, ________(oooOo)
5 _______(Oo), authority, authorise
||Unit 30 Unit 31 Unit 32||