Unit 34. I'll Ask Her (Alaska).
Pronouns and Contractions
|Pronouns in sentences are usually unstressed. Look at this sentence: I met him. The first and third words arc pronouns. So this sentence has the stress pattern oOo.
Important for listening!
Listen to these sentences. You will hear each one twice: first in careful speech and then in fast speech.
Notice that in fast speech:
Note: You don't need to copy the fast speech pronunciation. People will understand you if you use careful speech. But you need to be able to understand fast speech.
|Pronouns are often joined to auxiliary verbs (is, have, will, etc.) in contractions. For example, when we speak, we join the I and will together to form I'll. In the sentence I'll ask her
there are four words but only three syllables. This is because the
pronoun and contraction are pronounced as one syllable. This sentence
therefore has the stress pattern oOo (the pronouns and contractions I'll and her are unstressed). In fast speech, it may be pronounced the same as Alaska. Listen to these examples.
Note: You do not join the pronoun to an auxiliary verb at the end of a sentence. For example, say Yes, I will, don't say Yes, I'll.
Note: You only put stress on pronouns if you want to emphasise or contrast something. It is like underlining with your voice. For example: You don't need him, but he needs you! (See Unit 49.)
Add pronouns to these words to make sentences with the pattern oOoO. Do not use the same pronoun twice. Then say your sentences aloud, making the rhythm clear.
|Listen and write the words you hear in the gaps.
Key.1 Can you give it to them please?
2 Did you meet their daughter, Catherine?
3 I don't think he likes her.
4 What did she say to them?
5 Where did she buy her guitar?
6 What's his mother's name?
7 Where arе your parents from?
8 We bought presents for our children.
Can you tell her to call me please?
1 Can you give _______ to _______ please?
2 Did _______ meet _______ daughter, Catherine?
3 I don't think _______ likes _______.
4 What did _______ say to _______?
5 Where did _______ buy _______ guitar?
6 What's _______ mother's name?
7 Where are _______ parents from?
8 _______ bought presents for _______ children.
|Write the sentences below again. Change the people to pronouns, and make the auxiliary verbs (has / is / are
etc.) into contractions. Then underline the stressed syllables in your
sentences. There should be two in each sentence. Then listen, check and
Key.1. He's buying presents for them.
2. They're opening their presents.
3. They'll thank him for the presents.
4. He'll thank her for the money.
Example: Helen has given Robert some money. She's given him some money.
1 Robert is buying presents for the children. ____________________________
2 Bonnie and Max are opening their presents. ____________________________
3 Bonnie and Max will thank Robert for the presents. ____________________________
4 Robert will thank Helen for the money. ____________________________
|Think of a computer which people speak into and it writes what they
say. This computer wrote the underlined parts of these conversations
incorrectly. (You can read what the computer heard in phonemic
letters.) Write the correct words.
Key.1 We've done it
2 I'll ask him
3 I'll see you
4 He's gone to
5 I'll tell her
- Do you know Mike?
- Yes. Ametim /æ'metιm/ yesterday. I met him.
1 - Come on kids, do your homework!
- Wivdunit /wιv'dΛnιt/already! _____________
2 - What's his name?
- I don't know. Alaskim /æ'læskιm/. _____________
3 - Goodbye.
- Goodbye. Alseeya /æl'si:j∂/ tomorrow! _____________
4 - Why isn't Neil here?
- Hisgonra /hιz'gont∂/ Paris for the weekend. _____________
5 - Have you told Maria yet?
- No. Altella /æl'tel∂/ tomorrow. _____________
||Unit 33 Unit 34 Unit 35||