Unit 39. After Eight, After Rate.
Joining Words 2
|When we say the spellings of words or names, we normally join them together in one continuous sound. For example, we say ABC like this: /eιbi:si:/
(without any pause between the letters). Sometimes we have to add an
extra sound to separate vowel sounds. Listen to these examples. The
added sound is in small letters.
The same three sounds, /r/, /j/ and /w/, are also added between whole words to separate vowel sounds.
The consonant sound /r/ is used to separate vowel sounds when there is a letter R at the end of the first word. In many accents of English, including Southern British, this final letter R is not pronounced, so the word ends in a vowel sound. For example, the word after is pronounced /a:ft∂/. But if the following word begins with a vowel sound, the R is pronounced, in order to separate the two vowels. For example, the R is pronounced in after eight /a:ft∂_reιt/. In this case, the R sounds like it is at the start of the next word, so after eight sounds like after rate. Listen to the examples.
Note: Sometimes we pronounce an /r/ to separate vowel sounds even if there is no R in the spelling. For example saw Alice can be pronounced /so:_'ælis/.
Important for listening!
The sounds /j/ and /w/ can also be pronounced to separate vowel sounds.
Listen to the examples. Notice that /j/ or /w/ is pronounced even when there is no Y or W in the spelling.
Spell out these names. If possible, record yourself. Then listen to the recording and compare it with yours.
|In these pairs, the first and second word are joined with the
phonemic letter shown. Read them aloud, then say them again, this time
reversing the order of the words, so that a different sound joins the
first and second word. You don't have to write anything. Then listen
Key. 1 blue_wand grey
2 me_jand you
3 why_ jor where
4 her_ror you
5 away_ jor here
Example: two_wor three ↔ three_jor two
1 grey_jand blue
2 you_wand me
3 where_ror why
4 you_wor her
5 here_ror away
|The word rise is 'hidden' in this sentence: Her eyes ore open. It is the underlined part. This is clear if we look at the phonemic spelling. The word rise is /raiz/. You can see this underlined in this phonemic spelling of the sentence: /h∂raιz∂r∂up∂n/.
The words in the box are 'hidden' in the sentences below. Find them and
underline them, and write the hidden word after the sentence.
Key.1 Are you into golf? winter
2 He has hair over the years. years
3 It's starting to ache. wake
4 I'm not sure I'd agree with you. ride
5 She has a shower each morning. reach
6 It's quarter to eight already, wait
7 Do I owe you anything? why
8 Her eyes are a strange colour. rise
9 You should know better at уоur age! rage
wait rage winter
|Example: The boat's useless without the oars.
1 Are you into golf? _____________________
2 He has hair over the ears. _____________________
3 It's starring to ache. _____________________
4 I'm not sure I'd agree with you. _____________________
5 She has a shower each morning. _____________________
6 It's quarter to eight already. _____________________
7 Do I owe you anything? _____________________
8 Her eyes are a strange colour. _____________________
9 You should know better at your age! _____________________
Now listen to the sentences. Can you hear the 'hidden words'?
Try saying the sentences, making sure you pronounce the hidden words.
||Unit 38 Unit 39 Unit 40||
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