Unit 46. I Mean, It's Sort of Like...
Understanding Small Talk
|Important for listening!|
Listen to this conversation. Note that the expressions in black do not really have any meaning; you could easily understand the text without them.
Notice that the speakers say them very fast, often in a low voice: they are "throw away" words, i.e. you could throw them away and the meaning wouldn't change.
Important for listening!
Different people often have their own favourite 'throw away' words. For example, in the conersation above. A says like and you know a lot and В says I mean a lot.
Note: When you are listening, you don't need to understand every word. Often, the things people say really fast are just 'throw away' words, and you can ignore them.
Important for listening!
The same expressions which people use as 'throw away' words do have meaning in other contexts. In all the sentences on the left below, the expressions in black have meaning. In the sentences on the right, they are 'throw away' words.
Listen and notice the difference in pronunciation: the 'throw away' words are said faster and in a low voice.
|You will hear someone speaking about the weather in Montana (in the
USA) with a lot of 'throw away' words. Write what the person says, but
miss out the "throw away' words.|
Key.It's really cold in Montana sometimes. Your beard and moustache get full of ice and you feel the air freeze, in your nose and mouth.
|You will hear four people speaking. What are their favourite 'throw away' words? Write them after the name.|
Key.Debbie you know
Kimberly kind of
Speaker 1: Frank I mean.
Speaker 2: Debbie ____________
Speaker 3: Kimberly ____________
Speaker 4: Greg ____________
|Underline the 'throw away' words in this text. There are nine more expressions to underline.|
Key.We don't like have coffee breaks, I mean we just like get a coffee or tea and sort of like take it back to our desks, you know, but its kind of dangerous 'cause, I mean, people sometimes like knock the drink over the computer, you know.
We don't like have coffee breaks, I mean we just like get
a coffee or tea and sort of like take it back to our desks,
you know, but its kind of dangerous 'cause, I mean,
people sometimes like knock the drink over the computer, you know.
Listen to these sentences. Is the expression in italics 'throw away'
(said fast and in a low voice) or not? If it's 'throw away', underline
it. Note that the punctuation is not written, so you must decide from
| ||Unit 45 Unit 46 Unit 47|| |