Unit 49. He Will Win.
Introduction to Emphatic Stress
|Short sentences have a typical sentence stress, or rhythm. (See Unit 23. ) For example:
He won't win! oOO (The sentence has three syllables, and there is stress on the second and third.)
He'll win! oO (The sentence has two syllables and there is stress on the second.)
|But in conversation, speakers can choose to put the stress in any
place. This is like underlining words in writing: we do this to put
emphasis on words. Here are the same two examples from A again, but
this time they are in the context of a short conversation. Notice the
way the speakers 'underline' some words.
A: Hell win, you know.
B: He won't win!
A: He will win!
In this example, the speakers do not agree with each other. В 'underlines' won't to show that he is saying the opposite of what A said. Then A 'underlines' will for the same reason. Note that the written form also changes, from 'll to will.
|To 'underline' a word, a speaker does one or more of these things: a
makes it louder, b makes it longer, с makes it higher. Listen to this
conversation. It shows the 'underlining' very clearly.
|We emphasise words for example when we want to make a contrast with
what the other person says, or correct some wrong information. (Units
50 to 53 give more detail on this.)
Write three different ways to disagree with each of A's sentences,
and underline the words you would put emphasis on. Then listen, check
|Read this conversation. Guess which words the speakers will 'underline'
for emphasis and underline them in the text. You are told which lines
have no underlining. Then listen and check.
Key.A: I won't pass.
В: You will pass.
A: You'll pass.
B: I don't know.
A: You won't fail.
B: I might fail.
A: I will fail.
B: The exam's not hard.
A: It's very hard.
B: But not toо hard.
A: Too hard for me.
В: But you're very clever!
A: You're the clever one.
B: Yes, I suppose you're right.
||Unit 48 Unit 49 Unit 50||