Unit 49. He Will Win.
Introduction to Emphatic Stress
|Short sentences have a typical sentence stress, or rhythm. (See Unit 23. ) For example:|
He won't win! oOO (The sentence has three syllables, and there is stress on the second and third.)
He'll win! oO (The sentence has two syllables and there is stress on the second.)
|But in conversation, speakers can choose to put the stress in any
place. This is like underlining words in writing: we do this to put
emphasis on words. Here are the same two examples from A again, but
this time they are in the context of a short conversation. Notice the
way the speakers 'underline' some words. |
A: Hell win, you know.
B: He won't win!
A: He will win!
In this example, the speakers do not agree with each other. В 'underlines' won't to show that he is saying the opposite of what A said. Then A 'underlines' will for the same reason. Note that the written form also changes, from 'll to will.
|To 'underline' a word, a speaker does one or more of these things: amakes it louder, b makes it longer, с makes it higher. Listen to this
conversation. It shows the 'underlining' very clearly.|
|We emphasise words for example when we want to make a contrast with
what the other person says, or correct some wrong information. (Units
50 to 53 give more detail on this.) |
Write three different ways to disagree with each of A's sentences,
and underline the words you would put emphasis on. Then listen, check
|Read this conversation. Guess which words the speakers will 'underline'
for emphasis and underline them in the text. You are told which lines
have no underlining. Then listen and check.|
Key.A: I won't pass.
В: You will pass.
A: You'll pass.
B: I don't know.
A: You won't fail.
B: I might fail.
A: I will fail.
B: The exam's not hard.
A: It's very hard.
B: But not toо hard.
A: Too hard for me.
В: But you're very clever!
A: You're the clever one.
B: Yes, I suppose you're right.
| ||Unit 48 Unit 49 Unit 50|| |