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Unit 50. Schwartz ... Pedro Schwartz

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Emphasising Added Details

Unit 50; Part A

Listen to the way the speaker 'underlines' certain words in this text.
      My name's Schwartz ... Pedro Schwartz.
      I'm from Chile ... the South of Chile.
      I live in Puerto Montt ... well, near Puerto Monti.
      Actually, I live on an island ... an island called Chiloé.
      My grandparents were German ... well, Swiss-German, in fact.


In the first line, both phrases contain the name Schwartz. In the first phrase, the speaker 'underlines' this word because it is new information. But in the second phrase, he doesn't, because now it is old information. The new information in the second phrase is Pedro, so the speaker 'underlines' this.

                        NEW                      OLD
    My names Schwartz ... Pedro Schwartz.
                                        NEW

There is a similar pattern in each of the other examples above.

Unit 50; Part B

Above, the same speaker gives information and then adds new details. But in a conversation, one speaker can give information and the other can add new details. In both cases, the speaker 'underlines' the added detail. Listen to this example.
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Unit 50; Part C

Listen to these two short conversations. A's question shows that she doesn't know anything about where В comes from. C's question shows that she knows he comes from India, so when В says South India, he 'underlines' South because this is added information.

       A:   Where are you from?
       B:   South India.
       С:   Which part of India are you from?
       B:  
South India.

 



Exercises

Use the words from the box to add details to the sentences below. Underline the added detail. Say your sentences out loud.
 
car       plastic       James       French        very       central
 

Key.1 It's cold ... very cold.
2 It's a bag ... a plastic bag,
3 My name's Bond ... James Bond.
4 It's in Asia ... central Asia.
5 He's a composer ... a French composer.

Example:
     
It's a radio ...  a car radio  
1    It's cold ...  ______________
2    It's a bag ... ______________
3    My name's Bond ... ______________
4    It's in Asia ... ______________
5    He's a composer ... ______________
flag.jpgListen and underline the words which В 'underlines' with her voice.
Key.A: It's very quiet.
B: Too quiet.
A: I think something's wrong.
B: Very wrong.
A: I don't like it.
B: I don't like it at all.
A: Let's get out of here.
B: Let's get out fast!

A: It's very quiet.
B: Too quiet.
A: I think something's wrong.
B: Very wrong.
A: I don't like it.
B: I don't like it at all.
A: Let's get out of here.
B: Let's get out fast!

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Follow up: Listen again and repeat B's lines.

  
flag.jpgThe answers to the pairs of questions a and b below are the same, but the speaker puts stress on a different word in each answer. For example, in the answer to Example a, the speaker puts stress on the word 'Vettori' but in b. she puts stress on the word 'Clara'. Read the other questions and underline the words the speaker will put stress on. Then listen and check.
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Example:
      a What's your name?
         Clara Vettori.    
1    a Do you live in Milan?
         Near Milan, yes.
2    a What do you do?
         I'm a graphic designer.
3    a Do you have your own home?
         Yes, a very nice flat.
4    a What do you do in the evenings?
         Well, I'm learning French.
5    a Do you know London?
         Yes, I lived there for a year.
6    a Do you have any brothers or sisters?
         Yes, two brothers.
7    a What kind of music do you like?
         I like jazz and classical.
     b  What's your full name, Ms Vettori?
         Clara Vettori.
1   b  Do you live near Milan?
         Near Milan, yes.
2   b  What kind of designer are you?
         I'm a graphic designer.
3   b  Do you have a nice flat?
        Yes, a very nice flat.
4   b  Do you speak French?
         Well, I'm learning French.
5   b  You lived in London, didn't you?
        Yes, I lived there for a year.
6   b  You have some brothers, don't you?
        Yes, two brothers.
7   b  Which do you prefer, jazz or classical?
         I like jazz and classical.

Follow up: Play the recording again and repeat the answers.


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