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Unit 52. Chips or Salad?

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Emphasising Contrasting Alternatives

Unit 52; Part A

When we present alternatives, we 'underline' the contrast between them. Listen to this example. Notice the way the speaker 'underlines' the alternatives.

        A: I'd like a hamburger, please.
        B: Do you want a super burger or a regular burger?
        A: What's the difference?
        B: Well, the super comes with chips and the regular comes without chips.

Unit 52; Part B

The same sentence can be pronounced differently, depending on the sentence that came before it. Listen to these examples. Notice how В 'underlines' in a different place depending on what A said.

A: You can pay by credit card.
A: Why are you paying in cash?
A: Shall we sit inside or outside?
A: Where shall we sit?
B: I haven't got a credir card.
B: I haven't got a credit card.
B: Let's sit outside.
B: Let's sit outside.
   
note.jpgNote: In the second example above, it is not a different word which is underlined; it is a different part of the same word outside.

Unit 52; Part C

The word we choose to 'underline' can change the meaning of our sentence. Listen to these sentences pronounced in two different ways and see the different meanings in the pictures.
52.9.jpg

note.jpgNote: In writing, the pause may be indicated by a comma. 

 



Exercises

galka.jpgRead the short conversations. Which words do you think В will 'underline'? Underline them in the texts below. Then listen and check.
Key.13.jpg
1    A: I'd like a salad, please.
      B: A mixed salad or a Greek salad?
      A: Whafs the difference?
      B: Well, a mixed salad has tuna and a Greek salad has cheese.
2    A: I'd like to stay two nights, please.
      B: Do you want full board or half board?
      A: What's the difference?
      B: Full board includes all meals and half board includes just breakfast and dinner.
3    A: We'd like a room for two, please.
      B: Would you like a standard or deluxe?
      A: What's the difference?
      B: Standard has a mountain view and deluxe has a sea view.

Follow up: Play the recording again and repeat B's lines.


flag.jpgListen. You will hear only the answers. Which do you hear first, a or b? Write 1 and 2 in the boxes.
Key.1 a-2, b-1
2 a-2, b-1

Example:
      a - Would you like a starter?
         - have a mixed salad, please. 
1    a - What time do you close?
         - We're closing now, sorry. ___
2    a - Would you like anything to drink?      
        - I'd like red wine, please. ___
       b - What kind of salad would you like?
          - I'll have a mixed salad, please. 
1     b - A table for two please.
          -  We're closing now, sorry. ___
2     b - Would you like red or white?
          - I'd like red wine, please. ___
flag.jpgListen. Which choice is the waiter offering first: picture a or b? Write a - b or b - a.
Key.1 b-a
2 a-b
3 b-a

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