English Globe understanding the world

Open menu
Главная >> Изучаем English >> Pronunciation >> III Advanced >> Unit 5. Pronunciation in Slow and Fast Speech.

Unit 5. Pronunciation in Slow and Fast Speech.

here.png
Pronunciation in Slow and Fast Speech (1).

Unit 5; Part A

 
idea.jpgImportant for listening!
In different contexts we change the speed at which we speak.

We are likely to speak more slowly, for example, ...
... when we are carefully explaining to someone what we want them to do, when we are talking to a large audience, or when we are talking about an unfamiliar or difficult topic.
We are likely to speak more quickly, for example, ...
 ... in conversation, when we are talking to friends or relatives, or when we are talking about routine or familiar topics.
 
In Units 5 and 6 we will introduce some of the changes in pronunciation that take place in fast speech when compared with slow, careful speech. These include linking sounds, leaving out sounds and changing sounds. These changes are looked at in more detail in Units 26 to 31.
 
 

Unit 5; Part B

 
idea.jpgImportant for listening!
Speech is broken up into units, often with a pause between them. Within these speech units, words are linked together smoothly. (For more on speech units, see Unit 32.) In fast speech in particular, these units may be quite long and  the words spoken quickly. Compare the units (marked // below) in these examples of slow and fast speech:

5.1.jpgSlow speech: A nurse is explaining how to make a sling:
// this goes under the arm// and then over the shoulder// all the time// make sure you support the arm// talk to the patient// and find out what position// is most comfortable for them//

Fast speech: Three friends are in a Chinese restaurant:
A: // is anyone having a starter or not// or are we going straight to the main course//
B: // I'm going to go straight to the main course//
C: // yeah//
B: // but I might have an extra portion of something// you never know//
A: // do they do nice sweets here//
C: // I think it's just lychees//
A: // what's lychees//
B: // they're the funny little white ones// aren't they//
C: // that's right// I'm not terribly keen on them//

Listen again to some of the long units fom the restaurant conversation. Notice how the words are run together.
// or are we going straight to the main course//
// but I might have an extra portion of something//
 

Unit 5; Part C

 
idea.jpgImportant for listening!
Because words within units are run together, it can sometimes be difficult to understand them. However, one or more word in each unit is emphasised and may be said more clearly than others (see also Units 33 and 34). It is important to focus on these, as they usually carry the most important information in the unit. Listen to these speech units from the restaurant conversation and notice how the words with syllables in large capital letters are emphasised:

//I'm going to go STRAIGHT to the MAIN course//
//I think it's just lyCHEES//
// they're the FUNny little WHITE ones//
// that's RIGHT//
 

 



Exercises

flag.jpgIn which three of these situations is slow speech more likely?
Key.Slow speech is more likely in situations 1, 3 and 4.
1    A lecturer is giving details of timetable changes to a group of university students.
2    Two friends are discussing what they might do at the weekend.
3    You are giving directions to a stranger who has asked how to get to a local hospital.
4    A witness in a trial is explaining to a jury what she saw when a robbery was taking place.
5    A hairdresser and a customer are talking about their recent summer holidays.
6    Members of a family are having dinner and talking about what they have been doing during the day.
flag.jpgHere are some long speech units taken from fast speech. Listen to each just once and try to write down what you hear.
Key. 1 (Australia) I didn't know whether they were leaving or not. 2 (South Afica) She said she'd never seen anything like it before.  3 They don't seem to be getting on too well. 4 (Australia) As long as you don't mind us coming in late. 5 (South Afica) We should be able to get there in a couple of hours.

Example:   What  are you doing tomorrow about half past  twelve?

1    I __________________________________________not.
2    She _____________________________________before.
3    They ______________________________________ well.
4    As ________________________________________ late.
5    We ______________________________________ hours.

If you had dificulties, listen again as many times as you need, and then check your answers in the Key.
flag.jpgFirst, listen to an extract from a business meeting. Then repeat six single speech units taken from the discussion. If possible, repeat them without looking at the units written out below. Try to run the words in the unit smoothly together.
Key.5.7.jpg 5.2.jpg

1    // so why did you go for Jensens//
2    // and we've done business with them before//
3    // and they've still got a pretty good reputation//
4    // that the product isn't up to scratch//
5    // they've been pretty poor//
6    // shall I contact the lawyers about it//
flag.jpgListen to these speech units taken from the same conversation. Underline the one word, or sometimes two words, that are emphasised in these units.
Key.1    // but that was years ago//
2    // but the management hasn't changed at all//
3    // to be honest//
4    // we ought to be looking for a different supplier//
5    // we'll leave that to you//

Example:   // to supply the machines//
1    // but that was years ago//
2    // but the management hasn't changed at all//
3    // to be honest//
4    // we ought to be looking for a different supplier//
5    // we'll leave that to you//

Now check your answers in the Key and then say the speech units aloud. Try to run the words in the unit smoothly together and emphasise the underlined words.

Follow up: Record yourself reading all parts of the business meeting extract used in exercises 3 and 4 (or act it out in a group of three). Try to divide it into speech units as in the recording, making sure you run the words in the units smoothly together. In the Key you will find the extract with the speech units marked.


back.jpg
Unit 4      Unit 5     Unit 6 forward.jpg



Желание любоваться красивыми огненными  пирошоу в ночном небе появилось у человека давно. Сегодня каждый может купить фейерверки и насладиться невероятным зрелищем.