Unit 15. 'Subway and 'Super,power.
Prefixes and Word Stress (2)
|In some words with prefixes, the prefix itself is stressed. Most of
these words are shown as having main stress on the prefix and, in some
cases, secondary stress later in the word:
subway /'sΛbweι/ superpower /'su:p∂,pau∂r/
Most words like this are nouns and include:
In these words the syllable with main stress usually has prominence in discourse:
We took the SUBway. I'm j ust off to the SUpermarket.
|However, other words with these prefixes have main stress on a syllable
afer the prefix. Most words like this are adjectives and include:
In these words the syllable with main stress usually has prominence in conversation:
They have to learn to co-eXIST The climate here is subTROPical.
but prominence may go on the syllable with secondary stress in some cases (see C).
|In many words with a prefix, there is secondary stress on the prefix, with main stress later in the word:
,impre'cise ,disa'gree ,hyper'active
When these words are used in conversation they can have stress shift (see Unit 10B), with the prefix made prominent rather than the main stressed syllable. Compare:
Her answer was impreCISE. but: She gave an IMprecise ANswer.
He's hyperACtive. but: I work with HYperactive CHILdren.
He disaGREED. but: He DISagreed STRONGly.
|Here are some more words with prefixes which commonly have stress shift: ,decom'pose
,de'code ,diso'bedient ,disre'spectful ,imma'ture ,impo'lite
,mis'place ,mis'spelt ,recon'sider ,repro'duce ,unac'ceptable
However, some other words with these prefixes rarely have stress shift, including: de'fame dis'honest im'practical ,mis'judge re'place un'popular.
|Here are the titles of some research papers given at a conference on
education. Look at the words in bold some are given in A opposite and
underline the syllable that you think will be prominent.
4 underachievers; subtitles
5 Superstars; counteroffensive (counteroffensive is also possible)
6 supernatural; undercurrents
7 co-writers; hypertext
8 international; counterparts
Example: Why do children become hyperactive?
Now listen and check your answers. Then read the titles aloud.
Match each word 1-7 with a word from the list a-g. Matched words
must have the same number of syllables and follow the same stress
pattern. Words 1-7 are from A and B opposite.
Now listen and check your answers. Then listen again and repeat the words.
|Focus on the words in bold (some are given in C opposite), and
underline the syllable you think is likely to have prominence. Which
words have stress shift (that is, prominence on the prefix), and which
Key.* indicates stress shift
4 misplaced *
Example: He was sacked for unacceptable conduct. (has stress shift)
1 She was wearing impractical shoes.
2 The government has promised to review hospital funding.
3 He tends to use rather impolite language.
4 There were too many misplaced passes in the football match.
5 The police have prosecuted a number of dishonest landlords.
6 The cream is very good for dehydrated skin.
7 He undressed quickly.
Now listen and check your answers. Then listen again and repeat the sentences.
||Unit 14 Unit 15 Unit 16||
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