Unit 16. 'News,paper and ,Absolute 'Zero.
Stress in Compound Nouns
A compound noun is a fixed expression which is made up of more than oneword and which has the function of a noun. Some are written as twowords, some with a hyphen, and some as one word:
'crash ,barrier ,double-'glazing 'baby,sitter
Notice that some compound nouns have main stress on the first part and others have main stress on the second part.
|The following types of compound noun usually have main stress on the first part:|
Notice, however, that if the first part gives the material that thesecond part is made out of, main stress usually goes on the secondpart. Compare:
,cotton 'wool but: a 'cotton ,plant
Exceptions are most compounds ending with -cake, -bread and -juice:
'cheesecake 'gingerbread 'orange ,juice
Exceptions: pe,destrian 'crossing ,ball 'bearing, ,thanks'giving
Exceptions: ,managing di'rector de,fining 'moment ,casting 'vote
Note: Other phrases may have the same forms, but are not compounds. In these, main stress usually goes on the second word. Compare:
'driving ,licence (a compound) but: ,driving 'rain (a normal adjective + noun)
|Most adjective + noun compound nouns have main stress on the second part and secondary stress on the first part:|
,social se'curity ,hot po'tato ,absolute 'zero
Exceptions: 'blind spot 'dental ,floss 'easy ,chair ' broadband 'greenhouse
Note that this includes:
|Do these compounds have main stress on their first part or theirsecond part? Underline the syllable with the main stress. (Hint: Thinkabout whether they are noun + noun compounds or adjective + nouncompounds.)|
Examples: safety valve (noun + noun)
guilty party (adjective + noun)
Now listen and check your answers. Then say the words aloud.
|Use the compounds in the box to answer the questions. Thinkcarefully about where main stress is placed and say your answers aloud.(Some of the words are given in B and C opposite.) |
2 a paper towel
3 a civil war
4 a greenhouse
5 an ice rink
6 distance learning
7 a loudspeaker
8 a hot potato
9 a claim form
11 a town hall
12 a pay phone
13 a defning moment
14 orange juice
16 boiling point
17 a search party
18 a shop assistant
19 dental floss
20 a rubber band
boiling point civil war claim form definingmoment dental floss distance learning greenhouse hotpotato house-hunting ice rink lipstick loudspeaker orangejuice pay phone rubber band search party shop assistant paper towel town hall
What is ...
1 a system that records phone messages for you? → voicemail
2 a sheet of thick paper for drying your hands?
3 battles between different groups of people living in the same country?
4 a building made of glass used for growing plants?
5 a level area of ice for people to skate on?
6 a way of studying where you mainly study at home?
7 a piece of equipment that sound comes out of?
8 a problem that no-one wants to deal with?
9 a legal document that you use to try to get compensation from an organisation?
10 the activity of looking for a house to live in?
11 a building where the local government usually meets?
12 a public telephone that you have to put money in to use?
13 a point at which a situation clearly starts to change?
14 a drink made from crushed oranges?
15 a coloured substance that women put on their lips?
16 the temperature at which liquid becomes a gas?
17 a group of people who look for someone who is missing?
18 someone who serves customers in a shop?
19 thread used for cleaning between the teeth?
20 a ring of rubber for holding things together?
Now listen and check your answers. Which five compounds are exceptions to the rules in B and C opposite?
| ||Unit 15 Unit 16 Unit 17|| |
Очевидно, что наиболее востребованными на сегодняшний день по-прежнемуостается перевод технический английский. Успешность профессионального технического перевода компанией "АБЕ" определена наличием колоссального опыта специалистов.