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Unit 19. 'Dream of and 'Live for.

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One-Stress Phrasal Verbs

Unit 19; Part A

Some two-word phrasal verbs have main stress on the verb and no stress on the particle. These are one-stress phrasal verbs:
     'dream of    I wouldn't DREAM of asking you to do it.
     'hear from   We never HEARD from them again.


note.jpgNote: The particle in most one-stress phrasal verbs is a preposition.


Other two-word phrasal verbs have main stress on the particle and secondary stress on the verb. These are two-stress phrasal verbs
(see Unit 20):
    ,doze 'off    The sun came out and I DOZED OFF.
    ,let 'out    Please LET me OUT.


note.jpgNote: The particle in most two-stress phrasal verbs is an adverb.

Unit 19; Part B

In conversation, it is unusual for the particle in one-stress phrasal verbs to be prominent (see Unit 10). However, we can make the particle prominent if we want to highlight it for emphasis or contrast:
     'smell of      The room SMELT of roses.
                       It certainly smells odd, but I'm not sure what it smells OF.
     'hear of       A: I'm surprised you've never HEARD of him.
     'hear from   B: I didn't say I hadn't HEARD OF him, I said I hadn't HEARD FROM him.

Unit 19; Part C

A number of the particles in one-stress phrasal verbs have a weak and a strong form (see Unit 21), for example: at, for, from, of and to. We usually use the weak form of these particles in conversation, but the strong form is used when the particle comes at the end of a clause:
      'live for    He LIVES for /f∂/ his work.
                    She felt she had nothing to LIVE for
/fo:/.
 
     'think of   I was just THINKing of /∂v/ you.
                    What on earth were you THINKing of
/ov/?

Unit 19; Part D

A few phrasal verbs can be either one-stress or two-stress phrasal verbs, but with different meanings. For example:
       'live on    He had to LIVE on less than $10 a day.
                      (= the amount of money he had to buy things)
       ,live 'on    The tradition LIVES ON in many parts of the country.
                      (= continues)
       'come to    How much does all that COME to?
                      (= what's the total cost)
       ,come 'to   She hasn't COME TO yet after the accident.
                      (= regained consciousness)

 



Exercises

flag.jpgDo you think each part in bold includes a one-stress (write 1) or two-stress (write 2) phrasal verb?
19.1.jpgKey.(United States)
1 1    
2 2    
3 2   
4 1    
5 2    
6 1     
7 1   
8 1

Example: The birds came quite close, but when I sneezed I fightened them away.     2     
1    She said she'd be early, but I wouldn't bank on it. _______
2    He gave us a lot of information that I couldn't take in. _______   
3    I couldn't do question six, so I lef it out. _______
4    Dan said he'd phone today, but I haven't heard from him. _______
5    If you're passing, why don't you stop by? _______    
6    You look well. Living by the sea must agree with you. _______    
7    There isn't anyone but you that I can confide in. _______
8    Having my own boat is something I've always dreamed about. _______

Now listen and check your answers.
 
19.2.jpgflag.jpgRead each A part and say each В part aloud, thinking about how the phrasal verb will be pronounced. All the phrasal verbs in the В parts are one-stress phrasal verbs, but sometimes the particle is made prominent for special emphasis or contrast.
Key.(Speaker A = Spain)
Prominent syllables in the parts in bold are given in capitals.
1 What are you DRIVing at?
2 I thought she'd disapPROVE of them.
3 I said I think it will reSULT IN climate change. (The particle is made prominent for contrast.)
4 Yes, I READ about it.
5 Where does she COME fom?
6 But I don't know what to AIM AT. (The particle is made prominent for special emphasis.)
7 Yes, it's TEEMing with them.


1    A: I suppose your parents are quite well off?
      B: What are you driving at?
2    A: Why didn't you show your mother your new shoes?
      B: I thought she'd disapprove of them.
3    A: So you think the damage results from climate change?
      B: I said I think it will result in climate change.
4    A: Apparently, they are forecasting a really cold winter.
      B: Yes, I read about it.
5    A: My pen friend's planning to visit.
      B: Where does she come from?
6    A: All you've got to do is aim and fire.
      B: But I don't know what to aim at.
7    A: There are so many mosquitoes around the tent!
      B: Yes, it's teeming with them.

Now listen, check the pronunciation of the phrasal verbs and repeat the В parts.
flag.jpgDo you think each part in bold includes a one-stress or two-stress phrasal verb? Think about how each phrasal verb will be pronounced in these dialogues.
Key.(Speaker A = India)
Prominent syllables in the parts in bold are given in capitals.
1 Yes, when you're next in town, why don't you COME BY? (,come 'by = visit)
2 Well, at this time of year fresh vegetables are difficult to COME by. ('come by = obtain)
3 I was stroking Susan's cat when it just TURNED on me. ('turn on = attack)
4 Yes, he certainly knows how to TURN it ON. (,turn 'on = to show a particular quality)

1    A: We must get together again soon.
      B: Yes, when you're next in town, why don't you come by?
2    A: This cabbage doesn't look very good.
      B: Well, at this time of year fresh vegetables are difficult to come by.
3    A: What happened to your hand?
      B: I was stroking Susan's cat when it just turned on me.
4    A: Mr Simpson can be very charming, can't he?
      B: Yes, he certainly knows how to turn it on.

Now listen and check your answers. Press 'pause' before each В part and read it aloud. Then press 'play' again and compare your pronunciation with what follows.

Follow up: When you learn a new phrasal verb, it is helpful to note whether it is a one-stress phrasal verb (if it has a preposition) or a two-stress phrasal verb (if it has an adverb).

 
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