Unit 40. They Taste Great, These Biscuits.
|In informal spoken English, tails are sometimes used at the end of a
sentence to emphasise or make clearer what we have just said. We ofen
use them when we give an evaluation of something:|
Tails consist of a noun or a noun phrase. They usually have a rising tone because they are referring to or expanding on something that has been said before (see Unit 39).
|Some tails consist of this, that, these or those or a phrase beginning with one of these words. These tails usually emphasise what we are saying:|
They're all we've got LEFT ↓, THOSE two ↑.
They taste GREAT ↓, these BIScuits ↑.
It's BEAUtiful ↓, THIS part of the COUNtry ↑.
It says here that they're going to put up a new town hall. INteresting ↓, THAT ↑.
|Other tails make clear who or what we are referring to:|
He's a good COOK ↓, Nlgel ↑. ( = Nigel is a good cook)
She's really STRICT ↓, the headTEAcher ↑.
I can't STAND it ↓, cigarETE smoke ↑. ( = I can't stand cigarette smoke)
That's MY hat ↓, the ONE you're WEAring ↑.
Important for listening!
Another type of tail also with a rising tone. repeats the subject + verb in order to reinforce what we have just said. It is similar to a tag (see Unit 41), and is used mainly in very informal speech:
A: Maybe you could borrow the money from your brother?
B: No, he's incredibly MEAN ↓, HE is ↑.
subject + verb
A: Do you know those people over there?
B: Yeah, they LIVE near me ↓, THEY do ↑
subject + verb
|Some other tails usually have a falling tone; for example, a tail
added to a wh- question in order to clarify who or what the question
What time's it ON ↓, this SHOW ↑?
How OLD is she ↓, your DAUGHter ↑?
Match the sentence beginnings and the tails.
Now listen and check your answers. Then say the full sentences aloud, making sure you use a rising tone on the tail and a falling tone before it.
Example: It's so boring ↓, tennis ↑.
|Do you think the tails in these sentences are likely to have a rising tone (put ↑ in the box) or a falling tone ↓?|
Example: They're all over the kitchen, those beetles. ↑
1 Where's it being held, Friday's concert? ___
2 What's it like, this cheese? ___
3 It can be dangerous, skiing. ___
4 It's made from Thai silk, Vicky's dress. ___
5 When are they coming, Frank and Gill? ___
6 How much did you pay for them, these tickets? ___
7 It's not a great day for us to meet, Sunday. ___
Now listen and check your predictions. Then say the sentences aloud.
| ||Unit 39 Unit 40 Unit 41|| |