Unit 50. She Just Forgot, Presumably?
Attitude Words and Phrases (2)
|The words and phrases in this unit usually have a fall-rising tone at the beginning of a sentence (or after and or but) and a rising tone at the end of a sentence.
A number of one-word adverbs can be used to show your opinion of what you are talking about:
I was hoping to go to Italy this week, but unFORtunately↓↑, I couldn't get a flight.
A: Can you record DVDs on your computer? B: No, I can't, unFORtunately ↑.
Other adverbs like this include: amazingly, astonishingly, curiously, fo rtunately, fu nnily, interestingly, luckily, oddly, regrettably, remarkably, sadly, strangely, surprisingly, unbelievably.
Note: Many of these adverbs are also used to describe adjectives, verbs or other adverbs, when they may have diferent intonation patterns:
His cooking is surPRISingly GOOD ↓.
Some of the adverbs listed above (in particular, curiously, funnily, interestingly, luckily, oddly, strangely and surrisingly) are used with enough in a phrase showing opinion:
He went out without his wallet. LUCKily eNOUGH ↓↑ he had some change in his jacket pocket.
I use this bit of wire as a TV aerial, and it works, STRANGEly eNOUGH ↑.
|We can use actually at the beginning or end of a sentence to sound
more polite, particularly if we are correcting what someone has said,
giving a different opinion, or refusing a request or offer:
A: I thought the concert was a bit dull. B: ACtually ↓↑, I quite enjoyed it.
A: Do you want a coffee? B: I've got one, ACtually ↓↑.
|The words apparently, presumably and supposedly show that we are not completely sure what we are saying is true, perhaps because someone else has told us (see also Unit 48):
ApPARently ↓↑, you can now fly from Bristol to Paris.
She just forgot presumably↑?
|Some attitude words and phrases are used to show that what we are
saying is only an approximate statement: that we are referring only to
the main features of something, or that we know that there are
exceptions. These include 'basically, by and 'large, as a 'rule, 'generally, on the 'whole, es'sentially and in 'general (note that the main stressed syllable is marked with '):
A: What will you do after college? B: BAsically ↓↑ I want to do some travelling.
I only see my brother at Christmas, as a RULE ↑.
|Choose one word or phrase from the box to complete each pair of
sentences. Do you think each word or phrase is more likely to have a
rising tone (write ↑) or a fall-rising tone (↓↑)?
Key.1 sadly: a =↓↑ b =↑
2 luckily: a =↓↑ b =↑
3 frankly: a =↑ b =↓↑
4 strangely enough: a =↑ b =↓↑
b We thought we'd find a difference in reading preferences between boys and girls but interestingly ↓↑, they like the same books.
1 a Mona had a heart operation last week _____________, it wasn't successful.
b I'll be leaving Australia at the end of the year, _____________.
2 a The kitchen ceiling completely collapsed. _____________, I'd just gone out of the room.
b The 5 o'clock train was delayed by snow. We'd caught the earlier one, _____________.
3 a Peter's lost his job and I don't care, _____________.
b The business isn't doing well and _____________, it's beginning to worry me.
4 a I hadn't seen Adam for years but then I bumped into him twice last week, _____________.
b Sophia has got two sisters but _____________, she never mentions the older one.
Now listen and check your answers. Then say the sentences aloud using the same tones in the words and phrases you have written.
|Are the words and phrases in bold more likely to have a rising tone (put ↑ in the box) or a fall-rising tone (↓↑)?
Key.1 A: Basically ↓↑ B: essentially ↑
2 A: Apparently ↓↑ B: on the whole ↑
3 A: apparently ↑ B: Actually ↓↑
4 A: Presumably ↓↑ B: actually ↑
Example: A: They'll post the tickets to us, presumably ↑?
B: Supposedly ↓↑, they've sent them already.
1 A: Basically ___, you made the whole story up, didn't you?
B: No, it was true, essentially ___.
2 A: Apparently ___, the car will be ready by tomorrow.
B: Yes, the garage is quite effcient, on the whole ___.
3 A: Theresa phoned this morning, apparently ___.
B: Actually ___, it was her sister.
4 A: Presumably ___, you've been to Canada recently?
B: Not for many years, actually ___.
Now listen and check your answers. Then say each line aloud, using a rising or fall-rising tone on the words and phrases in bold as appropriate.
||Unit 49 Unit 50 Unit 51||