English Globe understanding the world

Open menu
Главная >> Изучаем English >> Grammar >> Part 1. Present and Past >> Unit 2. Present simple (I do).

Unit 2. Present simple (I do).

Unit 2; Part A

2.1.jpggalka.jpgStudy this example situation:
Alex is a bus driver, but now he is in bed asleep. He is not driving a bus.  (He is asleep.)
but  He drives a bus.  (He is a bus driver.)
Drive(s) / work(s) / do(es) etc. is the present simple:

I / we / you / they    drive /work /do etc.    
he / she / it              drives / works /does    etc.

Unit 2; Part B

galka.jpgWe use the present simple to talk about things in general. We use it to say that something happens all the time or repeatedly, or that something is true in general:
Nurses look after patients in hospitals.
I usually go away at weekends.
The earth goes round the sun.
The café opens at 7.30 in the morning.


important.jpgRemember:

I work ...    but   He works ...        They teach     but   My sister teaches ...

Unit 2; Part C

galka.jpgWe use do/does to make questions and negative sentences:
do
does   
l/we/you/they   
he/she/it 

work?     
drive?
do?
I/we/you/they   
he/she/it

don't
doesn't  
work    
drive
do

I come from Canada. Where do you come from?
I don't go away very often.
What does this word mean?  (
not What means this word?)
Rice doesn't grow in cold climates.


In the following examples, do is also the main verb (do you do / doesn't do etc.):

'What do you do?'   'I work in a shop."
He's always so lazy. He doesn't do anything to help.

Unit 2; Part D

galka.jpgWe use the present simple to say how often we do things:
I get up at 8 o'clock every morning.
How often do you go to the dentist?
Julie doesn't drink tea very often.
Robert usually goes away two or three times a year.

Unit 2; Part E

galka.jpgI promise /I apologise etc.
Sometimes we do things by saying something. For example, when you promise to do something, you can say 'I promise ...'; when you suggest something, you can say 'I suggest ...':
  I promise I won't be late.  (not I'm promising)
•  'What do you suggest I do?'   'I suggest that you ..."

galka.jpgIn the same way we say: I apologise ... /I advise ... /I insist ... /I agree ... /I refuse ... etc.

 



Exercises

flag.jpgComplete the sentences using the following verbs:
Key.2 drink
3 opens
4 causes
5 live
6 take
7 connects

 
cause(s)       connect(s)       drink(s)        live(s)       open(s)     speak(s)       take(s)
 
1    Tanya  speaks  German very well.
2    I don't often ____________ coffee.
3    The swimming pool ____________ at 7.30 every morning.
4    Bad driving ____________ many accidents.
5    My parents ____________ in a very small flat.
6    The Olympic Games ____________ place every four years.
7    The Panama Canal ____________ the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
flag.jpgPut the verb into the correct form.
Key.2 do the banks close
3 don't use
4 does Martin come
5 do you do
6 takes ... does it take
7 does this word mean
8 doesn't do
    

1    Julie  does't drink  (not / drink) tea very often.
2    What time ____________ (the banks / close) here?
3    I've got a computer, but I ____________ (not / use) it much.
4    'Where ____________ Martin / come) from?'   'He's Scottish.'
5    'What ____________ (you / do)?'   'I'm an electrician.'
6    It ____________ (take) me an hour to get to work. How long ____________ (it / take) you?
7  Look at this sentence. What ____________ (this word / mean)?
8  David isn't very fit. He ____________ (not / do) any sport.
flag.jpgUse the following verbs to complete the sentences. Sometimes you need the negative:
Key.3 rises
4 make
5 don't eat
6 doesn't believe
7 translates
8 don't tell
9 flows
 

1    The earth  goes  round the sun.
2    Rice  doesn't grow  in Britain.
3    The sun ____________ in the east.
4    Bees ____________ honey.
5    Vegetarians ____________ meat.
6    An atheist ____________ in God.  
7    An interpreter ____________ from one language into another.
8    Liars are people who ____________ the truth.
9    The River Amazon ____________ into the Atlantic Ocean.
flag.jpgYou ask Liz questions about herself and her family. Write the questions.
Key.2 Does your sister play tennis?
3 Which newspaper do vou read?
4 What does your brother do?
5 How often do you go to the cinema?
6 Where do your grandparents live?


1  You know that Liz plays tennis. You want to know how often. Ask her.
      How often  do you play tennis ?
2  Perhaps Liz's sister plays tennis too. You want to know. Ask Liz.
    ______________ your sister ________________?
3  You know that Liz reads a newspaper every day. You want to know which one. Ask her.
    __________________________________________?
4  You know that Liz's brother works. You want to know what he does. Ask Liz.
    __________________________________________?
5  You know that Liz goes to the cinema a lot. You want to know how often. Ask her.
    __________________________________________?
6  You don't know where Liz's grandparents live. You want to know. Ask Liz.
    __________________________________________?
flag.jpgComplete using the following:
Key.2 I promise
3 I insist
4 I apologisehttp://www.english-globe.ru/index.php?option=com_content&task=edit&id=656&Itemid=69&Returnid=69
5 I recommend
 
I apologise    I insist    I promise    I recommend   I suggest 
 
1    It's a nice day.  I suggest  we go out for a walk.
2    I won't tell anybody what you said. ____________. 
3    (in a restaurant)  You must let me pay for the meal. ____________.
4    ____________ for what I did. It won't happen again.
5    The new restaurant in Hill Street is very good. ____________ it.


back.jpg
Unit 1      Unit 2     Unit 3 forward.jpg