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Unit 2. Present simple (I do).

Unit 2; Part A

2.1.jpggalka.jpgStudy this example situation:
Alex is a bus driver, but now he is in bed asleep. He is not driving a bus.  (He is asleep.)
but  He drives a bus.  (He is a bus driver.)
Drive(s) / work(s) / do(es) etc. is the present simple:

I / we / you / they    drive /work /do etc.    
he / she / it              drives / works /does    etc.

Unit 2; Part B

galka.jpgWe use the present simple to talk about things in general. We use itto say that something happens all the time or repeatedly, or thatsomething is true in general:
Nurses look after patients in hospitals.
I usually go away at weekends.
The earth goes round the sun.
The café opens at 7.30 in the morning.


important.jpgRemember:

I work ...    but   He works ...        They teach     but   My sister teaches ...

Unit 2; Part C

galka.jpgWe use do/does to make questions and negative sentences:
do
does   
l/we/you/they   
he/she/it 

work?     
drive?
do?
I/we/you/they   
he/she/it

don't
doesn't  
work    
drive
do

I come from Canada. Where do you come from?
I don't go away very often.
What does this word mean?  (
not What means this word?)
Rice doesn't grow in cold climates.


In the following examples, do is also the main verb (do you do / doesn't do etc.):

'What do you do?'   'I work in a shop."
He's always so lazy. He doesn't do anything to help.

Unit 2; Part D

galka.jpgWe use the present simple to say how often we do things:
I get up at 8 o'clock every morning.
How often do you go to the dentist?
Julie doesn't drink tea very often.
Robert usually goes away two or three times a year.

Unit 2; Part E

galka.jpgI promise /I apologise etc.
Sometimes we do things by saying something. For example, when you promise to do something, you can say 'I promise ...'; when you suggest something, you can say 'I suggest ...':
  I promise I won't be late.  (not I'm promising)
•  'What do you suggest I do?'   'I suggest that you ..."

galka.jpgIn the same way we say: I apologise ... /I advise ... /I insist ... /I agree ... /I refuse ... etc.

 



Exercises

flag.jpgComplete the sentences using the following verbs:
Key.2 drink
3 opens
4 causes
5 live
6 take
7 connects

 
cause(s)       connect(s)       drink(s)        live(s)       open(s)     speak(s)       take(s)
 
1    Tanya  speaks  German very well.
2    I don't often ____________ coffee.
3    The swimming pool ____________ at 7.30 every morning.
4    Bad driving ____________ many accidents.
5    My parents ____________ in a very small flat.
6    The Olympic Games ____________ place every four years.
7    The Panama Canal ____________ the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
flag.jpgPut the verb into the correct form.
Key.2 do the banks close
3 don't use
4 does Martin come
5 do you do
6 takes ... does it take
7 does this word mean
8 doesn't do
    

1    Julie  does't drink  (not / drink) tea very often.
2    What time ____________ (the banks / close) here?
3    I've got a computer, but I ____________ (not / use) it much.
4    'Where ____________ Martin / come) from?'   'He's Scottish.'
5    'What ____________ (you / do)?'   'I'm an electrician.'
6    It ____________ (take) me an hour to get to work. How long ____________ (it / take) you?
7  Look at this sentence. What ____________ (this word / mean)?
8  David isn't very fit. He ____________ (not / do) any sport.
flag.jpgUse the following verbs to complete the sentences. Sometimes you need the negative:
Key.3 rises
4 make
5 don't eat
6 doesn't believe
7 translates
8 don't tell
9 flows
 

1    The earth  goes  round the sun.
2    Rice  doesn't grow  in Britain.
3    The sun ____________ in the east.
4    Bees ____________ honey.
5    Vegetarians ____________ meat.
6    An atheist ____________ in God.  
7    An interpreter ____________ from one language into another.
8    Liars are people who ____________ the truth.
9    The River Amazon ____________ into the Atlantic Ocean.
flag.jpgYou ask Liz questions about herself and her family. Write the questions.
Key.2 Does your sister play tennis?
3 Which newspaper do vou read?
4 What does your brother do?
5 How often do you go to the cinema?
6 Where do your grandparents live?


1  You know that Liz plays tennis. You want to know how often. Ask her.
      How often  do you play tennis ?
2  Perhaps Liz's sister plays tennis too. You want to know. Ask Liz.
    ______________ your sister ________________?
3  You know that Liz reads a newspaper every day. You want to know which one. Ask her.
    __________________________________________?
4  You know that Liz's brother works. You want to know what he does. Ask Liz.
    __________________________________________?
5  You know that Liz goes to the cinema a lot. You want to know how often. Ask her.
    __________________________________________?
6  You don't know where Liz's grandparents live. You want to know. Ask Liz.
    __________________________________________?
flag.jpgComplete using the following:
Key.2 I promise
3 I insist
4 I apologisehttp://www.english-globe.ru/index.php?option=com_content&task=edit&id=656&Itemid=69&Returnid=69
5 I recommend
 
I apologise    I insist    I promise    I recommend   I suggest 
 
1    It's a nice day.  I suggest  we go out for a walk.
2    I won't tell anybody what you said. ____________. 
3    (in a restaurant)  You must let me pay for the meal. ____________.
4    ____________ for what I did. It won't happen again.
5    The new restaurant in Hill Street is very good. ____________ it.


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