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Unit 3. Present continuous and present simple 1 (I am doing and I do).

Unit 3; Part A

Present continuous (I am doing)

Present simple (I do)
•  The water is boiling. Can you turn it off?
•  Listen to those people. What language are they speaking?       

  Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
•  Excuse me, do you speak English?

•  Let's go out. It isn't raining now.
•  'I'm busy.'   'What are you doing?'
•  I'm getting hungry. Let's go and eat.
•  Kate wants to work in Italy, so she's learning Italian.

•  It doesn't rain very much in summer.
•  What do you usually do at weekends?
•  I always get hungry in the afternoon.
•  Most people learn to swim when they are children.

•  The population of the world is increasing very fast.  
•  Every day the population of the world increases by about 200,000 people.
We use the continuous for temporary situations:
•  I'm living with some friends until I find a place of my own.
•   A: You're working hard today.
    B:  Yes, I have a lot to do.

We use the simple for permanent situations:
•  My parents live in London. They have lived there all their lives.
•  John isn't lazy. He works hard most of the time.

See Unit 1 for more information.
See Unit 2 for more information. 

Unit 3; Part B

I always do and I'm always doing
I always do (something) = I do it every time:
  I always go to work by car.  (not I'm always going)

'I'm always doing something' has a different meaning.
For example:


Two more examples:
•  You're always watching television. You should do something more active. (= You watch television too often)
•  Tim is never satisfied. He's always complaining.  (= He complains too much) 


flag.jpgAre the underlined verbs right or wrong? Correct them where necessary.
Key.3 is trying
4 are they talking
5 OK
6 It's getting / It is getting
7 OK
8 I'm coming / I am coming
9 are you getting
10 He always gets
11 OK

1    Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.  
2    The water boils. Can you turn it off?
3    Look! That man tries to open the door of your car.       
4    Can you hear those people? What do they talk about?
5    The moon goes round the earth in about 27 days.       
6    I must go now. It gets late.       
7    I usually go to work by car.       
8    "Hurry up! It's time to leave.' 'OK, I come.'       
9    I hear you've got a new job. How do you get on?       
10  Paul is never late. He's always getting to work on time   
11  They don't get on well. They're always arguing

is boiling                            

flag.jpgPut the verb into the correct form, present continuous or present simple.
Key.3 's waiting / is waiting
4 Are you listening
5 Do you listen
6 flows
7 's flowing / is flowing
8 grow ... aren't growing / 're not growing / are not growing
9 's improving / is improving
10 's staying / is staying ... stays
11 'm starting / am starting
12 'm learning / am learning ... 's teaching / is teaching
13 finish ... 'm working / am working
14 live ... do your parents live
15 's looking / is looking ... 's staying / is staying
16 does your brother do ... isn't working / 's not working / is not working
17 enjoy ... 'm not enjoying / am not enjoying

1    Let's go out. It  isn't raining  (not / rain) now.
2    Julia is very good at languages. She  speaks  (speak) four languages very well.
3    Hurry up! Everybody _____________ (wait) for you.
4    '_____________ (you / listen) to the radio?'   'No, you can turn it off.'
5    '_____________(you / listen) to the radio every day?'    'No, just occasionally.'
6    The River Nile _____________ (flow) into the Mediterranean.
7    The river _____________ (flow) very fast today - much faster than usual.
8    We usually _____________ (grow) vegetables in our garden, but this year we _____________ (not / grow) any.
9    A: How's your English?
      B: Not bad. I think it _____________ (improve) slowly.
10   Rachel is in London at the moment. She _____________ (stay) at the Park Hotel. She always _____________ (stay) there when she's in London.
11   Can we stop walking sdon? I      (start) to feel tired.
12   A: Can you drive?
      B: I _____________ (learn). My father _____________ (teach) me.
13    Normally I _____________ (finish) work at five, but this week I _____________ (work) until six to earn a little more money.
14   My parents _____________ (live) in Manchester. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. Where _____________ (your parents/ live)?
15   Sonia _____________ (look) for a place to live. She _____________ (stay) with her sister until she finds somewhere.
16   A: What _____________ (your brother/do)?
       B: He's an architect, but he _____________ (not / work) at the moment.
17   (at a party)   I usually _____________ (enjoy) parties, but I _____________ (not / enjoy) this one very much.
flag.jpgFinish B's sentences. Use always -ing.
Key.2 It's always breaking down.
3 I'm always making the same mistake. / ... that mistake.
4 You're always forgetting your glasses.

1    A: I've lost my pen again.
      B: Not again!      You're always losing your pen.    
2    A: The car has broken down again.
      B: That car is useless.  It  ___________________________.
3    A: Look! You've made the same mistake again.
      B: Oh no, not again!  I ___________________________.
4    A: Oh. I've forgotten my glasses again.
      B: Typical! ___________________________.

Unit 2      Unit 3     Unit 4 forward.jpg

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