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Unit 4. Present continuous and present simple 2 (I am doing and I do).




Unit 4; Part A


galka.jpgWe use continuous forms for actions and happenings that have started but not finished (they are eating / it is raining etc.). Some verbs (for example, know and like) are not normally used in this way. We don't say 'I am knowing' or 'they are liking'; we say 'I know', 'they like'.

The following verbs are not normally used in the present continuous:

like    love    hate    want    need    prefer
know   realise    suppose   mean    understand    believe   remember
belong    fit   contain    consist    seem

•  I'm hungry. I want something to eat. 
(not I'm wanting)
•  Do you understand what I mean?
•  Ann doesn't seem very happy at the moment.

Unit 4; Part B

galka.jpgThink

When think means 'believe' or 'have an opinion', we do not use the continuous:
•  I think Mary is Canadian, but I'm not sure. 
(not I'm thinking)
•  What do you think about my plan?  (= What is your opinion?)

When think means 'consider', the continuous is possible:

•  I'm thinking about what happened. I often think about it.
•  Nicky is thinking of giving up her job.
  (= she is considering it)

Unit 4; Part C

galka.jpgHe is selfish and He is being selfish
He's being = He's behaving / He's acting. Compare:
•  I can't understand why he's being so selfish. He isn't usually like that.
   (being selfish = behaving selfishly at the moment)
•  He never thinks about other people. He is very selfish.  (not He is being)
   (= He is selfish generally, not only at the moment)

We use am/is/are being to say how somebody is behaving. It is not usually possible in other sentences:

•  It's hot today.  (not It is being hot)
•  Sarah is very tired.  (not is being tired)

Unit 4; Part D

galka.jpgSee    hear    smell    taste
We normally use the present simple (not continuous) with these verbs:

•  Do you see that man over there?  (not Are you seeing)
•  This room smells. Let's open a window.

We often use can + see/hear/smell/taste:

•  I can hear a strange noise. Can you hear it?

Unit 4; Part E

galka.jpgLook    feel
You can use the present simple or continuous to say how somebody looks or feels now:

•  You look well today.    or   You're looking well today.
•  How do you feel now? 
   or   How are you feeling now?

but
•  I usually feel tired in the morning.  (not I'm usually feeling)



Exercises

flag.jpgAre the underlined verbs right or wrong? Correct them where necessary.
Key.2 Do you believe
3 OK
4 It tastes
5 I think
1    Nicky is thinking of giving up her job.
2    Are you believing in God?
3    I'm feeling hungry. Is there anything to eat?
4    This sauce is great. It's tasting really good.
5    I'm thinking this is your key. Am I right?
  OK                              
                                    
                                    
                                    
                                    

flag.jpg Put the verb into the correct form, present continuous or present simple.
Key.2 'm using / am using
3 need
4 does he want
5 is he looking
6 believes
7 don't remember / do not remember or can't remember
8 'm thinking / am thinking
9 think ... don't use
10 consists


1    Are you hungry?  Do you want  (you / want) something to eat?
2    Don't put the dictionary away.  I _____________ (use) it.
3    Don't put the dictionary away.  I _____________ (need) it.
4    Who is that man?  What _____________ (he / want)?
5    Who is that man?  Why _____________ (he / look) at us?
6    Alan says he's 80 years old, but nobody _____________ (believe) him.
7    She told me her name, but I _____________ (not/ remember) it now.
8    I _____________ (think) of selling my car. Would you be interested in buying it?
9    I _____________ (think) you should sell your car.  You _____________ (not / use) it very often.
10  Air _____________ (consist) mainly of nitrogen and oxygen.
flag.jpgComplete the sentences using the most suitable form of be. Sometimes you must use the simple (am/is/are) and sometimes the continuous is more suitable (am/is/are being).
Key.2    's being / is being
3    's/is
4    are you being
5    Is he

1    I can't understand why   he's being  so selfish. He isn't usually like that.
2    Sarah _____________ very nice to me ar the moment. I wonder why.
3    You'll like Debbie when you meet her.  She _____________ very nice.
4    You're usually very patient, so why _____________ so unreasonable about waiting ten more minutes?
5    Why isn't Steve at work todav? _____________ ill?


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