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Unit 5. Past simple (I did).

Unit 5; Part A

5.1.jpggalka.jpgStudy this example:
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was an Austrian musician and composer.
He lived from 1756 to 1791.
He started composing at the age of five and wrote more than 600 pieces of music.
He was only 35 years old when he died.

Lived/started/wrote/was/died are all past simple.

Unit 5; Part B

Very often the past simple ends in -ed (regular verbs):
•  I work in a travel agency now. Before that I worked in a department store.
•  We invited them to our party, but they decided not to come.
•  The police stopped me on my way home last night.
•  Laura passed her examination because she studied very hard.


But many verbs are irregular. The past simple does not end in -ed.
For example:
write    →   wrote   
see  
→   saw
go   
→    went
shut  
→    shut

•  Mozart wrote more than 600 pieces of music.
•  We saw Rose in town a few days ago.
•  I went to the cinema three times last week.
•  It was cold, so I shut the window.


For a list of irregular verbs, see Appendix 1.

Unit 5; Part C

galka.jpgIn questions and negatives we use did/didn't + infinitive (enjoy/see/go etc.):
I
she
they

enjoyed
saw
went

did   
you
she
they
enjoy?
sec?
go?
I
she
they

didn't
enjoy
see
go
•  A: Did you go out last night?
    B: Yes, I went to the cinema, but I didn't enjoy the film much.
'When did Mr Thomas die?'   'About ten years ago.'
• 
They didn't invite her to the party, so she didn't go.
•  'Did you have time to write the letter?'   'No, I didn't.'

In the following examples, do is the main verb in the sentence
(did ... do / didn't do)
•  What did you do at the weekend?  (not What did you at the weekend?)
•  I didn't do anything.  (not I didn't anything)

Unit 5; Part C

galka.jpgThe past of be (am/is/are) is was/were:
I/he/she/it
was/wasn't
we/you/they
were/weren't
was   I/he/she/it?
were   we/you/they?
Note that we do not use did in negatives and questions with was/were:
•  I was angry because they were late.
•  Was the weather good when you were on holiday?
•  They weren't able to come because they were so busy.
•  Did you go out last night or were you too tired?



Exercises

flag.jpgRead what Laura says about a typical working day:
Key.2 had
3 She walked to work
4 It took her (about) half an hour
5 She started work
6 She didn't have (any) lunch. / ... eat (any) lunch.
7 She finished work
8 She was tired when she got home.
9 She cooked
10 She didn't go
11 She went to bed
12 She slept
 
5.2.jpg

Yesterday was a typical working day for Laura. Write what she did or didn't do yesterday.
1     She got up at 7 o'clock. 
2    She _______________ a big breakfast. 
3    She _______________.
4    It _______________ to get to work.
5    _______________ at 8.45.
6    _______________ lunch.
7    _______________ at 5 o'clock.
8    _______________ tired when _______________ home.
9    _______________ a meal yesterday evening.
10  _______________ out yesterday evening.
11  _______________ at 11 o'clock.
12  _______________ well last night. 
flag.jpgComplete the sentences using the following verbs in the correct form:
Key.2    taught
3    sold
4    fell ... hurt
5    threw ... caught
6    spent ... bought ... cost
 
buy       catch       cost       fall        hurt       sell        spend        teach      throw        write 
 

1    Mozart  wrote  more than 600 pieces of music.
2    'How did you learn to drive?'    'My father _______________ me.'
3    We couldn't afford to keep our car, so we _______________ it.
4    Dave _______________ down the stairs this morning and _______________ his leg.
5    Jim _______________ the ball to Sue, who _______________ it.
6    Ann _______________ a lot of money yesterday. She _______________ a dress whic _______________ £100.
flag.jpgYou ask James about his holiday. Write your questions.
Key.2 did you travel / did you go
3 did it take (you) / were you there
4 did you stay
5 Was the weather good/nice? or Did you have good/nice weather?
6 Did you go to / Did you see / Did you visit


Hi. How are things?
             Fine, thanks. I've just had a great holiday.
1    Where  did you go ?
             To the U.S. We went on a trip from San Francisco to Denver.
2    How ___________? By car?
             Yes, we hired a car in San Francisco.
3    It's a long way to drive. How long ___________?
             Two weeks.
4    Where ___________? In hotels?
             Yes, small hotels or motels.
5    ___________________________?
             Yes, but it was very hot - sometimes too hot.
6    ___________ the Grand Canyon?
             Of course. It was wonderful.
flag.jpgComplete the sentences. Put the verb into the correct form, positive or negative.
Key.3    didn't disturb
4    left   
5    didn't sleep
6    flew   
7    didn't cost
8    didn't have
9    were


1    It was warm, so I  took  off my coat.  (take)
2    The film wasn't very good. I  didn't enjoy  it very much.  (enjoy)
3    I knew Sarah was very busy, so I ____________ her.  (disturb)
4    I was very tired, so I ____________ the party early.  (leave)
5    The bed was very uncomfortable. I ____________ very well.  (sleep)
6    The window was open and a bird ____________ into the room.  (fly)
7    The hotel wasn't very expensive. It ____________ very much.  (cost)
8    I was in a hurry, so I ____________ time to phone you.  (have)
9    It was hard carrying the bags. They ____________ very heavy.  (be)


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