Unit 14. Present perfect and past 2 (I have done and I did).
• It was very cold yesterday. (not has been)
• Paul and Lucy arrived ten minutes ago. (not have arrived)
• Did you eat a lot of sweets when you were a child? (not have you eaten)
• I got home late last night. I was very tired and went straight to bed.
Use the past to ask When ... ? or What time ... ?:
• When did your friends arrive? (not have ... arrived)
• What time did you finish work?
• Tom has lost his key. He can't get into the house.
• Is Carla here or has she left?
• Tom lost his key yesterday. He couldn't get into the house.
• When did Carla leave?
Present perfect (have done)
• I've done a lot of work today.
We use the present perfect for a period of time that continues until now. For example: today / this week / since 1985.
Past simple (did)
• I did a lot of work yesterday.
We use the past simple for a finished time in the past. For example: yesterday / last week / from 1995 to 2001.
|• It hasn't rained this week.
• Have you seen Anna this morning?
(it is still morning)
• Have you seen Tim recently?
|• It didn't rain last week.
• Did you see Anna this morning?
(it is now afternoon or evening)
• Did you see Tim on Sunday?
|• I don't know where Lisa is. I haven't seen her.
( = I haven't seen her recently)
• We've been waiting for an hour.
(we are still waiting now)
|• A: Was Lisa at the party on Sunday?
B: I don't think so. I didn't see her.
• We waited (or were waiting) for an hour.
(we are no longer waiting)
|• Ian lives in London. He has lived there for seven years.
• I have never played golf. (in my life)
|• Ian lived in Scotland for ten years. Now he lives in London.
• I didn't play golf last summer.
|• It's the last day of your holiday. You say: It's been a really good holiday. I've really enjoyed it.
||• After you come back from holiday you say: It was a really good holiday. I really enjoyed it.
4 I bought
5 Where were you
6 Lucy left school
10 When was this book published?
|1 I've lost my key. I can't find it anywhere.
2 Have you eaten a lot of sweets when you were a child?
3 I've bought a new car. You must come and see it.
4 I've bought a new car last week.
5 Where have you been yesterday evening?
6 Lucy has left school in 1999.
7 I'm looking for Mike. Have you seen him?
8 'Have you been to Paris?' 'Yes. many times.'
9 I'm very hungry. I haven't eaten much today.
10 When has this book been published?
Key.2 The weather has been cold recently.
3 It was cold last week.
4 I didn't read a newspaper yesterday.
5 I haven't read a newspaper today.
6 Emily has earned a lot of money this year.
7 She didn't earn so much last year.
8 Have you had a holiday recently?
1 (it / not / rain / this week) It hasn't rained this week.
2 (the weather / be / cold / recently) The weather ________________________
3 (it / cold / last week) It ________________________
4 (I / not / read / a newspaper yesterday) I ________________________
5 (I / not / read / a newspaper today) ________________________
6 (Emily / earn / a lot of money / this year) ________________________
7 (she / not / earn / so much / last year) ________________________
8 (you / have / a holiday recently?) ________________________
Key.2 got ... was ... went
3 Have you finished / Did you finish
4 wasn't / was not
6 's lived / has lived
7 Did you go ... was ... was
8 died ... never met
9 've never met / have never met
10 's gone / has gone or went ... did he go
11 have you lived / have you been living ... did you live ... did you live
1 I don't know where Lisa is. Have you seen (you / see) her?
2 When I _______________ (get) home last night, I _______________ (be) very tired and I _______________ (go) straight to bed.
3 A: _______________ (you / finish) painting the bedroom?
B: Not yet. I'll finish it tomorrow.
4 George _______________ (not/ be) very well last week.
5 Mr Clark _______________ (work) in a bank for 15 years. Then he gave it up.
6 Molly lives in Dublin. She _______________ (live) there all her life.
7 A: _______________ (you/ go) to the cinema last night?
B: Yes. but it _______________ (be) a mistake. The film _______________ (be) awful.
8 My grandfather _______________ (die) before I was born. I _______________ (never/ meet) him.
9 I don't know Carol's husband. I _______________ (never/ meet) him.
10 A: Is Martin here? B: No, he _______________ (go) out.
A: When exactly _______________ (he / go) out? B: About ten minutes ago.
11 A: Where do you live? B: In Boston.
A: How long _______________ (you / live) there? B: Five years.
A: Where _______________ (you / live) before that? B: In Chicago.
A: And how long _______________ (you / live) in Chicago? B: Two years.
2 I haven't bought anything today.
3 I didn't watch TV yesterday.
4 I went out with some friends yesterday evening.
5 I haven't been to the cinema recently.
6 I've read a lot of books recently.
1 (something you haven't done today) I haven't eaten any fruit today.
2 (something you haven't done today) _________________________________
3 (something you didn't do yesterday) _________________________________
4 (something you did yesterday evening) _________________________________
5 (something you haven't done recently) _________________________________
6 (something you've done a lot recently) _________________________________
||Unit 13 Unit 14 Unit 15||