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Unit 20. (I'm) going to (do).




Unit 20; Part A

galka.jpgI am going to do something = I have already decided to do it, I intend to do it:

    A: Are you going to watch the late film on TV tonight?
      B: No, I'm going to have an early night.
    A: I hear Sarah has won some money. What is she going to do with it?
      B: She's going to buy a new car.
    I'm just going to make a quick phone call. Can you wait for me?
    This cheese looks horrible. I'm not going to eat it.

Unit 20; Part B

galka.jpgI am doing and I am going to do

We use I am doing
(present continuous) when we say what we have arranged to do - for example, arranged to meet somebody, arranged to go somewhere:
    What time are you meeting Ann this evening?
    I'm leaving tomorrow. I've got my plane ticket.


I am going to do
something = I've decided to do it
(but perhaps not arranged to do it):
    'Your shoes are dirty.'   'Yes, I know. I'm going to clean them.'  (= I've decided to clean them, but I haven't arranged to clean them)
    I've decided not to stay here any longer. Tomorrow I'm going to look for somewhere else to stay.

Often the difference is very small and either form is possible.

Unit 20; Part C

galka.jpgYou can also say that 'something is going to happen' in the future. For example:
20.1.jpg
Some more examples:
•    Look at those black clouds! It's going to rain.  (the clouds are there now)
    I feel terrible. I think I'm going to be sick.  (I feel terrible now)
    The economic situation is bad now and things are going to get worse.

Unit 20; Part D

galka.jpgI was going to (do something) = I intended to do it, but didn't do it:

    We were going to travel by train, but then we decided to go by car instead.
•    Peter was going to do the exam, but he changed his mind.
•    I was just going to cross the road when somebody shouted 'Stop!'


You can say that 'something was going to happ
en' (but didn't happen):
    I thought it was going to rain, but it didn't.



Exercises

flag.jpgWrite a question with going to for each situation.
Key.2    What are you going to wear?
3    Where are you going to put it?
4    Who are you going to invite?


1    Your friend has won some money. You ask:
      (what / do with it?)   What are you going to do with it?  
2    Your friend is going to a party tonight. You ask:
      (what / wear?) __________________________________
3    Your friend has just bought a new table. You ask:
      (where / put it?) __________________________________     
4    Your friend has decided to have a party. You ask:
      (who / invite?) __________________________________
flag.jpgRead the situations and complete the dialogues. Use going to.
Key.2    I'm going to take it back.
3    I'm not going to accept it.
4    I'm going to phone her tonight.
5    I'm going to complain.


1    You have decided to tidy your room this morning.
      FRIEND:  Are you going out this morning?
      YOU:      No,  I'm going to tidy my room. 
2    You bought a sweater, but it doesn't fit you very well. You have decided to take it back.
      FRIEND:  That sweater is too big for you.
      YOU:      I know. ________________________
3    You have been offered a job, but you have decided not to accept it.
      FRIEND:  I hear you've been offered a job.
      YOU:      That's right, but ________________________
4    You have to phone Sarah. It's morning now, and you have decided to phone her tonight.
      FRIEND:  Have you phoned Sarah yet?
      YOU:      No. ________________________    
5    You are in a restaurant. The food is awful and you've decided to complain.
      FRIEND:  This food is awful, isn't it?
      YOU:      Yes, it's disgusting. ________________________
flag.jpgWhat is going to happen in these situations? Use the words in brackets.
Key.2    He's going to be late.
3    The boat is going to sink.
4    They're going to run out of petrol.


1  There are a lot of black clouds in the sky.
    (rain)   It's going to rain.         
2  It is 8.30. Tom is leaving his house. He has to be at work at 8.45, but the journey takes 30 minutes.
    (late)  He _______________________
3  There is a hole in the bottom of the boat. A lot of water is coming in through the hole.
    (sink) The boat _______________________
4  Lucy and Chris are driving. There is very little petrol left in the tank. The nearest petrol station is a long way away.
    (run out) They _______________________
flag.jpgComplete the sentences with was/were going to + the following verbs:
Key.2    was going to buy
3    were going to play
4    was going to phone
5    was going to give up
6    were going to have
 
buy       give up        have       phone       play        travel 
 
1    We   were going to travel   by train, but then we decided to go by car instead.
2    I __________________ some new clothes yhttp://www.english-globe.ru/index.php?option=com_content&task=edit&id=681&Itemid=68&Returnid=68esterday, but I was very busy and didn't have time to go to the shops.
3    Martin and I __________________ tennis last week, but he was injured.
4    I __________________ Jane, but I decided to email her instead.
5    A: When I last saw Tim, he __________________ his job.
      B: That's right, but in the end he decided to stay where he was.
6    We __________________ a party last week, but some of our friends couldn't come, so we cancelled it.


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