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Unit 22. Will / shall 2.




Unit 22; Part A

galka.jpgWe do not use will to say what somebody has already arranged or decided to do:

•   
Diane is working next week. 
(not Diane will work)
•    Are you going to watch television this evening?  (not Will you watch)

For 'is working' and 'Are you going to ... ?'
, see Unit 19 and Unit 20.
But often, when we talk about the future, we are not talking about what somebody has decided to do. For example:
Kate is doing an exam next week. Chris and Joe are talking about it.
22.1.jpgShe'll pass does not mean 'she has
decided to pass'.
Joe is saying what he knows or thinks
will happen.
He is predicting the future.

When we predict a future happening or
situation, we use will / won't.


Some more examples:
•    Jill has been away a long time. When she returns, she'll find a lot of changes here.
•    'Where will you be this time next year?'    'I'll be in Japan.'
•    That plate is hot. If you touch it, you'll burn yourself.
•    Tom won't pass the exam. He hasn't studied hard enough.
•    When will you get your exam results?

Unit 22; Part B

galka.jpgWe often use will ('ll) with:
probably   
I expect   

(I'm) sure  
(I) think  
(I) don't think   
I wonder    

•    I'll probably be home late tonight.
    I haven't seen Carol today. I expect she'll phone this evening.
    Don't worry about the exam. I'm sure you'll pass.
    Do you think Sarah will like the present we bought her?
    I don't think the exam will be very difficult.
    I wonder what will happen.

After I hope, we generally use the present
(will is also possible):
    I hope Kate passes the exam.  (or I hope Kate will pass ...)
    I hope it doesn't rain tomorrow.

Unit 22; Part C

galka.jpgGenerally we use will to talk about the future, but sometimes we use will to talk about now.
For example:
•     Don't phone Ann now. She'll be busy.  (= she'll be busy now)

Unit 22; Part D

galka.jpgI shall ... / we shall ...
Normally we use shall only with I and we.
You can say:
I shall or I will (I'll)       we shall or we will (we'll)
•    I shall be late this evening.  (or I will be)
•    We shall probably go to Scotland in the summer.  (or We will probably go)

In spoken English we normally use I'll and we'll:

    We'll probably go to Scotland.

The negative of shall is shall not or shan't:

    I shan't be here tomorrow.  (or I won't be)

Do not use shall with he/she/it/you/they:

    She will be very angry. (not She shall be)



Exercises

flag.jpgWhich form of the verb is correct (or more natural) in these sentences? The verbs are underlined.
Key.2 I m going
3 will get
4 is coming
5 we're going
6 It won't hurt


1   Diane isn't free on Saturday. She'll work / She's working.   (She's working is correct)
2   I'll go / I'm going to a party tomorrow night. Would you like to come too?
3   I think Jenny will get / is getting the job. She has a lot of experience.
4   I can't meet you this evening. A friend of mine will come / is coming to see me.
5   A: Have you decided where to go for your holidays?
     B:  Yes, we'll go / we're going to Italy.
6   There's no need to be afraid of the dog. It won't hurt / It isn't hurting you.
flag.jpgComplete the sentences with will ('ll) + the following verbs:
Key.2    will look
3    'll like /will like
4    'll get / will get
5    will live
6    'll meet / will meet
7    'll come / will come
8    will be

 
be       come       get       like       live       look        meet       pass
 
1    Don't worry about the exam. I'm sure you  'll pass.    
2    Why don't you try on this jacket? It __________ nice on you.
3    You must meet George sometime. I think you __________ him.
4    It's raining. Don't go out. You __________ wet.
5    Do you think people __________ longer in the future?
6    Goodbye. I expect we __________ again before long.
7    I've invited Sue to the party, but I don't think she __________
8    When the new road is finished, my journey to work __________ much shorter.
flag.jpgPut in will ('ll) or won't.
Key.2    won't
3    'll/will
4    won't
5    'll/will
6    won't


1    Can you wait for me? I  won't  be very long.
2    There's no need to take an umbrella with you. It ___________ rain.
3    If you don't eat anything now, you ___________ be hungry later.
4    I'm sorry about what happened yesterday. It ___________ happen again.
5    I've got some incredible news! You ___________ never believe what happened.
6    Don't ask Amanda for advice. She ___________ know what to do.
flag.jpgWhere do you think you will be at these times? Write true sentences about yourself. Use:
     I'll be ...    or     I'll probably be ...    or   I don't know where I'll be

Key.Example answers:
2 I'll be in bed.
3 I'll be at work.
4 I'll probably be at home.
5 I don't know where I'll be this time next year.


1    (next Monday evening at 7.45)  I'll be at home.                     
                                               or I'll probably be at home.      
                                               or I don't know where I'll be.   
2    (at 5 o'clock tomorrow morning)
      _________________________________________________________________________
3    (at 10.30 tomorrow morning)
      _________________________________________________________________________
4    (next Saturday afternoon at 4.15)
      _________________________________________________________________________
5    (this time next year)
      _________________________________________________________________________
flag.jpgWrite questions using do you think ... will ... ? + the following:
Key.2 Do you think it will rain?
3 When do you think it will end?
4 How much do you think it will cost?
5 Do you think they'll get married? / ... they will get married?
6 What time do you think you'll be back? / ... you will be back?
7 What do you think will happen?

 
be back       cost       end       get married       happen       like       rain
 
1    I've bought Rosa this picture    Do you think she'll like it?    
2    The weather doesn't look very good.  Do you __________________________?
3    The meeting is still going on.  When do you __________________________?
4    My car needs to be repaired.  How much __________________________?
5    Sally and David are in love. Do __________________________?
6    'I'm going out now.'    'OK.  What time __________________________?'
7    The future situation is uncertain.  What __________________________?


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