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Unit 33. Should 1.




Unit 33; Part A

galka.jpgYou should do something = it is a good thing to do or the right thing to do. You can use should to give advice or to give an opinion:

•   
You look tired. You should go to bed.
    The government should do more to reduce crime.
•    'Should we invite Susan to the party?'    'Yes, I think we should.'


We often use should with I think /I don't think / Do you think ... ?:

•    I think the government should do more to reduce crime.
    I don't think you should work so hard.
•    'Do you think I should apply for this job?'    'Yes, I think you should.'


You shouldn't do something
= it isn't a good thing to do:
    You shouldn't believe everything you read in the newspapers.

Should is not as strong as must or have to:

    You should apologise.  (= it would be a good thing to do)
•    You must apologise. / You have to apologise. 
(= you have no alternative)

Unit 33; Part B

galka.jpgYou can use should when something is not right or what you expect:
33.1.jpg
• 
  I wonder where Tina is. She should be here by now.
(= she isn't here yet, and this is not normal)
•    The price on this packet is wrong. It should be £2.50, not £3.50.
•    That man on the motorbike should be wearing a helmet.

We also use should to say that we expect something to happen:

•    She's been studying hard for the exam, so she should pass(= I expect her to pass)
•    There are plenty of hotels in the town. It shouldn't be difficult to find somewhere to stay.
(= I don't expect it to be difficult)

Unit 33; Part C

galka.jpgYou should have done something = you didn't do it, but it would have been the right thing to do:

•   
You missed a great party last night. You should have come. Why didn't you?
     (= you didn't come, but it would have been good to come)
•    I wonder why they're so late. They should have arrived long ago.


You shouldn't have done something = you did it, but it was the wrong thing to do:

•    I'm feeling sick. I shouldn't have eaten so much.  (= I ate too much)
•    She shouldn't have been listening to our conversation. It was private.
(= she was listening)

Compare should (do) and should have (done):

    You look tired. You should go to bed now.
    You went to bed very late last night. You should have gone to bed earlier.

Unit 33; Part D

galka.jpgOught to ...
You can use ought to instead of should in the sentences on this page. We say 'ought to do'
(with to):
•    Do you think I ought to apply for this job?  (= Do you think I should apply ... ?)
    Jack ought not to go to bed so late. 
(= Jack shouldn't go ...)
•    It was a great party last night. You ought to have come.
•    She's been studying hard for the exam, so she ought to pass.



Exercises

flag.jpgFor each situation, write a sentence with should or shouldn't + the following:
Key.2 You should look for another job.
3 He shouldn't go to bed so late.
4 You should take a photograph.
5 She shouldn't use her car so much.
6 He should put some pictures on the walls.

 
go away for a few days             go to bed so late       look for another job
put some pictures on the walls    take a photograph    use her car so much
 
1    Liz needs a change.     She should go away for a few days.   
2    Your salary is very low.   You _________________________________
3    Jack always has difficulty getting up.  He _________________________________
4    What a beautiful view!   You _________________________________
5    Sue drives everywhere. She never walks.   She _________________________________
6    Bill's room isn't very interesting.   _________________________________
flag.jpg Read the situations and write sentences with I think/I don't think ... should ... .
Key.2 I don't think you should go out. / I think you should stay at home.
3 I think you should apply for it. / ... for the job.
4 I don't think the government should increase taxes.


1    Peter and Cathy are planning to get married. You think it's a bad idea.
      I don't think they should get married.   
2    Jane has a bad cold but plans to go out this evening. You don't think this is a good idea.
      You say to her: _________________________________
3    Peter needs a job. He's just seen an advertisement for a job which you think would be ideal for him, but he's not sure whether to apply or not.
      You say to him: I think _________________________________
4    The government wants to increase taxes, but you don't think this is a good idea.
      _________________________________
flag.jpgComplete the sentences with should (have) + the verb in brackets.
Key.3    should come
4    should do
5    should have done
6    should win
7    should have won
8    should be
9    should have arrived


1    Diane    should pass    the exam. She's been studying very hard.  (pass)
2    You missed a great party last night.    You should have come.     (come)
3    We don't see you enough.  You _______________________ and see us more often.  (come)
4    I'm in a difficult position. What do you think I _______________________?  (do)
5    I'm sorry that I didn't take your advice.  I _______________________ what you said.  (do)
6    I'm playing tennis with Jane tomorrow.  She _______________________ - she's much better than me.  (win)
7    We lost the match, but we _______________________. We were the better team.  (win)
8    'Is Mike here yet?'   'Not yet, but he _______________________ here soon.'  (be)
9    I posted the letter three days ago, so it _______________________ by now.  (arrive)
flag.jpgRead the situations and write sentences with should/shouldn't. Some of the sentences are past and some are present.
Key.3 We should have reserved a table.
4 The shop should be open (now). / The shop should have opened by now.   or   It should ...
5 She shouldn't be doing 50. / She shouldn't be driving so fast. / She should be driving more slowly.
6 I should have written down her address. / I should have written her address down.   or I should have written it down.
7 The driver in front shouldn't have stopped without warning. / ... shouldn't have stopped so suddenly.
8 I should have been looking where I was going. / I shouldn't have been looking behind me.


1    I'm feeling sick. I ate too much.
       I shouldn't have eaten so much.   
2    That man on the motorbike isn't wearing a helmet. That's dangerous.
      He   should be wearing a helmet.   
3    When we got to the restaurant, there were no free tables. We hadn't reserved one.
      We _____________________________
4    The notice says that the shop is open every day from 8.30. It is 9 o'clock now, but the shop isn't open yet.
      _____________________________  
5    The speed limit is 30 miles an hour, but Kate is doing 50.
      She _____________________________
6    Laura gave me her address, but I didn't write it down. Now I can't remember it.
      I _____________________________
7    I was driving behind another car. Suddenly, the driver in front stopped without warning and I drove into the back of his car. It wasn't my fault.
      The driver in front _____________________________
8    I walked into a wall. I was looking behind me. I wasn't looking where I was going.
      _____________________________


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