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Unit 49. Questions 1.

Unit 49; Part A

galka.jpgIn questions we usually put the subject after the first verb:
   subject  +  verb
verb  +  subject   
 
Tom          will     will      Tom?
you           have   have    you?
the house  was  →  was     the house?
•    Will Tom be here tomorrow?
•    Have you been working hard?
•    When was the house built?
 

Remember that the subject comes after the first verb:

•    Is Catherine working today? (not Is working Catherine)

Unit 49; Part B

galka.jpgIn present simple questions, we use do/does:
     you     live             do      you live?
the film    begins    →    does   the film begin?
•     Do you live near here?
•     What time does the film begin?
 
In past simple questions, we use did:
      you    sold            did      you sell?
the train   stopped      did      the train stop?
•     Did you sell your car?
•     Why did the train stop?

But do not use do/does/did if who/what etc. is the subject of the sentence. Compare:

49.1.jpg

In these examples, who / what etc. is the subject:

•     Who wants something to eat?  (not Who does want)
•     What happened to you last night? 
(not What did happen)
•     How many people came to the meeting? 
(not did come)
•     Which bus goes to the centre?
  (not does go)

Unit 49; Part C

galka.jpgNote the position of prepositions in questions beginning Who/What/Which/Where ... ?:

    Who do you want to speak to?   
•    Which job has Ann applied for?  
•    Where are you from?
•    What was the weather like yesterday?


You can use preposition + whom in formal style:

•    To whom do you wish to speak?

Unit 49; Part D

galka.jpgIsn't it ... ? / Didn't you ... ? etc. (negative questions)
We use negative questions especially to show surprise:

•    Didn't you hear the doorbell? I rang it three times.

or when we expect the listener to agree with us:

•    'Haven't we met somewhere before?'    'Yes, I think we have.'

Note the meaning of yes and no in answers to negative questions:

•    Don't you want to go to the party?
Yes. (= Yes, I want to go)
No. (= No, I don't want to go)

Note the word order in negative questions beginning Why ... ?:

•    Why don't we go out for a meal tonight?  (not Why we don't go)
•    Why wasn't Mary at work yesterday?
  (not Why Mary wasn't)



Exercises

flag.jpgPut the words in brackets in the correct order. All the sentences are questions.
Key.2    How is cheese made?
3    When was the computer invented?
4    Why isn't Sue working today?
5    What time are your friends coming?
6    Why was the concert cancelled?
7    Where was your mother born?
8    Why didn't you come to the party?
9    How did the accident happen?
10  Why doesn't this machine work ?

1  (when / was / built / this house)
2  (how / cheese / is / made)
3  (when / invented / the computer / was)
4  (why / Sue / working / isn't / today)
5  (what time / coming / your friends / are)
6  (why / was / cancelled / the concert)
7  (where / your mother / was / born)
8  (why / you / to the party / didn't / come)
9  (how / the accident / did / happen)   
10(why / this machine / doesn't / work)
When was this house built?      
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
flag.jpgWrite negative questions from the words in brackets. In each situation you are surprised.
Key.2   Don't you like him?
3   Isn't it good?
4   Haven't you got any?  or Don't you have any?


1    A: We won't see Liz this evening.
      B: Why not?  (she / not / come / to the party?)    Isn't she coming to the party?   
2    A: I hope we don't meet David tonight.
      B: Why?  (you / not / like / him?) ________________________________
3    A: Don't go and see that film.
      B: Why not?  (it / not / good?) ________________________________
4    A: I'll have to borrow some money.
      B: Why?  (you / not / have / any?) ________________________________


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